« ПретходнаНастави »
in proportion to the strength of the effort that is made., The misfortune, on this subject, is, that hitherto wit, and talents have generally appeared in favour of vice. This may be owing to a common infirmity of human nature ; a dispofition to em. brace or reject altogether a set of principles or opinions which: in general it approves or disapproves. Suicide is a crime according to the doctrines and sentiments of all the Chriftian churches. With those who, on whatever principles, have renounced Chrifa tianity, it has been very much the custom to oppose that system, at all points; and particularly to adopt the opinion that suicide is allowable, and even in some cases a duty. Those who have set themselves to controvert this opinion, have very absurdly done it on the principles of the Christian religion, which their . antagonists do not acknowledge, and those who defend it, de fend it on principles which Christians affect to defpise. They may thus fight on to eternity; without even coming to blows: a common practice among theological and moral disputants. · The Author before us is a believer ; and he argues accord ingly. This would be very proper, if Christians held a con.. trary opinion. But, as this is not the case, we apprehend it is so much · labour loft. He however ventures manfully on the enemy's ground; and is not afraid to take up the weapons of philosophy and reason. We have seen them better wielded ; but we commend him for his courage; he cannot help his want of strength.-He creats his subject in the following manner :
After having defined suicide, he lhews that a man ought not. to dispose of a life which he has received from God, without HIS leave; and that God has not given any such leave. He then considers the evils which result from the nature of things, Thews wherein they are useful ;, and strenuously combats che opinion, that they, in any case, imply a permission from God, to put an end to our lives.-After labouring this point through feveral chapters, he-considers the instincts of Nature and the judgments of reason as always leading us to preserve and not to destroy ourselves. This brings him to the pretensions of those fects of philosophers who countenanced or allowed of suicide ; reserving however his main strength for some modern apologies which are thought to have done credit to this practice. The firit of these, is the famous apology for suicide in the 74th of The Persian Letters; the second is, an apology of the same kind in The System of Nature; and the latt is an argument advanced in the celebrated Nouvelle Heloise. We shall give the Reader some part of what the Author has here urged against Mr. Rousseau.
In the 21st letter of the third volume of Eloisa, the Au. thor reduces the question concerning suicide to this fundamental proposition: “ To seek good, and to avoid evil, in that which does not injure another, is a right of nature. When life
is an evil to us, and a good to ino other person, we 'may then get rid of it. If there be in the world a miaxim evident and certain, I think it is this ; and if it is to be overturned, there is no human action, which cannot be made out to be a crime." : · Mr. Dumas, admits the principle; but denies the consen quence. "The principle, says he, is incontestable, if by ange. ther we understand not any of our fellow-creatures only, but also the Deity. For, though God cannot be offended in the faine manner as man, he is offended in a manner. peculiar to himself, when his creatures, whom he has made intelligent and free, dare to encroach on his rights, to disobey his will, to oppose his views ; to do, in defiance of himn what is repugnant to nature, to reason, to conscience ; what dishonours themselves, and destroys in them that union between foul and body which God himfelf has formed. This conduct is offensa five to him; not that it makes him suffer, or does him any hurt; but as it violates that order of which he is the Source, and, as it were, the Guardian ; degrades and defaces in mạn the work of his hands, of which he is jealous; and of which he alone ought to dispose ; as it is an ingratitude towards him; a contempt of his benefits, a rebellion against the laws of his Providence, and an usurpation of hiş Divine authority over his crcatures.' .
In this manner our Author confiders this celebrated letter, by single propositions and arguments. He then gives Lord B's answer to the whole ; which many of our Readers will think more to the purpose than all our Author's declamation.
On the whole, this book is well intended, and contains many good things; but it is not likely to be much read by the ada mirers of the Lettres Per fannes, the Systeme de la Nature, or the Nouvelle Heloise.
A Ř T. XVI. L'Ami de L'Humanité ; ou, Lettre d'un François établi à Londres i un de
Jes Amis en France. The Friend of Humanity; or, a Letter from 'a Frenchman in London to one of his Friends in France. London.
De Lormę. 1773. D VERY performance that tends to promote a spirit of uni
ử versal benevolence, to remove religious prejudices, to foften the asperity of party zeal, to weaken the influence of bigotry, and to unite mankind in the bonds of social affection, (how much. foever they may differ in their sentiments spon contraverted points) is entitled to the candid acceptance of this Public, although the writer may not have the philofophy of a Bayie, or the eloquence of a Voltaire. The Author of this Letrer poflefles what may prove eqaally effectual with many
readers,-the fimplicity and earneftness of an honest, wellmeaning, and intelligent man.
