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INDEX TO VOL. XXXI. OF LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.
Advertisement Duties, 27 Howe's Cave,
276, 480 G. G. Howland,
615 Dr. Gutzlaff, .
Rev. Dr. Alexander,
99 Owen, John,
192, 290 Omnibuses, Improved, 582
182, 524 Pontiac, Conspiracy of, 137
Pilgrim Fathers and Mrs. He-
569 Palmerston at his old Pranks, 574
- Expected Arrival in
Address to U. S.,
Iron, Song of,
520 Kossuth's Welcome to Eng-
Meschid, the Liberator,
Oh! Speak not Harshly, . 552
Old Man's Meditation, 13
Old Green Lane,
Prisoners of Naples,
Mary, Queen of Scots, 19, 21,
Sketch from Memory,
Shadows of Ellen and Mary, 271
91 Sabbath Bell,
476, 480, 495, 527, 542, 553 Templar's Luncheon, 144
327, 376, 429, 525
525 Unguarded Moment, 136
We All do Fade,
Development of, .
279 Reformers, Whole-Hog, 118
279 Reaping Machine,
134 Richardson, the Traveller, 279 Rhine, Navigation of, 610
Syria, Palestine, &c., by Sterling, John, Life of, . 543 My Novel, . . 60, 256, 459
14 Spy Glasses, Improvement in, 582 Maurice Tiernay, 119, 331, 601
Reverie of an Old Maid,
Tower of Fontenay, . 219
600 Willis' Hurrygraphs, 37
Work of the World, , 179
205 Witch in the Nursery, 245
LITTELL'S LIVING AGE.- No. 385.—4 OCTOBER, 1851.
From the Edinburgh Review. with the man, he has contributed the best materials 1. Poems by Hartley Coleridge. With a Memoir of for a large and liberal comprehension of the poet ; his Life. By his Brother. Edward Moxon.
we more effectually illustrate Hartley 1851.
Coleridge's poetry than by first bringing before our 2. Essays and Marginalia. By Hartley Col- readers some features of a life full of interest, Edward Moxon. 1851.
though externally but litile varied. It is not often
that the life and works of an author are presented Mr. Derwent Coleridge has executed, with to us at the same moment, and for the first time. much success, one of the most difficult of tasks. Such may be considered to be the case on the He has written the biography of a poet in such a present occasion, since far the larger portion of the manner as to impart a deeper philosophic interest poetry has remained till now unpublished ; and, in to his verse without detracting from its charm. The life prefixed to it, the poetry which follows The fact that as much must be lost as can possibly finds not seldom an emblem as well as an efficient be gained by a tediously minute acquaintance with cause.” the life of an author, had not been overlooked by Born at Clevedon, on the 191h of September, Mr. Coleridge. He observes, “ It is thought by 1796, an eight months' child, Hartley Coleridge many that the lives of literary men are sufficiently was marked from the first by a sensitiveness of known from their writings, and that any record of temperament no doubt out of proportion to his their private history is at least superfluous. Much physical strength. More than one tribute of song may be said in support of this opinion. Of poets, greeted him on his arrival into this world. Some more especially, it may be affirmed that the image of these aspirations remained unaccomplished, and which they put forth of themselves in their works some were fulfilled too well. In one of the most is a true and adequate representation of the author, beautiful of Coleridge's poems, the poet compares whatever it may be of the man; nay, that in many his own early culture with that which he desires cases it may depict the man more faithfully—may for his child. show more truly what he was, than any memorial
I was reared of what he did and suffered in his mortal pilgrim
In the great city, pent mid cloisters dim, age, too often a sad tissue, so it is made to appear,
And saw nought lovely but the sky and stars ; of frailty and sorrow.
