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THE AGRICULTURE AND MANUFACTURES OF THE UNITED STATES. The Hon. Hiram Bell, in a speech recently made in Congress, grouped many interesting facts in relation to agricultural and manufacturing productions of the country. The amount of capital employed in agriculture in the United States he stated at $1,281,329,919. Thus:Acres of land improved.. $1,120,420,000 Cheese, pounds of... ..... $6,192,075 Val. of farming implem'ts. 151,820,273 Hay, tons of....

68,026,920 Value of live stock..., 522,705,238 Hemp, water-rotted, tons. 2,084,440 Bushels of wheat..... 83,839,384 Flax-seed, bushels of...

454,203 Bushels of corp..

147,896,513 Maple sugar, pounds of... 1,965,555 Tobacco, pounds of.

41,971,949 Cane sugar, hogsheads of Ginned cotton, bales, 400

1,000 lbs...

15,932,200 lbs. each...

49,484,280 Value of home manufact's. 27,525,545 Wool, pounds of

15,726,839 Hemp, dew-rotted..... 9,949,120 Wine, gallons of

141,225 Butter, pounds of 31,220,228 Total...

$1,281,329,919 In this calculation he estimated the improved land at $10 per acre, the wheat at 80 cents per bushel, the corn at 25 cents, the tobacco at 6 cents a pound, the cotton at 5 cents, the wool at 30 cents, the wine at $1 per gallon, the butter at 10 cents a pound, the cheese at 6 cents, the hay at $5 a ton, the water-rotted hemp at 8 cents a pound, the flaxseed at 80 cents per bushel, the maple sugar at 6 cents per pound, the cane sugar at 5 cents, and the dew-rotted hemp at 8 cents. Some of the items are curious, thus :

The number of bushels of wheat is given at 104,799,530; do. of corn, 591,586,053. The pounds of tobacco at 199,532,697. Gin cotton, 2,475,214 bales. Pounds of wool, 52,422,797. Pounds of butter, 312,202,286. Pounds of cheese, 103,184,585. The largest crop in the aggregate, as will be seen, is corn. It yields upwards of $147,000,000.

With regard to manufactures we have this information :—Entire capital invested in the various manufactures of the United States on the 1st of June, 1850, not including establishments producing the annual value of less than $500-$530,000,000.

Value of raw material
Amount paid for labor..

$550,000,000
240,000,000

Maine ....

$1,320,000,000 Value of manufactures....

$1,020,300,000 Number of hands employed..

1,050,000 Manufactured by each person

$971 These figures of course are not strictly accurate, but they are probably as nearly so as possible.

PRODUCTION OF SHEEP AND WOOL IN THE UNITED STATES. The Superintendent of the Census of the United States furnishes the annexed table, showing the number of sheep and pounds of wool produced in each of the States and Territories of the Union, according to the census of 1850:States. Sheep. Lbs. of wool. States.

Sheep. Lbs. of wool. 410,943 1,362,986 Louisiana

110,333 109,897 New Hampshire... 384,756 1,108,476 Texas..

99,098 131,374 Vermont... 919,992 3,410,993 Arkansas.

91,256 182,595 Massachusetts. 188,651 585,136 Tennessee..

811,587 1,364,378 Rhode Island 44,296 129,692 Kentucky

1,070,303 2,283,685 Connecticut.... 174,181 497,454 Ohio...

3,937,086 10,111,288 New York. 3,454,241 10,070,301 Michigan.

746,435 2,043,283 New Jersey 160,488 375,396 Indiana.

1,122,493 2,610,287 Pennsylvania 1,822,357 4,481,570 Illinois..

894,043 2,150,113 Delaware 27,503 57,768 Missouri.

706,309 1,615,860 Maryland 177,902 480,226 Iowa .......

149,960 373,898 Dis. of Columbia... 150 525 Wisconsin..... 124,892 253,963 Virginia ... 1,311,004 2,866,765 California....

17,574 5,520 North Carolina. 595,249 970,738 Minnesota Territ’y. 80

85 South Carolit

281,754 487,223 Oregon Territory.. 15,382 29,686 Georgia. .

560,435 990,019 Utah Territory.. 3,262 9,222 Florida

23,311 23,247 New Mexico.... 377,271 32,901 Alabama

371,800 657,118 Mississippi

301,929 559,619 Total........ 21,571,306 52,417,287

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WHALE FISHERY IN TIIE REGIONS ABOUT BEHRING'S STRAITS. On the 22d of March, 1852, the United States Senate adopted a resolution calling upon the Secretary of the Navy " to communicate to the Senate his opinion of the expediency of a reconnoissance of the routes of navigation in the northern seas, and the China and Japan seas, and whether any vessels belonging to the service can be used for that purpose; and also, what would be the expense of such a reconnoissance.”

