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Article 8. He shall, when it can be done without great inconvenience, cause his crew to be exercised at the guns at least twice a week. He shall cause his crew to be exercised at general quarters once a week. He shall cause the whole of the crew to be drilled in the use of small arms. General exercises at the guns shall occasionally take place at night. Detailed reports of these exercises to be made to the Department.
Article 9. The men at quarters shall be arranged in divisions, under the charge of the proper officers, from whom the commander shall require that every thing appertaining to the division shall be kept in the most perfect order for action, that the men are duly instructed in their exercises, and that their clothing is carefully and neatly preserved.
Article 10. The men shall not be allowed to sell, exchange, or in any manner dispose of clothing or necessaries, without special permission.
Article 11. The commander alone shall order corporeal punishment to be inflicted. In all cases the name of the person, his offence, and the amount of punishment inflicted, shall be entered upon the log-book, and monthly returns of the same made to the Treasury Department.
Article 12. He is to encourage the officers under his command to improve themselves in every branch of nautical science. He shall require each lieutenant to furnish himself with a sextant or quadrant, and a suitable treatise on navigation.
Article 13. He is required to make himself acquainted, as far as possible, with the localities of every port or harbor which he may visit, and to enter the information he may obtain in a “remark book,” in such form as may be prescribed.
Article 14. He shall deliver to the officer appointed to succeed him in command, all signal books, and the originals or attested copies of all unexecuted orders which he may have received, for which he must take receipts in duplicate, sending one to the Department.
Article 15. He shall leave with his successor a report of the quality of the vessel, according to such forms as may be prescribed, together with every other information which he may deem serviceable to her commander; and he shall forward a similar report to the Department whenever he is removed from or resigns the command of a vessel.
Article 16. In time of war, or appearance thereof, he shall give convoy to vessels of the United States, or others entitled to his protection, bound the same way as himself, when it can be done without deviation from his orders, or improper detention of his vessel.
Article 17. He shall facilitate any examination which it may be the duty of any Custom-house officer of the United States to make on board the vessel he commands; and he shall not permit any person under his command to take on board, or to land, for sale, any article to the injury of the revenue of the United States, or of any other nation.
Article 18. Should any vessel of the Revenue Marine have had any communication, or have visited any port, or have any disease on board which would require quarantine, it shall be the duty of the commander to have a yellow flag hoisted, to warn others against improper communication with her. And every assistance in the power of the officers of the Revenue Service shall be afforded to the local authorities, to enforce their quarantine laws. (See chap. 118, section 1st, act of Congress, February 25, 1799.)
Article 19. He shall exercise a sound discretion in granting leave to officers to be absent from the vessel, keeping a sufficient number on board at all times to take proper care of the vessel. Not more than one commissioned officer shall be absent on leave at the same time, except by permission of the Department. He shall not grant leave of absence when it will interfere with the public service or duties of his vessel.
Article 20. The commander is authorized to grant liberty to the crew whenever he may think proper, having due regard to their health and the safety of the vessel. Strict justice and impartiality must be shown in granting indulgences to the men, but commanders are not prohibited from withholding such indulgences from the unworthy, and those who may have abused them. Article 21. Whenever a Revenue vessel anchors, cros
ross-bearings shall be taken and entered on the log-book. Article 22. He shall have the temperature of the air and water tried, and the height of the barometer noted, when there is one on board, every four hours when at sea, and oftener if necessary, and record them in the log-book in the proper columns.
Article 23. Every precaution which prudence can suggest shall be taken to guard against accident from fires and lights.
Article 24. In cases of shipwreck, (or any other disaster whereby the vessel may be lost,) he, with the officers and men, shall stay by her as long as possible, and save all they can. He shall particularly endeavor to save the muster, pay, and receipt books, and take special care to destroy or carefully preserve all signals, secret orders, or instructions, to prevent their falling into improper hands; and he will use every effort to preserve discipline, and prevent any irregularity which might give just cause of offence to the inhabitants where he may be.
Article 25. He shall, in case of shipwreck without the United States, lose no time in returning to the district to which he may belong, with his officers and crew; to effect which he may dispose of the property saved, or draw bills, as he may deem most advantageous to the public interests. If within the United States, he shall repair to the nearest district, and in all cases make the earliest possible report to the Department.
