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1836-37... .....

The Danube is obstructed by ice during a portion of the winter season, and it is necessary for masters of vessels to be careful not to arrive so late as to run the risk of being compelled to pass the winter there. The following table shows the period of the ice during several years : February 7th.....

February 28th. 1837-38... December 29th..

March 3d. 1838-39... December 24th..

March 13th. 1839-40... January 12th.

February 2d. 1840-41.. December 17th..

March 21st. 1841-42... December 26th..

March 9th. 1842-43...

Remained open the whole year. 1843-44... January 12th,...

February 27th. 1844-45... December 28tb..

January 23d. 1845-46...

Remained open the whole year. 1846-47... January 15th...

February 13th. 1847-48... January 2d

March 1st. 1848-49..... January 1st.....

February 22d. It is the general opinion that the Commerce of the Danube must become still more important at its mouth ; of this its development has, thus far, been retarded by political reasons or on account of its having been neglected to remove the accumulation of sand at the mouth of Sulina. It is certainly much desired that this mouth should be cleaned out and deepened, and yet there is no sufficient reason for believing that the Commerce of the Danube, by its mouth, would become more considerable than it is at present. The exportation will be limited to the produce of Moldavia and Wallachia, of a portion of Bessarabia and Turkey, in the environs of Tuleha.

It may be mentioned, that the products of Hungary are not in demand for the Black Sea, or for Turkey, but for the Mediterranean and the countries out of the Straits of Gibraltar. From any part of the Danube, above the junction of the Saave, and for some distance below it, the produce may be transported to Fuime, by the Saave, and by land carriage, at equally cheap rates, as far as Galatz; and from Fuime, the freights would always be cheaper than from Galatz. So long as the difficulties at the “Iron Gate" exist, few products will descend from beyond it. An attempt was made with rape seed above the “ Iron Gate” and brought it down to Ibraila ; but as within the last few years, nothing has come from so high up, it must be supposed that it was not found profitable.

The Bulgarians, for the most part find it advantageous to transport their produce to the Black Sea ; and from a part of Bessarabia, it is better to transport it to Odessa. It may be remaked that in the trade between Vi. enna and Constantinople the plan has been made of discharging the steamer at Chernevoda, and to transport the passengers and merchandise, as far as Kustenja, by land, by which means two days are saved in the voyage; and if this route has been abandoned, it is on account of there being no shelter at Kustenja, and when it is bad whether, much difficulty is experienced in discharging and reloading the goods; but if there were a good harbor there, the trade between Constantinople and Vienna would again go by this route, and would not pass any more by the mouth of Sulina.

Respecting the imports of Galatz and Ibraila by the Danube, during the period from 1837 to 1848, it is added

The tables of imports given each year show sufficiently the different articles imported into the Provinces by the Danube, and therefore the revisions of them will now be limited to English articles. Yet it must be remembered that the only articles imported, except those of England, are the fruits and oil of the Levant.

Table showing the principle articles imported entirely, or for the most part from England from 1837 to 1848:

IBRAILA.

Year.
1837.....

47

GALATZ.
Cotton spun
Iron, Coal. Cotton spun

Iron.
in twist,
Tons, Tons. in twist.

Tons. 917 601 480 280 40 135 66 1838 1,030 1,564 1,060 20

not complete. 1839. 1,300 1,205 410 570

584 290 1840.

1,200 1,621 803 1,454 590 683 346 1841. 1,150 1,130

453

600 1,070 1,295 420 1842,

1,350 1,050 685 1,600 1,930 915 495 1843..

1,488 1,757 874 905 1,695 1,200 480 1844...

1,880 2,197 817 1,966 2,218 1,025 560 1845...

2,001 1,647 1,728 1,688 2,727 1,038 650 1846..

not complete. 1847.. 5,994 2,707 2,086

4,928 4,175 1,908 1,761 1848..

4,181 2,946 1,315 5,065 3,540 2,394 2,781 The following table shows the value estimated on all the the vessels by the Danube, to Galatz and Ibraila, from 1847 to 1848, inclusive, in pounds : Year.

Galatz.
Ibraila.

Total.
1837

86,674 10,731 97,405 1838

136,998

not complete. 1839

146,461 47,388 193,839 1840.

200.294 90,781 291,075 1841.

164,114 132,938 297,052 1812.

169,191 178,155 347,346 1843.

187,454 177,646 365,100 1844.

223,635 171,896 395,531 1845.

223,978 208,051 432,029 1846.

not complete. 1847.

415,007 277,219 692,226 1848.

319,403 287,291 606,694 From the preceding table it is seen that the importation of Englislı manufactures and spun cotton, which in the year 1837 was only about 1,000 bales, for Galatz and Ibraila, has increased in twelve years to 8,000 bales or more; and it is probable that it will increase in the same proportion during the coming twelve years—that is, in case some new misfortune does not happen to the Provinces ; and there is no doubt but that so long as the exports increase the imports will increase in the same proportion.

