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..A vein of pointed fatire runs through the whole work; and though it is often judiciously applied, and with much wit, particu. Early against modern writers of novels and romances, yet it seems to be so much the Author's favourite turn, that three or four different Itrokes of it are frequently.complicated and thrown together in the fame sentence. This unavoidably creates confusion, and periods of an immoderate length, a defect, which we have taken the liberty to correct as much as polible in the translation.
' Although the story is professedly borrowed from a Greek manu. fcript, yet there are many allusions in it to modern, customs, man. ners, and writings, which take off in a great measure from the antique cast that ought to have been uniformly preserved through the whole. The Author indeed apologizes for these in the preface; but the neceflity of such an apology had better been avoided; for we appre. hend that he' either wished to save himself the trouble of correcting those passages, or that his turn for satire induced him rather to lessen the dignity of his subject, than to omit any opportunity of indulging this propensity.'
As the Tranlator's impartiality has led him to take notice of the Night imperfection pointed out in the last paragraph of the foregoing extract, he very honestly proceeds to censure his Author for certain careless expressions, and an indelicacy in some of his allusions, which, as he observes, we should not have expected in so elegant a Writer ; but we think there is, in this work, a defect of more importance than any of those which he has noticed. A romance, or a novel, like other fables, usually ends with a moral deduction, and it is proper that this should always be the case, not only because the moral is the main object and end of the piece, but because the farewell impression left on the Reader's mind when he closes the book, is generally that which strikes the deepest, and lasts the longest. Now, although the balance obviously inclines in favour of morality, throughout the whole of Agathon's history, there is no exemplary inference of this kind at the conclusion of the work ; for, there, the hero of the tale relapses (after his return to vire tue, in the third volume) into his misplaced love for a beautiful and highly accomplished courtezan, who had deluded and fasci. nated him in the early part of his youth, and of his adventures,
This, in the Author, is criminal; but he has also grossly violated the laws of female delicacy and decorum, by introducing this courtezan to the acquaintance and friendship of an amiable and virtuous lady, who certainly could not, consistently, at least, with our modern notions of honour, attach herself to such a person, without relinquishing all pretensions to reputation.
In justice to Mr. W, we must not, however, omit to acquaint our Readers, that he does not, in fact, appear to have intended the close of the fourth volume for the final completion of his design. On the contrary, be there talks of certain supplements and additions to the History; which may not be un
ways been moralo mance, portance
worthy the attention of the public, and which will give us a view of the opinions and conduct of the amiable Agathon, at fifty years old,
man, the Marthe Farmer, the Laws now in
Art. VI. The Farmer's Lawyer; or, Every Country Genilemän his own
Counsellor. Containing all the Laws now in Force that particolarly concern the Farmer, the Country Gentleman, the Clergy man, the Maltfter, the Hop-Planter, thé Carrier, or any other · Person whose Business or Amusements occasion him to reside chiefly in the Country, &c. By a Gentleman of Lincoln's Inn. 12mo, 3 s. 6 d. Kearsley; &c. ' 1774. A S this Gentleman of Lincoln's Inn seems disposed to parA cel out our laws into small compendiums for different ures (which is not an ill. scheme, if maturely executed, and not converted into hafty jobs) it is to be hoped he will be more careful in any performances of this kind now under contemplation, than he has been in those already published. His Compleat Parith Officer * was far from meriting that character; and his Farmer's Lawyer, will leave his client as ignorant as he found him with respect to many points on which he may have occasion to consult him, notwithitanding his liberal assurances of fupplying all the laws now in force pelating to-a specification too long to copy from the ample title-page. A farmer's lawyer is a definite term, and if judiciously executed might have answered the purpose both of the farmer and publisher ; but this Gentleman, in one duodecimo volume, assures us he has given us any (or every person's lawyer whose business or amusements occasion him to reside in the country! Alas, our laws cannot be so compactly epitomised, thar we should take a random assertion of this nature for a truth! But as the Farmer, the Country Gentleman, the Clergyman, the Maltfler, the Hop-planter, and the Carrier, are particularly mentioned, it may also be asked at random, whý no notice is taken of laws under the titles Advowfons, Bailiffs and Bailiwicks, Banks, Chaplains, Churches, Commons, Copyholds, Courts Baron and Leet, Fairs and Markets, Fences, Fens, First-Fruits and Tenths, Forefts, Freeholds, Husbandry and Husbandmen, Land-Tax, Leases, Militia, Mortgages, Parks, Poor's Ratę, Simony, Tenures, Trespass, &c. all which concern one or other of the three former rural stations ? .
