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compared by the Collector with the muster-roll, and, if approved, will be countersigned by him, and handed to the contractor, who will deliver the rations accordingly, at such times, and in such quantities, as may be required, taking a receipt at each delivery for the number supplied.

No member of Congress, or individual in the service of the United States, will be allowed to be concerned in any contract for supplies to be furnished to the Revenue vessels. All traffic in slops or ship's stores is also forbidden on board.

Inventories and appraisements of all equipments, including armament, cabin and ward-room furniture, and all other moveable property on board of each vessel belonging to the United States, will be made in the month of January in each year, and at the time of fitting out a Revenue vessel: such inventories and appraisements will be made by iwo competent and disinterested persons, one of whom will be appointed by the Collector, and the other by the captain or officer in command, and will be rendered in the form already prescribed. The commanding officer will cause a copy of the same to be immediately entered in a book to be kept for that purpose. He will also, from time to time, cause such articles as may be received on board for the use of the vessel, to be added to the inventory. When the appraisement and inventory shall be completed and entered, it will be delivered to the Collector, who is required to collate it with the previous inventory, and note any discrepancies which have arisen, stating the cause thereof, and transmit the same, with his report, to the Department. Captains will be held accountable for any effects which are found to be missing, and not satisfactorily accounted for.

The ensign and pennant directed by the President, under the authority of the act of 2d March, 1799, to distinguish Revenue vessels and boats from other vessels, is that prescribed in a circular from this Department, dated 1st August, 1799, and consists of sixteen perpendicular stripes, alternate red and white, the union of the ensign bearing the arms of the United States, in dark blue on a white field.

The cruising ground of the Revenue vessels will be designated from time to time by the Department under whose superintendence they are placed; and no vessel will, without leave of the Secretary of the Treasury, or the express direction of the Collector, depart from the station assigned to her, except forced by stress of weather or other necessity, or in the pursuit of vessels suspected of being engaged in violating the Revenue laws, and which have either escaped from the limits of the vessel's station, or have been discovered hovering about in the vicinity of her cruising ground; in such case the vessel will return to her proper station as soon as practicable, after the performance of the special duty; and the cause of the departure will be duly noted on the journal, and reported immediately to the Collector.

All orders relating to the service of the Revenue vessels, in executing the Revenue laws, emanating from the President or Secretary of the Treasury, will be communicated through the Collector, who will cause the same to be delivered; and communications addressed to the Department by the officers, on the business of the service, will be transmitted through the Collectors. The Collector will direct the commander of the vessel as to his special duties. All his directions will be in writing, and, as well as the instructions from the Treasury Department, are to be entered on the vessel's books. Copies of all letters or correspondence, in relation to the operations of the vessel, or to the duties of her commander, are to be kept and preserved in the vessel.

It may be observed, generally, that it is the special duty of the officers of the Revenue vessels to guard the Revenue laws from violation. It is for this purpose they are made officers of the customs, and invested with extensive power. It is the indispensable duty of officers commanding Revenue vessels to board every vessel arriving from a foreign country, and being within four leagues of the coast, and bound to a port in the United States, carefully to search and examine her, to demand and certify the manifests, (where she is required to have them,) cause the hold to be fastened, and, under circumstances of well-grounded suspicion, to place an officer on board, who will continue in charge until relieved on her arrival in port, unless previously relieved by an Inspector. It is their duty to seize all vessels and merchandise liable to seizure under the Revenue laws; and, for this purpose, they are authorized to enter any vessel in which they have reason to suspect goods subject to duty are concealed, and to search for and secure such goods. It being strictly forbidden, after the arrival of any vessel laden with goods and bound to the United States, within the limits of any district thereof, to break bulk or put out any part of her cargo previously to entry and permit obtained for that purpose, except in case of accident, necessity, or distress; it will be the special duty of the officers of the Revenue vessels to detect such offences, and strictly to examine into all cases of alleged accident, necessity, or distress. If they discover that any merchandise has been illegally landed, they will seize it if practicable; or if otherwise, give immediate information to the Collector, that the offenders may

be prosecuted. There being good reason to believe that many ves

essels, ostensibly employed in the fisheries and coasting trade, are engaged in the illicit introduction of foreign merchandise, the officers of the Revenue vessels are enjoined to keep a watchful eye on such vessels; and when any are discovered under suspicious circumstances, to examine them with a view to such further measures as may be found proper; and if probable cause appear to suspect them of being engaged in violating the Revenue laws of the United States, to cause the hatches to be fastened down, and an officer to be put on board, who will continue in charge until relieved by an Inspector, or his arrival, or report to the Collec

