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Article 5. All inferiors, in passing a superior, or when they address him on duty, shall touch their hats; and superiors are strictly enjoined to return such salutes. The fact that an officer is not on duty, or in uniform, shall not be regarded as an excuse for any act of disrespect or omission of naval courtesy on the part of an inferior to a superior whose rank is known.

Article 6. When there are two accommodation ladders, the starboard one shall be used by the captain and wardroom officers, and the larboard one by all other officers. When there is but one accommodation ladder, all officers going on leave, or returning from leave, may use it,

CHAPTER XI.-STORES.

Article 1. The commander of a vessel, when she is first equipped, shall be furnished by the Collector with inventories of all the articles belonging to the different departments of the vessel, and he is thereafter to keep accurate accounts of all expenses incurred for the vessel in the different departments, and shall make quarterly returns to the Collector, according to such forms as may be prescribed by the Department, so that the annual expenses of each vessel may be correctly ascertained.

Article 2. He shall cause a regular and strict account of the receipts and expenditures of all provisions and stores to be kept ; and, after satisfying himself of their correctness, have the same entered monthly in a general abstract expense book; and shall, at the end of every six months, ascertain, from actual survey, the amount on hand, and inquire particularly into all deficiencies, and report the same to the Department.

Article 3. The commander shall, when a vessel is paid off or laid up in ordinary, require of all officers charged with stores and provisions, an abstract statement of the receipts and expenditures to that date. These statements shall be carefully compared with the actual amount on hand, and all deficiencies duly noted and inquired into; after which reports shall be made to the Department, when they shall be strictly examined.

Article 4. He shall examine all returns and expenditures, all requisitions for supplies, all accounts rendered against the vessel, and, on being satisfied of their correctness, shall approve the same.

Article 5. He shall use the utmost economy and care in every thing which relates to the expenses of the vessel or the public service; and shall require from all those under his command a rigid compliance with the regulations for the receipt, conversion, and expenditure of the stores of every description.

Article 6. Should it become necessary to cut or slip a cable, or should a vessel part one, the commander of the vessel shall use every exertion to recover it; but should he not succeed, such information must be forwarded to the Department, or the nearest Collector, as may best facilitate its recovery.

CHAPTER XI.-COLLECTORS.

Article 1. All supplies for the Revenue Marine, not furnished by contract, are to be purchased by the Collector.

Article 2. He shall make all purchases upon the most advantageous terms for the United States, and shall require that all articles be of the best quality, be delivered in good order, and that they be accompanied by proper bills, showing their number or quantity and price.

Article 3. He shall have no private interest, directly or indirectly, in the supplying of any article which it may be his duty to procure for the Revenue Marine.

Article 4. Articles sent on board any vessel by the contractor, in conformity with previous requisitions or orders, must be delivered to the commanding officer, or such person as he may appoint to receive them; who is hereby required to cause receipts to be given for the same, provided they are of the proper quality, in proper order, and accompanied by proper bills or invoices.

Article 5. All stores sent on board a vessel in commission, by a contractor, will be carefully examined, when they are first received, by the officer to whose department they may belong, and such others as the commander of the vessel may appoint; and, if found by them to be of improper quality, a regular survey of the same will be held with the least possible delay.

Article 6. Such articles as the surveying officers may declare to be unfit for service, or not conformable to contract, may be returned to the contractor, and no receipt shall be given for the same. Duplicates of the surveys must be immediately forwarded to the Department, accompanied by such remarks as may be deemed necessary,

Article 7. Every cask, box, or package of supplies, must be numbered, and have the contents distinctly marked Article 8. All supplies furnished must be accompanied by a bill or invoice, specifying the particulars and cost of each, the objects for which they are intended, and the appropriation to which they belong. Without these, no receipt will be given for them, unless the Department shall think proper to give an express order to that effect.

Article 9. He shall make no sale of articles belonging to the United States, nor any purchases, nor incur any public expense, without the sanction of the Department.

