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Father, through sanctification of the Spirit, unto obedience and sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ: Grace unto you, and peace, be multiplied.
Those, who, in their outward profession and in the due judg ment of charity, are justly reputed for the elect of God, according to the eternal decree and good purposes of God the Father; which election of theirs is made good unto them, by their true sanctification wrought in them by the Spirit of God conforming them to all holy obedience; and by the remission of sins, by the sprinkling of the blood of Jesus Christ; Grace, &c.
I. 3. Which hath begotten us again unto a lively hope, by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead.
Who, when we were naturally the sons of wrath, hath wrought graciously upon us, and renewed us by grace; and raised us up to the hope of everlasting glory, by the power of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
I. 5. Who are kept by the power of God through faith unto salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.
Who are, by the mighty power of God, through the means of their faith wrought in them by the Spirit of God, kept to the full obtaining and fruition of that salvation, which, having been purchased and revealed by Christ, is ready to be consummated in these last days of the world.
I. 6. Wherein ye greatly rejoice, though now for a season, if need be, ye are in heaviness through manifold temptations.
In the hope and assurance of which_salvation, ye do, as ye ought, greatly rejoice; although now, for a season, God sees it fit for you to be in much heaviness, through those many trials of affliction which he hath sent upon you.
I. 9. Receiving the end of your faith, even the salvation of your souls.
Receiving, in present, the pledges and beginnings of salvation; and, thereby, the assurance of the accomplishment thereof, as the full fruit and scope, of our faith in Christ.
I. 10. Who prophesied of the grace that should come unto you.
Who, long ago, prophesied of that abundant grace, that should be given unto his Church, in these times of the Gospel.
I. 11. Searching what, or what manner of time the Spirit of Christ which was in them did signify, when it testified beforehand the sufferings of Christ, &c.
Bending their thoughts intentively upon the earnest enquiry into the revelation of that Spirit of Christ, whereby they were informed of future things; to know when, and at what time, Christ the Messiah should come into the world, and should suffer and should re-enter into his glory.
1. 12. Unto whom it was revealed, that not unto themselves,
but unto us they did minister the things, which are now reported unto you by them that have preached the gospel unto you with the Holy Ghost sent down from heaven; which things the angels desire to look into.
Unto whom it was revealed, that those things, which they reported concerning the Saviour to come, should not be exhibited and accomplished really unto themselves, in their time; but unto us, to whom they are now reported, as done, by those his Apostles, which have preached the Gospel unto you: even those glad tidings of salvation, which they, being inspired by the Holy Ghost, delivered unto the world; the wonderful mysteries of which Gospel, it is no marvel, if the prophets desired to look into, when as the very Angels of heaven have longed to attain unto the knowledge and sight thereof.
I. 13. Wherefore gird up the loins of your mind, be sober, and hope to the end for the grace that is to be brought unto you at the revelation of Jesus Christ.
As those, that run in a race or go a journey, are wont to gird up their loins, that they may readily and without incumbrance pass on their way; so do ye gird up the loins of your minds: take order to prevent all spiritual hinderances; and stir up yourselves, to all forwardness and speed, in your way towards heaven for this cause be ye sober; and do ye perfectly and constantly hope for the full accomplishment of that grace and happiness, which partly is and perfectly shall be brought unto you in the revelation of Jesus Christ.
I. 15. But as he which hath called you is holy, so be ye holy in all manner of conversation.
But as ye are by a most holy God called into a holy profession of his Gospel, so, that ye may approve yourselves worthy of this high vocation, labour ye to be holy, in all your carriage and conversation.
Ï. 18. From your vain conversation received by tradition from your fathers.
By whom ye were redeemed from your unprofitable and dangerous estate, wherein ye were under the Law; and freed from those vain confidences, whereon ye were taught by the tradition of your fathers to rely.
I. 22. Seeing ye have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit unto unfeigned love of the brethren.
Seeing ye have, by the powerful working of the Holy Ghost, sanctified and purified your hearts, so as that ye do yield entire obedience unto God in all things, and particularly in bearing unfeigned love to the brethren.
II. 1. Wherefore laying aside all malice, and all guile, and hypocrisies, &c.
Wherefore, since ye are, by the grace of the Gospel, now
happily regenerated and become children unto God, do ye demean yourselves and be affected accordingly; and, therefore, laying aside all malicious disposition, and all guile and hypocrisies, &c.
II. 4, 5. To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious, Ye also, as lively stones, are built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to offer up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable to God by Jesus
To whom being joined in this spiritual structure, as unto a sure corner-stone, rejected indeed and disallowed of men, but chosen and fully accepted of God, Ye also, as so many living stones, are laid in this spiritual building, to make up a spiritual temple unto God: and, that ye may be every way answerable to those legal institutions, ye are also a holy, but Evangelical, priesthood; to offer up, not material and bodily, but spiritual sacrifices of yourselves, and of praises and thanksgivings, acceptable unto God, by Jesus Christ.
II. 8. Whereunto also they were appointed.
Unto which offence they were given up by the most just decree of God, who hath holily and justly ordained to punish one sin with another, in the wilfully disobedient.