The officers commanding Revenue vessels will also examine the papers of coasting vessels, when practicable, to ascertain that they are correct and in force, and will vigilantly watch outward bound vessels to foreign ports, with the view to prevent the relanding of goods subject to drawback.

In the performance of all their duties, however, seeing that they are so important in their operation to the Revenue, on the one hand, and to the interest of commerce and navigation on the other, it is recommended to the officers of Revenue vessels to act as well with great discretion as with vigilance and firmness. They are particularly enjoined to make themselves well acquainted with the laws which it is their province to execute, that they may be able


to use all legal and proper means to protect the Revenue without injury to their fellow-citizens, and without encroaching upon their rights.

The commanding officers of Revenue vessels shall, in no case, take passengers on board, except officers of the customs when on duty, or other persons in the service of the United States; and the latter only by the special direction of the Secretary of the Treasury, or the Collector of the port.

Every aid in the power of the officers of the Revenue vessels should be afforded to persons at sea in distress, who may be taken on board and carried to the most convenient port. Their aid may, in like manner, be extended to the preservation of property found on board of wrecked vessels, and to secure the cargoes for the benefit of their owners, and shall be entitled to receive such salvage as may be awarded by proper authority.

The Revenue vessels will not be employed in carrying oil or other cumbersome supplies to the light-houses or light-boats, or in other duties appertaining to that service, unless upon some emergency, to be determined by the Collector, and reported to the Department. When, however, it shall not interfere with the duties prescribed by law, the Revenue vessels will visit the light-houses within the limits of their cruising ground, for the purpose of ascertaining their wants and condition ; and the captains will report to the Collector, as often as occasion may require, the state of the lights at the several light-houses and floating-lights, and also the state of the buoys, so far as it shall come within their observation.

Forms of the journal and muster-roll accompany this instruction.

The following books will be kept on board the Revenue vessels, by the captain, or such officer as he may assign to that duty:

1st. An inventory book, corresponding to the prescribed form. 2d. A log-book, in which will be entered, daily, every transaction on board of the vessel. Each day's entry will be signed by the captain and the officer charged with making the entry, and no subsequent alteration allowed.

3d. The muster and pay book, in a form corresponding to the roll.
4th. A letter book, in which all official correspondence will be recorded.

5th. An order book, in which the instructions from the Secretary, and from the Collector, and orders issued by the commanding officer, will be entered.

Beside the weekly return which the law requires to be made to the Collector, it will be the duty of the captain to transmit, through the Collector, to the Secretary of the Treasury, a transcript of his journal to the end of every month, (omitting diaries of the wind and weather,) which the Collector will immediately forward to the Department, with such remarks as he may think proper. Similar transcripts from the muster and pay book will be submitted at the end of each quarter to the Collector, who, after examination, will transmit the same in like manner.

Officers of the Revenue Marine will be required to make themselves acquainted with the navigation of their respective cruising grounds, that the services of pilots may be dispensed with; and captains are required to report to the Department any refusal or remissness on the part of the officers to apply themselves to the acquisition of knowledge of such importance to the service.

JNO. C. SPENCER, Secretary of the Treasury.

Form of Shipping articles.
We, the subscribers, do, and each of us doth, hereby agree to and with

a Captain in the Revenue Service of the United States, in manner and form following, that is to say:

In the first place, we do hereby agree, in consideration of the monthly wages against each of our names hereunto set, payable at such times and in such proportions as are or may be prescribed by the Secretary of the Treasury of the United States, to enter into the Revenue Service of the United States, and in due and seasonable time to repair on board such vessel, in the said service, as we may be ordered to join; and during the term of one year, from the date of our respective engagements, unless sooner discharged by proper authority, to the utmost of our power and ability, respectively to discharge our several duties, and in every thing to be conformable and obedient to the lawful commands of the officers who may from time to time be placed over us.