AR TXVII. ANOAMONIOT AEZIKON. Apollonii Sophifta Lexicon Græcum Iliadis
a Odylza, Primus e Codice Manufcripto Sangermanensi in lucem vindicavit, innumeris repurgavit mendis, allegata Homeri, et aliorum Poetarum, Loca distinxit, indicavit, notis atque Animadverfionibus perpetuis illuftravit, et verfionem Larinam adjecit, Johannes Bap. tista Casparus D'Anse De Villoison, Regia Infiriptionum atque Humaniorum Literarum Academiæ Parifienfis Socius. Cum Prolegomenis,
Indicibus Auctorum et Vocum Homericarum, ac movem Tabulis Æneis, - in quibus omnes Codices Manufcripti Literarum Forme et Compendia,
atqüe amplum bujufce Scriptura Specimen, repræfentantur-Accedit, præter multa, bucufque inedita, Philemonis Grammatici Fragmenta, tertij Iliadis Libri profaica metaphrafis Græca, e dwbus Codicibus Regiis ab eodem nunc primum eruta, cum notulis, et variantibus Leco tionibus, Metaphrafisque et tertii Iliadis Libri.-- Apollonius's Lexicon Homeriçum, &c. By J. B. Caspar, of the Academy of Inscriptions
and Belles Lettres. 2 Vols. 4to. Paris. 1773. T EXICONS exclusively adapted to particular books are of L fingular utilicy in facilitating the business of learning, and expediting the progress of the Tyro. But as this is their principal end, it is frequently to be regretted that their bulk is fo enormously and unnecessarily swelled. The Lexicon Homericum of Apollonius might, in a proper size, have made a very useful school-book ; but in its present forni, we appreHend, it will be of no general use. Men of learning wanted no tranflation of the Greek fcholiast, and thefe volumes are too mighty for school-boys. Their only proper receptacles are the public libraries, to which the learning they contain sufficiently recommends them.
A RT. XVIII. Pictionnaire raisonnè univer fel de Matiere Médicale, concernant les Vé.
gétaux, les Animaux et les Mineraux qui font d'Usage en Médicine ; leurs Desiriprions, leurs Analyses, leurs Vertus, leurs Propriétés, &c. recuellies de Manuscrits originaux, et des meilleurs Auteurs anciens et modernes, tant étrangers que de actre Pays; avec une Table raiforneè de tous les noms que chaque pays a donnés aux mêmes Végétaux, Animaux et Mineraux.-An Universal Dictionary, &c. 8vo. 4 Vols. Paris. 1773. T HE title of this work is sufficient to thew what is con
tained in it; and, as to its merit, we need only say, that the medical reader will find it an useful and valuable performance.
AR T. XIX. . Whs aux Gens de la Campagne ; ou Traité, des Maladies les plus corpo munes ; avec des Objervarions sur les causes de Maladies du Peuple, fur l Abus des Remedes et des Alimens dont il fait Usage, et fur ceux qu'il doit employer pour se quérir des Malasies aux quelles il est le plus * exposé, quand il n'est pas à portée d'avoir le secours d'un Médecir,
Ouvrage très-utile aux Pasteurs, Chirurgiens, et Gens de la Cami pagne. - Advice to Country People ; or, a Treatise concerning the ·mott common Diftempers; with Observations on their Causes, Re. medies, &c. By M. Didelot. 12mo, Paris.. 1773. . T HE great utility of a work of this kind, by a person of
I knowledge, judgment, and experience, is sufficiently ob, vious.-The celebrated M. Tissot, we are credibly informed, speaks of this Avis in terms of the warmest approbation, which, to say the least, is a very strong presumption in its favour,
** We are obliged to a friendly Correspondent for the foregoing little Article.
ART. XX. Elémens de Littérature, Extraits de Cours de Belles-Lettres de M. L'Abbè
Batteux. Par un Profeffiur.--The Elements of Literature, &c. 12mo. 2 Vols. Paris. 1773.
HIS is a very clear, diftinét, and judicious abridgment of 1 the Cours de Belles-Lettres by Abbè Batteux. The Abridger has added several reflections borrowed from celebrated writers, together with some observations concerning the state of litera, ture in England, Germany, Italy, &c.
MONTHLY CATALOGU E, For F E B.RU A RY, 1774.
PoeTICAL. Art. 21. An Heroic Poffcript to the Public, occasioned by their
favourable Reception of a late Heroic Epiftle to Sir William Chama
• Now to the Public cunes his grateful lais,
Warm’d too with mem'ry of that golden time,
When Almon gave him reason for his rhyme. Glad are we to learn that this hitherto “ careless pen,' waits but a proper call to more serious employment; and that the Writer
"mis, and means to be his country's friend.
With Chinese gardens, and with Chinese courts : sii. See Review for April last, p. 314.
But if that country claim a graver strain,
Fit garbage for the hell-hound, Infamy.'
4to. 6 d. Robinson, &c. 1774. A compliment to the Northampton family; and not inelegant, Art. 23. Female Artifice; or, Charles F-x outwitted. 4to. I s.
Ridley.' 1774. The story of this poetical narrative discloses the manner in which Mr. F- was duped by the noted Mrs. G- , who, it is here said, found means to persuade him that she could procure him a young Weff-Indian wife, with a fortune of 160,000 l. The Author declare's that' every the minuteft circumstance has a foundation in truth; that there are no flowers of invention, no embellishments of poetical fancy; but that all the particulars are related with the very fame degree of precision (he wishes he could add, with the same portion of bumour) that Mr. C. F-x relates them himself.' We are inclined to credit the whole of this declaration, because we find that one part of it is ftri&ly true, viz. that there are " no flowers of invention, no embellishments of poetical fancy,' in this performance.
... Admitting, by the way, the truth of this tale, if Authors and Printers will be blabbing such anecdotes, where is the wonder that Mr. F. was so severe upon them, in certain late debates about a scandalous Letter : vid. Art. 30. of this month's Catalogue. Art. 24. The Search after Happiness; a pastoral Drama. The
Third Edition. 8vo. 1 s. 6 d. Cadell, 1773. It is with pleasure we see our opinion of Miss More's ingenious poém confirmed by the public approbation, in the demand of a third edicion: and we attend to it a second time on account of a very spirited epilogue which is now added to it, and which was spoken when it was performed by a set of young ladies; an exercise we would by áll mcans recommend, as the piece is entirely calculated to make
t the author M oburn, a cleronman; formerly a Priest in Ireland.