Article 26. He shall not, without the authority and permission of the Department, make, or allow to be made, any changes in the internal arrangement, or decks, cabins, or state rooms of the vessel, or in the armament, or masts, yards, sails, or rigging, except in cases of necessity; and, when such changes occut, he will report the same to the Department by the first opportunity, and carefully note and report the effects which such changes may produce in the qualities, performances, or efficiency of the vessel. He will, however, in forwarding his reports of the qualities of the vessel, and at other times if he deem it important, suggest any alterations which, in his opinion, would render the vessel more efficient, or improve her qualities in any particular.
Article 27. All officers in command of vessels are authorized to receive on board, for safe-keeping, gold, silver, and jewels, belonging to citizens of the United States, and to carry the same from place to place within the limits of their stations, when it can be done without interfering with more important duties, and also to bring the same to the United States when returning from a cruise; but in no case shall an officer, or any other person belonging to the Revenue Marine, give aid or countenance to the violation of the Revenue laws of any country, on pain of dismissal. Nor shall any officer be required to investigate and ascertain whether gold, silver, or jewels,, brought on board, have been brought without violation of the Revenue laws; but he shall require of the depositor or shipper a Customhouse certificate to that effect, of which he shall retain a copy, certified by two of his officers, and which shall justify him. He shall receipt for and deliver the same, by the marks, without examination at the time, and without responsibility for their accuracy; but, on suspicion of error or fraud, he may, in the presence of the consignee, institute any examination to ascertain the truth of the case.
Article 28. Gold, silver, and jewels, deposited for safe-keeping or transportation, shall be charged a per centage, according to the custom of the place, according to agreement, or as the Secretary of the Treasury may direct; and the per centage thus charged shall be paid to the Collector of the district, and by him credited to the Marine Hospital fund.
CHAPTER V.-EXECUTIVE OFFICERS-OFFICERS OF THE WATCH.
Erecutive officer. Article 1. The sea officer next in rank to the commanding officer of a vessel, is to be considered the executive officer.
Article 2. He shall, under the direction of the commanding officer of the vessel, have the superintendence of the general duties to be performed, and of the police of the vessel, to such extent as the commanding officer may authorize or prescribe.
Article 3. It shall be his duty, under the direction of the captain, to make out the watch, quarter, and station bills. He shall take care that all changes are noted on the several bills, and shall cause them to be placed in some convenient part of the vessel, where they can be referred to by the men.
Article 4. He shall examine the vessel daily, and report to the commanding officer when she is ready for his inspection
Article 5. When at sea, he shall report the condition of the vessel and battery to the captain at eight o'clock in the evening
Article 6. He shall, under the direction of the commanding officer, control the expenditure of all stores, and examine weekly the reports of receipts and expenditures; and, upon being satisfied of their correctness, will approve the reports, and hand them to the commanding officer of the vessel.
Article 7. He shall, when at sea, require the second lieutenant, boatswain, gunner, carpenter, and sail maker, to report to him at eight o'clock in the morning and eight o'clock in the evening, the condition of every thing in their respective departments.
Article 8. He shall see that strict attention is paid by all officers and others to uniformity in the mode of carrying on duty.
Article 9. He shall have charge of the deck whenever the vessel is getting under way or coming to an anchor, or when all hands are called for any special exercise, or to perform particular duties, unless the commander shall otherwise direct.
Article 10. He shall immediately report to the commander any defect or deficiency which he may discover, and that may in any way or manner endanger the safety or impair the efficiency of the vessel.
Article 11. He shall have charge of the magazine and store-room keys.
Article 12. He shall never absent himself from the vessel without the previous approbation of his commanding officer, when the commanding officer is on board.
Article 13. If the executive officer be a lieutenant, he shall not be required to keep a watch, unless the number of watch officers on duty be less than two.
Article 14. His station, in time of action, shall be on the quarter-deck, unless peculiar circumstances should, in the opinion of the commander, require his presence in some other part of the vessel.
Article 15. He shall see that every thing is kept in readiness for battle, that the boats are properly fitted for any service which may ordinarily be required of them, and that every thing relating to signals shall be so arranged as to prevent delay.
Officer of the Watch. Article 1. Each lieutenant attached to a vessel of the United States Revenue Marine shall have charge of a watch, except when in the opinion of the commander he shall be incompetent, or otherwise unfit for so important. a charge. Whenever the commander shall deem it necessary to act in a matter so serious as to deprive an officer of his watch, he shall forthwith report all the circumstances to the Secretary of the Treasury, and furnish the officer with a copy of the report; whereupon a full and impartial investigation shall be promptly instituted.
