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26. Jane, daughter of James Young, Esq. of 14. At his father's house, Perth, Thos. Graham Rotterdam, some time Provost of Aberdeen, in Sidey, Esq. aged 27 years. her 15th year. This amiable young lady, while - At Newmarket, the Right Hon. C. Wyndon an afternoon visit to a friend who had bathing ham, brother to the Earl of Egremont. quarters a few miles south of Aberdeen, was, with 15. At Belfast, the Rev. W. D. H. M'Ewan, some of her companions, amusing herself among minister of the Second Presbyterian Congregation the rocks on the sea side, when, by her foot slip- of Belfast, Lecturer on Elocution in the Instituping, she was unfortunately precipitated into a tion, &c. pool of water, which had been deposited by the - At No. 1 Great Stuart Street, West, Ediri. Howing tide. Some little time elapsed before as- burgh, Mrs John Muir, jun. sistance could be given, when the body was taken 16. At Gills Cottage, near Coleraine, aged 55, out lifeless.

Mrs Christian Boswell, widow of Mr Alexander 27. At Southerton Cottage, near Kirkaldy, Mrs Walker, S.S.C. Edinburgh. Rintoul.

17. In Saville Row, London, Sir Patrick Mac28. At Calder Manse, the Rev. Alex. Grant, in gregor, Bart. Sergeant Surgeon to the King. Vicethe 85th year of his age. Mr Grant was 48 years President of the Royal College of Surgeons, &c. minister of Calder.

19. At his apartments. Royal Infirmary, Edin- Lady Banks, relict of the Right Hon. Sir burgh, Mr William Caddell Macdonald, surgeon, Joseph Banks, Bart.

and for upwards of twenty years apothecary to - At Edinburgh, William, infant son of Ro. that institution. bert Dunlop, Esq. writer to the signet.

20. At Paris House, Perthshire, Miss Hay of 50. At Blackness, John Rankine, studert of law Paris. in Edinburgh, son of John Rankine of Loanrig. - At Derwent Lorge, Keswick, Sir Frederick bookseller, Falkirk. Having gone there on a vi- Trise Morshead, of Tranent Park, Cornwall, and sit to his father's family, he was unfortunately Derwent Lodge, Cumberland. drowned while bathing in the river Forih.

21. At the Palace at Lambeth, his Grace the At Padstow, Cornwall, aged 28, after a pro- Archbishop of Canterbury. His Grace, who was tracted illness, Charlotte, daughter of the late in his seventy-sixth year, had been indisposed for Thomas Rowlings, Esq. of Saunders Hill, in the some time past, but had only been confined to the same country.

house for the last ten days. Immediately after - At Banff, Mrs James Duff, aged 81 years. the decease of his Grace, his son, the Speaker of Zorayda, youngest daughter of the late

the House of Commons, was sent for, and arrived Thomas Newton, Esq. of Clapham Common, very shortly. His Grace, besides being Primate Surrey, Warwiek Square, London.

of all England, and Metropolitan, was a Lord of July 1. At Rankeillour, General the Hon. Trade and Plantations, and official Trustee of the Charles Hope of Craighall.

British Museum, a Governor of the Charter House, - At Rothsay, Isle of Bute, Miss Caroline En. and Visitor of All Souls and Merton Colleges, Oxgelhart.

ford. He was cousin to the Duke of Rutland and 2. At Minto Street, Newington, aged 15, Jessie, brother to Lord Manners. youngest daughter of Alexander Lawrie, Esq. de- 22. At his house in London, at the advanced puty-inspector of army hospitals.

age of 88, Lord Viscount Melburne. He is suc. - At Paris, Captain Thomas Hay, on half-pay ceeded in his title and estates by his eldest son the of the 430 Regiment of Light Infantry,

Right Hon. William Lamb, late Secretary for Ire3. At Twickenham, Eleanora Countess of Ux- land. bridge. Her Ladyship was the second daughter of At No. 8, Pitt Street, Mrs Margaret Morri. Colonel and Lady Charlotte Campbell, and niece

3on, aged 80 years. to the Duke of Argyll.

