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AN ACCOUNT OF ITS SETTLEMENT, GROWTH, DEVELOPMENT AND RESOURCES; AN EXTENSIVE AND
MINUTE SKETCH OF ITS CITIES, TOWNS AND VILLAGES—THEIR IMPROVEMENTS, INDUSTRIES,
MANUFACTORIES, CHURCHES, SCHOOLS AND SOCIETIES; ITS WAR RECORD, BIOGRAPH-
ICAL SKETCHES, PORTRAITS OF PROMINENT MEN AND EARLY SETTLERS;
THE WHOLE PRECEDED BY A HISTORY OF WISCONSIN, STATISTICS

OF THE STATE, AND AN ABSTRACT OF ITS LAWS AND CON-

STITUTION AND OF THE CONSTITUTION

OF THE UNITED STATES.

I L L U S T R A T E D.

CHICAGO:
WESTERN HISTORICAL COMPANY

MDCCCLXXX,

PUBLIC LIBRARY
STO

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ASTOR, LENOX AND
TILDEN FOUNDATIONS.
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PREFACE,

a

IT
T is with no little pride that the publishers present this work to the citizens of Sauk County,

knowing that, with whatever inaccuracies it may be found to contain, it will prove one of the most valuable books ever added to their libraries. It is a book wholly unlike any other ever published, being exclusively for and concerning the people of this county, and is of such size, completeness and comprehensiveness as could never have been furnished had the community • been less advanced in civilization, culture and wealth than it now is.

The index shows what the book attempts to preserve. That it contains errors it would be foolish to deny; for the very nature of all historical publications, depending as they do upon oft-repeated and oft-mangled stories, imperfect newspaper accounts, and memories weakened by the toils and sorrows of many decades, renders perfect accuracy absolutely impossible. However, let the public take these prefatory remarks as a pledge that the publishers have spared no means, and the historian no labor or patience, to make every account as nearly perfect as possible. And let every reader remember, also, as he notes the contents of the hundreds of subjects the book contains, that, wherever the historian has been led in the least astray, it was due to the citizens of Sauk County, for whom the work was undertaken, and from whom he obtained the least and the greatest of the facts necessary in its compilation.

To those who have taken particular pains to aid in making this a valuable book sincere thanks are here returned ; and, as years roll on, and the work becomes more and more cherished and valuable, the thanks of the future will be still more sincere than ours; sincere not only, but universal.

WESTERN HISTORICAL SOCIETY.

CONTENTS.

.....208
...........210

.233

PAGE.

PAGE.

PAGL.

Antiquities ..

19 | Educational :

Commerce and Manufactures :

Indian Tribes.....

21 Township System......

146 Dairy Products...............

.203

Pre-Territorial Annals...

29 Free High Schools........

..147

Pork and Beef.. .............

..203

Wisconsin Territory..

41 School Offices

147 Hops......

.204

Wisconsin as a State....

62 State Teachers' Certificates.

..147 Tobacco-Cranberries.

.205

First Administration....

52 Teachers' Associations....

...148 Liquors

.205

Second Administration........

57 Libraries ......

...148

Miscellaneous...

206

Third Administration....

69

State Superintendents.

...148

Water Powers.....

206

Fourth Administration......

62 College Sketches......

..149 Manufactures....

.208

Fifth Administration......

64 Female Colleges.....

...150 Conclusion.

Sixth Administration....

66 Academies and Seminaries..

..151 The Public Domain.

Seventh Administration....

67 Commercial Schools.

.151 Health ....

.230

War of Secession Commenced. 69 Agriculture....

..151 Geographical Position.

..230

Eighth Administration.........

76 Mineral Resources.

...162 Physical Features....

.230

Ninth Administration.......

85 Lead and Zinc......

..162 Geology...

.231

Statistics of Volunteers................ 90 Iron.....

....165 Drainage

.232

Tenth Administration............

92 Copper....

..168 Climatology..

.232

Eleventh Administration

93 Gold and Silver...

...168 Rain Character.................

Twelfth Administration....

94 Brick Clays.......

...168 Isotherms ....

.234

Thirteenth Administration..

97 Cement Rock....

..170

Barometrical ........

234

Fourteenth Administration....

99 Limestone-Glass Sand...

.171 Winds......

235

Fifteenth Administration.....

104 Peat-Building Stones.

..172 Climatological Changes from Settling

Sixteenth Administration.

.109 Railroads.

..173

in the State..

.235

Topography and Geology..

.110 Chicago, Milwaukee & St. Paul......... .173 Influence of Nationalities...

237

The Archæan Age.....

.112 Chicago & Northwestern....

.....176

Occupations-Food-Education, etc...... 238

Paleozoic Time-Silurian Age. .115 Wisconsin Central.....

..178

History of Disease.....

238

Devonian Age...
.119 Western Union.....

..179 Ratio of Sickness, Ft. Howard and Win-

Glacial Period..

.120 West Wisconsin..

.180 pebago....

.......................239

Climatology....

.....121

Milwaukee, Lake Shore & Western ..180 Education of the Blind................. .241

Trees, Shrubs and Vines......

.128 Green Bay & Minnesota...

..181 Institute of Deaf and Dumb.......... 241

Fauna....

..........134 Wisconsin Valley.....

Industrial School for Boys.......... 242

Fish and Fish Culture...

.134 Sheboygan & Fond du Lac.. ......181 State Prison..

.242

Large Animals—Time of their Disap-

Mineral Point....

....182 State Hospital for the Insane...............242

pearanco.....

.138 Madison & Portage..

...182 Northern Hospital for the Insane.... ..243

Peculiarities of the Bird Fauna....... .139 North Wisconsin.

..183 City of Milwaukee...........

Educational

.140 Prairie du Chien & McGregor............183 Health Resorts.........

.244

Original School Code.....

....140 Chippewa Falls & Western

...183

Change of Diseases.......

246

Agitation for Free Schools..

.141 Narrow Gauge....

.183 Pulmonary Diseases....

.248

School System under State Govern-

Conclusion.

.184 Statistics

.249

ment...

.141 Lumber .....

Population, 1875, of Townships, Alpha-

School Fund Income.......

.142 Banking...

.191

betically Arranged by Counties. ...249

State University....

.143 Commerce and Manufactures..

...198

Population by Counties.....

.258

Agricultural College....

.144 Furs

...199 Nativity by Counties.......

..259

Normal Schools....

.144 Lead and Zinc-Iron....

.200

Valuation of Property..

..260

Teachers' Institutes.

.146 Lumber............

............ 201

Acreage of Principal Crops.

..261, 262

Graded Schools....

.146 Grain

202

......181

.243

..185

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266 Jurisdiction of Courts.
Damages for Trespass...

279 'Jurors....

.278
...278

PAQк.

Wisconsin State Constitution....

U.S. Constitution.....................

MISCELLANEOUS.

PAGE.

PAGE.

.287 Vote of Wisconsin for Governor and Presi-

.297 dent...........................................306-307

Population of the State..........

.....348

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