Secondly. We do also oblige and subject ourselves, and for that purpose do hereby covenant and agree, to serve during the term aforesaid, and to comply with, and be subject to, such rules and discipline as are or may be established for the government of the Revenue Service of the United States. Thirdly. The said

for and in behalf of the United States, doth hereby covenant and agree, to and with the parties, who have severally hereunto signed their names, and each of them respectively, that the said parties shall be paid, in consideration of their services, the amount per month which, in the column hereunto annexed, is set opposite to each of their names respectively, at such times, and in such proportions, as are or may be allowed by the general instructions for the government of the Revenue Service; and that the said parties shall be set at liberty, and the full amount due to them respectively shall be punctually paid, at the expiration of the term of their engagement.

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Sir: You are required to deliver, agreeably to contract,

rations of provisions, on board the Revenue on or before

o'clock, the same being necessary for the public service.


Collector. Received contractor, the supplies specified in the above requisition.

Captain. Form of Journal. Journal of the United States Revenue



(The journal or log book will conform, in its general outline, to the plan observed in sea voyages. Besides the usual notes of wind and weather, and occurrences relating to the navigation of the ship, the loss of masts, yards, boats, &c., &c., and accidents or injuries to the public property, all matters relating to the execution of the laws, and the conduct of all vessels which the vessel may fall in with, are to be particularly noted.)

Muster and Pay Roll of the officers and crew of the U. S. Revenue for the month of , A. D. 18


pay due in


Amount of Rate of com- Amount of
pay, &c., pensation
due on last for present present
muster month. month.

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1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Dolls. Cts. Dolls. Cts. Dolls. Cts.


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Date for re- Due for li- DEDUCTIONS. Total of de-Net amount Balance Received the am't
tained ra- quor equi-

ductions. payable in remaining set opposite to our
tions in valent.

present due and names in the col-
Hospital. Pay

month. payable. umn for. Net am't REMARKS.

payable in the pre-
sent month.'

Witness our
Dolls. Cts. | Dolls. Cts. Dolls. Cts. Dolls. Cts. Dolls. Cls. Dolls. Cts. Dolls. Cts

. hands, - 184

I do certify, that this muster and pay roll of the officers and crew of the United States Revenue from the period therein mentioned is just and true ; that the amount of pay and rations, as stated to be due to each, is agreeable to the general instructions for the gove ernment of the Revenue Cutter service, and that the remarks set opposite to the names of each person are accurate and true. United States Revenue, 18.

Captain. Duplicates.

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CHAPTER 1.-[APPOINTMENT, PROMOTION, AND DRESS OF REVENUE MARINE. ] Article 1. No person will be first appointed in the Revenue Marine to a higher grade than third lieutenant; and none will be considered eligible to that office, except they be between the age of eighteen and twenty-five years, and shall have seen at least three years actual service at sea.

Article 2. No officer will be promoted to a higher grade than second lieutenant, unless he shall produce the written testimony of two captains of the Revenue Marine that he is of good moral character, that he has the necessary qualifications as a seaman and navigator, and until he shall have been examined, and a report in his favor made by a board of officers appointed for that purpose.

Article 3. The vessels shall never, while in commission, be left without a commissioned officer; and, while fully officered, two lieutenants shall be at all times on duty.

Article 4. Officers are required to provide themselves with the uniform prescribed by the regulations; and when boarding vessels, at quarters, and at muster, shall appear in uniform.

