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THE FEDERALIST

And Other Contemporary Papers on

the Constitution of the

United States

BY

HAMILTON, JAY, MADISON
AND OTHER MEN OF THEIR TIME

WITH A FULL INDEX

Edited by E. H. SCOTT

SCOTT, FORESMAN AND COMPANY
CHICAGO
ATLANTA

NEW YORK

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INTRODUCTION

Recent years have witnessed a rapid development of interest in the study of American history among all classes of readers, and this interest has seemed to be more largely fixed upon the Constitutional Period than upon any other single epoch. In pursuing this line of reading, the editor of this volume found frequent need of Madison's Journal of the Constitutional Convention for his own reference, and had occasion also to recommend it to others following the same line of study. As this Journal had never been published alone, and was available only at a very high price in connection with other matter, an edition was issued in 1893.

The cordial reception given that book suggested the idea of a uniform edition of The Federalist, and this it seemed would be the more desirable, if there should be included with it a considerable amount of material of the same character, which had not before been published for general circulation. While there are now on the market several good editions of The Federalist alone, yet it is believed that by including this material and making some other minor changes, the publication will be a very desirable one to the student of this period.

The first and most important advantage of this edition, therefore, is the extra amount of additional matter which it contains. Between the time of the announcement of the work of the Federal Convention, and the adoption of the Constitution by the States, there was a very wide discussion of it in newspapers and pamphlets, and of these The Federalist represents only a small part. A collection of this material by Paul Leicester Ford was published in 1888, under the title of “Pamphlets on the Constitution,” by the Brooklyn Historical Club. Another volume of the same character entitled "Essays on the Constitution" was also issued by Mr. Ford in 1892. A limited edition of only five hundred copies of each of these books was published.

By an arrangement with Mr. Ford a considerable number of t] more important papers have been selected from his two volum

and are now included with this edition of The Federalist. Whi • these papers may not present that broad conception and carefi

analysis of the Constitution found in The Federalist, they are sti of deep interest and of great importance to one who would becom familiar with the history of that time. They present, furthermori some very helpful suggestions for the proper interpretation of th Constitution, as well as thoughtful criticisms upon some depar ments of the government.

The index is based on that of Mr. Kendall in his edition of Th Federatist, published in 1831, but it has been carefully revised an a considerable number of new topics added, as well as new reference made to the old ones. It is also enlarged to cover all the new me terial in this volume.

The Federalist as reprinted is from Warner's edition of 1811 with very slight changes from the text as there given. The assig ment of authorship for numbers LIV and LXIV as made in tha edition seems so manifestly an error that a change has been mad assigning LIV to Hamilton and LXIV to Jay. Into the questio of the disputed authorship of the other numbers, the editor has no attempted to enter, but is content to publish them as they appeare in Mr. Warner's edition.

It is the earnest wish of the editor that his work may be of servid to those who are interested in the early development of our coi stitutional history.

E. H. SCOTT.

CHICAGO, May 10, 1894.

CONTENTS.

PAOK

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:

NUMBER

I. Introduction-Hamilton ........

II. Concerning dangers from foreign force and influence-Jay....

III. The same subject continued-Jay ......

..........

IV. The same subject continued-Jay.............................

V. The same subject continued-Jay...

VI. Concerning dangers from war between the States-Hamilton..

VII. The subject continued, and particular causes enumerated-

Hamilton..............

VIII. The effects of internal war in producing standing armies, and

other institutions unfriendly to liberty-Hamilton..

IX. The utility of the Union as a safeguard against domestic faction

and insurrection-Hamilton ...

...

- X. The same subject continued-Madison........

XI. The utility of the Union in respect to commerce and a navy-

Hamilton.

XII. The utility of the Union in respect to revenue-Hamilton......

XIII. The same subject continued with a view to economy-Hamil

ton............

XIV. An objection drawn from the extent of country answered-

Madison ....

XV. Concerning the defects of the present Confederation in relation

to the principle of the legislation for the States in their col-

lective capacities-Hamilton.....

XVI. The same subject continued in relation to the same principles

-Hamilton .......

....

XVII. The subject continued, and illustrated by examples, to show

the tendency of Federal Governments, rather to anarchy

among the members, than tyranny in the head-Hamilton.. 93

XVIII. The subject continued, with further examples-Hamilton and

Madison .........

... 97

XIX. The subject continued, with further examples-Hamilton and

Madison.......... ......................................

XX. The same subject continued, with further examples-Hamilton

and Madison..........

..........

XXI. Further defects of the present Constitution-Hamilton.........

XXII. The same subject continued, and concluded— Hamilton........

XXIII. The necessity of a government, at least equally energetic with

the one proposed-Hamilton.....

....... 126

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