Article 10. He will receive no credit for any disbursements, unless he produces an order of the Department, or of some proper officer, to make the purchase or payment, or requisitions duly approved, conformably to the regulations of the Revenue Marine, the receipts of the persons to whom the articles were delivered, or to whom payment was made, and unless the payment shall have been sanctioned by the proper officer, as required by these regulations.

upon it.

CHAPTER XIII-MISCELLANEOUS.

Article 1. All persons in the Revenue Marine shall conduct themselves with perfect respect to their superiors, and shall show every proper attention and regard to those under their command; and shall, on all occasions, set an example of morality, subordination, and attention to duty.

Article 2. If an officer shall consider himself to be oppressed by his superior, or shall observe any misconduct in him, he is not on that account to fail in his respect to him, but he is to represent the same, in the manner prescribed, to the commanding officer present, or the Secretary of the 'Treasury, as the case may require.

Article 3. If any person in the Revenue Marine shall know of any fraud, collusion, or other improper conduct, in any agent, contractor, or other person employed in matters connected with the Revenue service, he shall report the same in writing, through the prescribed channels, to the proper officer or the Department. But he must, in all cases, specify the particular acts of misconduct or collusion, and state the means of proving the same; and he will be held strictly accountable for any groundless or vexatious charge he may exhibit.

Article 4. No person in the Revenue Marine shall use any language that may tend to render officers or others dissatisfied with any service in which they may be engaged, or upon which they may be ordered, or to diminish their confidence in, or respect for, their superiors in command, or which may, in any manner, tend to weaken that subordination which is essential to the security and usefulness of the service.

Article 5. When the sun sets after six o'clock, the tattoo shall be beat at nine o'clock in the evening, and the colors be hoisted at eight o'clock in the morning; and when it sets before six o'clock, it shall be beat at eight o'clock in the evening, and the colors shall be hoisted at nine o'clock in the morning.

Article 6. The lights in the steerage shall be extinguished at nine P. M., those in the ward room at ten P. M.; and all other lights and fires shall be extinguished at eight P. M., except those specially allowed by the commanding officer.

Article 7. No person shall be permitted to read in bed by the light of a lamp or candle, and no smoking shall be permitted, except at or forward of the galley, and in the cabin; but the commanding officer may, on special occasions, allow smoking in the ward room.

Article 8. "The magazine is never to be opened without the knowledge of the commanding officer, nor until the hatches and tarpaulins are on, and lights put out. When powder is to be taken on board, or removed from the ship, all lights and fires are to be carefully extinguished, under direction of an officer, and reported to the proper authority.

Article 9. In the execution of criminal process by the civil authorities, officers, when lawfully required, are to furnish all proper aid within their commands.

Article 10. The commander, when ordered from one station to another, shall, before leaving, examine the bills which require his approval; and for that purpose shall notify the persons who may have furnished the same to attend, at some specified time, with their accounts, so that none may be left without receiving his inspection and approval, should they be correct. The approval of all accounts must bear the date of the time of the approval, and the sum for which the account is approved must be written in words at length.

Article 11. Men are not to be transferred from vessels of one station to vessels of another station, without the consent of the Secretary of the Treasury, nor from one vessel to another of the same station, unless required for the public interests.

Article 12. No person in the Revenue Marine is to be discharged before the expiration of his term of service, without the order or permission of the Secretary of the Treasury.

Article 13. When any person shall be transferred from one vessel to another, the commander of the vessel from which he may be sent shall take care that he be accompanied by a correct statement of his accounts, showing the date of his original entry into the service, his terın of service, his rating, the amount he may have received under the different heads of the pay-roll, and the amount still due him; which statement shall be forwarded to the commander of the vessel to which he may be sent, to be by him handed to the Collector.

Article 14. Gambling is strictly prohibited on board the vessels of the Revenue Marine.

Article 15. Should any officer of the Revenue Marine so far forget what is due to his own honor, and to the honor of the service of which he is a member, as to incur debts upon a station, which the pay then due to him, or his other immediate resources, will not enable him to discharge; or if he should leave any station without first paying any debt which he may have incurred, and complaint should be made of the same to the captain or commanding officer of the vessel, it shall be the duty of such captain or commanding officer to make report of the facts and circumstances to the Secretary of the Treasury.