The Secretary of the Navy, under date of April 5th, 1852, in reply to the Senate's resolution, has extracted from the files of the Navy Department, a carefully prepared discussion of the subject by Lieutenant Maury, the able and efficient Superintendent of the National Observatory at Washington. From the reliable statements of Lieutenant Maury, we make the following extract touching the value and importance of the whale fishery in the Anadir, Ochotsk, and Arctic seas, as the whaling grounds in the regions about Behring's Straits are called.

" In the summer of 1848, Captain Roys, of the whaleship, Superior,' penetrated the Arctic ocean through Behring's Straits, and encountered in his adventurous pursuit all the dangers of an unknown and Polar sea. He was wuccessful in bis enterprise, filling his ship with vil in a few weeks. Influenced by the report which he brought back as to the abundance of whales, owners in the United States fitted out a large fleet for those grounds, and in 1849, Captain Roys was followed by one hundred and fifty-four sail of whale ships, each vessel (said to be) worth op the average, with her outfit, $30,000, and manned by thirty able-bodied seanen each. This fleet took that season 206,850 barrels whale oil, and 2,481,600 pounds of bone.

“In the summer of 1850, there went up a wbaling fleet of one hundred and fifty. four American vessels, manned as above and of a like average value. This fleet, in the course of a few weeks, left for their pursuits in those inhospitable regions, took 243,680 barrels whale oil, and 3,654,000 pounds of bone.

“ In the current year (1851) there went up a fleet of about one hundred and fortyfive American vessels ; but their returns have not been received; partial accounts of wreck and disaster only have reached us. They are startling.

"The lives and property at stake there, for the two years for which we have complete returns, may thus be stated :1849. Number of American seamen...

4,650 Value of ships and outfits

$4,650,000 Value of oil taken...

2,606,510 Value of bone.

814,112

$8,070,622 1850. Number of American seamen....

4,320 Value of ships and outfits..

$4,320,000 Value of oil taken....

3,761,201 Value of bone taken......

1,260,630

9,341,831 Total ships in two years.

299 Total seamen..

8,970

Value of ships and cargoes.

$17,412,453 “ The losses during the year 1851 bave been unprecedented, so far as heard from. No less than seven sail of this fine fleet of 1851--the Honqua, the New Berlford, the Arabella, the America, the Armata, the Mary Mitchell, and the Henry Thompsonhave been wrecked there and left behind as monuments of the dangers which meet these hardy mariners in their adventurous calling. There are reports of other losses and wrecks : these are certain ; and though several of them were lost, not on shoals, but otherwise, yet these are enough to tell of imperfect hydrography, and to show the national importance of looking to it; for it may be so that, in case of loss in the ice, the knowledge of a sheltered anchorage near, and which a survey would give, would bave prevented the exposure to the ice which induced the loss.

“All our Commerce with what is called 'the East' is not so valuable as this was for 1849 and 1850."

AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIONS OF VIRGINIA. In compliance with a resolution of the House of Delegates, the Secretary of the Commonwealth recently communicated to that body a statistical table of the Agricul. tural productions, &c., in Virginia, compiled and arranged from the census returns, from which the following tabular statement is derived :

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Trans-Alleghany ..
Valley
Piedmont
Tide. Water

Ilorses. 92,442 57,932 83,488 38,530

Asses &
Mules.
1,968

Milch Cows. 112,850

Working

Oxen. 14,650

Other Cattle. 248,967 129,074 186,298 104,798

869 7,551 11,095

53,925 90,518 60,326

1,633 37,678 35,652

Total....

272,393

21,483

317,619

89,513

669,137

Trans-Alleghany
Valley.
Piedmont...
Tide-Water.

Sheep. 639,469 189,212 333,373 148,450

Swine. 535,815 244,856 601,349 447,823

Value of live stock.

$9,863,324

6,696,850 10,687,546 6,419,930

Total...

1,310,504 1,829,843 $33,656,659 PRODUCE DURING THE YEAR ENDING JUNE 1, 1850.

Wheat.

Rye. Indian Corn. Oats. Trans-Alleghany... ....bushels 1,289,245 168,551 9,485,398 3,443,541 Valley....

3,771,555 165,765 4,182,234 1,352,616 Piedmont..

4,316,753 105,375 11,695,752 3,559,411 Tide-Water

1,835,163 19,239 9,892,935 1,723,581

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Wheat...

The following statement, derived from an authentic source, shows the quantity and value of principal exports from Galena, Ill., for the year 1851, and also the amount and value of lumber received at Galena, during the same period :

EXPORTS FROM GALENA IN 1851.
Articles.
Quantity. Value.

Articles.

Quantity. Value. Lead lbs. 33,082,190 $1,417,851 Lime

.bbls. 1,168 $992 Flour.. .bbls. 39,335 127,672 Corn Meal.

171

342 Corn bush. 24,090 8,431 Eggs.

.doz 22,880

2,288 Oats.

59,629 14,907 Hides and skins... 9,326 14,126 Barley. 42,731 21,372 | Horses...

