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Credit, 159 f.

ings of, 101 ff.; and respon-
Customs, of the clan, 20-26, 30, sibility, 141-43. See Liberty.

31, 34; contrasted with law, Free men, in Domesday, 42;
59-61; of merchants, 99-100. in Magna Carta, 106, 121.

See Liberty.
Declaration of Independence, Frontier, influence of, 152 f.,

133, 171, 172, 183, 273, 274 f. 291.
Democracy, favored by town
life, 88; growth in early

Gentlemen and gentry, 73-76,
state, 111-15; limits of, 116;

93, 149 f.
law as aid to, 127 f.; pro-

Gilds, 86-88.
moted by religious teachers,

Goodnow, Frank J., 263 f.
129 f.; by philosophers, 130; Government, in early clan by
based on freedom and respon-

custom and old men, 20 ff.;
sibility, 141-43; in New

by lord and his court, 40;
World settlers, 149-153; in-

by king and state, 46 ff., 55 ff.,
fluence of frontiers on, 152, 112; by law, 59, 127 f.; en-
291; two meanings of, 221;

larged to include Parliament,
four reasons for self-govern-

112-14; based on consent of
ment, 222-28; blocked by the governed, 133, 171 f.; oppres.
Constitution and courts, 261;

sion by feared, 174, not now
as equality, 268-83; progress

chief danger, 179-81; organi-
and present tasks of, 284-96; zation of national in United
opposed by militarism, 47, 49, States, 183 ff.; powers of
315. See Autocracy, Equal-

federal, 193; checks and bal-
ity, Liberty, Militarism, Self ances in, 198 ff.; democratic,
Government.

221-29; by special interest,
Domesday Book, 42, 53.

232-39; progress toward de-

mocracy, 241 ff. See Consti-
Education, necessary for free-

tution, Courts, Democracy,
dom, 102, 115, 119, 120, 177-

King, Law, Party, President,
79; makes for international

Self-Government, Suffrage.
harmony, 313, 321. See In-

Grant, U. S., 306 f., 308.
vention, Knowledge.

Groups, clan as early, 16;
Egypt, slavery in, 44; justice

state, 46; warrior, 36 ff., 66;
in, 135.

gentry, 74 f.; morals of, 76.
Emerson, R. W., 320.

See Labor Unions, State,
Equality and inequality, as

Town, Union.
theories of society, 268 ff.;

Hale, E. E., 148.
arguments for each, 269-82;

Hamilton, Alexander, 197, 200,
five kinds of, 284 ff.; before

242.
the law, 284 f.; in voting,

Hobbes, 274.
285-89; social, 289-94; in

Honesty, among traders, 98 f.;
business, 294.

required by gilds, 99, 100.
Equity, 130.

Honor, 67; as ideal of warrior

class, 67-76; other ideals,
Franklin, Benjamin, 170, 190. 97 f., 307. See Honesty.
Freedom, in savage life, 31; in

early England, 41 f., 93; de Ideals, of warrior class, ch.
velopment of, 101 ff.; mean VII; of knight, 72; of gen-

tleman, 73-79; of middle Labor, despised by gentry, 43,
class, 96-100; of America, 66, 78, 80, 93; performed by
148 ff.

monks, 96; made honorable,
Impeachment, 251 f.

97; affected by Industrial
Imperialism, 166.

Revolution, 154-57; division
Income tax, 266.

of, 10-12, 43, 156. See Labor
Indians, American, mode of Uniong.

life, 9, 11, 37, 272; relations Labor unions, 88, 157, 215 f.,
with United States, 305-7.

219 f.
Initiation, 22.

Lady, 75 f.
Initiative, 250.

Land, ownership of, 62-65, 150-
Insurance, and government, 52.
235 f.