Article 16. Every officer, on leave of absence or waiting orders, shall have his accounts on the books of a Collector, and shall report every change of his residence to the Department.

Article 17. Notwithstanding that particular duties are prescribed for different officers on board of vessels by these regulations, yet it is not intended to limit their duties to those specified, but they are promptly to obey all lawful orders of their superiors.

Article 18. The crew of every vessel shall be dressed and inspected at quarters at nine A. M., every day except Sundays; and shall be mustered at quarters daily at sundown. On Sunday the crew shall be dressed and inspected at quarters at ten A. M.; after which the crew shall be mustered, when the weather and other circumstances will permit. Whenever an order is given that the crew shall dress for inspection, or for any special purpose, the order will be understood as addressed to the officers also; and they will accordingly, on all such occasions, appear in proper uniform, and not wear cvercoats, except by permission of the commanding officer.

Article 19. The hours for meals on board every vessel shall be as follows, and shall not be varied, except by permission of the commanding officer on special occasions:

Breakfast at eight A. M., for all officers and men; dinner at meridian, for the crew and steerage messes; dinner at or before three P. M., for the ward-room messes; dinner at or before four P. M., for the cabin messes; supper at four P. M., for the crew and steerage messes, when the sun sets before six o'clock, and at five P. M., when the sun sets after six o'clock; supper before eight P. M. for all other messes.

Article 20. No spirituous liquors shall be brought on board any vessel of the Revenue Marine.

Article 21. No female is to be taken to sea from the United States in any vessel of the Revenue Marine, without express permission from the Department.

Article 22. Officers of the Revenue Marine are strictly prohibited from publishing, or causing to be published, in newspapers, pamphlets, handbills, or otherwise, any disrespectful or offensive matter relative to transactions of a private nature between officers, or between officers and citizens; and any officer so offending shall be arrested and tried therefor, and one specification of the charge against him shall be the violation of this regulation.

CHAPTER XIV.-RANK AND COMMAND.

Captains, First Lieutenants, Second Lieutenants, Third Lieutenants. Article 1. The above named commission officers shall take precedence and command in their respective ranks according to the priority of the date of their commissions. Should ofiicers of the same rank have commissions bearing the same date, they will be numbered, and the lowest number will designate the officer entitled to the precedence and command.

Article 2. The officers of the Navy and Revenue services of the United States shall rank together as follows:Third lieutenants with midshipmen of the Navy; second lieutenants with passed midshipmen; first lieutenants with masters; and captains with lieutenants of the Navy.

CHAPTER XV.-SUSPENSION AND ARREST.

Article 1. On complaint being made against an officer, and in every case requiring immediate decision, any superior may suspend his inferior, until further directions shall be received from the Secretary of the Treasury.

Article 2. Officers are not to be suspended for light or trifling offences; but for such the commanding officer may express his disapprobation; which, in most cases, will answer the purpose of maintaining discipline.

Article 3. When the commanding ofticer shall suspend or continue the suspension of an officer, he shall call upon him for an explanation of the complaint made against hiin, and a list of persons to be questioned, and shall promptly institute an inquiry into the circumstances, in order to regulate his further proceedings. If, after such inquiry, he shall not deem a report to the Department requisite, the officer shall, within ten days, be restored to duty; but in every such case, when a complaint of oppression is made by an inferior against a superior, he shall, when required, give his reasons, in writing, to the interior making the complaint, who shall have the right to appeal to higher authority. If, on the contrary, he shall decide to act further in the matter, he shall transmit to the Collector, or the Secretary of the Treasury, a statement of the facts and circumstances, the explanation of the accused, the list of witnesses, and a summary statement of the information given by each, that the Secretary of the Treasury may, if in his opinion necessary, cause the matter to be further investigated by such officers of the Revenue Marine as may be detailed for that service.

