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But the gallery which this Book offers to the reader wil aid him more than any preface. It is a royal Palace of Poetry which he is invited to enter:

Adparet domus intus, et atria longa patescunt

though it is, indeed, to the sympathetic eye only that its treasures will be visible.

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197 208 This beautiful lyric, printed in 1783, seems to antici pate in its imaginative music that return to our great early age of song, which in Blake's own lifetime was to prove,-how gloriously! that the English Muses had resumed their 'ancient melody':-Keats, Shelley, Byron,- he overlived them all.

199 210 stout Cortez: History would here suggest Balbóa: (A.T.) It may be noticed, that to find in Chapman's Homer the 'pure serene' of the original, the reader must bring with him the imagination of the youthful poet; he must be 'a Greek himself,' as Shelley finely said of Keats.

202 212

The most tender and true of Byron's smaller poems. 203 213 This poem exemplifies the peculiar skill with which Scott employs proper names :-a rarely misleading sign of true poetical genius.

213 226 Simple as Lucy Gray seems, a mere narrative of what has been, and may be again,' yet every touch in the child's picture is marked by the deepest and purest ideal character. Hence, pathetic as the situation is, this is not strictly a pathetic poem, such as Wordsworth gives us in 221, Lamb in 264, and Scott in his Maid of Neidpath,-'almost more pathetic,' as Tennyson once remarked, 'than a man has the right to be.' And Lyte's lovely stanzas (224) suggest, perhaps, the same remark.

222 235 In this and in other instances the addition (or the change) of a Title has been risked, in hope that the aim of the piece following may be grasped more clearly and immediately.

228 242 This beautiful Sonnet was the last word of a youth, in whom, if the fulfilment may ever safely be prophesied from the promise, England lost one of the most rarely gifted in the long roll of her poets. Shakespeare and Milton, had their lives been closed at twenty-five, would (so far as we know) have left poems of less excellence and hope than the youth who, from the petty school and the London surgery, passed at once to a place with them of high collateral glory.'

230 245

It is impossible not to regret that Moore has written so little in this sweet and genuinely national style. 231 246 A masterly example of Byron's command of strong

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thought and close reasoning in verse :-as the next is equally characteristic of Shelley's wayward intensity. 240 253 Bonnivard, a Genevese was imprisoned by the Duke of Savoy in Chillon on the lake of Geneva for his courageous defence of his country against the tyranny with which Piedmont threatened it during the first half of the Seventeenth century.-This noble Sonnet is worthy to stand near Milton's on the Vaudois massacre.

241 254

243 259

Switzerland was usurped by the French under Napoleon in 1800: Venice in 1797 (255).

This battle was fought Dec. 2, 1800, between the Austrians under Archduke John and the French under Moreau, in a forest near Munich. Hoher

Linden means High Limetrees.

247 262 After the capture of Madrid by Napoleon, Sir J. Moore retreated before Soult and Ney to Corunna, and was killed whilst covering the embarkation of his troops.

258 273

257 272 The Mermaid was the club-house of Shakespeare, Ben Jonson, and other choice spirits of that age. Maisie: Mary.-Scott has given us nothing more complete and lovely than this little song, which unites simplicity and dramatic power to a wild-wood music of the rarest quality. No moral is drawn, far less any conscious analysis of feeling attempted :the pathetic meaning is left to be suggested by the mere presentment of the situation. A narrow criticism has often named this, which may be called the Homeric manner, superficial, from its apparent simple facility; but first-rate excellence in it is in truth one of the least common triumphs of Poetry.This style should be compared with what is not less perfect in its way, the searching out of inner feeling, the expression of hidden meanings, the revelation of the heart of Nature and of the Soul within the Soul, -the analytical method, in short,-most completely represented by Wordsworth and by Shelley. 263 277 Wolfe resembled Keats, not only in his early death

264 278 265 280

266 281 270 283

by consumption and the fluent freshness of his
poetical style, but in beauty of character:-brave,
tender, energetic, unselfish, modest. Is it fanciful
to find some reflex of these qualities in the Burial
and Mary? Out of the abundance of the heart...
correi: covert on a hillside. Cumber: trouble.
This book has not a few poems of greater power and
more perfect execution than Agnes and the extract
which we have ventured to make from the deep-
hearted author's Sad Thoughts (No 224). But none
are more emphatically marked by the note of ex-
quisiteness.

st. 3 inch: island.

From Poetry for Children (1809), by Charles and Mary

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Lamb. This tender and original little piece seems clearly to reveal the work of that noble-minded and afflicted sister, who was at once the happiness, the misery, and the life-long blessing of her equally noble-minded brother.

278 289 This poem has an exultation and a glory, joined with an exquisiteness of expression, which place it in the highest rank among the many masterpieces of its illustrious Author.

