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1815, repealing', conditionally, all alien or discriminating duties, whenever she shall reciprocate those provisions: C's cir. 5th June, 1820; V.2, p. 95.
hy 1140. By the Commercial Convention with France of the 24th June, 1822, the discrimi- cequalization
Convention of 1822. nating duties between American and French vessels, their cargoes, (consisting of the produce or manufactures of France,) and discriminating port charges, are abolished: S's cir. 1st July, 1822; V.2, p. 132.
1141. By the 3d article of the aforesaid Convention, no discriminating duty shall be levied upon articles of French production or manufacture, imported for transit or re-exportation; but, by way of precaution, such duties shall be secured, to be collected in the event that the goods be not re-exported: S's cir. 1st July, 1822; V.2, p. 132.
1142. The said Convention of the 24th June, 1822, repealing the discriminating duties between the two countries, with the circular of the Secretary of the Treasury of the 1st July aforesaid, and the President's proclamation on the said Convention, are adverted to; and detailed instructions are given for carrying them into effect: C's cir. 14th September, 1822; V.2, p. 200.
1143. Instructions are given for keeping a separate account of specific discriminating duties on French goods, imported in French vessels,” in accordance with the commercial Convention between France and the United States: C's cir. 14th November, 1822; V.2,
1144. The instructions of the 14th September last, for carrying into effect the reciprocal repeal of discriminating duties between France and the United States, are deemed sufficient for the present: C's cir. 17th March, 1823; V.2, p. 242.
1145. The discriminating duties which have been received before the 24th June, 1822, by virtue of the act of the 15th May, 1820, are required to be refunded, pursuant to the Convention of the former date, and the act of the 3d instant to carry that Convention into effect: S's cir. 25th March, 1823; V.2, p. 137.
1146. It having been discovered that our Convention with France, while repealing the discriminating duties between the iwo countries, has actually increased them in some respects, a mutual construction has been concurred in, that whenever such increase occurs no more ihan the old discriminating duty of 10 per cent. on such goods shall be collected by either: S's cir. 12th May, 1823; V.2, p. 139.
1147. In pursuance of the Convention with France, her produce and manufactures are not now liable to more than one-half of the discriminating duty of $3 75 per ton of merchandise provided for in that Convention: C's cir. 15th August, 1826; V.2, p. 449.
1148. French vessels, laden in France with the produce of that country, may touch at her colonial ports, unlade part of their cargo, and arrive in the United States with the balance of their cargo, without forfeiting the benefit of the Convention of the 24th June, 1822; or,
they may touch at the ports of a third Power, on their way to the United States, without forfeiting the benefits of said Convention: C''s cir. 12th April, 1827; V. 2. p. 460.
1149. An explanation is given of the provisions of said Convention of 24th June, 1822, affecting imposts, tonnage, and light money to be levied on French vessels laden in France, with produce or manufactures of France, proceeding to Martinique or Guadaloupe, uplading part of their cargo, then filling up with produce of those islands, and thence arriving in the United States, viz: the vessels are liable to tonnage and light money, each, 50 cents per ton; but the goods laden either in France or in those islands, are entitled to entry at do. mestic rates of duty: C's cir. 26th January, 1829, V.3, p. 5.
(Same subject. )
1150. Certain French vessels direct from the ports of Moule and Grand Bourg, and laden with the products or manufactures of either of those isles, are to be admitted into American ports on payment of the American rates of duty: C's cir. 9th February, 1829; V.3, p. 7.
1151. According to information from the Secretary of State, French vessels are decided to be not liable to the discriminating duties contemplated by the proviso of the 1st section of the Navigation act of the 1st March, 1817: C's cir. 25th June, 1830; V.3, p. 64.
1152. The same instructions and decisions as those given in the circular of the 26th January, 1829, respecting French vessels touching at Martinique and Guadaloupe, are repeated, without reference to that circular: O's cir. 15th November, 1830; V.3, p. 88.
(Convention of indemnity.)
1153. (In pursuance of a resolution of Congress of the 3d March, 1837, authorizing a correction of a clerical error of $10,000, in the award of the commissioners under the Convention with France of the 4th July, 1831, for indemnity of French spoliations on American commerce, the Secretary of the Treasury gives notice thereof to claimants interested: S's cir. 27th March, 1837; V.3, p. 128.)
AS TO DENMARK: Equalization is established.
1154. The Secretary of the Treasury transmits to Collectors a copy of "a Convention of friendship, commerce, and navigation, between the United States and the Kingdom of Denmark,” establishing reciprocity and equalization of duties: S's cir. 25th October, 1826; V. 2, p. 166.
AS TO COLOMBIA : Equalization is established.
1155. The Secretary of the Treasury transmits to Collectors a copy of “a Convention of peace, amity, navigation, and commerce, between the United States and the Republic of Colombia,” establishing reciprocity and equalization of duties: S's cir. 18th August, 1825; V. 2, p. 150.
