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LIVES

OF THE

BRITISH ADMIRALS:

CONTAINING AN

ACCURATE NAVAL HISTORY,

FROM

THE EARLIEST PERIODS.

e

BY DR. JOHN CAMPBELL.

THE NAVAL HISTORY CONTINUED TO THE YEAR 1779,

BY

DR. BERKENHOUT.

A NEW EDITION,

REVISED, CORRECTED,

And the Historical Part further continued to the Year 1780,

BY THE LATE

HENRY REDHEAD YORKE, Esa

BARRISTER AT LAW:

WITH

THE LIVES OF THE MOST EMINENT NAVAL COMMANDERS
from the Time of Dr. CAMPBELL to the above Period,

BY

WILLIAM STEVENSON, Esq.

IN EIGHT VOLUMES.

VOL. VIII.

LONDON:

PRINTED FOR J. HARRIS, CORNER OF ST. PAUL'S

CHURCH YARD.

W. SMITH AND CO.

Printers,

KING STREET, SEVEN DIALS.

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CHAPTER I.

THE NAVAL HISTORY OF GREAT BRITAIN FROM THE COMMENCEMENT OF THE SECOND FRENCH REVOLUTIONARY WAR TO THE PEACE OF PARIS, IN THE YEAR 1815.

THE peace of Amiens was condemned as impolitic and unnecessary by, a large part of the British nation, and regarded as not likely to be of long duration by a still larger part; and it soon appeared that the latter at least were correct in their opinion. For shortly after this peace was ratified, difficulties occurred respecting Malta. The French evidently wished either to get it into their own possession, or to have it placed under the protection of a power that would in effect permit them to consider and use it as their own. This Britain wished to prevent: By the treaty the independence of this important island was to be guaranteed by Great Britain, France, Austria, Russia, and Spain. The Emperor Alexander of Russia, se

VOL. VIII.

B

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