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Livingston, Philip, Statesman.
Livingston, Robert R., Statesman......
Livingston, William, Statesman.
Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth, Poet.
Lossing, Benson John, Author..
Lowell, James Russell, Poet......

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McClellan, George Brinton, Military officer.
Madison, James, Fourth President.......
Mann, Horace, Educationist..

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Marion, Francis, Military officer.
Marshall, John, Jurist..
Mason, George, Statesman.
Mather, Cotton, Clergyman.
Mather, Increase, Clergyman.
Maury, Matthew Fontaine, Naval officer.
Meade, George Gordon, Military officer.
Mifflin, Thomas, Military officer.
Mitchell, Donald Grant, Author.
Mitchell, Maria, Astronomer
Mitchell, Ormsby MacKnight, Astronomer.
Monroe, James, Fifth President...
Morgan, Daniel, Military officer.
Morris, George P., Poet and Journalist...
Morris, Gouverneur, Statesman.
Morse, Samuel Finley Breese, Inventor.
Morton, Samuel George, Naturalist.
Morton, William Thomas Green, Physician....
Motley, John Lathrop, Historian...
Mott, Valentine, Surgeon....
Moultrie, William, Military officer
Mowatt, Anna Cora, Actor and Author.
Murray, John, Clergyman...
Murray, Lindley, Grammarian..

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Nast, Thomas, Artist..
Neal, John, Author and Poet.............

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Olmstead, Denison, Astronomer.
Otis, James, Orator and Patriot.
Owen, Robert, Philanthropist..........

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Parker, Theodore, Clergyman and Author.
Parkman, Francis, Author..

Parsons, Theophilus, Jurist.
Parton, James, Author...

Paulding, James Kirke, Author and Politician.
Payne, John Howard, Actor and Dramatist...
Peabody, Andrew Preston, Clergyman and Scholar.
Peabody, George, Philanthropist.........

Peale, Charles Wilson, Painter.

Peirce, Benjamin, Mathematician.....
Percival, James Gates, Poet....

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Perkins, Thomas Handaryd, Philanthropist..
Perry, Oliver Hazard, Naval officer...
Phillips, Wendell, Orator and Reformer..
Phips, Sir William, Governor of Mass........
Physic, Phillip Syng, Physician and Surgeon.
Pickens, Andrew, Military officer......

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BORN

..1716

...1747

.1723

..1807

.1813

....1819

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DIED

1778

1813

1790

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1865 1805

1870

1815

1826

1859 1783

1858

...1795 1869

....1741

1827

..1809

...1795

J764

..1785

..1811

...1651

1695

..1768

1837

...1739 1817

1856

1854

1819

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Pickering, Timothy, Soldier and Statesman
Pierce, Franklin, Fourteenth President.....
Pierpont, John, Clergyman and Poet.....
Pinckney, Charles Cotesworth, Soldier and Statesman
Poe, Edgar Allan, Poet..
Polk, James Knox, Eleventh President.
Porter, David, Naval officer.
Powers, Hiram, Sculptor......
Preble, Edward, Naval officer...
Prentice, George Denison, Poet and Journalist.
Prentiss, Seargeant Smith, Lawyer and Orator.
Prescott, William, Military officer....
Prescott, William Hickling, Historian..
Priestley, Joseph, Philosopher, Chemist and Theologian..
Prince, Thomas, Minister and Chronologist......
Putnam, Israel, Military officer.

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Randolph, John, Orator....

Raymond, Henry Jarvis, Journalist..

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Quincy, Josiah, Jr., Patriot..
Quincy, Josiali, Statesman and Scholar.

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Read, Thomas Buchanan, Painter and Poet.

Reed, Henry, Author........

Reed, Joseph, Statesman.

Reveú, Paul, Engraver and Patriot......

Rittenhouse, David, Mathematician and Astronomer.
Rodgers, Jolin, Naval officer.

Rosecrans, William Starke, Military officer.
Rowson, Susanna, Author...
Rumford, Sir Benjamin Thompson, Physicist..
Rush, Benjamin, Physician..
Rush, Richard, Statesman and Diplomatist.
Rutledge, John, Statesman and Jurist..

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St. Clair, Arthur, Military officer.
Sargent, Epes, Author and Journalist....
Saxe, John Godfrey, Poet.
Say, Thomas, Naturalist.........
Schoolcraft, Henry Rowe, Author
Schurtz, Carl, Orator and Politician...
Schuyler, Philip, Military officer.
Scott, Winfield, Military officer.....
Seaton, William Winston, Journalist.
Sedgwick, Catherine Maria, Author..
Sedgwick, John, Military officer.
Sewall, Samuel, Jurist........
Seward, William Henry, Statesman
Shaw, Lemuel, Jurist.
Sheridan, Philip Henry, Military officer...
Sherman, Roger, Statesman..

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Sherman, William Tecumseh, Military officer.
Sigourney, Lydia Howard Huntley, Author.
Silliman, Benjamin, Physicist....

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Silliman, Benjamin, Jr., Physicist..
Simms, William Gilmore, Author....
Sparks, Jared, Historian....
Sprague, Charles, Poet...
Sprague, William Buell, Clergyman and Author
Spring, Gardiner, Clergyman and Author..
Standish, Miles, Pilgrim.......
Stanton, Edwin McMasters, Lawyer and Statesman...............1814

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......1744 ..........1772

1850

...1726 1795

.1796

1859

...1733

...1687

...1718

..1773

1820

.1822

.1808

.1741

..1735

...1732

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1807

1870

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1785

..1584

1804

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1790

1775 1864

1833

1869

1872

1854

1785

1818

1796

1838

1824

1814

1813

1859

1800

1818

1652 ..1801

.1781

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.1721 1793 1820

1791 1865

.1779 1864

.1816

..1806

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..1791 ....1795

1834

1864

1804

1866

1866

1867

1864

1730

1872

1861

1870

1866

1874

1873

1656

1869

Stark, John, Military officer.
Stedman, Edmund Clarence, Poet...
Stephens, Alexander Hamilton, Statesman......
Stephens, John Lloyd, Traveller..
Stevens, Thaddeus, Political Leader.
Stewart, Charles, Naval officer...
Stewart, Alexander T., Merchant...
Stiles, Ezra, Clergyman and Scholar
Stoddard, Richard Henry, Poet..
Story, Joseph, Jurist..
Story, William Wetmore, Poet and Sculptor.
Stowe, Harriet Elizabeth Beecher, Author.
Stuart, Gilbert Charles, Painter...................
Sullivan, James, Statesman and Jurist......
Sullivan, John, Military officer..
Sully, Thomas, Painter.
Sumner, Charles, Orator and Statesman..
Sumter, Thomas, Military officer..

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Taney, Roger Brooke, Jurist..
Taylor, James Bayard. Traveller and Author..
Taylor, Zachary, Twelfth President.......
Thorean, Henry David, Naturalist and Scholar.
Tickuor, George, Scholar and Author...
Trowbridge, John Townsend, Author.
Trumbull, John, Poet.........................
Trumbull, John, Painter......
Tuckerman, Henry Theodore, Poet and Essayist..
Tudor, William, Scholar and Diplomatist..
Tyler, John, Tenth President.....

Van Buren, Martin, Eighth President........

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Warren, John, Physician.........
Warren, John Collins, Surgeon and Author.....
Warren, Joseph, Physician and Patriot..
Warren, William, Comedian.....

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Washington, George, First President......
Wayland, Francis, Scholar and Clergyman.
Wayne, Anthony, Military officer..
Webster, Daniel, Statesman, Lawyer and Orator.
Webster, Noah, Philologist and Publicist.
Weed, Thurlow, Journalist and Politician....
Weir, Robert Walter, Painter.
West, Benjamin, Painter...
Wheaton, Henry, Jurist and Diplomatist.
Whipple, Edwin Percy, Essayist..

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White, Andrew Dickson, Educator........

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White, Richard Grant, Philologist and Scholar........
Whitney, Eli, Inventor...
Whitney, William Dwight, Philologist...
Whittier, John Greenleaf, Poet...
Wilkes, Charles, Naval officer.

Willard, Emma C., Teacher and Author...
Williams, Roger, Founder of R. I..............
Willis, Nathaniel Parker, Poet and Journalist......
Wilson, Alexander, Ornithologist..
Wilson, Henry, Statesman.
Winslow, Edward, Pilgrim.
Winthrop, John, Governor of Mass...
Woolsey, Theodore Dwight, Scholar.
Worcester, Joseph Emerson, Lexicographer..........................

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BORN

.1728

....1833

..1812

....1805
.1793

.1778

.1803

..1727

...1825

.1779

.1819

1812

.1754

.1744

.1740

...1783

...1811

.....1734

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DIED

1822

187

1868

1869

1795

1845

1828

1808

1795

1872

1874

1832

1864

1850

1862

1871

1831

1843

1871

1830

1862

1862

1815

1856

1775

..1787

.1599

..1807

..1766

...1812

1649

.1595 1655 ....1588 .1801 ..............1784

1865

1799

1865

1796

1852

1843

1820

1848

1825

1870

1683

1867

1813

GEORGE WASHINGTON,

THE FIRST PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES.

The most exemplary character, perhaps, that ever adorned any era in history, and who received in his life-time the noble appellations of "the Founder of a Republic," and "the Father of his Country," was born in the county of Westmoreland, Virginia, on the 22d of February, 1732. His early instruction was domestic and scanty, but full of good discipline and sound principles; and as his father died when he was only ten years old, he had no subsequent opportunities for acquiring a thorough literary or scientific education. However, as his mind was naturally mathematical and philosophical, he prepared himself to be useful to his fellow-citizens as a civil engineer; and as the country was wild, and much of it then unsurveyed, he occasionally found agreeable and profitable employment in surveying different parts of his native State. He also directed much of his attention to the science of arms, in the use of which every young man was instructed, in order to repel the incursions of the Indians, who were often led on by skillful Frenchmen. At the age of nineteen, he was appointed one of the adjutant-generals of Virginia, which gave him the rauk of major, and soon after he was advanced to a colonelcy, and sent by Governor Dinwiddie to the Ohio with dispatches to the French commander, who was erecting fortifications from Canada to New Orleans, in violation of existing treaties. The Governor was so much pleased with the faithful discharge of this duty, that he ordered his journal, which extended to only eighty days, to be printed; but, small as it was, it afforded evidence of great sagacity, fortitude, and a sound judgment, and firmly laid the foundation of his future fame.

In the spring of 1755, Washington was persuaded to accompany General Braddock as an aid, with the rank of Colonel, in his disastrous expedition against Fort DuQuesne; and had his advice been followed on that occasion, the result would have been different.

Three years afterward (1758) Washington commanded the

Virginians in another expedition against the fort, which ter minated successfully. At the close of this campaign he left the army, and was soon after married to Mrs. Martha Custis (the widow of Colonel Daniel Parke Custis), whose maiden name was Dandridge, and whose intelligent and patriotic conduct, as wife and widow, will ever be gratefully remembered in American annals.

In 1759, he was elected to the House of Burgesses, and continued to be returned to that body, with the exception of occasional intervals, until 1774, when he was sent to represent Virginia in the Continental Congress. His well-tempered zeal and military skill, which enabled him to suggest the most proper means for national defense, if the country were urged to extremities, soon fixed all eyes upon him, as one well qualified to direct in the hour of peril; and accordingly, after the first scene of the revolutionary drama was opened at Lexington and Concord, and an army had concentrated at Cambridge, he was, on the 15th of June, 1775, unanimously appointed Commander-in-Chief of the American forces. The self-sacrificing spirit which governed his future course is too well known to require any elucidation.

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After bringing the war to a successful termination, he hastened to Annapolis, where Congress was then in session, and on the 23d of December, 1783, formally resigned his commission.

In May, 1787, he was elected to the Convention which met at Philadelphia for the purpose of forming a Constitution, and was at once called upon to preside over its deliberations. After that admirable instrument was adopted by the people, he was unanimously elected the first President of the United States for four years; at the expiration of which he was unanimously reëlected for a second term.

On the 12th of December, 1799, he was seized with an inflammation in the throat, which grew worse the next day, and terminated his life on the 14th, in the 68th year of his age.

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