Langland, 136.
Interests, adjustment of in Law, the common, 59-62; com-
Constitution, 197-201; of

pared with customs, 60 f.; de-
capital and labor, 214 ff.; fense of liberty, 62, 107 f.,
farming vs. manufacturing, 125-28; worked injustice,
243; special, seek to control, 139; built up by judicial de-
232-39.

cisions, 225-58; by interpreta-
International relations, 298 ff.; tions, 258-60; constitution as

recent change in policy of fundamental, 260. See Con-
United States, 312 f.; peace stitution, Courts.
and cooperation, 320-22. Law Merchant, 99 f.
Inventions, 6-8, 154 f., 203, 276. League of Peace, 314.
Invisible government, 232. Liberty, protected by common
Ives vs. South Buffalo R. R., law, 61 f.; of the gild, 87;
265.

promoted by towns, 89, 94;

six meanings of, 101-15; na-
James, William, 281.

tional, 103-6; special privi-
Jarrett, Devereux, 290.

lege, 45, 87, 94, 106 f., 120-
Jefferson, Thomas, 34, 175, 205,

23, 125; civil, 61 f., 107-111,
243, 274, 291 f.

172-74; political, 111-15, 121-
Jury, 62, 109-111, 173.

23, 172 f., 286-88; how gained,

117-28; religious, 138, 168,
King, head of warriors, 36; in-

173; value of, 105 f., 141;
creasing powers of, 49-54; as

meaning of in 1776, 174; edu-
keeper of order, 57 f.; pro-

cation as aid to, 177-179;
moter of trade, 51; and jury,

present problems of, 180-82;
109; in relation to law, 126-

and union, 207; threatened by
28; tendency to wars of

war, 317; war in defense of,
aggression, 228. See Democ-

319 f. See Freedom, Rights.
racy, Militarism.

Lincoln, Abraham, quoted, 168,
Kipling, Rudyard, 277.

221, 223; on slavery issue,
Knight, 72.

205, 207; on the Supreme
Knowledge, of early man, 6-8,

Court's decision, 262 f.; on
33; necessary for progress,

the meaning of the Declara-
34; favored by towns, 91-93;

tion, 275; on might and
necessary for liberty, 115 f., right, 322.
119, 177 f.; tends toward in Locke, John, 132 f., 274.
ternational harmony, 313. Long ballot, 239.

Lords, 39, 45, 70.

Paul, St., 103, 273.
Lowell, J. R., 320, 322.

Peace, 55; the king's, 57 f.;
Loyalty, to group, 32; to a lord, United States policy, 299,

70 f.; to a nation, 206 f., 311-15; as ideal compared
297 f.; to mankind, 321.

with coöperation, 314. See

Coöperation, Pacifism, War.
Machines, 154-56.

Peasant Revolt, 118 f., 129.
Madison, James, 197 f., 242. Philip, Captain, 73.
Magna Carta, 106, 118, 121. Philippines, 309 f.
Majority rule, 224 f.

Pilgrims, 147, 168, 185-87.
Manor, 39-42.

Plato, 137.
Marbury vs. Madison, 260. Post office, 203 f.
Marriage, 22.

President, of the United States,
Marshall, John, 261.

original idea of the office,
Mayflower, 147, 185-87.

198 f., 245; as representative
McLaughlin, A. C., 198.

of the people, 246, 248 f.;
Merchants, early, usually for election of, 241; head of his

eigners, 98, 148; in town life, party, 248 f.
81; early morals of, 98 f.; Progress, main stages, 8; tasks
customs and law, 99 f.

of, 34; in government, lib-
Mexican War, 308 f.

erty, democracy, interna-
Militarism, what it is, 315; tional relations, union, see

origin, 42-45; ideals of, 77 these titles.
80; opposed to democracy, Property, in land, 62-65; aid
47, 49; contemptuous of non to freedom, 124; More on,
military, 66, 77 f., 315; its 137 f.; regarded as natural
view of war, 315 f.; criticism right, 172, 173; in the Con-
of, 318, 320-22. See also Pa. stitution, 199.

cifism, War.
Milton, John, 131 f.

Race problems, 208-14.
Money, 159.

Railways, aids to commerce,
Monroe Doctrine, 299, 301-5.