Article 4. No officer suspended shall be confined to his room, nor restrained from the proper use of any part of the vessel, except the quarter deck, unless it may be necessary for the safety of the vessel or the preservation of good order and discipline.

Article 5. If the commanding officer of a vessel should, in any emergency, relieve an officer from suspension without withdrawing the complaint or charges against him, the officer shall return to duty and obey orders as usual, but shall remain subject to inquiry as if he had not been restored to duty.

Article 5. Offences shall not be allowed to accumulate, so as to form collectively sufficient matter for prosecution, without giving due notice to the offender; and any offence allowed to pass unnoticed, or for which the offender was reproved, shall not be revived and subsequently investigated, except when it may be indispensable to prove a particular habit charged, or to the due administration of justice.

Article 7. Offences of different character shall not be embraced in the same charge, but a separate charge shall be made for each offence of different character.

CHAPTER XVI.-OFFICERS ON LEAVE, OR WAITING ORDERS. Article 1. No more than one cominissioned officer from each Revenue vessel shall be absent on leave at the same time. Captains will apply to the Department, through the Collector, for permits to be absent. Lieutenants may be indulged in leave of absence, by the joint permission of the Collector and officer in command—not to exceed four weeks; at the expiration of which period, no extension of leave shall be granted without the express permission of the Department. Should the services of an officer while on leave be necessary, he shall, on the requisition of the Collector or commanding officer, resume his duties. The absence of any officer shall be noted daily upon the journal of the vessel.

Article 2.

Officers when sick or waiting orders will report to the Department, in writing, on the first day of

every month,

CHAPTER XVII.-MILITARY HONORS AND CEREMONIES.

Article 1. When the President of the United States shall visit a vessel of the Revenue Marine, he shall be received with the following honors: The yards shall be manned, all the officers shall be on deck in full uniform, and a salute of twenty-one guns shall be fired. He shall receive the same honors when he leaves the ship.

Article 2. The Vice President shall be received with the same honors as the President, except the salutes; one salute of nineteen guns shall be fired when he leaves the vessel.

Article 3. The Secretary of the Treasury, or any head of a Department of the General Government, or any of the Justices of the Supreme Court, or the Governor of a State, shall be received with the same honors as the Vice President, except that the salute shall be of seventeen guns.

Article 4. Upon the anniversary of the Declaration of Inpendence of the United States, the colors shall be hoisted at sunrise, and all the vessels of the Revenue Marine shall, when in port, be dressed, and so continue until the colors are hauled down at sunset, if the state of the weather and other circumstances will allow it. At sunrise, at meridian, and at sunset, a salute of twenty-one guns shall be fired from every vessel in commission.

Article 5. On the 22d day of February, the anniversary of the birth-day of Washington, a salute of twenty-one guns shall be fired at meridian from every vessel of the Revenue Marine in commission.

Article 6. All unnecessary or unusual expenditure of ammunition is strictly forbidden.

Article 7. Captains shall, when they go on board a vessel of the Revenue Marine commanded by officers of the same or inferior rank, be received on deck by the commander of the vessel visited, by the officer second in command, and by the officers of the watch.

Article 8. All commission officers below the rank of a captain shall be received by the officer of the watch. Article 9. The salute of a captain shall be returned with nine guns, and the salute of a lieutenant com

ommanding Article 10. The gangway ceremonies will be as follows: For captains, the side shall be piped by the boatswain, and attended by four side boys. For ward-room officers, the side shall be piped by the boatswain and attended by two side boys.

These ceremonies shall not be observed, except between sunrise and tattoo in the evening. After dark each side boy shall hold a light. After tattoo the side shall be attended only by the quartermaster's light, for any officer of the Revenue Marine.

Foreign officers shall at all times be received with the honors and ceremonies due to their rank, when they come on board, and when they leave a vessel of the Revenue Marine.

When the captain is absent, a light shall be hoisted at the peak at tattoo.
Such portions of the foregoing regulations as relate to the crew, shall be read in their presence at least once in

with five guns.

every week.