Article 2. The deck or watch is never to be left in charge of an oflicer of less rank than lieutenant, except by permission of the commanding officer.
Article 3. He is to see that the vessel is properly steered, the sails properly set and trimmed, the log regularly hove, proper look-outs placed, and all necessary remarks duly entered upon the log slate; which he shall examine and sign at the expiration of his watch. After the occurrences of the day shall have been copied in the log-book, he will sign the remarks of the different watches when he had charge of the deck.
Article 4. He shall inform the captain of all strange sails that are seen, all appearances of danger, all signals that are made, and of all circumstances which may alter the relative positions of the chase, or prevent the ship from steering the course ordered.
Article 5. He is never to change the course ordered, or increase or diminish the sails of the vessel, without authority of the captain, except in cases of necessity, which he .will report immediately to the captain.
Article 6. He is not to make any signal, by day or night, without orders from his commander, unless to warn vessels of some danger.
Article 7. He is to be very particular to inform the officer who relieves him of all unexecuted orders which he may have received, of all signals which remain to be executed, of the position of the chase, and give him all such other information as may be necessary or serviceable to him in keeping the vessel in her proper station, or for her safety.
Article 8. No boat is to be allowed to leave the vessel, or come alongside, without the knowledge of the officer of the watch. When boats come alongside with provisions, water, or stores of any kind, he is to see them cleared without delay, and that all articles which may be ordered to be sent out of the vessel are carefully and properly put on board the vessels or boats which are directed to receive them.
Article 9. He shall take care that a strict and accurate account is taken of all stores received on board or sent from the vessel during his watch, and see that those which are received are delivered in charge of the proper
officer, and that the number and quantity received or sent from the vessel is correctly entered upon the log slate.
Article 10. He shall be particular in making all the usual reports to the captain or executive officer, and shall require all officers, and others under his orders, to perform their duties in a proper manner.
He shall be particular in seeing that all the usual honors and etiquette of a man-of-war are strictly observed.
The Second Lieutenant. Article 11. The second lieutenant, or officer appointed to perform his duties, will, if ordered to a vessel before her stowage is commenced, superintend, under the direction of the commander of the vessel, the stowing of the ballast, water, provisions, and all other articles, in the hold.
Article 12. When the stowage of the hold of any vessel shall be completed, an entry must be made in the log-book, specifying particularly the quantity and arrangement of the ballast, number, size, and disposition of the tanks and casks, and of the quantity and stowage of provisions and other stores. Accurate plans must also be made of the stowage of the hold, showing the disposition of all the articles, which must be inserted in the first page of the logbook; and if any material change should be afterwards made in the stowage, the changes must be noted, and new plans be inserted in the log-book.
Article 13. The second lieutenant is to visit the hold and cable tiers frequently, and see that they are kept in good order, and as clean as circumstances will admit.
Article 14. He is, under the direction of the commander or executive officer, to see that the cables are at all times properly secured and protected from injuries; that the tiers are kept clear; and that all necessary arrangements are made for anchorage, mooring, unmooring, or getting under way with the greatest facility and despatch.
Article 15. He is to see that the standing and running rigging, and the sails of the vessel, are at all times in good order, protected from injury, and ready for service; and to report all such as may require alteration or repairs.
Article 16. He is to be particularly careful to prevent any waste or improper expenditure of fuel or water.
Article 17. He shall examine the charts of all the coasts which the vessel may visit, and note upon them any errors which he may discover, and inform the commanding officer of the same, that he may, if he think them sufficiently important, transmit them to the Department.
Article 18. He shall frequently examine the compasses, time glasses, log and lead lines, and keep them in order for service. He shall ascertain daily, or oftener, if required, the position of the vessel, and report the same to the captain. He shall have charge of the chronometers; and, when at sea, he shall take regular morning and evening sights, and report the result to the captain, and work up the vessel's run to eight o'clock, P. M.
Article 19. He is to have charge of, and must account for, all nautical books, instruments, charts, national flags, and signals, belonging to the ship.
Third Lieutenant. Article 20. He shall keep the vessel's log book, and see that all required particulars are duly entered in it; and he shall immediately afterwards send it to the lieutenants, that they may sign their names at the end of the remarks in their respective watches while the circumstances are fresh in their memories; and he shall then take it to the commanding officer for his inspection.
