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Transmitting a Report and Survey of Narragansett Bay, &-c.

DECEMBER 20, 1832.
Read, and laid upon the table.

NAVY DEPARTMENT, December 19, 1832. Str: The enclosed communication and charts from Captain Alexander S. Wadsworth, have this day been received at the department.

They have been prepared in pursuance of the appropriation passed at the last session of Congress for a survey of Narragansett Bay, and, to avoid delay, are now submitted without making duplicates of the charts.

A larger chart is nearly finished, and, when completed, will be laid be

fore Congress

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I have the honor to be, very respectfully,

Your obedient servant,


Speaker of the House of Representatives.


P. S. The original charts are sent to the House of Representatives,

NEWPORT, (R. I.) Sir: I have the honor to inform you that I have completed the survey of arragansett Bay, made agreeably to your orders of the 16th May last, and shart is now preparing on a large scale, which will be forwarded to the partment as soon as it can be finished. A chart, on a smaller scale, that I comprise the whole survey in one sheet, will accompany this—not jsbed, however, in all the details, for want of time, but sufficiently so for erence, and showing accurately the position of all the shores, and the pth of water generally throughout the bay. The survey having been or. red with the view to ascertain the practicability and expediency of establishing a naval depot therein, it has been carefully made, and those points 'which appeared to promise the most suitable locations, have been minutely examined. The positions of the principal points of land around the bay have been determined trigonometrically—the series of triangles commencing from a measured base of about 1} miles, and proved to be correct by a Ferifying base of 4417.6 feet measured at the other part of the bay. The form of the shores between the several points of triangulation has been ascertained by the chain and compass, and the depth of water is also placed on the chari hy angles reasured at the point of sounding, or by ranges of the disfereni signal stations, and reduced to the level of the lowest tides.

The two positions in the bay which appear to present the greatest natural advantages for the establishment of a naval depot, are the one on the southeast part of Prudence Island, and the other al the entrance of Mount Hope Bay, between the Bristol ferry and Mount Hope. Near both these positions theie is most excellent anchorage, and with sufficient depth of water for any purposes. The water is bold in both places, close in with the shore, so that much length of wharves would not be required; and it is believed that the lar rither place is suitable for a depot. Charts of both these sections of they re now being prepared on a large scale, which will show the elevation oi the land, as well as the depth of water, and will be accompanied by a more particular descriptioa. Your instructions not appearing to require from me any opinion, either as to the practicability or expediency of establishiga naval depot in Narragansett Bay, I shall confine myself to a general description, presuming that, in addition to this, the chart, particularly the larger one, will give you all the information required.

The bay is of easy access; the entrance sufficiently wide to enable vessels to beat either in or out, with bold shores, and free from hidden dangers or shoals.' The course in, is to the northeast-an advantage, peculiar to this harbor, and well known and highly appreciated by mariners during the prevailing westerly winds of winter. After passing the line of deep water between Fort Adams and the Dumplins, good and safe anchorage may be had on either side, and in almost every part of the bay: indeed, the whole bay may be considered an excellent man of war harbor, with the es: ception of a few spots of foul ground, easy to be avoided, and other places where the water is too deep for convenience. The tide generally is not ne pid, and in most parts of the bay there is working room for vessels of any class. The entrance to Mount Hope Bay, however, is narrow, but quie safe. Of the effects of ice in winter, I am unable to speak from my own obou servations. I believe, however, that it never, or very seldom freezes so far down as the southeast part of Prudence Island. The harbor of Bristol

, and in the bay above, towards Warren and Providence, is generally frozen; but I am informed that they are enabled, without much difficulty, to keep the channel open at Bristol for the entrance and departure of vessels during the winter. The passage past the Bristol ferry to Mount Hope Bay is

, I under stand, seldom closed; and the large body of ice in that bay is detained so long by its narrow entrance, that it becomes too weak, when it breaks up, do injury. I learn that the entrance of vessels from sea to a safe anchorage, is never-obstructed by ice.

There are three entrances into this bay from the sea. is between Rhode Island and Connecticut, already mentioned. In the wester channel, between Connecticut and the Narragansett shore, there is sufficient

on this coast,

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The principal obe


depth of water for any vessel. The channel, at one point, however, is nar- . row, and might be filled up, if required, so as to admit only the passage of vessels of a light draft of water. The eastern channel is closed near its northern end by a stone bridge, except for very small vessels, through the draw, where the tide is very rapid, and where there is at present but eleven feet of water. This channel does not afford a good harbor for large vessels.

I have been much assisted in making this survey, by Lieutenants Gedney, Wilkes, and Blake, and cannot forbear mentioning them with commendation to the department for their zealous and indefatigable exertions, as well as for their skill in the performance of this duty.

Very respectfully, I have the honor to be,

Your obedient servant,


Secretary of the Navy.

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2d Session.


DECEMBER 26, 1832.
Printed by order of the House of Representatives of the United States.


Harrisburg, December 21, 1832. Str: In compliance with a resolution of the Legislature of this State, I have the honor of transmitting to you the annexed resolutions, recently adopted by that body,“ relative to the Union of the States, and the constitution of the United States.'

With sentiments of profound respect,

I have the honor to be,
Your obedient seryant,


To PETER IHRIE, junior, Esquire,
A Representative of Pennsylvania,

In the House of Representatives of the United States.

Resolutions relative to the Union of the States, and the Constitution of

the United Slates. Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvuniu, in General Assembly mee, T'hat the constitution of the United States, and the laws of the United States made in pursuance of the constitution, are the supreme law of the land, to which every citizen of the United States owes obedience, and that no authority whatever can release him from his obligation to ohey, or require him to take any oath, or enter into any engagement inconsistent with such obligation; and that any pre!ension on the part of a State, or any portion thereof, so to release any citizen of the United States, or so to require of him, is unconstitutional, and without the least foundation of right, and can afford neither shelter nor excuse for offences he may commit against the laws of the United

Resolved, That no portion of the citizens of the United States have a rightful power to render invalil an act of the Congress of the United States, duly made by the people's representatives, and approved by the executive in the mode prescribed by the constitution, nor to nullily the same, either generally or within particular districts; but that every such act of Congress continues in full force every where within the United States, notwithstanding any such asserted nullification, and all persons who resist its


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