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East Florida on the other, shall respectively opinions liave been formed, or the grounds touch the bay of Fundy and the Atlantic upon which they, or either of them, have so Ocean, excepting such islands as now are, or refused, declined, or omitted to act. And heretofore have been, within the limits of his Britannic majesty and the government Nova Scotia ;" and whereas the several islands of the United States hereby agree to refer in the bay of Passamaquoddy, which is part the report or reports of the said commisof the bay of Fundy, and the island of Grand sioners to some friendly sovereign or state, Menan, in the said bay of Fundy, are claimed to be then named for that purpose, and who by the United States, as being comprehended shall be requested to decide on the differences within their aforesaid boundaries, which said which may be stated in the said report or islands are claimed as belonging to his Bri- reports, or upon the report of one commistannic majesty, as having been at the time sioner, together with the grounds upon which of, and previous to the aforesaid treaty of the other commissioner shall have refused, 1783, within the limits of the province of declined, or omitted to act, as the case may Nova Scotia; in order, therefore, finally, to be. And if the commissioner so refusing, decide upon these claims, it is agreed that declining, or omitting to act, shall also wil. they shall be referred to two commissioners, fully omit to state the grounds upon which to be appointed in the following manner, he has so done, in such manner that the said viz.-One commissioner shall be appointed statement may be referred to such friendly by his Britannic majesty, and one by the sovereign or state, together with the report president of the United States, by and with of such other commissioner, that such sovethe advice and consent of the senate thereof; reign or state shall decide, ex parte, upon and the said two commissioners, so appointed, the said report alone; and his Britannic mashall be sworn impartially to examine and jesty, and the government of the United decide upon the said claims, according to States, engage to consider the decision of such evidence as shall be laid before them on such friendly sovereign or state to be final the part of his Britannic majesty and of the and conclusive on all the matters so referred. United States respectively. The said com Art. V. Whereas neither that point of the missioners shall meet at St. Andrew's, in the high lands lying due north from the source province of New Brunswick, and shall have of the river St. Croix, designated in the forpower to adjourn to such other place or places mer treaty of peace between the two powers as they shall think fit. The said commis as the north-west angle of Nova Scotia, nor sioners shall, by a declaration or report, under the north-westernmost head of Connecticut their hands and seals, decide to which of the river, have yet been ascertained ; and whereas two contracting parties the several islands that part of the boundary line between the aforesaid do respectively belong, in con dominions of the two powers, which exformity with the true intent of the said tends from the source of the river St. Croix, treaty of peace of 1783: and if the said com- directly north to the above mentioned northmissioners shall agree in their decision, both west angle of Nova Scotia, thence along the parties shall consider such decision as final said high lands which divide those rivers that and conclusive.
empty themselves into the river St. LawIt is further agreed, that in the event of rence from those which fall into the Atlantic the two commissioners differing upon ocean, to the north-westernmost head of any of the matters so referred to them, or in Connecticut river, thence down along the the event of both or either of the said com middle of that river to the forty-fifth degree missioners refusing or declining, or wilfully of north latitude, thence by a sine due west omitting to act as such, they shall make, on said latitude until it strikes the river Irojointly or separately, report or reports, as quois, or Cataraguy, has not yet been surwell to the government of his Britannic ma- veyed, it is agreed that for these several purjesty as to that of the United States, stating poses two commissioners shall be appointed, in detail the points on which they differ, and sworn, and authorised, to act exactly in the the grounds upon which their respective manner directed with respect to those men
tioned in the next preceding article, unless lakes, and water communications, and whe otherwise specified in the present article.- ther certain islands lying in the same were The said commissioners shall meet at St. An- within the dominions of his Britannic madrew's, in the province of New Brunswick, jesty or of the United States. In order, and shall have power to adjourn to such other therefore, finally to decide these doubts, they place or places as they shall think fit. The shall be referred to two commissioners, to be said commissioners shall have power to ascer: appointed, sworn, and authorised to act extain and determine the points above men. actly in the manner directed with respect to tioned, in conformity with the provisions of those mentioned in the next preceding arthe said treaty of peace of 1783; and shall ticle, unless otherwise specified in this precause the boundary aforesaid, from the source sent article. The said commissioners