Article 21. The log book shall be kept by civil time, both at sea and in port; and there shall be entered on the log slate and log book, with minute exactness, the following particulars:
1. The direction of the wind, state of the weather, courses steered, and distances sailed, with the amount of leeway and temperature of air and water at the end of each watch at sea; the time when any particular evolution or service was performed; the number of all signals, the time when made, and whether general or otherwise; the nature and extent of all punishments inflicted, with the name and offence of each person punished; all dangers discovered in navigation; the names and rank, or rating, of all persons who may join or be detached from the vessel.
2. The loss or serious injury of boats, spars, sails, rigging, and stores of every kind.
3. An account of all stores received, with their marks or quantities, from whom received, or by whom furnished; and the department to which they belong.
4. An account of all stores totally condemned or converted to other uses by survey. 5. All stores sent out of the vessel, by whose authority, and for what purpose.
6. The marks and numbers of every cask, bale, and box, which, on being opened, shall be found to contain more or less than the marks, and the difference.
7. Every alteration made in the allowance of provisions, and by whose orders. 8. The draught of the vessel.
Article 22. The remarks made and signed by the lieutenants shall not be altered or amended by any person after they have been signed. The master or captain may, within twenty-four hours after an occurrence has happened, note it in such manner as they may think proper; but to all such notes they shall sign their own names.
Article 23. Should the third lieutenant be removed or suspended, he shall sign the log book, and deliver it to his successor, taking his receipt for the same, and for all articles under his charge.
CHAPTER VI. — FORWARD OFFICERS.—Boatswain, Gunner, and Carpenter. Article 1. They must carefully examine all articles belonging to, and all stores received for, their respective departments, and see that they are of good quality, that they agree in quantity with the invoice or bill sent with them, and that they are in good order; and must make iminediate report to the commanding or executive officer, or officer of the watch, of any defect or deficiency which they may discover.
Article 2. They shall make no change, conversion, or expenditure of stores, without an order from the commander or such other officer as he may appoint to issue them; and they shall produce such order to the commander or officer appointed by him to audit their weekly accounts, as vouchers for the expenditures therein charged.
Article 3. They shall lend no stores except by written order of the commander; which order, together with the receipt of the person to whom the stores were lent, must be produced as vouchers for the expenditure.
Article 4. They shall, as far as may be possible, expend the oldest stores first, particularly if they are of a perishable nature.
Article 5. They shall request a survey upon all stores which may be injured or become unfit for service, and expend such as the surveying officers may condemn, preserving a copy of the survey as a voucher; but, if the survey shall direct them to be converted to some other use, they shall charge themselves with them accordingly, and expend them in the same manner as any other stores.
Article 6. They shall not receive credit for any loss or waste of stores, unless they shall produce regular vouchers or certificates to show that it was not occasioned by their neglect or misconduct.
Article 7. They shall be particularly watchful, and make immediate report to the commander or executive officer, of any neglect or misconduct which they may discover in the person having charge of the stores.
Article 8. They shall examine the different parts of the vessel which are more immediately under their particular charge, or belonging to their department, and report their condition to the executive officer or officer of the watch, at eight o'clock in the evening, and in each morning watch at sea, and make such further examinations and reports as may at any time be directed.
Article 9. When a vessel is about to be dismantled, they will see that all the articles in their respective departments are properly secured and tallied with their names and qualities, whether "serviceable, requiring repairs, or unserviceable;" and that all precautions are taken to prevent injury.
CHAPTER VII. -COOK. Article 1. He is to be held responsible for the safe-keeping and proper distribution of the fresh water, meat, and vegetables, which may be delivered into his charge. He is to receive no meat unless it is properly tallied.
Article 2. He is to have the rations of the crew properly cooked, and delivered to the cooks of the messes, at such times as may be directed by the commanding officer.
Article 3. He is to see that the boilers and cooking utensils are kept perfectly clean, and shall preserve order and silence about the galley, and report offenders.
Article 1. The commander of every vessel shall see that she is perfectly cleansed and dried before the crew are received on board.
Article 2. He shall, by all means in his power, promote cleanliness among his crew, prescribing such rules and regulations apon the subject as may be suitable to the climate and other circumstances.
Article 3. He shall prevent all unnecessary exposure of those under his command, and shall take every proper precaution to preserve the health of his crew.
Article 4. There shall be a reasonable quantity of fresh water allowed for cooking the rations of the men, and for tea water, and the whole daily allowance of fresh water shall not be less than one gallon per man, except in case of necessity.