- At Brompton, near London, Colonel David4. Al Camberwell Grove, Anne, the youngest son, late of the 15th regiment of foot. child of William Scott, Esq. of the Stock Ex- 24. At his house in Heriot Row, Lieutenant. change, London.

Colonel George Hutchison, late of the Hon. East At London, Lieut.-Gen. John Richardson.

India Company's Service. 5. At Wellington Street, North Leith, Captain - At Clifton, Grace, third daughter of the Alfred Thomson, Royal Artillery:

Very Reverend Dr Jack, Principal of the Univer- At No. 8, Scotland Street, Mary, youngest sity and King's College of Aberdeen. daughter of the late William Callender, Esq. 25. At Greenock, Mr W. Begg, late surgeon in

6. At Bognor, in Sussex, Lieut.-General John Edinburgh. Macintyre, late of the Hon. East India Company's 28. At Peebles, Mrs Margaret Bookless, wife of Service.

Mr James Spalding, nurseryman there. 7. At Currie, Mr John Thomson, many years -- At Edinburgh, Miss Janet Wood, daughter parochial schoolmaster there.

of the late Thomas Wood, Esq. surgeon, EdinAt Cromarty House, Colonel Colin D. burgh. Graham, K.W.O. Lieut.-Governor of St Maws. 29. Jam s Cuff, of Deal Castle, Esq. M. P.

- At Glenkin, Argyllshire, David Harkness, 30. Mr Alexander Colston, painter, Edinburgh. Esq. of Clarhaig

Aug. 1. At her house, Doune Terrace, Miss At St John's, New Brunswick, North Ame- Magdalene Erskine, the youngest daughter of the rica, Mrs Hannah K. Burn, wife of Mr Macintosh, late John Erskine, Esq. of Dun. general merchant, Frederickton, and eldest daugh- 28. At her house, George Square, Miss Christer of Mr James Burn, Mint, Edinburgh.

tian Scott, daughter of the deceased Hugh Scott, - At Toftscombs, near Biggar, James Glad- Esg. of Gala, in her 930 year. stone, Esq.

Lately. At Paris, of aneurism of the heart, the 8. At Biggar, Mrs Margaret Carmichael, relict Duke de San Carlus, Ambassador from Spain to of Dr Brydon, minister of Dalton.

France. At Eoinburgh, John Young, Esq. W. S. - At Rownhams, Hants, the Hon. Mrs Colt, 9. At London, Charlotte, Countess Dowager of widow of Oliver Colt, Esq. of Auldhame, in the Suffolk and Berkshire, in her 75th year.

97th year of her age. - At London, Duncan Forbes Duff, younger - At Glasgow, the Rev. John Campbell, minis. of Muirtoun.

ter of the United Secessicn Church in Nicholson 10. At Edenbank, Canaan, aged 71, Miss Eli- Street, Laurieston, of Glasgow. zabeth Drummond, daughter of the late Mr - At his seat, Kirtlington Park, Oxfordshire, Ralph Drummond, minister of Cranshaws, Ber- Sir Henry Watkin Dashwood, Bart. in his 8.3.1 wickshire.

year. Sir Henry sat in eight successive Parlia- At Joppa, near Portobello, Mrs Lillias Cross, ments, as one of the representatives for the borelict of A. Carmichael, Esq. writer, Edinburgh. rough of New Woodstock, but retired on account

- At Portobello, James Tait, Esq. royal navy. of his advanced age, at the general election in

13. At No. 11, Queen street, the infant son of 1820. Mr M. Fletcher, advocate.

Lately. Near Torgau, of an apoplectic fit, the - At Eointurgh, Mr G. B. Morton, late ac- Grand Duke of Saxe Weimar. He was born Sep. countant of excise.

tember 3, 1737, and commenced his reign Sep. At Arbuthnot House, the Hon. Isabella Ar. tember 3, 1775, buthnot, daughter of the Viscount of Arbuth- - At Windsor, of apoplexy, Lieut.-General not.