289 300 interlunar swoon: interval of the moon's invisibility.

294 304

295 305

Calpe: Gilbraltar. Lofoden: the Maelstrom whirlpool off the N. W. coast of Norway.

This lovely poem refers here and there to a ballad by Hamilton on the subject better treated in 163 and 164.

307 315 Arcturi: seemingly used for northern stars, An I wild roses, &c. Our language has perhaps no line modulated with more subtle sweetness.

308 316 Coleridge describes this poem as the fragment of a dream-vision,-perhaps, an opium-dream?—which composed itself in his mind when fallen asleep after reading a few lines about the Khan Kubla' in Purchas' Pilgrimage.

312 318

320 321

321

Ceres' daughter: Proserpine. God of Torment:
Pluto.

The leading idea of this beautiful description of a
day's landscape in Italy appears to be-On the voyage
of life are many moments of pleasure, given by the
sight of Nature, who has power to heal even the
worldliness and the uncharity of man.

1. 23 Amphitrite was daughter to Ocean. 325 322 1. 21 Maenad: a frenzied Nymph, attendant on Dionysos in the Greek mythology. May we not call this the most vivid, sustained, and impassioned amongst all Shelley's magical personifications of Nature?

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1. 5 Plants under water sympathize with the seasons of the land, and hence with the winds which affect them.

Each

327 323 Written soon after the death, by shipwreck, of Wordsworth's brother John. This poem may be profitably compared with Shelley's following it. is the most complete expression of the innermost spirit of his art given by these great Poets :-of that Idea which, as in the case of the true Painter, (to quote the words of Reynolds,) 'subsists only in the mind: The sight never beheld it, nor has the hand expressed it it is an idea residing in the breast of the artist, which he is always labouring to impart, and which he dies at last without imparting.' the Kind: the human race. 331 327 the Royal Saint: Henry VI.

328

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st. 4 this folk: its has been here plausibly but, perhaps, unnecessarily, conjectured. Every one knows the general story of the Italian Renaissance, of the Revival of Letters From Petrarch's day to our own, that ancient world has renewed its youth: Poets and artists, students and thinkers, have yielded themselves wholly to its fascination, and deeply penetrated its spirit. Yet perhaps no one more truly has vivified, whilst idealising, the picture of Greek country life in the fancied Golden Age, than Keats in these lovely (if somewhat unequally executed) stanzas:

his quick imagination, by a kind of 'natural magic, more than supplying the scholarship which his youth had no opportunity of gaining.

C.

105 134 These stanzas are by Richard Verstegan (-c. 1635) a poet and antiquarian, published in his rare Odes (1601), under the title Our Blessed Ladies Lullaby, and reprinted by Mr. Orby Shipley in his beautiful Carmina Mariana (1893). The four stanzas here given form the opening of a hymn of twenty-four.

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349 341

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ADDITIONAL POEMS

Second Half of the Nineteenth Century.

Walter Savage Landor (1775-1864) is better known as a prose writer of classical taste and graceful style, than as a poet, though many critics consider him a master of the lighter forms of English verse. His most famous work is "Imaginary Conversations," written between 1824 and 1829. The lines here given are from his latest work "The last Fruit of an old Tree,' written when Landor was nearly four-score, and the strife of his youth had become a memory. Rose Aylmer. This poem was first published in 1806. Rose Aylmer was of the family of Lord Aylmer in Wales. The lines may fitly rank with Wordsworth's She dwelt among the untrodden ways and Browning's Evelyn Hope.

To Robert Browning. This graceful tribute was published in 1846, when Browning was fiftyseven and Landor seventy-one. The allusion to warmer climes in line ten refers to Browning's removal to Italy, where he resided until the death of Mrs. Browning in 1861.

350 344 Rondeau. Henry James Leigh Hunt (17841859) is, like Landor, more renowned as a prose writer, especially as an essayist, than as a poet, though he is the author of many poems of high merit. This poem is not strictly a rondeau, which should have ten, or sometimes thirteen, lines, with but two rhymes, and with the opening words twice repeated.

350 345 Three Men of Gotham. Thomas Love Peacock, who, like Lamb, was a clerk, afterwards an official, in the East India Company, was the author of several novels, from one of which, 'Nightmare Abbey," this song is taken. Gotham is a village on the Trent, in Nottinghamshire, from which, tradition says:

"Three Wise Men of Gotham
Went to sea in a bowl;

If the bowl had been stronger
My song had been longer."

351 346 Robert Stephen Hawker (1803-1875) was Vicar of Morwinstow in Cornwall. Sir Jonathan Trelawny, who was of an ancient family and much loved by the Cornish men, was one of

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