Article 5. Every commander is enjoined to pay strict attention to the comfort of his crew, to see that their rations are issued in due time, and always in the presence of an officer and a petty officer, and that their meals are served in a proper manner. When in port fresh meat and vegetables shall be issued at least once a week, if they can be procured. The ration shall never be inferior to the usual quality, when good provisions can be obtained.
Article 6. One hour shall be allowed to the crew for breakfast, one hour for dinner, and half an hour for supper, unless prevented by the necessary duty of the ship.
Article 7. Every petty officer and seaman shall be furnished, without charge, on coming on board, with one clothes bag and two hammocks.
Article 8. When not prevented by bad weather, or other good reason, the crew shall be permitted to wash clothes on every Tuesday and Friday morning, and, if practicable, fresh water and soap shall be allowed for that purpose. All hammocks shall be scrubbed once a fortnight, and all bedding shall be thoroughly aired once a month, and scrubbed once in three months.
Article 9. In every vessel there shall be a standard hammock and bed, to which all shall conform when lashed up.
"Article 10. When at sea only one watch of hammocks shall be piped down, and all hands called at half-past seven in the morning. When in port, all hands shall not be called before four o'clock, when the sun sets after six, nor before five when the sun sets before six, except for good and sufficient reason.
Article 11. Every mess of the crew shall be furnished with a suitable chest or locker for the mess utensils and small stores, and with the requisite number of kids, cans, and tin buckets.
Article 12. All bright work, which is not clearly necessary and proper, is prohibited.
Article 13. No petty officer, seaman, or boy, shall be kept in confinement longer than one week, except for good and sufficient reasons, to be reported to the Department.
Article 14. Every proper attention shall be paid to the condition and comfort of the sick, and they shall not be subjected to any annoyance or interruption which can be avoided.
Article 11. The commander will require daily reports of the state of the sick from the executive officer, and his opinion of the best means of preserving or restoring health, whenever he may think proper.
Article 16. When men are sent to the hospital, (which is not to be done without the sanction of the officer in command,) they are, if practicable, to be accompanied by one of the officers of the vessel, who is to see that the clothing and bedding of the men are carefully preserved during his illness.
Article 1. Commanding officers shall enter no boy under thirteen years of age, or under four feet nine inches in height, nor any person whatever under twenty-one years of age, without the consent of his parent or guardian, if any such may be found; nor any landsman under twenty-five years of age, unless he shall have a knowledge of some mechanical trade which will be useful on board a vessel; nor any landsman having such mechanical trade, unless he is under thirty-five years of age. No person is to be entered as ordinary seaman unless he shall have been at sea at least two years, nor as seaman unless he shall have been at sea at least five years.
Article 2. The commander shall not enter free colored persons, nor boys to serve until they are twenty-one years of age, nor any person as petty officer, without the special order or permission of the Department.
Article 3. The law which authorizes and regulates the enlistment of persons for the Revenue Marine, for the time being, must be printed at the head or on the back of the shipping articles, and commanding officers shall cause the same to be read to every person before signing them; nor shall they allow any person to sign such articles when intoxicated; nor shall they enter any person known to have been convicted of felony; nor is any slave ever to be entered for the service, or to form a complement of any vessel of the Revenue Marine of the United States.
CHAPTER X.-GENERAL REGULATIONS-COMPLEMENTS OF VESSELS. Article 1. In case of a deficiency of "seamen,” a vessel, which may be otherwise ready. for service, is not to be detained, if such deficiency shall not exceed one-fourth the number of seamen allowed in the table of complements, and if the deficiency can be supplied with an additional number of "ordinary seamen ;” nor shall a vessel, when under orders for service, and otherwise ready, be detained, if the whole number of petty officers and persons of inferior ratings on board shall be equal to nine-tenths of the total number of such persons which may be allowed in the table of complements.
Article 2. The Department will, at any time, if it deems it expedient, direct vessels to sail with still smaller numbers, or otherwise modify the table of complements for vessels destined for particular service.
Article 3. The articles allowed in the tables of equipment, for cabin and ward-room of vessels in commission, must not be varied in kind, nor exceeded in number, nor must the original cost, or any repair, exceed the prices therein specified for each respectively; and the commander and other officers of a vessel shall be bound to accept such articles as shall be furnished from the contractor, whenever they shall be considered of proper quality by the Collector; nor shall any such fixtures be surveyed, sold, or replaced, except by the express direction of the Department.
Article 4. The necessary funeral expenses of all persons who shall die while in actual service, will be paid by the Treasury Department.