As TO CENTRAL AMERICA: Equalization is established.
1156. The Secretary of the Treasury transmits to Collectors a copy of “a convention of peace, amity, commerce, and navigation, between the United States and the Federation of Central America," establishing reciprocity and equalization of duties: S's cir. 8th November, 1826; V.2, p. 169.
As to BRAZIL AND 1157. Discriminating Impost and Tonnage duties between the United States and Brazil PRUSSIA: Diecriminating duties abolished. (and Prussia) are, by treaty stipulations, reciprocally abolished for a definite period of 12
years, and to continue thereafter abolished, subject to revocation upon due notice: C's cir. 18th October, 1830; V. 3, p. 85.
As to BRAZIL AND PRUSSIA: Discriminating duties abolished.
LIST OF NATIONS ABOLISHING ALIEN DUTIES WITH
1158. A full list is given (65) of all foreign nations whose vessels are entitled to entry at conventional rates of impost and tonnage duties, and which, with certain exceptions, will be exempt from the payment of tonnage after the 1st April, 1831; together with a list of the The U. States. authorities and their dates, by which the said reciprocal arrangements and exceptions are made: C's cir. 15th November, 1830; V.3, pp. 93 to 97.
(65.) There will doubtless be a convenience in finding the aforesaid list transcribed here, arranged under three heads, as in the above circular, with the authorities annexed at the end of each item, as follows:
1. “As to TONNAGE Duties”-FROM WHICH CERTAIN FOREIGN VESSELS ARE EXEMPT, AND UNDER WHAT AUTHORITIES, viz :
Vessels of Great Britain, from His Britannic Majesty's territories in Europe, or from any other foreign port or place: Convention with Great Britain of the 3d July, 1815.
Ditto—of Great Britain, coming from the British islands, provinces, and colonies on or near the North American continent, and north or east of the United States : President's Proclamation of the 5th October, 1830, and act of Congress, 29th May, 1830.
Ditto_OF THE Netherlands, from whatever port or place arriving: Act of Congress, 7th January, 1824.
Ditto-of France, coming directly from the islands of MARTINIQUE and Guadaloupe, and the ports of Moule and Grand Bourg, and laden with articles the produce of those islands : Act of Congress, 9th May, 1828, and President's DECISION under it. See circular of the 9th February, 1829.
Ditto--of Spain, only on entry in the ports of Pensacola and St. Augustine, and when laden with Spanish produce, and coming directly from ports in Spain or her colonies, until the 22d May, 1833: Treaty of 220 February, 1819, article 15.
II. As to Impost Duties.—1st. In vessels of what nations, the cargoes—WHETHER consisting of the produce or manufacture of their country, or
IN VESSELS OF THE KINGDOM OF DENMARK : Treaty of the 26th April, 1826.
III. As to Impost Duties.-22. In vessels of what nations, only, the cargoes-consisting of the produce or manufacture of THEIR COUNTRY are entitled to entry at the domestic or American rates of duty, and under what authority, viz:
In Vessels of Great Britain, articles of the growth, produce, or manufacture of His Britannic Majesty's territories in Europe: Convention with Great Britain, 30 July, 1815.
Ditto-of Great Britain, coming from the British islands, provinces, and colonies on or near the North American continent, north or east of the United States, being laden with the produce of said colonies or of Great Britain : Proclamation of the President of 5th October, 1830, and act of Congress of 29th May, 1830; also, Convention of 3d July, 1815, and Treasury Instructions of 6th October, 1830.
AS TO THE BARBARY POWERS:
1159. The state of our commercial relations with the Barbary Powers of Morocco, Algiers, Tripoli, and Tunis, is, according to treaty stipulations, "put on the same footing with that of the most favored nations:" C's cir. 15th November, 1830; V.3, p. 97.
1160. (Certain acts and proclamations to the contrary notwithstanding, “ some doubts tonnage duties on vessels of several nations being entertained” respecting the language used in the proviso of the act of the 31st May, being still demandable.
1830, &c., Collectors of the Customs are required to exact, on the vessels of the Netherlands, of Russia, of Oldenburg, of Sardinia, of the Papal Dominions, of Hanover, and certain French vessels, such tonnage duties as would have been exacted if the said act had not been passed ; and that a separate account be kept of the same respectively: C's cir. 9th April, 1831; V.3, p. 149.
As to SARDINIA :equalization is established.
1161. Discriminating duties on the tonnage and the cargoes of Sardinian vessels are discontinued, and those collected since the 1st April, 1831, are ordered to be refunded: C's cir. 9th November, 1831; V.3, p. 195.
As to AUSTRIA :partially, respecting Teas.
1162. A partial instruction as to Austria requires that Collectors charge on Teas of all kinds, imported in Austrian vessels, only the same rates of duty as if imported in vessels of the United States: C's cir. 9th January, 1833; V.3, p. 255.