800 40,000 850 210 Neat cattle..

1,500 30,000 Rye... 390 195 Sheep

500 750 Potatoes 14,000 8,400 Hogs..

250 1,500 Beans ..

510
767 Soap:

..bxs. 900 2,022 Flaxseed..

25
25 Candles....

1,200 3,800 Pork. ..bbls. 3,185 47,775 Beef... ..bbls.

32

384 Lard. lbs. 125,000 12,500 Hay..

tuns 75 600 Bacon

812,568 35,256 Butter..

87,618 10,852 Total value...... $1,800,358 The total amount and value of lumber, &c., received at Galena, for the year 1851, was as follows:

Quantity.

Value. Lumber

feet

5,085,684 $50,856 No. 89,100

2,450 Sbingles

2,470,500

7,411 Long timber.

feet
12,312

515 Wood..

...cords

4,245

12,736

Laths .

IMPORTATION OF BREADSTUFFS INTO GREAT BRITAIN. A TABULAR STATEMENT OF THE QUANTITY (IN QUARTERS) OF CORN MEAL AND FLOUR IM

PORTED INTO GREAT BRITAIN FROM IRELAND, THE BRITISH COLONIES, AND ALL OTHER

PARTS, IN EACH YEAR, FROM 1815 to 1851, INCLUSIVE. Year.

From Ireland. From Brit. Colonies. From other parts. Total imp'd. 1815 .quarters 821,192

25

333,041 1,154,258 1816..

873,865

3

319, 203 1,193,071 1817..

695,651 25,877 1,775,353 2,496,881 1818..

1,204,733 56,618 3,474,051 4,735,402 1819.

967,680 14,257 1,693,255 2,675,192 1820..

1,415,722 40,897 1,300,953 2,757,572 1821. 1,822,816 40,916

216,738 2,080,470 1822.. 1,063,089 23,439

102,365 1,188,893 1823..

1,528,153

209

63,432 1,581,794 1824..

1,634,000

891

609,147 2,244,038 1825.. 2,203,962 95,059

962.718 3,261,739 1826..

1,693,392 30,500 2,218,830 3,941,729 1827..

2,828,460 61,055 2,550,310 5,439,805 1828..

2,826,590 21,600 1,272,396 4,120,586 1829..

2,307,244

7,335 2,680,414 3,994,993 1830..

2,215,521 79,634 2,355,412 4,650,567 1831.

2,429,182 225,240 3,316,760 5,971,182 1832. 2,990,767 129,476

668,422 3,788,665 1833. 2,737,441 117,745

336,524 3,191,710 1834. 2,792,658 66.829

492,071 3,351,558 1835. 2,679,438 25,016

296,189 3,000,643 1836.. 2,958,272 18,561

625,032 3,601,865 1837..

3,030,293 19,060 1,306,870 4,356,223 1838..

3,474.302 19,479 1,515,250 5,009,031 1839..

2,243,151 17,438 4,573,660 6,834,249 1840..

2,327,782 178,828 3,811,694 6,318,304 1841..

2,855,525 208,382 3,378,599 6,542,506 1842..

2,083,600 247,127 3,475,970 5,806,697 1813..

2,721,400 146,647 1,299,776 4,167,823 1844..

2,460,800 297,926 2,794,357 5,583,083 1845..

2,992,800 312,439 2,118,707 5,423,945 1846..

1,625,000 431,075 4,480,302 6,536,777 1847.

879,900 546,431 11,769,728 13,196,059 1848.

1,827,000 229,313 7,125.688 9,182,338 1849..

1,175,000 210,510 10,616,388 12,001,848 1850..

1,210,500 126,533 9,134,220 10,473,253 1851..

1,136,160 163,278 9,773,733 11,073,171

COMPARATIVE COMMERCE OF PORTS IN THE UNITED STATES. We give below official tables of the value of foreign and domestic exports from the seren principal commercial cities of the United States, also a comparative statement of the value of imports into the same, all in each quarter, of the years from 1850 to 1852:A COMPARATIVE STATEMENT OF THE VALUE OF FOREIGN GOODS, &C., EXPORTED FROM THE

FOLLOWING DISTRICTS.
1850. 1851. 1850. 1851.

1851. 1852. 3d quarter. 3d quarter. 4th quarter.

4th quarter.
1st quarter.

1st quarter.
Boston.... $527,640 $352,145 $598,991 $500,587 $560,015 $597,691
New York.. 5,766,415 2,809,658 4,198,573 2,982,810 2,427,626
Philadel'a . 20,280 16,051 122,447 129,403 24,007 48,332
Baltimore.. 40,700 64,492 53,397 19,955 76,068
Charleston..
N. Orleans. 69,807 51,207 176,571 40,603 104,453 81,229
Mobile....

$6,424,842 $3,293,553 $5,149,979 $3,667,358 $3,192,169

$727,252

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