George Lewis, of the Royal Artillery.

Lately. At Leghorn, Mrs Colonel Colquhit, Ricketts, widow of William Ricketts, Esq. mother widow of Colonel Colquhit of the Guards, and of the Viscount St Vincent and Countess of Northyoungest sister of Mr Wallace of Kelly.

esk. - In Park Street, London, in her 87th year, Lately. At Oldham Common, Birton, aged 108, the Hon. Anne Robertson, sister of the late Lord Samuel Haynes. He has left a widow two years Grantham.

older than himself; also four daughters, all wi- In Weymouth Street, London, Margaret, dows, and 22 grand-children, 29 great-grand-chilwife of James Walker, Esq. collector of Customs dren, and two great-great-grand-children. at Berbice, formerly of Edinburgh.

- At 12 Dundas Street, George Maegachen, - At Bath, in the 91st year of her age, Mrs Esq. advocate.


PROFESSOR DUGALD STEWART. June 10. At No. 5, Ainslie Place, where he had these were frequently the unpremeditated effubeen residing for some time past, Dugald Stew- sions of his mind. His success corresponded to his art, Esq. formerly Professor of Moral Philosophy merits. He commanded in an uncommon degree in the College of Edinburgh. In announcing the the interest and attention of his numerous class; death of so illustrious an individual, though it and no teacher, we believe, erer before completely may seem to be some alleviation that he has filled succeeded in awakening in the minds of his admiup the term of human existence, yet when we con- ring pupils, that deep and ardent love of science, sider his characer, moral as well as intellectual, which in many cases, was never afterwards effaced. his private worth, his amiable qualities, his splen- Mr Stewart's life was deroted to literature and scidid talents, the mind is over borne by the sudden

He had acquired the most extensive inforimpression of o great a calamity, and yields to mation, as profound as it was exact, and he was, emotions which could have no place under the like many, or we may rather say like all, great ordinary dispensations of humanity. For a period philosophers, distinguished by the faculty of meof more than 30 or 40 years the name of Mr Stew- mory to a surprising degree, by which we do rot, art has adorned the literature of his country; and of course, mean that sort of mechanical memory it is pleasing to remark, as a striking evidence of frequently to be seen in weak minds, which rethe influence of private worth, to what a high de- members every thing indiscriminately, what is gree of distinction he attained in society, though trifling as well as what is important, but that he lived in academical retirement, without official higher faculty, which is connected with, and deinfluence or dignity of any sort. It is well known pends on a strong and comprehensive judgment, that he devoted his life to the prosecution of that which, looking abroad from its elevation on the science of which Dr Reid was the founder, but various field of knowledge, sees the exact position which was little known or attended to, until its and relation of every fact, to the great whole of great doctrines were expounded by Mr Stewart in which it forms a part; and exactly estimating its that strain of copious and flowing eloquence for importance, retains all that is worth retaining,

and which he was distinguished, and which, by divest- throws away what is useless. For this great quaing it of every thing abstruse and repulsive, ren- lity of a philosophical mind, Mr Stewart was redered it popular, and recommended it to the atten- markable; and he dispensed his stores of knowtion of ordinary readers. But greatly as he dis- ledge either for instruction or amusement, as suit. tinguished himself in his works, he was even more ed the occasion, in the most agreeable manner. eminent as a public teacher. He was fluent, ani. He was of a most companionable disposition, and mated, and impressive; in his manner there was was endeared to the social circle of his friends as both grace and dignity. In some of his finest pas. much by his mild and beneficent character, which sages he kindled into all the fervour of extempo- was entirely free from every taint of jealousy or raneous eloquence, and we believe, indeed, that envy, as he was admired for his talents.