II. 11. Dearly beloved, I beseech you as strangers and pilgrims, abstain from fleshly lusts, which war against the soul.
My brethren, ye are strangers and pilgrims, in respect of your earthly home, from which ye are driven, much more in respect of your heavenly, whither ye are travelling: I beseech you, therefore, that ye carry yourselves thereafter; abstaining from all those carnal and sensual desires, which worldly hearts are wont to be taken up with, and which are very pernicious to the soul, and utterly opposite to the peace and welfare thereof. II. 13. Submit yourselves to every ordinance of man for the Lord's sake: whether it be to the king, as supreme.
Subject yourselves to every superior power, that is appointed over you; whether it be to that of kings, or other their subordinate governors: and that, not so much out of fear, as out of the conscience of your obedience to God, who hath ordained them.
II. 15. For so is the will of God, that with well doing ye may put to silence the ignorance of foolish men:
For so is the will of God, that ye so behave yourselves, as that, by the integrity and innocence of your carriage, ye may stop the mouths of those ignorant and malicious infidels, which seek advantages against you:
II. 16. As free, and not using your liberty for a cloke of maliciousness, but as the servants of God.
As those, that are indeed a free people; free, not from the due obedience to authority, but, from the spiritual bondage of
sin; truly freed by the ransom of Christ's blood from your spiritual servitude, but not licentious and making an ill use of this your liberty, as if, under pretence of that, ye were privileged to cast off the yoke of all obedience and subjection to government and wholesome laws of your superiors; but so demeaning yourselves, as that ye remember, that notwithstanding your freedom, ye are still servants to that God, who hath prescribed unto you due obedience and submission to your superiors.
II. 24. Who his own self bare our sins in his own body on the tree, that we, being dead to sins, should live unto righteousness.
Who, in his own person, did take upon him the heavy burden of our sins; and did, in his very own body, both undergo and pay upon the Cross, those punishments, which were due to us, for all our sins, &c.
III. 2. While they behold your chaste conversation coupled with fear.
While those infidel husbands shall see your holy and chaste conversation, joined with a reverent awe and due respects to themselves, as your head.
III. 4. But let it be the hidden man of the heart, in that which is not corruptible.
But let their chief ornaments be in the inward disposition of a holy and good heart; in those Christian virtues and graces, which are not subject to corruption.
III. 6. Whose daughters ye are, as long as ye do well, and are not afraid with any amazement.
Whose daughters ye are, if ye follow her example in well doing, boldly and constantly; and not in those weak fears, whereto she yielded, and was drawn into inconvenience and dissimulation thereby: I know your sex is subject, by reason of the infirmity of it, to manifold fears and suspicions; as if, by the submissive yieldance unto your husbands, ye should expose you to their tyranny and contempt; but do ye that, which your place and duty requireth, and be not affrighted and disquieted with these doubts and distrusts, leaving the ordering of all events to the wisdom and providence of God.
III. 7. Giving honour unto the wife, as unto the weaker vessel.
Giving unto them all tender and due respects, as those towards whom, by reason of the weakness of their sex, all gentle and favourable usage is required of you.
III. 15. But sanctify the Lord God in your hearts: and be ready always to give an answer to every man that asketh you a reason of the hope that is in you with meekness and fear.
But give ye utno God, in your hearts, that honour which is
due unto him; in trusting to his promises, and relying upon his providence, by a stedfast confidence and reposition: and, since ye live amongst heathens and professed enemies to the Gospel, be not ye daunted with their oppositions and persecutions; but be ready, when ye are thereunto duly called, to make profession of that true faith and religion, which ye have received; but let not this be done in a turbulent and seditious manner, but with all meekness of spirit, and reverence to that authority whereby ye are called thereunto.
III. 18. Being put to death in the flesh, but quickened by the Spirit:
Being put to death in his human body, in regard of the separation of his soul therefrom, for a time; but being quickened and raised up to an immortal life, by the power of his Divine Spirit or Deity:
III. 19. By which also he went and preached unto the spirits in prison;
By the power of which Divine Spirit of his, long before his manifestation in the flesh, he came to the old world; and, by the mouth of Noah, that preacher of righteousness, spake to them, whose spirits are now fast prisoned in hell;
III. 20. Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a preparing.
Which were, in their life time, wicked and disobedient to his holy counsels; when the patient longsuffering of God gave a large respite to them for their repentance and conversion, even all the while that the Ark was preparing by Noah.
Compare this with chap. iv. verse 6.
III. 21. The like figure whereunto even baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh, but the answer of a good conscience toward God,) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ.
Answerable unto which preservation of the eight persons in Noah's family by water, is the benefit which we received by baptism: which doth also now save us, by and in applying unto us the power of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ; and becomes effectual unto us, not in respect of the outward element which only washeth off the filth of the flesh, but in respect of the inward efficacy of the grace thereby represented and exhibited, whereby the conscience is both quieted and assured of pardon and favour, and is thereupon enabled to treat for and expect mercy from God and reconciliation with him.
IV. 1. Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin;
Forasmuch as Christ hath suffered death in his human nature,