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I do not see the possibility of obtaining that object, I will not consent to the continuation of the war merely for the sake of carrying on war. I advise you, then, as a good citizen and as a man of honour, to name a committee of representatives of the people; for the sovereign power only can dispose of the government. Send couriers to Comorn and Peterwardein to summon them, and secure the co-operation of the commandant of the fortress of Arad. This, and not my presence, is above all necessary; because, as you must have recourse to force to feed your army, I do not wish to sanction by my presence any such measures. Receive, I pray you, the assurance of my perfect consideration, &c.

Louis Kossuth.

LETTER OF GENERAL GEORGEY TO GENERAL KLAPKA.

GrossWARDEIN, August 16, 1849. My Dear Friend Klapka: Since we saw one another events have taken place which were not, indeed, unexpected, but have been decisive. The everlasting jealousy of the Government, the common jealousy of some of its members, had fortunately brought matters to the point which I foretold in April. When I had passed the Theiss at Tokay, after many honourable battles with the Russians, the Diet declared its wish that I should be commander-in-chief. Kossuth secretly appointed Bem. The country believed that Kossuth had appointed me, from the jesuitical answer which he gave to the motion of the Diet.

This knavery (spitz-buberei) was the source of all which befell later. Dembinski was beaten at Szoreg; Bem was routed at Maros-Vasarhely. The latter hastened to Temesvar, under the walls of which Dembinski had retired. He arrived on the field during the battle, restored the fight for some hours, but was then defeated in such wise that, according to Kossuth's calculation, out of 60,000 men only 6,000 remained together. The rest were all dispersed, as Vecsey announced to me. In the mean time the Austrians advanced between Arad and Temesvar. The Minister of War had given orders to Dembinski to retreat naturally to the friendly fortress of Arad, and not the hostile one of Temesvar. Dembinski, how. ever, acted against these orders; why, I am not able to determine, But there are too many data to surmise that he did so out of jealousy toward me.

The consequence of all this was that I stood alone with the force which I had brought from Comorn, (after deducting important losses which I sustained at Waitzen, Ressag, Goromboly, lpolica, Kesstrely, Debreczin,) threatened on the south by the Austrians, and on the north by the main force of the Russians. I had, it is true, still one retreat open from Arad through Radna to 'Transylvania. But, regard for my country, to which I desired, at any price, to restore peace, induced me to lay down arms. First I had called upon the Provincial Government to reflect that ihey could no longer serve the country helpfully, but only plunge it into deeper misfortune, and therefore they should resign. They did so, and laid down in my hands the whole cívil and military power; whereupon I, as the moment was urgent, embraced the resolution, suddenly manifested, but maturely deliberated, to lay down arms unconditionally before the army of the Emperor of Russia. The bravest and most valiant of iny army agreed with me, and consented. All the divisions of troops in the immediate vincinity of Arad voluntarily joined me. The fortress of Arad, under Damjanich, has declared the wish to do the same. Up to the present hour we are treated as the brave soldier has a right to expect from brave soldiers. Ponder what thou canst do and what thou oughtest to do.

ARTHUR GEORGEY.

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DECEMBER, 1849. ... Vol. III. No. II.

Philadelphia:
PUBLISHED BY THE PROPRIETOR,

No. 520 CHESTNUT STREET.

1849.

Entered according to the Act of Congress, in the year 1849, by

JAMES STRYKER, in the Clerk's Office of the District Court for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania.

WM. S. YOUNG, PRINTER.

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HISTORICAL REGISTER OF 1849,-CONCLUDED. United States, Mexi-

co, Hayti, Central America, South America, Europe, Great Britain,

France, Prussia, Austria, Russia, Italy, Africa, Asia, &c. 309-349

QuarteRLY CHRONICLE, for October, November, December; containing

many interesting and important notices of incidents and events, among

which, are; accounts of The Drought of 1849, Cultivation of Tea,

Indian Legislature, Geographical Discoveries, The Polar Expedition,

Western Indians, Hungarians, Hurricanes, Great Riot, Fairs, Rail-

Road Conventions, Inca of Peru, Murders at St. Louis and Boston,

Trade to the Pacific, Explorations in Africa, Rice and Cotton Culture,

Rail-Road Accidents, The Lake Trade, Shipwrecks, Steamboat Explo-

sions, Missionary Operations, Wonders of the Telegraph, The Plane-

tary System, California Elections, Affrays, Fires, Congress, &c., &c. 350-376

STATISTICS :

California, its Condition, Productions, Climate, &c.,

377

Oregon, its Resources, Indians, &c.,

387

The Island of Cuba, its Government, Climate, Commerce, &c.,

389

The Commerce of Asia,

391

The Army of the U. S. from Adjutant General's Report,

392

Treasury Estimates,

394-5

United States Mint, Deposites and Coinage,

396

Taxation of United States Property,

398

Interest and Usury Laws,

399

Rail-Road Statistics,

401

Income, Expenditure, &c., of Great Britain,

403

Cotton Trade of

do.,

406

Southern Manufactures,

408

Washington National Monument,

410

The Declaration of Independence, Signers, their ages, &c.,

411

The Governments of America, (Statistical table,)

412

State Finances, from Recent Messages of Governors,

413

Church Statistics,

418

Miscellaneous Items; Vineyards of France, Grand Lodge, &c.,

420

Thirty-First Congress,-Senate and House of Representatives,

421

List of all the Speakers of the House of Representatives,

423

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437 444 451 466

OriginAL COMMUNICATIONS :

The Tenure of Land, (concluded,)
Cherokee Traditions and Rites,
Constitutional History,

Association of Ideas,
MISCELLANEOUS:

Mist and Clouds,
Winter Quarters in Arctic Circle,
The Supremacy of National Law,
The Press,
Notices of Books,
Obituary Notices,

Poetry,
DOCUMENTS :

President's Annual Message,
Report of the Secretary of the Treasury,

Secretary of War,
Secretary of the Navy,
Secretary of the Interior,

Postmaster General,
Constitution of California,

of Deseret,
Statement of the Hungarian Committee,
Kossuth's Letter to Lord Palmerston,
California, Secretary of War to the President,

478 480 482 484 485 493 499

501 512 532 537 552 564 574 588 595 600 603

Note.—Hereafter the Register will be issued semi-annually, instead of quarterly, in the volume form, handsomely bound, and without any additional charge.

ERRATA.

Page 471, 21st line, “ hardly”-read“

“badly.”
Page 472, 32d line, “sight,”-read “night.”
Page 473, 1st line, “suggests,”-read “suggest.”

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