The uniform established to distinguish the officers of the Revenue Marine Service from others, is that prescribed by circulars from the Department, 21st July, 1834, and 15th January, 1836, viz:

Captain's Dress.—Blue cloth coat with rolling collar, double-breasted, lined with black silk; nine buttons on each lapel; four buttons on the cuffs, four on the pocket flaps, one on each hip, two on the middle of the skirt fold, and one at the extremity of the skirt; a strip of black braid, one inch wide, to be worn around the sleeve immediately above the cuff; two plain gold epaulets; cocked hat, with gold tassels, and four rows of gold bullion diagonally from top to bottom, with rosette on left side; small sword, of pattern furnished by “Ames,” Springfield, with black glazed leather belt and gilt mounting ; belt clasp of pattern furnished by Owen, Evans & Co., Washington city, center piece same device as the button, and the outside rim plain burnished gold ; black silk cravat or stock ; buff vest, single-breasted, with nine buttons in front, and four under pocket flaps; blue or white pantaloons; blue pantaloons to have a strip of black braid, one inch in breadth, on the outer seams, extending from the hip to the bottom; short boots, worn under pantaloons, or shoes, with stockings to correspond with pantaloons, as the officer may elect.

Undress.—Blue cloth frock coat, with standing braided collar, single-breasted, with nine buttons in front, and four on each cuff. Navy “Regulation”—cloth cap, with two gold bands half inch wide; glazed cover in bad weather.

First Lieutenant's Dress:-Same as captain's, with the exception of one button less on each cuff, and one less on each pocket flap; and also with the omission of epaulet on the left shoulder.

Undress.—The same as captain's, with the same exceptions.

Second Lieutenant's Dress.-Dress and undress same as first lieutenant's, with the exception that the epaulet is to be worn on the left shoulder.

Third Lieutenant's.-Dress and undress same as second lieutenant's, with the omission of braid on coat.

The button established for the service will be impressed with the shield of the Treasury Arms, surmounted by a foul anchor, according to a pattern furnished from the manufactory of L. Kendrick.

Warrant Officer's.--Blue cloth coat or jacket, with nine Revenue buttons on lapels, and three under pocket flap, and one on each cuff; white or blue pantaloons, according to the season.

Seamen.-—Blue cloth jacket, nine Revenue buttons on lapels, white frock, with collar and facings of blue, with a star worked on each side of collar, and two on each side of breast; white or blue trowsers, according to the season, with blue bclt.

CHAPTER II.-BUREAU OF THE MARINE REVENUE SERVICE. This bureau is charged with the following duties:

First. The charge and investigation of all estimates for the Revenue Service, and the administrative examination of all accounts for disbursements made by Collectors for the Revenue Service, previous to their being sent to the auditor for settlement.

Second. The construction and equipment of new vessels, and the repairs or other disposition of the old ones. Third. The care, preservation, and superintendence of all public property placed on board, or deposited on shore.

Fourth. The charge of all applications for appointments in the service; the transmission of commissions; assignment of the officers to their stations; disposition of the vessels; force to be employed in them; and the arrangements for their cruising.

Fifth. The investigation of all charges for neglect of duty, or other misconduct, and the preparation, under the direction of the head of the Department, of all letters touching these details.

Sixth. To report annually to the head of the Department, in detail, upon the number and condition of the vessels employed in the Marine Revenue Service; the number of officers, men, and boys, with their several compensations; the cost of repairs on each vessel; the cost of rations and naval stores for each vessel; the service performed by each vessel; the number of seizures made; the number of wrecks attended; the amount of property secured at each wreck; the number of vessels boarded and examined: and, if steam cutters, the following additional details--the number of miles steamed by each steamer; the cost of repairs on machinery; the quantity of fuel consumed; and the average speed of each steamer. Until other provisions shall be made, a captain in the Revenue Service will be detailed to take charge of the bureau, and, when practicable, will be assisted by junior officers in the service. All communications for the bureau will be directed to the Secretary of the Treasury.




A standing order shall be issued annually, by the chief of the bureau, to Collectors of the Customs having superintendence of Revenue vessels

First. To pay the salaries and wages of the oflicers and crews under their superintendence monthly, upon the requisition of the commanding officer of said vessel or vessels, provided the requisition be accompanied with a muster and pay-roll, signed by each of the officers, men, and boys, specified in said muster and pay-roll.

Second. Not to allow or pay any bills or accounts whatever for Revenue cutters, their officers, or crews, relating to repairs or supplies, without the sanction of the Department.