shall of the river St. Croix to the river Iroquois, meet, in the first instance, at Albany, in the or Cataraguy, to be surveyed and marked state of New York, and shall have power to according to the said provisions; the said adjourn to such other place or places as they commissioners shall make a map of the said shall think fit. The said commissioners shall, boundary, and annex to it a declaration un- by a report or declaration, under their hands der their hands and seals, certifying it to be and seals, designate the boundary through a true map of the said boundary, and parti- the said river, lakes, and water communicacularising the latitude and longitude of the tions, and decide to which of the two connorth-west angle of Nova Scotia, of the north- tracting parties the several islands lying westernmost head of Connecticut river, and within the said rivers, lakes, and water comof such other points of the said boundary as munications, do respectively belong, in conthey may deem proper: and both parties formity with the true intent of the said treaty agree to consider such map and declaration of 1783. And both parties agree to consider as finally and conclusively fixing the said such designation and decision as final and boundary. And in the event of the said two conclusive. And in the event of the said commissioners differing, or both, or either of two commissioners differing, or both or either them, refusing, declining, or wilfully omitting of them refusing, declining, or wilfully omitto act, such reports, declarations, or state ting to act, such reports, declarations, or ments, shall be made by them, or either of statements, shall be made by them, or either them, and such reference to a friendly sove of them, and such reference to a friendly reign or state shall be made in all respects, sovereign or state shall be made, in all reas in the latter part of the fourth article is spects as in the latter part of the fourth arcontained, and in as full a manner as if the ticle is contained, and in as full a manner as same was herein repeated.
if the same was herein repeated. Art. VI. Whereas by the former treaty of Art. VII. It is further agreed, that the peace, that portion of the boundary of the said two last mentioned commissioners, aiter United States, from the point where the they shall have executed the duties assigned forty-fifth degree of north latitude strikes to them in the preceding article
, shall be
, the river Iroquois
, or Cataraguy, to the lake and they are hereby authorised upon their Superior, was declared to be “ along the oaths, impartially to fix and determine, acmiddle of said river into lake Ontario, through cording to the true intent of the said treaty the middle of said lake, until it strikes the of peace of 1783, that part of the boundary communication by water between that lake between the dominions of the two powers, and lake Erie; thence along the middle of which extends from the water communicasaid communication into lake Erie, through tion between lake Huron and lake Superior, the middle of said lake, until it arrives at the to the most north-western point of the lake Water communication into the lake Huron, of the Woods; to decide to which of the two thience through the middle of said lake to parties the several islands lying in the lakes, the water communication between that lake water communications, and rivers forming and lake Superior;" and whereas doubts have the said boundary, do respectively belong, in atisen what was the middle of the said river, conformity with the true intent of the said
treaty of peace of 1783, and to cause such tracting parties, that in case of any of the parts of the said boundary as require it, to be islands mentioned in any of the preceding surveyed and marked. The said commis articles, which were in the possession of one sioners shall
, by a report or declaration under of the parties prior to the commencement of their hands and seals, designate the boundary the present war between the two countries, aforesaid, state their decision on the paints should, by the decision of any of the boards tlms referred to them, and particularise the of commissioners aforesaid, or of the sover latitude and longitude of the most north- reign or state so referred to as in the four svestem point of the lake of the Woods, and next preceding articles contained, fall within of such other parts of the said boundary as the dominions of the other party, all grants they may deem proper. And both parties of land made previous to the commencement agree to consider such designation and deci. of the war by the party having had such possion as final and conclusive. And in the session, shall be as valid as if such island or event of the said two commissioners differ- islands had by such decision or decisions ing, or both, or either of them, refusing, de- been adjudged to be within the dominions clining, or wilfully omitting to act, such re of the party having had such possession. ports, declarations, or statements, shall be Art. IX. The United States of America made by them, or either of them, and such engage to put an end, immediately after the reference to a friendly sovereign or state shall ratification of the present treaty, to hostilities be made in all respects :as in the latter part with all the tribes or nations of Indians with of the fourth article is contained, and in as whom they may be at war at the time of ful a manner as if the same was herein re such ratification, and forthwith to restore to peated.
