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With men: This is a faithful faging and worlby of all accepiasion, that lefus Christ came into the world to save finners, Tim. 1. 1. How much is the Church (in the Canticles) affected with the Javour of bis precious ointment!
O how much more precious then gold, more delightful thea all the rivers of Carnall pleasures, is that Oyl of gladnesle where. with the Son of God was a noinied : anointed to become the Sa. viour of my sinsul soul!
Solomon Speakes of Oyl which did give a cheerfull countenance, sure I am, if there be any thing which can revive the heart of a drooping Ginner, which can cheare or quicken bis spirits, which can pur life into him, ic is this, that God hath appointed his Son to dye for him and to save bim.
J Ow for the second question, (viz) unio what was Chrift
anointed? For a satisfa&ion to this demand, we must know that chose who were anointed, by Gods command, were fequeftred to fingular and special offices ibereby, and there were three sorts of persons, who were to execute three sorts of offices, who were anointed.
First,che Priest, as we read of Aaron and the rest of that order.
Secondly, The Prophet, as Elißa by Elijah, 1 Kings 19: 16.
Thirdly, the King as David by Samuel, and Solomon , by Zadock.
Now Chrift differs from all others, who were anointed, we read chat some were anointed cobe Kings, but not to be Priests. nor Propbets; others were nointed to be Priests; but neither to be Prophets, nor Kings : others were anointed to be Prophets. but neither to be Kings, nor Priests.
Againe we read of some who were to be Kings, and Priests, as Melchifedek, others to be Prophers, and Kings, as David, some to be Priests and Prophets, but not any one was anointed a King and a Priest and a Prophet conjun&ively. Now here is the excellency and the eminence of Chrifts anointing, He was ancinted
to all those three offices, not only to be a Priest, but also a Prophet, not onely to be a Prophet, but also to be a King.
Had he been a Priest only, he might have offered sacrifice, for our sinsul gilt. But who should have then been the Proo pber, to have opened the eyes of the blind, and to give the ignoranc knowledge?
Had he been a Priest, to suffer and a Propher, to inftru£t only, who should then have been a King, to have abolished the confusions of the Heart, and Life, and to have subdued our finnes and so to lead caprivity captive?
Nay that he might be a complear Saviour and Mediator. He was anointed to be Priest Prophet and King. I will open something in every one of these.
Hewas anointed, to be a Priest. Thou art a Priest for ever after the order of Melcbisedek, Plal, 110.4. so Heb. 3. 1. Jesus Christ is called the Apostle and High Priest of our profesion ver. 2. He was faithful co him that appointed bim, see Heb.4. 10. 7.25. There are these things implyed in his anointing to be our Priest.. .
I. That he was designed perfe&tly to fulfil the Law of God for. m. He was a facisfactory Priest, there was che ceremonial Law which he .fulfilled by abrogation, and there was the Morall Lal, which he fulfilled by obedicace. Whatsoever the Law of God could require, either for the bolinesse of nature, or of life, that was to be found in Chrift: And such a high Priest became us; who is boly, harmelele, unde filed, seperate from finners, &c. Heb. 7:26. Hence is he often called che bely and just one, Ad. 3.14. and Chap. 4, 27, 30. and is said co be without sin. , He. had no finne at all of which he was personally giley, but he was. every way & righteous person and fulfilled all rigbleouro nels. . ! i jasno
- . . I say fulfilled it, not for himself only, but for us ; so that if you would now look for a righteousqefle which can every way fatisfie, and which is every way punctually exact, and unblameable, you must look out of your selves; unto the righteousnefse of Christ as Pauldid, Phil.3. and therefore he faith, chat Chrift is. the end of the Law for righteon(nessunto every one that believeth, Rom. 10.4. To make expiation for finnes : He was an expiatory Priest.
There was in the Law, sacrifices offered by the Priest, of which some were Gratulatory, wherin God was praised; and others were Expiatory, wherein God was appeared;as in che oblacions of the Lamb, &c. thus it stands with us. As we are creatures, we are bound co obey God; as rational and righreons crearnres, we were bound to obey the Morall Law of God, and now as finfui crea. tures, we are bound to answer the tranfgreffions of thai Law, by exposing our persons to the endurance of the great curse of that Law, and the wrath of God: The Law is broken by us, Gods justice is wronged, bis indignation moved, and our own gilt, jike so many cords hold us fast, and deliver us bound hand and foot to the vengeance and punishment of Gods pure and righteous justice.