Whatever may be thought or faid by such writers as the present nameless Compiler, the exposing the failures in their engagements affords no pleasure, apart from the care we endea. your to take not to deceive our Readers, who in this instance are no small number, by unfair representations ; 'and no author has a right to claim any tenderness of this kind. Let him fettle the point with his bookseller who happens to be deceived in the · · * Vid. Catalogụe for this month.
li non che classes conention to his labions prejudici disappointed
confidence he reposes"; and who is necessarily led to indemnify himself as well as he can. Unhappily the discredit of such conduct extends to literature in general, and affects the first proposals of the most accurate writer on any subject ; a disappointed purchaser naturally forming conclufions prejudicial to every author who folicits attention to his labours. ..'?''. 1. Even the classes contained in this performance, are neither full nor correct. Under Cyder we have regulations for making malt, from the last act, 'which the Author afterward, under Malt, owns to be $6 unnaturally blended” with cyder. Under the title Game, the penalties for killing game in the night, or on Sunday, are recited from the 10 Geo. III. c. 19. wbich was repealed by the 13 Geo. III. c. 80. The provisions relating to black and red game are taken from the 2 Geo. III. c. 19. though that act, so far as it related to those species, of game, was re. pealed by 13 Geo. III. c. 55. These acts 13 Geo. III. c. 55. and c. 80. do indeed by a strange instance of carelessness, tendo ing to confound the reader, follow the obsolete matter; and it is to be noted, in general, that recen, acts, not already abridged by others, are given at large without aistract, the formal enacting words beginning the clauses, excepted: by which easy means the book is unnecessarily swelled with little trouble to the Compiler.
The laws relating to Hay and Straw are quoted from the act 2 W. & M. c. 8. which reference appears to govern the whole; though the greatest part of what is there said is taken from the 31 Geo. II. C. 40. by which means the reader who may wish to consult the original act more carefully, is misled in his search, and left without a guide to set him right. . : Under Hemp, one only circumstance is mentioned, viz. the penalty on watering it in streams or ponds where cattle are watered ; although there are several other laws relating to fax and hemp, necessary to be known by, persons concerned in those articles.
Under title Horfes, there is no mention of the statute relating to the exportation of them, and the duty to be paid on fending them abroad; nor of the regulations for horse-racing, which most country gentlemen would 'wish to know, as racing is at this time fo seriously pursued by the gentlemen of the turf. .
Laws relating to the grinding corn and malt, are. indeed given under the article Miller ; but those'lly knaves are not told the penalty they are subject to if they fell four for making ftandard wheaten' bread, of a different quality from that prefcribed by the late bread act. "
It had not perhaps been worth while to enter into these instances of careless composition, were it not sometimes needful to guard against common-plate invectives, which are generally ready
when the writers of superficial books are summarily dismissed, without evidence teing produced to enable the Public to judge of the verdict given against them. As to the hafty Compiler of the present performance, whatever he may now deem of the foregoing hints, they may hereafter, perhaps, be made to answer a purpose, to which the Reviewers will have no objedion..