Third. That whenever repairs or supplies, not already provided by contract, are required for any Revenue vessel or vessels, the Collector and the commander shall make a careful and detailed examination and estimate of the cost of such repairs or supplies, affix their signatures thereto, and transmit the same to the Department at Washington for approval.

Fourth. That, on the first day of January in each year, the Collector shall advertise for six successive days, in two of the commercial newspapers, the specifications for rations and naval stores required for the use of the vessel or vessels under his superintendence, as furnished to him by the bureau, and inviting proposals for furnishing the same by contract, allowing three days after the expiration of the advertisement for bidders to propose.

Fifth. All accounts, vouchers, and documents of every kind, relating to the fiscal management of the Marine Revenue Service, must be taken in triplicate; one copy of which to be forwarded by the Collector to the bureau at Washington, the second copy to be filed with the papers of the Collector's office, and the third to be retained by the commanding officer as his voucher.

Sixth. All documents, and papers of any kind whatsoever, relating to the Marine Revenue Service, must be carefully endorsed upon the outside of each, stating their tenor, before such are transmitted to the bureau.

Seventh. Collectors are strictly forbidden from making any advances of money on public account, to either officers or crews of Revenue vessels, other than the regular monthly payments specified in article 1st.

Eighth. Whenever repairs are required upon the hull, rigging, sails, or spars of any of the Revenue vessels, the Collector and commander of said vessel shall summon two respectable master mechanics, separately, to examine the vessel, and each give their estimate in writing for the proposed repairs, without the conjunction or knowledge of the other; by which means, it is to be presumed, a fair valuation of the work required to be done may be obtained. These estimates, with those of the Collector and commander of the vessel, (see article 3d,) shall all be transmitted to the bureau at Washington for consideration.

Ninth. All bids for contracts relating to the Marine Revenue Service shall be examined by the Collector to whom they are offered, and whose duty it shall be to transmit the same, and to advise the chief of the bureau of his knowledge of the standing and respectability of each bidder, and such remarks upon the fair market value of the articles as he may be able to obtain.

Tenth. Each Collector having superintendence of a Revenue vessel or vessels, shall, in addition to the quarterly accounts, transmit to the bureau, at the end of each fiscal year, a detailed statement of the expenditure made by him for each of such Revenue vessels.

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CHAPTER IV.-COMMANDERS. Article 1. When an officer shall be ordered to the command of a vessel, he shall, immediately upon joining her, examine her throughout, and ascertain her state and condition. If she is under the charge of the Collector, he will be attentive to the repair and equipment of the vessel, and will report to the Collector any defects or deficiencies which, in his opinion, require further attention; and he will be particular in his examination and reports at the time when it may be proposed to transfer the vessel entirely to his charge, so as to prevent any subsequent complaints in relation to neglects or deficiencies in the repairs or equipments; but the commander of the vessel is to exercise no authority or control over the repairs or equipments of the vessel before she is delivered into his charge, unless with the assent and direction of the Collector.

Article 2. After assuming the command, he will be held responsible for the good government of the officers and others belonging to the vessel, according to the laws and regulations for the government of the Revenue Marine, and must set an example of respect and obedience to his superiors, and of unremitted attention to his duties.

Article 3. He shall immediately prepare such internal regulations, for the general police of the vessel under his command as he may think necessary.

Article 4. He shall use every exertion to complete her further preparations for sea, and make written reports
weekly to the Collector of the progress made, and of what he considers deficient.
Article 5. When appointed to the command of a vessel, he shall be furnished with a statement, in such forms as

be prescribed, of her condition and her presumed or ascertained qualities, by the Collector or by the previous commander of the vessel, if the vessel be already in commission.

Article 6. He shall, as soon as possible, arrange his men at their quarters and at the various stations, for working ship and extinguishing fire. He shall report, in writing, to the Department when his crew have been exercised at quarters in the manner prescribed by regulation.

Article 7. He shall, as often as once in three months, at general muster, revise the ratings of the petty officers and crew, having strict regard to their merits and demerits.


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