The following details of the trade of the Provinces will serve to show more minutely the return and amount of the exports and freight for the year 1849:NOTE OF IMPORTATIONS INTO GALATZ UP THE DANUBE IN 1849, IN ENGLISH WEIGHTS

AND MEASURES, AND VALUE OF THE SAME IN STERLING.
Merchandise.

Quantity.

Value.

Total value. Manufactures—Twist-British.....pkgs 4,820 £40 0 0 £193,680 Manufactures-not British...

139
30 0 0

4,170 Cotton yarn- Turkish....

30
15 0 0

450 Sugar, refined and crushed...cks & bbls. 4,504 20 0 0 90,080 Coffee.... bags & bbls. 1,489

4 0 0

5,956 Pepper.

,bags 2,482

0 30 0

8,728 Cloves and other spices.. ..pkgs

532 Rum.

7 0 0

.hhds. & bbis.

741
100

5,187

76

cases

Quantity.

440

979 1,807

44 135 168 340 469

51 3,518

89

...cwt.

Total value.

2,200 1,958 16,263

132 202 134 850 351

102 4,397 356

30 190 252

640 1,025 2,861 17,600 1,857

188

Merchandise. Tin in bars..

..cwt. Tin plates ..

boxes
Iron in bars, rods, and sheets. tons
Steel..
Nails

.bbls. Lead..

.. pigs Lead shot. Tar and pitch..

.bbls. Alum.. Coals...

.tons Saltpeter.

bbls.
Gunpowder..
Vitriol and copperas..
Logwood

.cwt. Indigo...

.chests Cotton wool, Levant.. Soap.

...cwt. Oil olives. Olives.

,skins & bbls. Wine

...bbls.
Champagne and other wines
Porter
Raisins
Raisins..

..drums
Figs.
Fius.

..bbls. Lemons and oranges

.bbls, & cases Aimonds..

bbls.
Filberts..
Dates...
Chestnuts
Pine seeds.

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...bales

705

cases

..bbls.

76 630

8 205 1,635 8,800 2,476

47 141

326 1,750 8,974 3,669

845
3,500

176
172

83
126

Value.

0 0
2 0 0
9 0
3 0 0
0 30 0
0 16 0
0 50 9
0 15 0
2 0 0
0 25 0
4 0 0
6 0 0
0 50 0
0 8 0
80 0 0
5 0 0
0 35
2 0 0
0 15 0
4 0 0
5 0 0
3 0 0
2 0 0
0 10 0
0 8 0
2 0 0
1 0
20
0 15 0
4 0 0
0 15 0
2 0 0
3 0 0
0 5 0
30 0
0 10 0
1 0 0
5 0 0
3 0
12 0 0
0 30 0
1 0 0
20 0 0
0 12 0
5 0 0

0 0
3 0
2 0
15 0

0 25 0
10 0 0
3 0 0
1 0 0
3 0 0
2 0 0
5 0 0
5 0 0
5 0 0
10 0 0

0 10 0 10 0 1 0 0

0

27

Chick peas

...cwt.

...bbls. .bbls. & dried

..cwt.

.casks
.bbls.

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264 1,175

59 640 5,360 1,920

23 64 361 228 14 24 39 87

4 17

3 44

9 175

Locusts, or carubs,
Citrons..
Halva
Rice
Tobacco,
Caviar black.
Caviar red..
Sardines
Fish, salt..
Polipe
Ciri (dried fislı)..
Aniseed..
Incense
Salep
Mastic..
Galls..
Macaroni.
Furniture
Chairs..
Paint.
Earthenware
Window.glass...
Books ...
Paper, writing
Paper, for cigars.
Lemon juice
Orange peel..
Dressed leather
Pipe-bowls..
Cigars....

978 3,500 4,187 1,468 1,690 3,500

352 129 332 95 54 792 294 177

320
5,360
9,600
1,350

768
542
228
280

14
195
185
12
34
45
55
90
525

47 186 420

95 170 215 160

24 8,160

44 198

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47

62 210 19 34 49 16 49 816 44 64

.bbls. ..bags ... bales

cases ..boxes

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NOTE OF EXPORTS FROM GALATZ, BY SEA, IN 1849, IN ENGLISH WEIGHTS AND MEASURES,

AND VALUE OF THE SAME IN STERLING, FREE ON BOARD.
Merchandise.

Quantity.

Value, Total value. Wheat..

.qrs. 173,797

£0 23 0 £199,866 Indian corn.

258,763

0 18 0 232,887 Rye..

60,617

0 14 0 42,432 Barley..

741
010 0

370 Lipseed..

1,521
0 27 0

2,058 Rapeseed

350
0 22 0

385 Tallow and chervice..

..cwt.
3,052
0 36 0

5,494 Preserved meat in tin canisters , .lbs. 1,104,536

0 0 3

13,806 Ox bides..