If the record were
But thou, my babe, shalt wander like a breeze, to be supplied, as has been attempted, by the
By lakes and sandy shores, beneath the crags ordinary materials of the biographer-by a meagre
Of ancient mountains, and beneath the clouds,
Which image in their bulk both lakes and shores outline of every day facts, filled in by such anec- And mountain crags. dotes as vulgar curiosity most commonly collects and remembers, it had better remain a blank.” To this prophecy the younger poet alludes in Much better, we cordially add ; but we are happy the memorable sonnet prefixed to a small volume to be able to say, also, that the record with which of poetry published in 1833. Addressing the we are here presented is of a very different sort. “ Father and Bard revered,” at a far more advanced Vulgar curiosity has not been catered for in it; age than that father had attained when the above and a philosophical curiosity will not seek in- lines were written, he says, in allusion to themstruction in it without reward. The passages in his brother's life which Mr. Coleridge has sketched Thy prayer was heard : I “wandered like a breeze.” for us, whether such as determined his outward
Not less tenderly was the “ animosus infans," fortunes, or such as to a careless observer might addressed in his father's poem, " The Nightingale." have seemed trifles, are those by which the structure of character is indicated, and its progress
That strain again! is traced. A happy power of selection is among a
Full fain would it delay me! My dear babe, biographer's highest though least obtrusive gifts. Who, capable of no articulate sound, Mr. Coleridge has exercised it with effect, avoiding
Mars all things with his imitative lisp, that vice of modern biographers, prolixity. Had
How he would place his hand beside his ear,
His little hand, the small fore-finger up, his memoir consisted of two volumes, instead of
And bid us listen! And I deem it wise half a volume, its force would have been lost in
To make him Nature's playmate. detail, and we should have had a far less vivid picture than is here exhibited to us of the subject it With her youthful playmate Nature played cornmemorates. The narrative abounds in dis- long; and he never ceased to find solace both in criminative criticism, and remarks incidentally her songs and sports. Nature did what Nature thrown out, but full of point. Above all, it is may ; nor is it her fault if her harmonies, whether written with frankness and simplicity. Cherishing of the morn or the eventide, whether lyrical or a deserved respect, as well as affection, for his elegiac, have more power to “kindle" than to brother's memory, he has appreciated his character control,” and serve rather as wine to the far too well to think that it needs the concealment festive, or as an opiate to those in trouble, than as of infirmities from which the kindliest and most martial music, bracing us for the warfare of life. abundant natures are not always the most exempt, He had learned, however, to listen to another voice and the effects of which are impressed, for evil above, and along with, that of Nature ; and, for and for good, upon verse which the world will such discernment, he turns also in gratitude to his not willingly let die.” In making us acquainted father. (Vol. i., p. 111.),
In a strain not dissimilar, the same child was immense bodily strength, and though sufficiently addressed at six years old by the Bard of Rydal. exact in the discharge of his scholastic duties, yet
he evidently attached quite as much importance to O thou, whose fancies from afar are brought,
the healthful recreations and out-of-door life of his Who, of thy words, dost make a mock apparel,
scholars, as to their progress in Greek and Latin. And fittest to unutterable thought The breeze-like motion and the self-born carol;
Morbidly shy, he shrank from mixing in society,
and in his walks would as soon have met a lion as Thou fairy voyager ! that dost float In such clear water, that thy boat
a lady in his path . He had the very soul of May rather seem
honor, and carried with him in every word and To brood on air then on an earthly stream.
gesture the evidence of a manly and cordial nature.”
From the lessons of this hardy northern Ilartley After the lapse of many a chequered year these Coleridge derived at least as much benefit as from verses retained their applicability, and were forci- the Greek Grammar composed for him by his bly brought back tv the memory even of strangers, father-a monument of paternal affection and induswho chanced to mark the subject of them as he iry, not a little characteristic; beginning as it does paced irregularly about, with a vague grace, caught with a philosophic disclaimer of philosophy, proin some siream of thought-with feel that seemed ceeding io the complexities of gender and case, and almost unable to keep their hold of the ground, ex- ending with a pregnant essay on the connection tended arms, a glowing cheek, and an eye still between Idolatry and Atheism. It was a literary youthful, flashing beneath long white locks that curiosity, well worthy of preservation, and will floated on the air. Wordsworth also indulged in remind the reader of Milton's logico-poetical exerprophecy.