ART. VII. The Irenarch; or, Justice of the Peace's Manual. Addressed
to the Gentlemen in the Commission of the Peace for the County of Leicester. By a Gentleman of the Commission. To which is prefixed, a Dedication to Lord Mansfield, by another Hand. 8vo. 2 s. Payne. 1774.wo. To begin regularly with this excellent pamphlet, the un
I commonly expanded dedication to the Chief Justice of the Court of King's Bench claims the first notice ; though the reader's attention will finally reft on the tract before which it is placed: the latter being of standing utility, while the former is only of temporary importance; the one respecting the welfare of the whole body of the nation, the other only regarding the character of an individual ;-an individual indeed of no trilling şelation to the Public, considering his station and his power. The declared purpose of this address is thus expressed :
• It was not so much meant for a dedication to your Lordship, as for a vehicle to convey certain hints to the Public, under the auspices and sanction of your Lordship's name. Hints will suffice for the purpose here in view : which is, not to 'treat things in detail and ac large, but only to touch them in a summary way; not so much to teach men any thing of which they are ignorant, as to remind them of what they know. Under this idea, and upon this plan, let me be borne patiently, while I mention a few of those articles, which are şeckoned among our grievances in the law; and which have fomewhat unsettled your Lordship in the affections of the English.' : .. (This is artfully done by commenting on the several charges exhibited in Junius's celebrated letter to Lord M. from which charges the Dedicator would seem willing to exculpate his Lordship; though it is probable the personage addressed will not hold himself under any greater obligation for the matter of the defence, than for the manner of thus refreshing the memory of the Public with respect to these accusations against him. ::
The Writer is undoubtedly a man of abilities, and of extenfive reading; which latter qualification he seems no less disposed to display throughout, than sufficiently to value himself upon, at the close of his address. Beside our wish not to enter into the personality of this dedication, it is too far extended for us to include any satisfactory view of it, in a short extract; we shall therefore only produce, as a detached specimen, what he fays on a subject of general import, the liberty of the press :
• As to the liberty of the press, Junius calls it “ the palladium of all the civil, political, and religious rights of an Englishman," to which I readily affent; and he contends, that " no particular abuses ought, in reason and equity, to produce a general forfeiture, or to. abolish the use of it." I thall lose no time in descanting, whether they ought or ought not : persuaded am I sincerely, that, if our present - manners hold, they most assuredly will : for, as a certain writer has
said very truly, “ never did an envenomed fcurrility against every thing sacred and civil, public and private, rage throughout the kingdom with such a furious and unbridled licence." But take warning, my good countrymen ; and deceive not yourselves," When the press ridicules openly and barefacedly the most revered and fundamental doctrines of religion: when the press, in political matters, attacks persons without any regard to things, or perhaps sometimes attacks things for the sake of abusing persons: when the press not only wantonly assaults the first characters in church and state, but even sacrifices the peace and quiet of private families to the sport and entertainment of an ill-natured public :-and is it not notorious, that all this has been, and daily is, done ?-then, I say, this noble, reafonable, and manly liberty is degenerated into a base, unwarrants able, cruel licentiousness; and this licentiousness, determine as logically, and contend as loudly, as you please, will, by an unavoid. able consequence, flowing from the nature and conftitution of things, sooner or later bring about its destruction. Things are so formed, that extremes must ever beget, and, prepare the way for; extremes: Abuses of every thing must destroy the use of every thing: and if the people grow licentious and ungovernable, it is as natural, perhaps as necessary, for their rulers to increase their restraint, and abridge their liberty, as for an horse-breaker to tighten the reins, in propora tion as his steed shall new an impatience to be managed.
• It has been said, that without freedom of thought there can be no such thing as wisdom, nor any such thing as liberty without freedom of speech : and, because the latter is true in a qualified sense, and under certain limitations, the authority of Tacitus has been abfurdly and even ftupidly obtruded, as a warrant to take off all re. ftraint, and allow ourselves an unbounded license, as well in speak, ing as in thinking. “ Rare and happy times, says he, when a man may think what he will, and speak what he thinks :" rara temporum felicitas, ubi sentire quæ velis, et qua sentias dicere, licet : Rare and happy times indeed? But pray, dear Gentlemen, what times were those, or who has read of any times, when men were not at liberty to think as they would ? A man may think as be pleases in the worst times, as well as in the best, because Thought, as is commonly said, is at all times free : but can a man at any time, or under any government, even the best, be allowed the liberty of Speaking what be pleajes, of communicating himself up to the standard of his ideas May every man speak of every man, what, for instance, the spleen of humour, or the caprice of imagination, shall happen to suggeft? My Lord, these people know as little of Tacitus, as they do of Soa çiety, and what it will bear. “ If life remains, says he, I have referved, for the employment of my old age, the reign of the deified Nerva, with ghat of the Emperor Trajan ; 4 work more copiops, as