.pcs.

20
0 7 0

7 lbs. 24,000

0 0 8

800 Wine. ..galls. 106,750

0 1 0

5,337 Walnuts

cwt.
2,543
0 5 0

636 Pruges.

1,552
05 0

388 Honey

108
0 25 0

135 Planks and deals.. -pieces 664,319

0 0 4

11,071 ..rafts

20

600 0 0 12,000 Salt (rock)...

... .cwt.
5,400
0 2 6

675

Wool.....

Masts and spars

Total..

£528,342

DESTINATION OF VESSELS FROM GALATZ, AND CARGOES OF SAME IN 1849.

No of Wheat. Indian corn. Rye. Tallow. Destination.

vessels. Qrs.

Qrs.
Qrs.

Cwt. Constantinople...

276 56,247 71.391 11,296 2,572 England

164 47,405 163,671 3,182 Trieste..

71 24,790 9,529 38,511 Marseilles..

27 17,220 5,328 5,265 480 Genoa.

17 17,473

1,050 Leghorn

8 6,328

840 Cefalonia.

9 3,500 3,357 573 Malta ...

6

834 5,437 Odessa*

10

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NOTE OF VESSELS DEPARTED, LOADED, FROM GALATZ, AND CARGOES OF SAME IN 1849.

No of Wheat. Indian corn. Rye, Tallow. Nation.

vessels.

Qrs.
Qrs.
Qrs.

Cwt. Greeks..

197 54,222 108,645 35,854 350 Turkish. 81 5,028 4,257

392 English

76 28,776 49,111 3,192 Russian..

65 12,980 20,172 4,002 1,544 Austrian..

59 25,619 45,310 6,833 Sardinian

33 25,982 4,827 3,874 Wallachian 22 3,732 7,326

286

* Wine, 106,750 gallons; walnuts, 2,543 ewt.; prunes, 1,552 cwt.; honey, 108 cwt. ; deals, 1,800 pieces.

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NOTE OF IMPORTATIONS INTO IBRAILA UP THE DANUBE IN 1849, AND VALUE OF THE

SAME IN STERLING.

Quantity.

3,558

Total value.
£142,320

2,340

78

300

.bbls.

Merchandise.
Manufactures, cotton twist, British... pkgs.
Manufactures, Turkish ...
Cotton yarn, Turkish

..sacks Sugar, refined and crushed.....

.casks, &c. Sugar, candied...

. cases
Tea ..
Chocolate
Coffee

.bags & casks Pepper

... bags Cloves and other spices

... Cases Rum

..bbls, Tin in bars.....

..cwt. Tin plates..

cases Iron in bars, rods, and sheets.

.tons Steel..

.cases Nails Lead..

pigs Iron safes and machines..

pieces Tar and pitch....

.bbls.
Rosin ..
Alum..
Couls

..tons Saltpeter.

.bbls.
Salphur
Vitriol ani copperas..
Lozirood..

• pieces Cochineal.

cases Soap..

.cwt. Oil.. 0.1.. Olives.

.skins & bbls. Wine..

.bbls.
Porter,
Champagne and other wines. cases
Raisins..
Raisina

20
5,010

78
6

1
1,797
921

59 511

134 1,265 4,074

19 2+ 375

77 541

2 316 336 87

8 700 1,308

4 1,768 10,938

352 4,632

Value.
£40 00
30 0 0
15 0 0
20 0 0

3 0 0
10 0 0
5 00
4 0 0
0 300
7 0 0
7 0 0
5 0 0
2 0 0
12 0 0
3 0 0
1 10 0
0 16 0
10 0 0
0 15 0
0 30 0
0 40 0
0 25 0
0 80 0
0 30 0
0 50 0
0 2 0
15 0 0
0 35 0
0 40 0
0 25 0
0 15 0
4 0 0
2 0 0
5 0 0
2 0 0
0 8 0
1 0 0
0 8 0
0 30 0
0 10 0
0 15 0
2 0 0
4 0 0
0 15 0
0 5 0
0 10 0
2 0 0

100,200

234 60

5 7,188 1,381

413 3,577

670 2,530 48,888

57 36 291 747 406

3 632 420 348

12 1,750 131

60 3,094 21,876

410 3,474

92

....cases

.cases Figs.

.bbls. Figi...

.cases Lemons.

.bbls.
Lemons
Oranges
Almonds..

.bbls.
Dates.
Filberts,
Locusts, or carubs..

.cwt.
Halva ..
Pine seeds.

..bbls.

23 40 455 1,555 6,679 1,180 1,262

32 1,116 940 123 31

49 1,750 72 2

80 2,275 3,110 2,672 1,180 505

48 558 705 246 136

37 438 36 4

..bbls.

.cases

cases

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