Now suppose you saw a number of Malefa&ors going to execution, the Kings Son meets them, they are heavy, weeping and fubbing becaule death is approaching ; Why ? faith che Kings Son weep not, you have provoked my facher, and have deserved death, but fear you not, I will take a course to preServe your lives: How so? Thus, I will lay down my own life for you, I will dye for you, to deliver you. It is even thus be. (wixe Christ and us, we all have sinned, and by reason of finne are bound over to death, and hell, how now shall we escape? Thus, God did give his own Son, and he did cake our fins on him, and did dye and shed his blood to expiate our gilt and procure our pardon. Hence is he called a sacrifice for sin, and he is said to be made fin for us. And to beare our fins in his own body on the tree, and that our iniquities maslaidon bim, and that the chastisement of our peace was upon him, and to be delivered to death for our finnes and that Christ our - Paleover was fa. crificed for us, I Cor. s. 7. And observe the phrase,Chrift omr Paleover, &c. You know that the Passeover had a Lamb, and che Lamb loit his life and blood, and that blood was (prinkled upon the doors of the Children of Ifrael, and the destroying Angel did pass by the doors where it was sprinkled and their lives were preserved, so it is here, we should have been destroyed, but Jesus Chrift our Passeover was sacrificed for us, (iie.) he did poure out his own blood, which did answer for our gile, and so preserved our souls.
Now concerning his Priestly expiation of our finnes obferve,
2 Cor. 3: 1 Pet. 2. Elay 53: Rom, 4.
our peace maiquities waslaidimo lims in his own be is
Firt, the Priest, who did offer this expiatory facris fice.
Secondly, the sacrifice it self.
The Priest, was Jesus Christ, as God and man, as our Media tor, for that did belong to the Priest, who was to offer facrifice, co be a middle person: Aaron was co bear upon him thc finnes of the people, and to offer for them; so Jesus Christ, as God and man, was he who did offer up that sacrifice, which did expiace our (inness Heb. 5.5. He that said unto him,ebou art my Sonne,10 day have I begotten thee, verf, 6. He laich also in another place, Thou art a Priest for ever after ebe order of Melchife. deck. . . .
. . . . The sacrifice it felf, was Christ as consisting of soul and body: by reason of our sins we had forfeited both our souls and bodyes to the curse of the Law, and to che wrath of God: The arrest and attachment was out against both, but now Jelus Chrift became our Priest and offered his foul and body, to quit and release ours. Therefore it is said, that he made his soul an offering for fins, llai, 53. 10. And thac his soul was exceeding foro rowful even !o death, Mat. 26.38. In it he felt che bitcer anguish. and wrath, which made him to free at, even drops of blood; And, as for his body, that was prepared for him to suffer for us hence it is said that he bore our, (ins on his own body on the tree , 1 Pet. 2. 24. It is very tru:, tbac che Godhead formallys was
not the sacrifice, cbat could neither fuffer, nor be afflicted, only . it did aid and assist the humane narure, which was offered up as. a sacrifice.
: ; :" .in . i ';.' The Alcar on which this sacrifice was offered, which did ex-? piate our sins, was Christ as God; a's che raffering did properly belong to the humane nature, so the efficacy of that suffering, did appertaine co tbe divine nature; had he been God only, he could not have suffered, had he been man only, he could not have merired: The Altar Sanctifieth the gift, not the.gife che Ale tar; for here chat which did make up the high efficacy of the la. crifice, was the divine nature of Christ. That Jesus Christ who was God and man did offer up himself as a sacrifice for finnes, was more then if all the holy Angels and holy men in che world
and wor his body, that bore on
Comisi on bodhead formally way
as our Priest be is non betwixt his fachery yea and he mad, as
had suffered; there is now,by reason of the divine nature an infi. nice dignity to answer for all our sins which else had stood uncancelled.
The efficacy of this sacrifice, which is this, that he took away our fins, bloured out the band writing, nailed chem to his cross, buried them in bis grave. . Heb. 9. 28. Chrift was once offered to bear the fins of many, 10,11. Every High Priest ftandech daily ministring and offer: ing often-times the samelacrifice which can never take away fios. 12. Bur this man after be bad offered one sacrifice for fins, for ever fare down on ibe righe band of God. .
He did by his facrifice take away all the gilt of sin, and all the satisfactory punishment, for all this was charged upon him as our Mediator, our Priest, and our surety, yea and he made a perfect reconciliation betwixt his father and us, and therefore as our Priest he is our propitiation, 1 Job. 2. 1. and our reconciliator and peace, Eph. 2. 14. and our atonement, Romanes 5. II.
So that to give the summe of all this, Jefus Christ was anoin. ted, that is, designed by God the Father io be our Priest, (i, e) to offer up himlelf, as a perfe& satisfaction to divine Justice for the remission of all our fins, and punishments, and this he did perfc&ly performe for us, and this was accepted of God for us. . I say for us, he was made fin for us, that we might be made the righteousness of God in bim;and who is made righteousnes, 1 redemption, and fan&ificacion, and wild ome to us. and that of God, whatsoever he did, or suffered from his Father, it was as our surety, in our stead, and so it is repu. I ted..
A third part of his Priestly office is this, that he doch make i intercession, 1/1.53, 52. He bare the finnes of many, and made intercession for the transgressors, so Rom. 8. 34. It is Christ i bat dyed or rather that is rilen againe, and is even at the right hand of God wbo also makech intercession for us, And therefore he is cal. led our advocate, 1 Joh. 2. 1. and is said to appear for us, Heb. 9. 24. He is as it were the Deputy, or rather our Attorney, co Negotiate for us, with the Father.
There is a two fold intercession, one by way of duty, another