DR ANDREW DUNCAN. July 5. At Edinburgh, Dr Andrew Duncan, practice of medicine, with increasing reputation senior, aged 83, Professor of Theory of Medicine and success; and in 1790, on the accession of Dr in the University of Edinburgh, and first Physi- James Gregory to the chair of the Practice, he was cian to his Majesty for Scotland.

appointed joint Professor of the Theory or InstiDr Duncan was a native of this city, and an tutions of Medicine, along with Dr Cullen, who alumnus of the University of St Andrews, where had resigned the Practice. he was a contemporary of several eminent persons, In 1807, he brought forward a scheme for the who afterwards made a distinguished figure in so. erection and endowment of an hospital for lunaciety, and whose friendship formed one of the tics in Edinburgh. After many delays, an estachief pleasures of his life. Both there and in the blishment was commenced at Morningside, under course of his subsequent medical studies in Edin- the sinction of a Royal Charter, which, although burgh, he displayed a degree of energy and zeal, not perhaps equal to some others instituted under which afforded a promise of future eminence, more favourable circumstances, is at least infi. and he joined to an ardour in his professional nitely superior to any institution of the kind prepursuits a sincere love of classical literature, viously existing in Edinburgh or its neighbourwhich he retained unimpaired to the latest period hood. of his life.

In 1809, Dr Duncan projected, and by his indeOn the death of Dr John Gregory, Professor of fatigable exertions, soon succeeded in establishing the Theory of Medicine, in 1773, a gentleman ha- the Horticultural Society of Edinburgh. ving been appointed to succeed him, who was ab- To his latest days he retained all the desire of sent from the country, Dr Duncan was chosen promoting every useful object, together with an to supply the temporary vacancy, and he accord- energy and a firmness of purpose

not exceeded by ingly taught the class, and delivered, at the same that of many in the meridian of life. There is time, the usual course of clinical lectures, till the hardly an institution projected for the benefit of end of the summer session 1776, when Dr James our city and country to which his name will not Gregory having been finally appointed to the chair be found as a contributor. It is not our object formerly held by his father, Dr Duncan's connex- here to speak of him in the private relations of ion with the University was for the time sus- life; but in regard to these it is sufficient to say, pended.

that those who had the best opportunities of knowAfter his temporary connexion with the Uni- ing and observing his conduct, will entertain the versity, Dr Duncan continued for 14 years to de- highest opinion of his character, and the most exliver prirate courses of lectures on the theory and alted respect for his memory.



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The Catholic Question has assumed When it was announced that Irean aspect which compels us once more land was to be governed by a new to give it detailed discussion. We sub- system of conciliation, plain people mit to the compulsion with reluctance were mightily puzzled to know what and sorrow. The question is rendered, conduct was to be exhibited by such a by its staleness and various personal system. They had been taught that matters, which it now involves, the Ireland was governed with as much most repulsive and painful one that mildness as was compatible with law "could well be conceived.

and right. Mr Peel assured them in · The system, which a few years ago Parliament, that, in the sister island, was adopted in respect of Ireland, the laws were administered with the could not, in the nature of things, utmost impartiality, and public trusts produce other than the appalling were bestowed on the principle of fruits which are before the eyes of all. qualification, without any reference to A people, to be properly and benefi- difference of religion ; they were aware cially governed, must be governed on that, if the existing laws needed the principles of strict right, and im- amendment, or if new ones were calle partial justice ; they must not only ed for, or if abuses existed, or if compossess wise and righteous laws, but plaints were made, the old system was they must be compelled to obey them; perfectly competent to do all that was they must not only feel that they necessary. They, therefore, could not have an upright government, but they conjecture what conciliation could do, must feel likewise that they have one beyond what had been done, particuequally powerful, determined, and ac- larly as it was not to connect itself tive in exacting obedience. The very with the removal of the Catholic diswords concession and conciliation, in abilities. the mouth of a ruler, imply abuse of The ignorance of such people was, trust and violation of duty. He has however, soon dissipated. It was, as little to do with concession and with all imaginable solemnity, assertconciliation, as with usurpation and ed, that the conduct of the Protestants, exasperation. If his system be tyran- and the party strife between them nical and unjust, he must reform and and the Catholics, formed the cause correct, but not concede and conciliate: why the latter were turbulent and unif he make sacrifices merely to satisfy governable. How any thing so monclamour and appease animosity, he strously at variance with glaring fact, will only feed both, to the ruin of could be not only put forth as truth, himself and those whom he governs. but acted on by Government, is a mat


