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Imports from the East Indies, .
$47,553,000 From Mauritius, Java, Sumatra, New Holland, &c.,
24,933,000 From China,
13,040,775 Aggregate imports,
59,187,000 Imports into France,
8,238,000 Imports into the Netherlands,
4,702,130 Imports into the United States,
5,433,800 We find, then, the following aggregate of imports and exports with the Asiatic ports yearly : Imports,
214,453,270 Here we have a commerce with Asia, on the part of Great Britain, the United States, France, and the Netherlands, amounting several years since to more than two hundred millions of dollars per annum! We have no doubt that it has since greatly increased in consequence of the opening of the China trade.
The British trade with Canton alone amounted, in the year 1838, to twenlyfour millions of dollars. The capital invested in ships alone for the Asiatic trade by the British amounts to more than thirty millions of dollars !
The facts we have given constitute a mere rough outline of the present trade, and a glance at what it may become. Commerce and human intercourse are the great civilizers, humanizers, and equalizers of the human race. A railroad across the American continent would do more to increase civilization and freedom than all that government can do. The steam chariots, crossing the North American Andes, will carry with them light, knowledge, and Christianity. The Asiatie will become accustomed to them, and far over the plains of Tartary the banner of the cross will speed with victorious flight.-Cincinnati Chronicle.
REPORT FROM THE ADJUTANT GENERAL OF THE ARMY TO
THE SECRETARY OF WAR.
War DEPARTMwashington, NH Gese, 15.9OFFICE;} Sır: Pursuant to your instructions of September 5th, I respectfully submit the following annual report, together with the usual returns of the army,
viz.: 1. Organization of the army of the United States as established by law, A. 2. General return of the army, 3. Position and distribution of the troops in the eastern division,
C. 4. Position and distribution of the troops in the western division,
D. 5. Position and distribution of the troops in the Pacific division,
E. 6. Return of the troops employed in suppressing Indian hostilities in Florida, F. 7. Exhibit of the number of recruits enlisted from October 1, 1848, to Sep
tember 30, 1819, 1. The authorized military establishment consists of 870 commissioned officers,
and 8,940 non-commissioned officers, musicians, artificers, and privates, and is constituted as follows:
Non-commissioned Designation of regiments and corps.
Commissioned officers, musicians, Aggre
officers. artificers & priv's. gate General officers,
3 Adjutant General's department, 14
14 Inspector General's department, 2
2 Judge Advocate of the army,
1 Quartermaster's department,
43 staff. Commissary General's department, 8
8 Medical department,
95 Pay department,
28 Corps of engineers,
43 Corps of topographical engineers,
36 Ordnance department,
37 Military storekeepers,
17 Two regiments of dragoons,
1,230 1,300 One regiment of mounted riflemen,
800 Four regiments of artillery,
2.600 Eight regiments of infantry,
4,464 One company of engineer soldiers, (sappers, miners, and pontoniers,)
100 Ordnance sergeants,
53 Aggregate of the authorized military establishment,
8,940 9,852 It will be seen that the authorized force, (troops of the line,) consists of 2,100 cavalry, officers and men; 2,808 artillery, of which eight companies are organized as light artillery, and 4,464 infantry-making, in the aggregate, 9,372.
The latest returns show 9,003 men in service, including recruits and men unassigned, being 216 more than authorized; but returns from distant regiments not being later than July and August, it is estimated that there is a deficiency of 500. The reported strength of all the regiments is 7,974, or 813 less than the establishment.
The number of enlisted men of the ordnance department in service, according to the last returns, is 535. The number is not restricted by law.
II. The number of major generals having been reduced, as contemplated by the act of July 19, 1848, to one, Major General Scott, general-in-chief, in accord. ance with the President's instructions, resumed command of the army on the 11th of May, 1849, and established his head-quarters at the city of New York.
The number of brigadier generals having, in like manner, been reduced to two, Brigadier Generals Wool and Twiggs (major generals by brevet) have been assigned to the command respectively of the eastern and western geographical divisions.
* The actual number of commissioned officers is 870;—25 hold commissions both in the staff and line, are counted twice, and should be deducted from the number 895, obtained by adding the full number allowed to each regiment and corps. This number (895) does not include the military storekeepers, (17,) but these are accounted for in the column of “ aggregate.”
THE TREASURY ESTIMATES.
ESTIMATES OF APPROPRIATIONS,
In parsuance of the joint resolution of January 7th, 1846, which makes it the duty of the secretary of the treasury to cause the estimates of appropriations, which he is by law required to prepare and submit to Congress, to be printed, and copies of the same to be delivered to the clerk of the house of representatives in time for distribution at the commencernent of each session, estimates of additional appropriations required for the service of the fiscal year ending June 30, 1850, and for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1851, were placed on the tables of the members of the house. From this volume we extract the summary of the additional appropriations required for 1850 and the summary of the appropriations asked for 1851.- Washington Republic.
November 16, 1849. Sir: Agreeably to the joint resolution of Congress of the 7th January, 1846, I have the honour to transmit, for the information of the house of representatives, printed estimates of additional appropriations proposed to be made for the service of the fiscal year ending the 30th June, 1850, amounting to $1,696,851 47 All of which is on account of the civil list, foreign intercourse, and
miscellaneous, including expenses of collecting revenue from
customs and lands, from 1st January to 30th June, 1850. To the estimates is added a statement showingThe indefinite appropriations for the service of the last three quar
ters of the fiscal year ending the 30th June, 1850, made by former
255,000 00 Interest, &c., public debt, and treasury notes, , : 3,700,878 40
$6,236,310 28 I am sir, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
W. M. MEREDITH,
Secretary of the Treasury. Hon. Speaker of the House of Representatives.
