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His conduct too fully justified the suspi- indicated, by their conduct and demeanour, cions of his enemies. On the 9th of March that they fully understood the intentions of he hastened to the Thuilleries, threw himself Ney, and were resolved to be guided by his at the feet of the king, and besought his mac example. That their treachery might be jesty to employ him " in the impious war performed with all possible theatrical effect, which the brigand, arrived from the island of the silence of the officers was only the signal Elba, had commenced." Half drawing his of a still more vehement and more loyal adsword from his scabbard, he solemnly pledged dress, in which he eulogised the virtues of himself, “ to bring Napoleon to Paris, dead Louis, and contrasted the mild and paternal or alive;" adding, that “ he ought to be sway of that beloved and benevolent monarch brought in an iron cage.” To this declara- with the despotism of Buonaparte. His aution the king replied with mild dignity, that ditors listened with impatience. • True," this was not what he required, and that he they exclaimed, “it is our duty to obey ; only desired the marshal to beat back the but whom? The general whose courage we invader. Ney applauded his magnanimity, have witnessed, or the prince who is merely and represented that the usual equipment legitimate. We will obey Napoleon, elected expenses, amounting to 50,000 livres, granted by the people, beloved by the army, and who to each marshal at the commencement of an governs in the name of liberty and victory." enterprise, would be necessary to his success.

The marshal retired in apparent agitation. The king thought the sum too small, and During the night he granted an interview gave an unlimited order on the treasury. He to the emissaries of Buonaparte, who had took advantage of his sovereign's liberality, been sent to meet him. They presented him and departed with one million of livres. letters from the grand marshal, Bertrand,

Though it was greatly apprehended that which described, in animated language, the the spirit of disaffection had pervaded the hopeless situation of the king, and the cerarmy in general, it was hoped that a part tainty of the emperor's success. They assured would yet be found faithful among the faith- him that Buonaparte had concerted this enless. The knowledge that armies were placed terprize with Austria, through the medium in front, on the flanks, and in the rear, cheer- of general Koller, that the empress and her ed the drooping spirits of the Parisian loyal son were on the road to Paris, that England ists, who, applauding the devotion of the na had connived at his escape, that Murat adtional guard, rather than confiding in their vanced triumphantly towards Italy to assist prowess, saw 'with satisfaction the departure his brother-in-law. These representations of the marshals to head the armies, and par- coincided too well with the views and incli. ticularly of the prince of Moskwa. So nations of the marshal : and, in order to restrongly was the fidelity of the general im- concile his duty to the nation with his deserpressed upon the mind of Louis himself

, that tion to the invader, he addressed a letter to meeting madame Ney, two days after the Napoleon, of which the following is an exdeparture of her husband, he said, “Madame,

tract:you have a protector whose loyalty is equal I am induced to join you, neither by to his courage."

respect for

your character, nor attachment to On the 12th of March Ney arrived at your person. You have been the tyrant of Lons le Saulnier, assembled his staff, and my country. You have carried destruction harangued them in the royal cause.

into every family, and despair into the greater evidently his object to ascertain their senti- part. You have troubled the peace of the ments, and to recede or persevere in his in whole world. Swear to me, since fate has tention to join Napoleon, as he should find recalled you,


you will employ the future To his' declamatory in repairing the evils which you have brought speech, in favour of the royal cause, the offi on France. Swear that you will live for the cers made no reply, but maintained a cold happiness of the people. I charge you to and obstinate silence. A small number re take up arms for this purpose alone, to prepeated their vows of fidelity, but the majority serve our country from invasion and dismem.


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berment, and never to pass our natural limits brave men whom I have the honour to com-
again to attempt useless and fatal conquests. mand.
On these conditions I consent to join you,

16 Soldiers! I have often led you to victo preserve my country from the agonizing tory: I wish to lead you to that immortal struggles with which it is menaced.” phalanx which the emperor conducts to Paris,

On the succeeding day he published the and which will be there in a few days, when following proclamation :

our hopes and happiness will be for ever

realized. Vive l'Empereur. “ MARSHAL PRINCE OF THE MOSKWA TO


Marshal of the Empire. “Officers, Subalterns, and Soldiers !