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ter not to be accounted for by ourselves. but they were declared to be the paThe Catholics, by their words and ac- rents of, the most disloyal and guilty tions, dernonstrated to every man lic of the Catholic Associations. To put ving who would take the trouble of them down, frowns and menace in attending to them, that they were ture the first place, and then law, were rebulent and ungovernable, because va- sorted to. It was made a grave ofrious changes were not made in the fence, which was vigilantly punished, constitution and laws. They made it for the Protestants to associate, to perfectly unquestionable, that it was drink toasts, to wear ribbons, to atbecause they struggled for these chan- tend public dinners, &c. if their obges, and in addition sought what the ject was to manifest opposition to the Protestants possessed, and hated their changes of constitution and law clareligion, that they were involved in moured for by the Catholics. party war with the latter. It ranked When the display of the most pure amidst the most obvious and indispun and laudable sentiments was thus table of truths, that if the Protestants made criminal, was it proved to be opposed to them were wholly destroy, criminal in its nature?" No: it was ed, such destruction would leave their merely charged with being offensive to leading demands unsatisfied, and the the Catholics. Was it proved that the things which they made their chief Protestant societies entertained pernigrounds of lawlessness and disaf- cious principles and objects ? No: fection untouched. Of course, it was they were avowedly attacked because clear to all men that the conduct of pernicious Catholic ones existed. Bethe Protestants was caused by, and cause guilt was committed, innocence did not cause their conduct; and that

was to be punished; because baleful the party strife tended much more to associations were in being, meritorious repress their misdeeds on the one

ones were to be suppressed. Catholic hand, than to produce them on the crime and disaffection were to be put other.

down by the inflicting of pains and Nevertheless, it was asserted, as penalties on Protestant religion and we have stated; and in conformity loyalty. therewith, the new system was to For a considerable period the Proseparate the government from the testants, or, to speak more correctly, party of Protestants which opposed such of the

Protestants as were oppothe Catholics, and to put it down sed to the Catholics, were so treated, in power, word, and act. By the an- expressly for the purpose of " concinihilation of the Protestants as a par- liating" the Catholics; while the most ty, peace and harmony were to be es- flagitious conduct of the latter met tablished between them and the Ca- with indulgence and kindness. At tholics; and by this, and pardoning, in- length the scandalous injustice awadulging, and petting the Catholics in kened public indignation in England, every thing, the latter were to be ren- and then it was deemed expedient to dered excessively orderly and loyal. make an appearance of bringing down