cise, which begins with “Ens” and “PredicaNature will either end thee quite ;
ment," and concludes with “Rivers arise !!! Or, lengthening out thy season of delight,
One of the chief advantages which Hartley Preserve for thee, by individual right,
Coleridge derived from his school-residence was, A young lamb's heart among the full-grown flocks. that it afforded him an opportunity of being much
in the society of Mr. Wordsworth. It was at this Half the promise was granted if the other half time also that at his beautiful seat, Elleray, he bewas scattered to the winds. The season of delight came acquainted with Professor Wilson, “ who conhad past away; but even when the autumnal pas- tinued to the last one of his kindest friends.": Sir tures had become flecked with patches of monitory George Beaumont and Mr. Basil Montague were also snow,
the young lamb's heari” remained. among his friends. His biographer remarks, “It The philosopher, whose metaphysical principles was so, rather than by a regular course of study, ended in the most advanced spiritualism, was, at that he was educated-by desultory reading, by the period of his son's birth, in the materialist the living voice of Coleridge, Southey and Wordsstage of his progress; and it was to the enthusiasm worth, Lloyd, Wilson, and De Quincey; and, with which he then regarded the speculations of again, by homely familiarity with town's folk and David Hartley, that thai son owed his name. He country folk of every degree; lastly, by daily reacquired at a very early date those habits of ab- curring hours of solitude-by lonely wanderings stract thought which characterized his boyhood, with the murmur of the Brathay in his ear.” At though apparently the system of the young psychol- a later period of his life he was described as
like ogist tended at least as much in the direction of the Wye, a wanderer through the woods.” At Berkeley as of Hartley. The following curious school he had much liberty. He never played with anecdote was preserved in a diary kept by Mr. the other boys, and probably never fought with Henry Crabbe Robinson :-" Hariley Coleridge, them. He was not sufficiently adroit for ordinary, when about five years old, was asked a question sports, and his uncle used to tell him that he had about himself being called Hartley. ( Which two left hands. In his lessons he was neither Hartley?' asked the boy. Why, is there more stupid nor unusually quick. He had no school than one Hartley? Yes,' he replied ; there's a friendships ; but his companions admired him for deal of Harileys.' • Ilow so?' There 's Picture his singularity, and loved him for the fascinating Hartley, (llazlitt had painted a portrait of him,) skill with which he told them tales.
His powers and Shadow Hartley; and there's Echo Hartley, in this respect seem to have equalled those of the and there's Catch-me-tast Hartley ;' at the same Sultana Scheherczade, though his aim was much time seizing his own arm with the other hand very less practical : eagerly-an action which shows that his mind
It was not by a series of tales, but by one continumust have been drawn to reflect on what Kant calls the great and inexplicable mystery, viz., that ous tale, regularly evolved, and possessing a real man should be both his own subject and object, and night after night, as we lay in bed ... during a
unity, that he enchained the attention of his auditors, that these two should be one. At the same early age," continued Coleridge, “ Hartley used to be in together. This enormous romance, far exceeding in
space of yeirs, and not unfrequently for hours agony of thought-puzzling himself about the length, I should suppose, the compositions of Calprereality of existence. As when soine one said to nede, Scudery, or Richardson, though delivered withhim, . It is not now; but it is to be.' But,' said out premeditation, had a progressive story with many he, if it is to be, it is.'” The relation of the turns and complications, with salient points recurring potential to the actual, we must grant to be a at intervals, with a suspended interest varying in somewhat hard riddle for a child of five years old. intensity, and occasionally wrought up to a very high
From the age of about seven, and during a large pitch, and at length a catastrophe and a conclusion. part of his boyhood, Hartley Coleridge resided
He spoke without hesitation, in language as with his uncle, Mr. Southey, at Keswick. In vivid as it was flowing: This power of improvisation 1808 he was placed with his brother at school at he lost, or conceived himself to lose, when he began Ambleside, under the care of the Rev. Mr. Dawes,
the practice of written composition. to whom Mr. Coleridge pays a just tribute of At a still earlier period, however, his marvellous respect :-"He was a man of lofty stature, and power of continuous narration had been yet more