A, to SPAIN :-tonnage equalized :
1163. It appears, “by information from the Department of State,” that the tonnage duty paid by American vessels in the ports of Spain on the 20th October, 1817, was only 5 cents per ton—the Collectors are therefore instructed, in conformity with the 1st section of the act of 13th July, 1832, concerning tonnage duties on Spanish vessels, to levy a like duty on Spanish vessels, and no more, under regulations herein prescribed, and to refund the excess of duties received since the passage of said act: S’s cir. 15th October, 1832; V. 2, p. 296.
-exceptions in regard to the ports of Cuba :
1164. The information from the American Consul at Havana that $1 50 per ton is levied on foreign vessels (ours among the rest) in the ports of Cuba, the Collectors are directed to levy the like tonnage on vessels of Spain coming from the ports of Cuba: S's cir. 8th November, 1832; V.2, p. 300.
-peculiar regulations 1165. In pursuance of the act of the 30th June last, "concerning tonnage duties on for discriminating duties, on the clearance Spanish vessels," a tabular statement is transmitted to Collectors, showing the rates of disof vessels for Cuba or
criminating duties levied in the Island of Cuba, and of Porto Rico, on goods exported there
Ditto—0F SPAIN, only in the ports of Pensacola and St. Augustine, until the 22d May, 1833: Treaty with Spain of the 22d February, 1819, 15th article.
Ditto-of the NetheRLANDS: Act of Congress, 7th January, 1824.
Ditto—of France, when coming from the islands of Martinique and Guadaloupe, and Moule and Grand Bourg : Act of 9th May, 1828, and President's decision, cir. 9th February, 1829.
Ditto_OF THE KINGDOM OF HANOVER : President's Proclamation, 1st July, 1828.
from to the United States in American vessels, over and above the rates on the same arti- Porto Rico, instead of
entry from, &c., corcles brought therefrom in Spanish vessels; also, a statement of the rates of additional ton- responding with their nage duty to be exacted of said Spanish vessels clearing from the United States for any port
policy in the same. in said Islands; and to guard against evasions of said tonnage duty by Spanish vessels clearing under pretence of other destination, but actually intending to make a port in either of those Islands, a form of a bond is transmitted, guarantying such other destination; and a form of a CERTIFICATE of American Consuls at such other ports, “that said goods have been bona fide landed thereat, without intention to resbip for any port in said Islands:") S's cir. 23d February, 1835; V.3, pp. 60 to 72.
1166. The Secretary of the Treasury informs Collectors of the proclamation of the Pre- As to tHE DUTCHY
OF MECKLENBURG :sident, issued the 8th April, 1835, discontinuing the collection of discriminating duties on equalization is estab
lished. imports and tonnage, so far as respects the vessels of the Grand Dutchy of Mecklenburg Schwerin to take effect from the 15th April, 1835: S's cir. 20th June, 1836; V.3, p. 96.
1167. The Treaty of Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, between the United States and As to MEXICO :Mexico, not having been carried into effect, the duties on the imports and tonnage of Mexi- are continued :
discriminating duties can vessels must continue to be collected as heretofore: C's cir. 14th September, 1832; V. 3, p. 237.
1168. Mexico having abolished her countervailing or discriminating tonnage duties on - discriminating tonvessels of the United States since the 5th April, 1832, (the date of Treaty,) the same are
nage is abolished : discontinued, by proclamation of the President, as to Mexican vessels entering the ports of the United States: O's cir. 29th January, 1833; V.3, p. 257.
1169. All discriminating or alien tonnage received froin Mexican vessels since the 5th -and to be refunded : April, 1832, is to be refunded, by order of the Secretary of the Treasury: C's cir. 6th February, 1833; V.3, p. 259.
1170. The aforesaid instructions to refund the alien tonnage received or collected from Mexican vessels are repeated with great exactness: C's cir. 7th March, 1833; V.3, p.362.
1171. The aforesaid instructions are rescinded by order of the President, and the collec- -alien duties rein
stated : tion of discriminating duties on the tonnage of Mexican vessels is again resumed, (without stating why, viz., that the treaty in that regard had been suspended for six years): C's cir. 12th March, 1834; V. 3, p. 447.
· 1172. The 5th and 6th articles of the treaty with Mexico ratified and exchanged on the -again abolished. 5th April, 1832, which were suspended for six years, are now revived, placing the commerce between the two Republics on the footing of reciprocity: C's cir. 2d February, 1838; V.3, p. 595.
As to TEXA8:-fol1173. The aforesaid 5th and 6th articles of the Treaty with Mexico, establishing recipro
lows the arrangement cal commercial relations between that country and the United States, are decided to be with Mexico, (and
sinks recognition) : equally applicable to our commerce with Texas: C's cir. 17th February, 1838; V.3, p. 597.
1174. Alien duties being exacted on American vessels and cargoes in the ports of Texas, –alien duties resum
ed-following Texan Collectors are required to exact alien duties on Texan vessels, according to the acts of 20th exactions.