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again in Heb. x. 7. in a quotation from the LXX. Psa. xxxix. 8. (Eng. Bib. Ps. xl. 8.) in which place it is rendered by the editor, “ () God," in the 'vocative. We may now leave it to our readers to draw the inference.
As we have not yet said any thing concerning the result of Griesbach's labours in the correction of the New Testament, and the extent or number of the alterations which he has made in the received text, it may be proper to add a few words on that subject before we conclude. We have, at the cost of some labour, gone through the whole of his emendations; and we find that they amount (omitting such as are purely orthographical, as aa Bis for savio,) great and small, in the whole of the New Testament, to the number of 1600; or, if we exclude the Revelation, where they are most numerous, to 1156. Out of these, however, we have been able to discover, in the whole New Testament, only 478; or, excluding the Revelation, 368, wbich in the slightest degree affect the phraseology, or can be made perceptible in an English translation. Now, if we deduct from these again, the great mass of such as are wholly insignificant, or merely synonymous, the number which really alter the sense will be found to be surprisingly small; and of such as have any bearing, however remote, on any point of faith or morals, still smaller. Of this last description Mr. Nolan has noted only fourteen, in five of which, strange to say, Griesbach does not difer from the received text. But to come to the point, there are, in fact, but three passages, which we have already referred to, of any real importance in reference to doctrine, in which he has felt himself authorized to change the common reading. This, then, is the sum of all his labour, and of that of all his predecessors in the same field of criticism. This is the result of the hundred thousand various readings (be the number what it may,) which have been collected froin every quarter, against the received text of the New Testament. And now we would submit to our readers whether this is not a triumphant result? Triumphant in establishing on an impregnable basis the integrity of our common Scripture, and of the faith which we have built upon it. And yet this result, astonishing and gratifying as it must be deemed, receives still an accession of splendour, when we add, as we are bound to do, that even these few laurels which criticism has plucked from the received text of the New Testament, are not uncontested, and may perhape still be reclaimed. Not only do Dr. Laurence and Mr. Nolan protest against Griesbach's decision in the case, and maintain a vigorous defence of the important texts in question, but it must be
added that, in respect at least to the two former, Aets xx. 28, and 1 Tim. iii. 16, that decision is not only unsustained, but has been actually reversed by the greater number, we believe, of succeeding editors. Even under these circumstances, however, we are far from any wish or intention to impeach, in the smallest degree, Griesbach's integrity, or his fidelity as a critic. If he erred in the conclusions at which he arrived, we would willingly set down that error to the account of human fallibility, and ascribe it either to the insensible influence of a bias, from which no man can claim entire exemption, or to the fallacy of the critical system which he followed. We would not stain his well-earned fame with one breath of suspicion. But even allowing him all that he claims on the points in questioneven surrendering to him the passages which he has impeached—we conceive that the lustre of the christian Scriptures will suffer not a shade of diminution, or the integrity of the christian doctrine experience the smallest detriment. The doctrines inculcated or implied in these verses, are not involved in their fate. ' Whatever is taught in them, is taught elsewhere in the sacred volume. If it even were not so if these were their sole stay and support—we should still say from our hearts, fiat justitia, ruat cælum! Let truth prevail, let the consequence be
But we are happy to have it in our power to produce here the unambiguous testimony of Griesbach himself, on this point; and in putting it on record in our pages, we conceive that we cannot offer a more agreeable conclusion to our readers, or a more honourable tribute to the memory of that distinguished man, now gone to his account.*
“It may seem to some persons,” says he, “that I have detracted somewhat from one important doctrine—that which relates to the real divinity of Jesus Christ-not only by the rejection from the text of that celebrated passage, 1 John v.7, but by likewise bringing into doubt the common reading in 1 Tim. iii. 16, and Acts xx. 28. Wherefore, to remove as far as I can all unjust suspicions, and to take away from evil disposed persons all occasion of calumny, in the first place, I publicly profess, and call God to witness, that I entertain no doubt of the truth of that doctrine. And, indeed, so numerous and so clear are the arguments and the places of Scripture, by which the true deity of Christ is vindicated, that I can scarcely comprehend in what manner—the divine authority of the sacred Scripture being granted, and the just rules of interpretation admitted—this doctrine can by any one be called in question. In partimular, that passage, 1 John i. 1, 2, 3, is so clear, and free from all ex
what it may.
* Griesbach died in 1812, at the age of 67.
ception, that it can never be overthrown, or taken away from the defenders of the truth, by the daring attempts of either interpreters or critics.*
“Interim uni tamen dogmati, eique palmario, doctrina scilicet de vera Jesu Christi divinitate, nonnihil a me detractum esse videri posset ponnullis, qui non solum locum istum celebratissimum 1 Job. v. 7, e textu ejecturn, verum etiam lectionem vulgarem loci 1 Tim. iii. 16. (ut et Act. 5%. 28 ) dubitationi subjectam el lectorum arbitrio permissam, invenient. Quare ut iniquas suspiciones omnes, quantum in me est, amoliar, et hominibus malevolis calumoiandi ansam præripiam, primum publice profiteor atque Deum testor, neutiquam me de veritate istius dogmatis dubitare. Aique sunt profecto tam multa et luculenta argumenta et Scripturæ loca, quibus vera-Deitas Christo vindicatur, ut ego quidem intelligere vis possem. quomodo, concessa Scripturæ sacræ divina auctoritate, et admissis justis interpretandi regulis, dogma hoc in dubium a quoquam vocari possit. In primis locus ille Joh. i.1, 2, 3, tam perspicuus est atque omnibus exceptionibus major ut neque interpretum neque criticorum audacibus conatibus unquam everti atque veritatis defensoribus eripi possit.”—Præf. in Epist. 1775, ciled in Dr. Laurence's Remarks, ch. I.
ERRATA. Page 454, line 12—for " a record is not,” read "can a record be said to," &c.
THE SOUTHERN REVIEW
the right of levying protecting duties
Bakewell, Robert, his Introduction to
edition of his work, may be used as
excitement in South-Carolina relating Beauharnois, de, marries Josephine, 314;
ment and condemnation, 320.
Josephine after his defeat at Leipsic, 493—under, on the powers granted to
ledge of the structure of, indebted to respecting the extent to be given to
inferior tribunals, 462—the proceed.
intentions of the federal compact, 463
sources and effects of unequal wealth the government national rather than
court exclusive jurisdiction, 476-de-
bates on the judiciary article in, 481.
considered in re ation to external ob. of the crust of the earth, 2-8-theory
ral sentiments and intellect,' 276. Hayne and Me. Webster, referred to,
of, referred to, 4:21-on the loose con sition of the public lands, 14]-condi.
owes its present aspect, 296.