155; capitalization of, 160;
More, Thomas, 136-38.

attempted to control govern.

ment, 235.
Nation, the United States as, Recall, 251; of judges, 252-54.

168, 183, 207, 297 f.; limits Referendum, 250 f
of a single, 298; relations to Religion, and liberty, 129 f.,
other nations, 297-315. See 135, 137, 138, 173. See also
International Relations,State, Liberty.
Union.

Revolution, American, of 1776,
Order, 55 ff.

153, 291.
Ordinance of 1787, 176, 177.

Revolution, Industrial, nature

of, 153-62; problems set by,
Pacifism, its arguments, 317 f. 162-67; makes classes, 293,
Panama Canal tolls, 308, 310. and also promotes democracy
Panama Zone controversy, 308, in labor, 293 f.
310.

Rights, natural, 103, 133 f.,
Parliament, 54, 112-14, 247.

170; in Virginia Declaration,
Party, early fear of, 242; 171; in Declaration of Inde

agency of government, 241 pendence, 171. See Liberty,
46, 248 f.

civil.

Robin Hood, 136.
Roosevelt, Theodore, 303, 310.
Rousseau, 134.

Savage society, chs. I, II, III.
Scott, Walter, 18, 19, 37.
Self-government, democracy as,

221-29; obstacles to, 230-40;
progress toward, by parties,
241-45; in choice of Presi.
dent, 241; further measures
toward, 250 ff. See Democ-

racy, Government.
Serfs. See Slavery, Villein.
Shay's Rebellion, 189 f.
Short Ballot, 240.
Sidney, Philip, 73.
Slavery, 36, 43, 44, 103, 164,

176, 204, 223.
Solomon, 14, 90.
Spain, war with, 309.
State, formed by band of war.

riors, 46 ff.; expansion of,
49; source of order, 55 ff.; of
common law, 59. See De-

mocracy, Government, King.
Suffrage, Parliamentary, 113 f.,

247; qualifications for, in
colonies and United States,

286-88; equal, 288.
Supreme Court, of the United

States, 230 f.; place in Con-
stitution, 199, 230 f.; as in-
terpreter of the Constitution,
260 f.; Lincoln on, 262 f.;
various decisions of, 219, 266.

by kings, 51; connected with
growth of towns and middle

class, 81-95.
Trade-unions. See Labor Unions.
Turner, Frederick, 291.
Union, as source of power and

progress, 8; limits in clan
life, 33; larger of state, 37 ff.;
of towns, 81; of gilds, 86-88,
of factory workers, 157 ;
among the early colonists,
183; need of closer, 189; pro-
vided by constitution, 192-
201; further growth of, 202-
7; threatened by slavery is-
sue, 204-6, problems of race,
208-14; of capital and labor,
214-20; among nations, 298,

313.
Utopia, 136-38.

Village, 37, 38, 39, 46, 63.
Villeins, 41, 42, 44 f., 114, 118 f.
War and warriors, 36, 42-45;

ideals of, 65-80; defects in
warrior's courage, 68; in
loyalty, 71; Civil, the, 183,
207, 209; Mexican, 308 f.;
with Spain, 309; arguments
for, 316 f.; against, 317 f.;
not the worst evil, 319 f.;
shows backwardness of civili.

zation, 320-22.
Washington, George,

293; on foreign policy of the
United States, 299, 305,

311 f.
Webster, Daniel, 216 f.
Wilson, Woodrow, on democracy

vs. autocracy, 228 f.; on Mon.
roe Doctrine, 304; also 213,

248, 315.
Women, in savage life, 10, 11,

17, 23; in the manor, 47; in
the state, 48 f.; in chivalry,
72; voters, 288.

190 f.,

Taboo, 11, 24, 25, 26, 30.
Taft, William H., 213, 310; on

judiciary, 254, 263.
Tammany Hall, 233 f.
Taxation, 52 f.
Tithing, 58.
Tools, 7, 13, 154.
Town, the, origin, 83; classes

in, 84, favored liberty, 89, 94.

94.
Trade, gifts as, 13, 14; favored

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