TREASURY DEPARTMENT, ?
November 16, 1849. } Sır: Agreeably to the joint resolution of Congress of the 7th January, 1846, I have the honour to transmit, for the information of the house of representatives, printed estimates of the appropriations proposed to be made for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1851, amounting to
$33,697,152 15 Civil list, foreign intercourse, and iniscellaneous, including payment to be made to Mexico under the 12th article of the treaty, expenses of collecting the revenue from customs and lands, census of
1850, public buildings, and expenses of courts, $12,812,480 29 Army proper, &c.,
5,866,127 00 Military academy,
199,298 47 Fortifications, ordnance, &c.,
1,617,446 00 Internal improvements, surveys, and light-houses, 1,164,080 00 Indian department,
998,739 17 Pensions,
1,433,893 00 Naval establishment,
. 9,575,078 00
To the estimates are added statements showing-
30th June, 1851, made by former acts of Congress,
5,648,410 24 Viz.: Civil list, foreign intercourse, and miscellaneous, 724,560 14 Arming and equipping the militia,
200,000 00 Civilization of Indians, .
10,000 00 Pensions,
473,000 00 Interest on public debt,
3,742,951 13 Purchase of stock of the loan of 1847,
492.898 97 2. The existing appropriations which will be re
quired to be expended in the fiscal year ending the 30th June, 1851, amounting to
5,656,530 34 Vizi Civil list, foreign intercourse, and miscellaneous, 472,519 21 Army proper, &c.,
.2,230,747 97 Fortifications, ordnance, &c.,
168,000 00 Internal improvements, surveys, &c.,
83,123 38 Indian department,
903,971 36 Pensions,
20,117 00 Naval establishment,
44,997,092 72 3. There is also to be added to the estimates a statement of the
several appropriations, which will be carried to the surplus fund, amounting to :
$502, 170 02 Accompanying the estimates are sundry papers furnished by the treasury, war, navy, and interior departments, containing references to acts of Congress, &c., on which the estimates are founded. I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,
W. M. MEREDITH,
Secretary of the Treasury. Hon. Speaker of the House of Representatives.
TREASURER'S STATEMENT, Showing the amount at his credit in tke Treasury, with Assistant Trea
surers and designated depositaries, and in the mint and branches, by returns received to Monday, the 24th December, 1849; the amount for which drafts have been issued, but were then unpaid, and the amount then remaining subject to draf, showing also the amount of future
transfers to and from depositaries, as ordered by the Secretary of the | Treasury.
drawn, but not Amount subject In what place. Amount on deposite. yet paid, though
payable. Treasury U. S., Washington, D. C.,
$260,286 85 37,124 50 223,162 35 Assistant Treasurer, Boston, Massachusetts,
1,215,218 05 167,719 97 1,047,498 08 Assistant Treasurer, New
York, New York, 3,380,104 74 1,220,808 38 2,159,296 36 Assistant Treasnrer, Phila. delphia, Pa.,
891,183 45 29,802 11 861,386 34
In what place.
Amount on deposite. Assistant Treasurer, Charleston, S. C.,
134,461 48 Do. New Orleans, La., 390,902 95 Do. St. Louis, Missouri, 281,621 35 Depositary at Buffalo, N. Y., 13,429 94 Do. Baltimore, Md., 19,319 82
Richmond, Va., 9,777 89 Do. Norfolk, Va.,
7,378 63 Do.
Wilmington, N. C., 3,655 70 Do. Savannah, Ga., 34,041 51 Do. Mobile, Alabama, 49,145 29 Do. Nashville, Tenn., 14,631 77 Do. Cincinnati, O., 82,425 28 Do. Pittsburg, Pa.,
456 77 Do. Cincinnati, O., (late) 3,301 37 Do, Little Rock, A., Bert., 12,703 94 Do. Jeffersonville, la., 78,720 11 Do.
Chicago, Illinois, 8,169 41 Do. Detroit, Mich., 24,864 14 Do. Little Roek, Lincoln, 18,717 56 Do. Little Rock, Wilson,
4,101 14 Suspense account, $2,064 41 Mint of the United States, Phi
ladelphia, Penna., 841,150 00 Branch mint of the U. States, Charlotte, N. C.,
32,000 00 Do. Dahlonega, Ga., 26,850 00 Do. New Orleans, La., 100,000 00
39,742 51 322,463 28 87,303 58
466 22 5,905 73 1,890 67 5,236 00 2,631 50 15,956 30 26,582 80 10,858 52 3,583 02 318 07
360 00 26,702 22
1,926 26 11,242 44 6,174 15
42 93 2,064 41
94,718 97 68,439 67 194,317 77 12,963 72 13,414 09 7,887 22 2,142 63 1,024 20 18,085 21 22,562 49
3,773 96 78,842 26
138 70 3,269 37 12,343 94 52,017 89
6,243 15 13,621 70 12,543 41 4,058 91
32,000 00 26,850 00 200,000 00
2,064 41 7,938,624 84 2,026,937 57 Deduct suspense account,
Net amount subject to draft,
Treasurer's Office, Dec. 28, 1849.
UNITED STATES MINT.*
5,481,439 666,080 6,147,519 Total,
$5,525,616 $666,080 | $6,191,696 * We are indebted to Dr. R. M. Patterson, for these statements of the deposites and coinage at the mint and branches in the year 1849: