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He Poem on the Pursuits of Literature being out of print, I have revised it with great care. I have indeed incurred some censure from the very attention which I have repeatedly given to it. Yet I am still of opinion, that no man of can. dour and reflection could wish to see any mistakes continued without correction, or the various parts of it again presented to the publick, without improvements and additions to the poetry and notes, as circumstances arose to prompt or to require them. This is all which I have done from


* This Advertisement was first prefixed to the Seventh Edition of the P. of L. published in April 1798.

time to time. Though words are irrevocable, yet the last corrections of any author should be confidered as the sense which he wishes to express, 1; 10) enforce. Impertinence and fallhood I have , at a times despised and neglected. It will be forn however, that, by omissions and alterationis, I have exprehled a liberal concern for my unintentional mistakes, with the spirit and breeding of a

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Additinismule w ätitory, or to any professed work of science, may (if it be thought worth the trouble) be printed l parately. But in a compoSition of this nature, a moineni's confideration will suggest to any man, that it is impracticable.

The following, or similar, words are recorded to have been once delivered in Parlinnent a few years before the Rebellion in 1745. I shall apply the spirit of them to the chemies of the principles of this work, but not iu ihe enemies of the work iulell. The words are : " The

heat which has onded them is carlour of

“ viction,

“ convi&ion, and that zeal for the service of my

country, which neither hope nor fear fhall “ influence me to suppress. I will not sit un“ concerned when (PUBLICK) Liberty is threat“ ened or invaded, nor look in silence upon

(intended) PUBLICK Robbery. I will exert

my endeavours, at whatever hazard, to drag “ the aggressors to justice, whoever may protect " them, AND


It is remarkable: the Speaker was WILLIAM Pitt; the Reporter Samuel Johnson.*

See Dr. Johnson's Parliamentatary Debates in 1741.

Vol. 1. p. 307

March 30, 1798.


Δια Δυσφημιας και Ευφημίας. .



RECOMMEND the following anecdote to fagacious persons, who know all authors (and me among the rest) by their style, or by any other certain, or infallible sign. The anecdote is known to those who are accurately versed in literary history. Julius Scaliger wrote and publithed an oration, without his name, against the celebrated traa by Erasmus, called Ciceronianus. Erasmus, having perused it, immediately, (and upon convi&ion as he thought), fixed upon Hieronimus Aleander, who was afterwards made an Archbishop by Leo X. and a Cardinal by Pope Paul the Third, as the author of the whole, of of the greatest part of it, by signs which he conceived to be certain and infallible. These signs were strong indeed. His phraseology, his manner of speaking, his peculiar di&ion, his habits of life, and even the very intercourse which Erasmus had daily with him. Nay, bis genius and difpofition were so evident, that Aleander А


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