such tribes or nations respectively, all the Art. VIII. The several boards of two possessions, rights, and privileges which they commissioners, mentioned in the four pre may have enjoyed or been entitled to in coding articles, shall respectively have power 1811, previous to such hostilities. Provided to appoint a secretary, and to employ such always, that such tribes or nations shall agree surveyors or other persons as they shall judge to desist from all hostilities against the Unitnecessary; Draplicates of all their respective ed States of America, their citizens and subreports, declarations, statements, and deci- jeets, upon the ratification of the present sions, and of their aceounts, and of the jour. treaty being notified to such tribes or na nal of their proceedings, shall be delivered tions, and shall so desist accordingly. by them to the agents of his Britannic ma And his Britannic majesty engages, on his jesty, and to the agents of the United States, part, to put an end immediately after the ra. who may be respectively appointed and au tification of the present treaty, to hostilities thorised to manage the business on behalf with all the tribes or nations of Indians with of their respective governments. The said whom he may be at war at the time of such commissioners shall be respectively paid in ratification, and forthwith to restore to such such manner as shall be agreed between the tribes or nations respectively, all the posses two contracting parties, such agreement be- sions, rights, and privileges, which they may ing to be settled at the time of the exchange have enjoyed or been entitled to in 1811, of the ratifications of this treaty. And all previous to such hostilities. Provided alother expenses attending the said commis ways, that such tribes or nations shall agree sions shall be defrayed equally by the two to desist from all hostilities against his Briparties. And in the case of death, sickness, tannic majesty and his subjects, upon the raresignation, or necessary absence, the place tification of the present treaty being notified of every such commissioner respectively shall to such tribes or nations, and shall so desist be supplied in the same manner as such.com. accordingly, missioner was first appointed, and the new Art. X. Whereas the traffic in slaves is commissioner shall take the same oath or irreconcileable with the principles of humaaffirmation, and do the same duties.
nity and justice, and whereas both his maIt is further agreed between the two com jesty and the United States are desirous of
continuing their efforts to promote its entire minated in August 1814, was ratified by the abolition, it is hereby agreed that both the president and senate. The naval force of the contracting parties shall use their best en- United States, which had been set free by deavours
to accomplish su desirable an object. the peace of Great Britain, was at the same Art
. XI. This treaty, when the same shall time usefully and honourably employed in have been ratified on both sides without al- avenging the piracy of the Barbary states on teration by either of the contracting parties, the commerce of the Americans. A squaand the ratifications mutually exchanged, dron commanded by commodore Decatur shall be binding on both parties ; and the sailed to the Mediterranean, and on June ratifications shall be exchanged at Washing- 20th engaged an Algerine fleet, of which ton, in the space of four months from this two ships were taken; one being that of the day, or sooner if practicable.
admiral. After this victory he proceeded to In faith whereof, we the respective pleni. Algiers, the dey of which entered into a potentiaries, have signed this treaty, and have treaty, by which the tribute demanded from thereunto affixed our seals.
the Americans was for ever relinquished.Done in triplicate, at Ghent, the twenty- Decatur then landing in the bay of Tunis, fourth day of December, one thousand eight demanded satisfaction of the government for hundred and fourteen.
having suffered two prizes made by the (L. S.) GAMBIER.
Americans, and carried into that port, to be (L. S.) H. GOULBURN.
taken out by a British ship of war. He ob(L. S. WM. ADAMS.
liged the bey to pay the damage into the (L. S. JOHN QUINCEY ADAMS. hands of the American consul; and sailing (L. S.) J. A. BAYARD.
to Tripoli, compelled, by menaces, the pashaw (L. S.) H. CLAY.
of that place to pay 25,000 dollars, by way (L. S.) JON. RUSSELI..