* Lons le Saulnier, March 13, 1815.” “ The cause of the Bourbons is for ever lost. The ligitimate dynasty which the If any excuse can be admitted for the hyFrench nation adopted is about to re-ascend pocrisy displayed by Ney in his servile and the throne. To the emperor Napoleon, our solemn assurances to the king, and his subsovereign, it alone belongs to reign over our sequent violation of promises so sacred, it fine country. Of what consequence is it to must be found in the influence of his wife. us whether the noblesse of the Boui bons and the attachment of that lady to Napoleon, again expatriate themselves, or consent to In the singular vicissitudes of fortune that live in the midst of us ? The sacred cause attended the revolution, she was transferred of liberty, and of our independence, will no from a boarding school, kept by her aunt, at longer suffer under their fatal influence. St. Germain, to mingle in the first society of They wished to degrade our military glory: Paris, and after incurring the suspicion of an but they have been deceived. That glory is illicit amour with Louis Buonaparte, a susthe fruit of labours too noble to permit us picion falsified by her future reception at ever to lose its remembrance.

court, accepted the hand of marshal Ney. Soldiers ! The times are gone when she was lady of honour to the empress

Jopeople were governed by strangling their sephine, and retained her situation under the rights; liberty at length triumphs, and Na- empress Maria Louisa, a female of virtuous poleon, our august emperor, will establish it morals, exeinplary habits, and too circumfor ever. Henceforth let that noble cause be spect in her dewéanour to have retained so ours, and that of all Frenchmen. A truth

near her person an attendant of suspicious so grand must penetrate the hearts of those character.

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Progress of Napoleon from Lyons.Grand defection of the troops at Melun-Departure of Louis.--Entrance of Buonaparte into Paris

. --Attempt to carry off the king of Rome - Declaration of the allies at ViennaTreaty of the 25th of March, 1815.Preparations for war.— Sensations excited in England by the intelligence of Buonaparte's escape. Message from the Prince Regent. The conflict of political opinions:

Had the political and military partisans might have justly claimed the praise of mag. of Napoleon at once avowed their attach- nanitnity, whatever might be thought of ment to the emperor, and disclaimed the-au their errors, as Frenchmen, and as the swom thority of Louis, as established by the tyran- defenders of the legitimate sovereign. But nical dictates of an hostile coalition, they many atrocions examples occurred, in which

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the divisions of the army endeavoured to pression, the remembrance of which would conceal their treasonable designs beneath the have for ever prevented his re-establishment mask of ardent and inflexible loyalty. The on the throne. He displayed in the present garrisons of the north, at the moment when moment of adversity, an energy and good they were preparing to co-operate with the sense which had not always distinguished troops of Buonaparte, sent deputies profesi the few months of his prosperity, and was sing their fidelity. Marshal Oudinot assem, justly convinced that there could be no final bled the garrison of Metz, amounting to security for the present influence, or future 13,000 men, and received from them an una restoration of his family, but in his strict adnimous oath in favour of the king. The old herence to the constitution, which he had guard, with a reprehensible pretence of hu- sworn to preserve inviolate. mility and forbearance, replied to the mar The violent aristocrats, and the adherents shal's exhortations, “ He (Louis) has not to arbitrary government, under all its modiused us well; he has degraded us from our fications of religious intolerance and feudal rank of guards, and has shewn that he dis tyranny, were equally irritated and astonishtrusted our honour; but we will prove to ed, when Louis announced his intention to him, and to France, that we can be as gene attend at one of the sittings of the two chamrous as others are unjust." How disgrace- bers, surrounded by the princes or the blood, fully this pledge of fidelity was violated, by and there repeat, in the most solemn and una large majority of these troops, will be here equivocal manner, his acceptance of the conafter seen; but the intelligence of their con stitutional charter, and his determination to duct so much satisfied and delighted Louis, respect the rights and property of the citithat he commanded a general promotion zens. Their opposition to this measure, and throughout their ranks, placed them on per- their efforts to dissuade him from its permanent pay, and directed them to proceed formance were equally vehement and ineffecby forced marches to do the duty of his pa- tual. As the most sanguine hopes of the inlace. The intelligence at the same time re vader rested upon the fears and suspicions ceived from Lisle was more alarming, but which unfortunately prevailed, it was obvious less characteristic of deliberate wickedness. to the king that his defeat could only be enCount Erlon, had induced a considerable sured by the prompt removal of those fears.. number of the troops stationed in that city On the 16th of March the king went in to favour the enterprise of Napoleon. The great state to the hall of the deputies. The conspiracy was disclosed to marshal Mortier, charnber of peers had been invited to assist who caused count Erlon to be arrested, tried, at the sitting. Louis was received with the and condemned to death. He was led to the most lively testimonies of affection and resquare of the citadel, his eyes were bandaged, spect. He placed himself on the throne, and a file of soldiers was drawn up before him, thus addressed the assembly: they presented their musquets, and the fatal “Gentlemen! In this momentous crisis, signal was momentarily expected; but before when the public enemy has penetrated into the word was given the troops suddenly arose a part of the kingdom, and threatens the liagainst Mortier, and declared Erlon com- berty of the remainder, I come in the midst mander of the fortress. The latter immedi- of you to draw closer those ties which unite ately released Mortier and sent him to Paris. us together, and which constitute the strength

The chambers of peers and of deputies of the state. I come, in addressing myself to embraced the most extravagant and bigotted you, to declare to all France my sentiments ideas of the kingly prerogative, and the vio- and my wishes. lence of their proceedings tended to alienate “I have revisited my country, and recon. the affections of the people from the govern- ciled her to all foreign nations, who will ment. Had Louis, in the present emergen- doubtless maintain with the utmost fidelity cy, been guided by their councils

, his flight those treaties which had restored to us peace. from the capital would have been attended I have laboured for the benefit of my people. by acts of inhumanity, and of despotic op. I have received, and still continue daily to

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receive, the most striking proofs of their the embraces of the members who composed love. Can I, then, at sixty years of age, the assembly. In the political exhibitions better terminate my career than by dying

in of the French there is an indecency of which their defence ?-I fear nothing for myself, manhood should be ashamed, and which only but I fear for France. He who comes to tends to supply the place of virtuous sincerilight again amongst us the torch of civil war ty, by violence of gesture, affected tears, and brings with him also the scourge of foreign ostentatious sensibility. On the departure

He comes to reduce our country un of the king the chambers voted an affectionder his iron yoke. He comes, in short, to ate and respectful address, which is chiefly destroy that constitutional charter which I remarkable for its acknowledgment of those have given you,—that charter, my brightest violent and arbitrary principles which the title to the estimation of posterity,—that common voice of every free people has comcharter which all Frenchmen cherish, and bined to reprobate. which I here swear to maintain. Let us But, Sire,” says this document, " these rally, therefore, around it ! let it be our sa protestations of our hearts will not suffice. cred standard! The descendants of Henry We entreat your majesty to permit us to the Fourth will be the first to range them propose to your gracious consideration the selves under it. They will be followed by means which we deem proper to restore more all good Frenchmen. In short, gentlemen, and more the public hopes. While the let the concurrence of the two chambers give chambers will lend to the government, to to authority all the force that is necessary ; which the salvation of France is confided, and this war, truly national, will prove by its the entire strength of the nation, your faithhappy termination what a great nation, unit ful subjects are convinced that the governed in its love to its king and to its laws, can ment will confide, for the public weal, in effect.”

men at once energetic and moderate, whose At the close of this address the whole as names alone are a guarantee for all interests sembly rose, and extending their hands to and an answer to all inquietude. In men wards the throne, exclaimed with one voice, who, having been at various periods the de

The king for ever !–We will die for the fenders of the principles of justice and liberty, king.– The king in life and in death!” with which the heart of your majesty is pe.

It was long before order could be restored; netrated, and which form the patrimony of when a motion of Monsieur to approach the the nation, are equally the pillar of the staking commanded the most profound silence.bility of the throne, and of the principles He advanced to the foot of the throne, and which the public enemy would annihilate." spoke to the following effect :

On the following day, general Angier pro, “ Sire! I know that I depart from ordinary nounced a discourse, in which he declared rules in here addressing your majesty; but í officially, that, “ the inconsiderate acts of the beg you will excuse me, and permit me, in ministry would not be repeated.” my own naine, and in that of my family, to The king alludes to this in his proclamasay how much we participate, to the bottom tion, dated Cambray, June 28th, when he was of our hearts, in the sentiinents and principles on his return to Paris. My government which animate your majesty."

may have committed faults. Perhaps it has. The prince, on turning again towards the There are times when the purest intentions assembly, added, raising his hand, “ We are insufficient to direct us, and sometimes swear on our honour to live and die faithful

even they go astray. Experience alone can to our king, and to the constitutional char teach them, and it shall not be lost.” ter, which secures the happiness of the M. Sartelon suggested a law, which was Frerich !"

immediately adopted, relative to the recruit We shall not attempt to delineate the ing and organization of the army, conformatheatrical and affected style in which this bly to the 12th article of the constitutional address was received: the caresses lavished charter, which declared that every officer on the sovereign by the count d'Artois, or should retain his rank and pay. It was una

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nimously agreed that the rank of lieutenant the following affecting proclamation, written should be granted to all the subaltern officers; with his own hand :and that no officers should be removed, or

“ Officers! I have answered for your fide. cashiered, but by the forms of law. These lity to all France. You will not falsify the regulations, though judicious in themselves, word of your king. Reflect that, if the enewere mere confessions of the abuses existing my should triumph, civil war will be lighted in the army, which it was not attempted to correct till the time of danger awakened the up among you, and that at the same moment royalists to a sense of their own erroneous

300,000 foreigners, whose arms I could no

longer check, would pour down on all sides Field-marshal Angier proposed, in general be our war-cry.

of our country. Conquer or die! Let this resolutions, which were passed by acclamation, that the war should be called national, other standards, I see in you only deluded

“ And you who, at this moment, follow to arms, that recompences should be granted children. Abjure your errors, and throw to all who combated for their country, their

yourselves into the arms of your father. I sovereign, and their liberties; that those who engage my faith that every thing shall be had been seduced by the invader should be forgotten. Expect, all of you, the rewards

and distinctions which your fidelity and serrestored to their rank, and receive free and

vices shall merit." absolute pardon, if within four days they returned to their duty; and that those who The councils of the Thuilleries were dispersisted in their attachment to Napoleon's tracted by the opposing feelings, and views person should be denounced as traitors and of policy, entertained by the princes, the mienemies to their country. The king, having nisters, and the generals. The courtiers, and sanctioned these resolutions, reviewed the one of the princes, vehemently enforced the troops of the line, consisting of 6000, who necessity of exterminating Napoleon and his were drawn up in the place de Carousal. followers. The generals regarded all resistOn their fidelity depended the fate of the ance as utterly hopeless, and as an unnecesBourbon dynasty, and he approached them sary waste of blood; and the ministers hinted with anxiety. His suspense was of short their intention to resign. The disunion duration. The grenadiers of the first regi- among the confidential advisers, and the nearment elevated their caps on the points of their est relatives of the king, completed his misbayonets, but they uttered no shout, and fortunes, and no resource remained but to their example was followed throughout the abandon the capital with the utmost prompline. Louis was evidently and deeply affec- titude. ted. He attempted to address them, but After remaining two days at Lyons, Nacould only pronounce a few incoherent and poleon departed for Villefranche, and reached unintelligible words. He laid his hand Maçon in the evening. On the 15th he slept upon his heart, and, silently appealing to at Autun, and on the 16th at Avallon. His their loyalty and affection, retired in de travelling equipage was an open chariot, esspair.

corted sometimes by a dozen dragoons, and The confidence of his advisers was not sometimes by a single attendant. His modiminished by this decisive proof that the tions were so rapid and so careless that the troops were universally and enthusiastically smallest detachment, or a groupe of peasants, devoted to Napoleon. Twenty-eight thou might have opposed his progress, or secured sand men had been assembled, by the exer his person. Bertrand, and the rest of his tions of the French princes, at Melun, while confidential friends, expostulated with the it was ascertained that the numbers of Na- emperor on the dangers to which he'was expoleon, after advancing from Lyons, only posed by his neglect of precaution." Louis amounted to 14,000 men. The king made XVIII.” he replied, “ has been called Louis one last effort to recal the army to its dutý, desiré, I wish to prove which is the real and on the morning of the 18th published destré.

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