The system, of course, went to work Catholic turbulence and disaffection, vigorously, not in removing corrupt in respect of punishment, to the level partiality, terminating oppressive pro- of Protestant loyalty. The laws, howceedings, and making other legitimate ever, were not enforced against the concessions, for no such employment former, unless they could at the same for it existed : it went to work in sa- time be brought to bear against the crificing impartiality, law, and justice. latter: legal punishments were called To“conciliate” the people of Ireland, into operation, not by the guilt of ofa it began to exasperate the Protestant fenders, but by the display of praisepart of them to the utmost. It de- worthy feelings in the innocent; if nounced this part as a baleful faction, the well-disposed made a secret of their covered it with every conceivable slana principles, there was no law against der, and made it the object of furious demagogues and traitors. war. The Protestant societies, which A new law was enacted, the declawere of the most loyal character, which red object of which was, to put down were strictly defensive ones, and which all Associations in Ireland, Protestant had no other object than the defence and Catholic, without any reference of the constitution and church, were to principle and object. We doubt not only classed in turpitude with, whether the world ever before heard of such an abominable confounding able. They saw that submission to of virtue and merit with iniquity and the laws was not exacted from them crime. Detestable, however, as the-that conciliation was a license to do law was in this respect, the use that any thing—that their own good conwas made of it was still more detest- duct would preserve to their opponents able. The Protestant Associations their power, while perseverance in bad obeyed it at once, and dissolved them would destroy it—and that they had selves. The Catholic ones set it at every thing to lose by becoming peacedefiance, trampled on it, filled Ireland able and orderly, and every thing to with convulsion, and ostentatiously gain by redoubling their efforts in inplaced themselves above all constituted subordination and crime. They found authorities; yet not a single effort was every discouragement and loss on the made to enforce it against them. In side of virtue; and every immunity so far as this law had any effect, it and bribe on that of depravity. As was one to destroy the Protestant As- the Protestants fell, the misdeeds of sociations, for the benefit of those of the Catholics multiplied; and when the Catholics—to coerce affection for the former lost party being, the ranthe constitution, and give all possible cour, fury, turbulence, guilt, disobeindulgence and latitude to turbulence dience, treasonable efforts and power and sedition.

of the latter, reached a height wholly In time the system had its intended without example. effects on the Protestants. They no And what did the Government gain longer gave criminal offence to the from its triumph? It destroyed the Catholics, by manifesting hostility to only moral support against, and check their unjust and destructive demands upon, the Catholics, which it possesse - they abandoned the guilt of display- ed in Ireland. How could the ignore ing attachment to the constitution and ant Catholics do otherwise than de their religion-their union was de spise and hate the Church and Proe' stroyed—they lost their power and in-' testantism, when the display of ato fuence--and they ceased to exist as a tachment to them was made by the party. The Government and Catho- Government matter of punishment ? lics had no longer the Orangemen, or How could such Catholics be expected any body of Protestants worthy the to obey the laws, and respect the Maname of party, to contend with. gistracy, when the latter were under · What did this splendid triumph of the ban against the Protestant party “conciliation” produce amidst the Ca- which the Government sanctioned? tholics ? Did it establish harmony be. How could the Catholic tenant vote tween them and the Protestants; and for his landlord, when this landlord bemake them peaceable, obedient, and longed to that party which the Gocontented ? No. The sacrifice of the vernment stigmatized as the bane of Protestants left all the causes of their Ireland ? How could the Aristocracy turbulence and disaffection in full ope- retain its influence, when the Governration. It did not remove the disabi- ment held it up to public detestation lities-it did not expel Protestants and stripped it of power? Not only from the Magistracy—it did not des- was the weight of the Protestants taa' poil and overthrow the Church in a ken out of the scale against the Caword, it granted nothing that they tholics, but it was to a very great exclamoured for. It removed a potent tent given to the latter by the Governenemy, and thereby increased their ment. Through the extinction of the power, audacity, and guilt.

Protestants as a party, the Catholics The Catholics saw that the new sys- gained the ascendency at elections, tem, in principle, confounded inno- the power of dictating to many Irish cence and merit with crime and pro- Members, and of rendering others neufligacy; and in practice punished the tral, and the means of ranking a large former, and fostered the latter. They part of the Aristocracy amidst their saw that instead of being one of im- active supporters. The Government partial protection and coercion, acting found that it had thus strengthened on the established definitions of right the Catholics, and freed them from and wrong, without regarding persons opponents, only to enable them to diand parties, it was one to sacrifice their rect their undivided fury against itopponents to them, merely becaus self, to trample upon the laws, to scoff hey were tumultuous and ungovern- at its authority, and to dictate to it;

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