J. C. SPENCER, Secretary of the Treasury.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT, November 1, 1843.

[ NO. IV.)

[The body of Instructions addressed by the Department of State to Consuls, and Vice Consuls, noticed at page 74, article 542, is here introduced in full, to supply any deficiency that exists in those that emanate from the Treasury Department to suid commercial agents abroad. Yet that statement itself is defective, not having embraced the instructions, or any part thereof, which were in force anterior to and on the 8th of August, 1815, inclusive, of which no knowledge existed in the Department of State at the date of the substitute edition of 1838; they having been temporarily lost or mislaid, (in consequence of the improvident practice of entrusting the files to the custody of messengers, whose other vocations are incompatible with this service, but which still prevails in some of the Departments,) and were unintentionally repealed by the issue of 1838; but which, having been since recovered, will be partially or wholly restored at the next issue of those Instructions.)

GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS TO THE CONSULS AND COMMERCIAL AGENTS OF THE UNITED STATES.

DEPARTMENT OF STATE, Washington, July 1, 1838. The following instructions are intended to supersede those which have, at different periods, been issued from this Department, embodying directions to those officers, and arranging them under proper heads, for the purpose of making them easily referred to, and producing uniformity in all the consular proceedings.

CHAPTER 1.

Of the duty of a Consul on his appointment, before he enters on the exercise of his official duties. Article 1. As soon as a Consul receives notice of his appointment, he is required to execute a bond, with such sureties as shall be certified by the District Attorney of the United States for the District in which they reside, to be sufficient. He is to transmit the bond executed to this Department, for the approval of the Secretary of State, and he will, with all convenient despatch, after receiving his instructions, depart for the place of his destination, giving notice to the Department of the time of his departure, and of the vessel in which he embarks. On his arrival at the place of his destination, he will give notice to the Department of the fact.

act. If

If the Consul appointed be, at the time of his appointment, a resident of the country to which he shall be appointed, his consular bond must be executed by him, and transmitted to the United States, for the purpose of being executed by his sureties, who must be residents of the United States.

CHAPTER II.

of the formalities to be observed by a Consul after entering upon the duties of his office Article 2. The first duty of a Consul, on his arrival at his post, will be, to give notice of the fact to the Minister or Chargé d'Affaires of the United States, if there be one near the Government of the country to which he is sent, to whom his commission will be sent by the Department, with instructions to apply for the usual exequatur. If there be no Minister or Chargé d'Affaires of the United States resident in the country, the Consul will, immediately on his arrival, transmit his cominission to the Minister of Foreign Affairs, and request an exequatur. In either case, he will acquaint the proper authorities of the port or district to which he is sent with his appointment, and, if he can obtain their consent to his acting as commercial agent before the receipt of his exequatur, he is authorized to do so; but he is not to perform any act as Consul until his exequatur has been granted. This he must see made public in the manner usual in such country; and he will then apply to the person having charge of the consular seal, and the archives of the consulate to which he is appointed, for the delivery thereof, making an inventory of the papers and other effects they may contain, or verilying a former inventory, if any such has already been made, and passing a receipt for the same; transmitting a copy of such inventory to the Department, if it has not already been done; or, if any additions have been made to such archives since the last transmission, then sending a copy of the additional articles not contained in the former inventory.

Article 3. If there are any funds in the hands of the former incumbent of the office, they must be delivered over to his successor, unless they are the proceeds of the effects of an American who has died intestate more than a year, and which, according to the second section of the act of the 14th of April, 1792, ought to be remitted to the Treasury of the United States; in which case the Consul who received the same shall make the remittance.

Article 4. Having entered on the duties of his office, the Consul must immediately give notice thereof to the Department of State, to the Minister of the United States in the country to which such Consul is appointed, and to the Consuls of the United States residing in the same country, and in the neighboring ports of other countries; and no Consul is to absent himself from the country of his consular residence, without leave first obtained from the Department of State, or from the diplomatic agent of the United States in that country, unless in cases of emergency, which must be made to appear to the satisfaction of the Department.

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