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Photo by Underwood and Underwood, N. Y.

The Kaiser is at the left and with his sons is seen leading a military parade in Berlin just after a secret conference with them
about the war. From left to right: Kaiser Wilhelm, Crown Prince Eitel Friederich, Prince Adalbert, Prince August, Prince Oscar and
Prince Joachim.


Copyright by Underwood and Underwood, N. Y.

The aged Emperor at the left and at his left is Archduke Francis Ferdinand, whose assassination brought about the war between
Austria-Hungary and Servia and embroiled the nations of Europe in conflict. In the photograph the Emperor is reviewing the Hun-
garian “Jaegers," the fighting mountaineers of the dual monarchy.

It was on this side street that the tragedy occurred. Why that course was taken is a question which has not been and probably never will be satisfactorily answered, but which inevitably provokes grave speculations and suspicions. Nor has it been explained why, just before the murderous attack was made, the driver, without orders, slowed down the car, as if to facilitate the assault. It is said, it is true, that this change in the route was made because of the bomb-throwing in the main street shortly before. But that convinces nobody. The very fact that the bomb-throwing did occur on the main street, and that in consequence all the police of the city had been massed there, is regarded as the very best reason why the second trip should have been made along the same thoroughfare.

It is also pointed out that the murders were committed by a youth who knew something which down to that time had supposedly been known by nobody outside of the imperial household. That was that the Archduke wore a bullet-proof waistcoat, for which reason the assassin shot at his head instead of his breast. How did the assassin get that knowledge?


The news of the tragedy was instantly transmitted to Vienna, and it was an extraordinary circumstance that practically every important personage of the court, save! only the Emperor, was there to hear it, though it was Sunday, and usually they all went out of town on Saturday in summer. No grief, but rather satisfaction, if not exultation, was expressed. The news was sent to the old Emperor at Ischl, and his only comment was, “What impertinence of those Bosnians!” The police of Sarajevo were never reprimanded for not guarding the Archduke

better, but, on the contrary, the heads of the force were promoted.

The coffins containing the bodies of the Archduke and his wife were brought to Trieste by sea, handled as so much freight. When they were being unloaded from the steamer the sailors let one of them drop upon the quay, and let it lie there until they had got rested from carrying it. The funeral was conducted in third-class style, with not even sufficient candles for the chapel ardente. At Arstatten a violent storm drove the funeral party to shelter in a tavern, where most of the party got drunk. There were tales in Vienna of the coffins being placed on chairs and then tumbled off upon the floor. On the whole, the late heir to the throne was buried with less respect than would have been shown to some hired lackey of the court. All of which gives poignancy to the fearful speculation, Who murdered the Archduke?

AUSTRIA'S DEMANDS UPON SERBIA Following the tragedy at Sarajevo diplomatic communications were conducted between the Austro-Hungarian and Serbian governments, the latter earnestly striving to ameliorate the situation and to reach an amicable settlement, but the former almost undisguisedly seeking to force an open quarrel. At the same time intercourse between Vienna and Berlin was such as to indicate that the policy of the Austrian Government was being dictated by the German.

Finally, at six o'clock on the evening of July 23d, Austria presented an ultimatum to Serbia, an answer to which was required within forty-eight hours, or before six o'clock on the evening of July 25th. This contained eleven categorical demands, which with the Serbian replies may be summarized as follows:

SERBIA'S REPLIES 1. That the Serbian Government give formal assurance of its condemnation of Serb propaganda against Austria. To this Serbia unhesitatingly assented.

2. That a declaration to this effect be published in the next Sunday's issue of the Serbian “Official Journal." To this Serbia also assented.

3. That this declaration express regret that Serbian officers had participated in the propaganda. To this Serbia assented, despite the fact that no proof of such participation was offered.

4. That the Serbian Government promise to proceed rigorously against all guilty of such machinations. To this Serbia assented.

5. That this declaration be at once communicated by the King of Serbia to his army and published in the official bulletin as an order of the day. To this Serbia assented.

6. That all anti-Austrian publications in Serbia be suppressed. To this Serbia assented.

7. That the Serbian political party known as the National Union be suppressed and its means of propaganda be confiscated. To this, too, Serbia assented.

8. That all anti-Austrian teaching in Serbian schools be suppressed. To this Serbia assented.


9. That all officers, civil and military, who might be designated by Austria as guilty of anti-Austrian propaganda, be dismissed by the Serbian Government. Extraordinary as was this demand, for Austrian proscription of Serbian officials, so eager was the Serbian Government for peace and friendship that it assented to it; merely stipulating

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