of indemnity. Commodore Bambridge, the (L. S.) ALBERT GALLATIN. American commander in chief, afterwards
adopted precautionary measures for preventOn February first, the president of the ing any future depredations on the commerce United States sent a message to both houses of the United States by the Barbary corsairs. of congress, accompanying the treaty of peace. The war with Great Britain having left In this paper, after some general observations the American warehouses exhausted of their on the policy of being at all times in a state store of many necessary articles, as soon as of preparation against the possible necessity peace was restored their ships came in numof having again recourse to arms, the presi bers to the British ports and renewed their dent expressed his confidence that the wis- usual commercial transactions, to the benefit dom of congress would provide for the main- of both countries. The sense each entertenance of an adequate regular force, for the tained of the mutual advantages to be derived gradual advance of the naval establishment, from an intimate correspondence, and their for improving all the means of harbour de disposition to forget past animosities
, were fence, for adding discipline to the bravery of agreeably displayed by a “ convention the militia, and
for cultivating the art mili- gulate the commerce between the territories tary in all its essential branches, under the of the United States of America and those liberal patronage of government. The peace of his Britannic majesty," agreed upon by establishment, after much debate between the negociators on each part, in London, on the two houses, was fixed at 10,000 regulars; July 3d, and ratified by the American presifrom which small number it may be con dent in December. Of its articles, the first cluded, that a general aversion existed against stipulates generally a reciprocal liberty of any attempt to promote a spirit of conquest commerce between the countries: 9. That in the United States.
no other duties on export or import
, on either A treaty between major Jackson and the side, shall be imposed on the produce or maCreek Indians, by which the war of the lat- nufactures of each country, than on the like ter against the United States had been ter goods to or from any other country; and
that the duties on shipping and goods im- not only afford the means of maintaining the ported shall be the same, whether the vessels faith of the government towards its creditors, be British or American; the same principle but would justify an immediate alleviation also to apply to drawbacks and bounties: of burdens imposed by the war. Various 3. American vessels are to be admitted to objects of internal improvement are then trade with the four principal British settle- pointed out for the consideration of congress, ments in the East Indies, paying no higher among which is the establishment of a naduties than the most favoured nations; but tional seminary of learning within the disthey are not to carry their cargoes direct to trict of Columbia. The message closes with any other port than in the United States, a congratulatory view of the situation and there to be unladen; and also are not to en- prospects of the country.
Whilst other gage in the British coasting trade of the East portions of mankind (says the president) are Indies : 4. Consuls for the protection of trade labouring under the distresses of war, or åre to reside freely in each country: 5. This struggling with adversity in other forms, the convention is to continue in force during United States are in the tranquil enjoyment
of prosperous and honourable
peace. On December 5th, president Madison viewing the scenes through which it has been transmitted to both houses of congress a attained, we can rejoice in the proofs given, message, in which a detailed account is given that our political institutions, founded in huof the
most important occurrences since their man rights, and framed for their preservalast meeting. It begins with relating the tion, are equal to the severest trials of war, successful termination of the war which had as well as adapted to the ordinary periods of been commenced by the regency of Algiers repose.” against the United States. It is next mentioned, as a source of satisfaction, that the The political tumults by which France treaty of
with Great Britain has been was agitated during the present year were succeeded by a commercial convention, tbe - extended to the West Indies. At Martidisposition shown in which, it is hoped, will nique, the troops who were in possession be improved into liberal arrangements on of the forts displayed such a disposition to other subjects which might otherwise endan- mount the tri-coloured cockade, and deger future barmony. The existing relations clare for Buonaparte, that the count de Vau between the states and the Indians on their girard, governor of the island, found it nefrontiers are then adverted to; and it is said, cessary to anticipate an open revolt, by asthat whilst treaties of amity have been en- sembling the soldiery and releasing from tered into with the greater part of the tribes their obligations such of the soldiers as deon the western and north-western borders, a sired it; at the same time informing them restlessness has been manifested by those on that they must quit Martinique, and that an the southern frontier, who had been chastised attempt to raise the standard of rebellion into peace, which has called for preparatory would be resisted by force. A revolutionmeasures to repress it. Two following para ary movement could not, however, have graphs relate to the act passed for the mili- been prevented, if sir James Leith, comtary peace establishment, respecting which mander of the British military force in the difficulties had occurred which still required leeward islands, had not sent over from St. legislative aid. The revival of the public Lucie an auxiliary body of troops, which, credit is then spoken of with satisfaction, and landing in the island on June the 5th, occua statement is given of the late receipts into pied all the strong positions. The whole of the treasury. The national debt, as ascer, the French troops, with the exception of tained in October last, is reckoned at 120 part of a regiment, were afterwards permitted millions of dollars, to which some addition to depart from the island unarmed. The would probably occur on the liquidation of terms on which this succour was afforded the public accounts; and it is observed that were perfectly liberal. The sovereignty of the improved condition of the revenue would the island was to remain entire in the king