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majority and are printed, postponed, or considered in the same manner. Their effect seems to be to serve as a basis for amendments to be moved in the resolutions proposed by the majority. It has been usual, although not strictly parliamentary, in popular assemblies, when there are two reports, to move that the report of the minority be adopted. Such a motion is only admissible on the ground that it is to be viewed as a motion for a substitute, by way of amendment to the report of the majority. If such a motion is adopted, its effect is the change of the character of the majority report, and the adoption of the report as so amended. But at this stage a motion might be made to lie on the table, to commit, or to postpone. In a word, the report of a minority can only be treated as any other amendment to that of the majority.

Mackey's Parliamentary Law, pp. 190 and 191.

Minority of a committee has no right to make a report, but can only express its views by dissenting from the report of the majority.

Speaker Fish, Assembly Journal, 1896, p. 1390.

The common practice is to permit the minority to submit their views in writing, which are usually considered with the majority report. When such views are accompanied by a resolution or bill, such resolution or bill is not thereby brought before the house for its action, but must be submitted by some member.

Congressional Manual, 1838, p. 337.
So held by Lt.-Gov. Woodruff, Senate
Journal, 1898, p. 240.

One more observation is necessary. The report of the minority does not, I think, so adhere, in parliamentary phrase, to that of the majority, that a vote to lay the former on the table would carry the latter with it. It is one of the exceptions to the general rule, that what

ever adheres to the subject of a motion goes to the table with it.

Mackey's Parliamentary Law, pp. 190 and 191.
Speaker Fish, Assembly Journal, 1896, p. 1390.
Lt. Gov. Woodruff, Senate Journal, 1898, p. 230.

RULES. To suspend.- If a motion to suspend the rules for a particular purpose is decided in the negative, there can be no reconsideration of the vote, nor is any second motion to suspend the rules for the same purpose in order on the same day unless the motion is varied in its terms, or is for a different time, or unless some intervening business takes place; but a second suspension for the same purpose is in order on a different day, and a vote to suspend the rules may be reconsidered. Cushing, p. 1487.

The practice in the Senate is in contradiction of the foregoing.

See Senate Journal, 1896, p. 551.

A motion to suspend the rules is not debatable.

Mell, par. 163.

A motion to suspend the rule can be made either under the order of business in which the matter proposed to be advanced stands, or under the head of motions and resolutions.

Speaker Cole, Legislative Record, 1888, p. 500.

SPECIAL ORDERS. To make a special order requires a two-thirds vote. The same to postpone and rescind. Roberts, p. 97.

When there are two special orders for the same day, the first must be disposed of before the second is taken up. Warrington, p. 72.

SPECIAL SESSIONS. When the house is in special

session for a special purpose no other business is in order, even by unanimous consent.

This principle is recognized in the Constitution, article 4, section 4, which reads: At extraordinary sessions no subject shall be acted upon, except such as the governor may recommend for consideration.

TABLE. Negative and affirmative vote to lie on the. A negative vote on a motion to lie on the table may be reconsidered.

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If a motion to reconsider be laid on the table, the latter vote cannot be reconsidered.

Barclay's Digest, p. 134.

VOTES.-Change of. In a legislative body no member is allowed, under any circumstance, to vote or change his vote after the result is announced by the chair. Under such circumstances, a member, if he desires to have his opinion known, may, if allowed, have a statement put upon the journal as to the way he would have voted. Warrington, p. 25.

-Tie.- When there is a tie vote the motion fails unless the chair gives his vote in the affirmative. Where his vote will make a tie, he can cast it, and thus defeat the measure. Roberts, p. 94.

EXPLANATION OF TABLE,

This table is intended to answer the question in the vertical column during the pendency of the motion in the horizontal column, e. g.: Amend. Amend (can you amend an amendment)? Yes. Adjourn. Amend (can you amend a motion to adjourn)? No, etc.

The x means yes; the o, no. The figures refer to the foot notes: (The Reviser is indebted to Hon. Thomas B. Reed and Messrs. Rand, McNally & Co., his publishers, for permission to use the folowing table, with such changes as were made necessary by difference in procedure in the House of Representatives and the Legislature.)

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Commit to Committee of the Whole
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Commit to a Sanding Committee

MODIFICATIONS.

1. But a motion to lay an appeal on the table will cut off debate, and if carried will sustain the chair.

2. Does not open the main question to discussion.

8. Opens main question to discussion, because decision in the affirmative is a final negative to the whole proposition.

4. A negative vote to lay on the table may be reconsidered.

Division of question

Lay on table

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