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FISHERIES OF THE BRITISH PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA. From the official statistics of the Province of Nova Scotia (referred to in other departments of the present number of the Merchants' Magazine) we derive the subjoined statistics of the Fisheries of that Province as taken in 1851:
STATEMENT OF THE FISHERIES OF NOVA SCOTIA IN 1851.
No. of Quantity of No. of vessels em- Ton- No. of boats em- No. of nets and dry tish bbls, of Counties.
ployed. Dage. men. ployed. men. seines. cured. salmon. Halifax.....
96 2,184 255
1,437 1,054 6,764 14,684 25 Lunenburg
186 2,478 659 458 640 5,610 21,057 7 Queens.
119 229 612 8,998
1,342 35,417 50 Yarmouth
71 2,206 477 49 76 396 20,270 Digby...
34 990 169 82 112 256 10,901 Annapolis
6 247 19 62 86 197 602 Kings.
7 580 38 32 45 131 994 30 Hants. ...
19 87 6 Cumberland.
3 109 18 25 23 273 680 97 Cochester 25 6 28 50
96 229 15 Pictou..
97 34 75 Sydney..
6 90 26 180 153 1,056 1,033 184 Guysboro'
71 2,350 289 833 1,005 7,227 15,834 601 Inverness...
74 1,007 264 247 379 955 11,901 193 Richmond...
99 2,197 456 522 860 2,654 32,255 42 Cape Breton
83 654 1,298 2,469 21,468 344 Victoria..
Counties. Halifax. Lunenburg Queens... Shelburne.... Yarmouth Digby... Annapolis Kings.... Hants... Cumberland. Colchester.. Pictou ... Sydney. Guysboro' Inverness. Richmond Cape Breton.. Victoria...
812 43,333 36,8i 5,161 6,713 30,154 196,434 1,669 No. of No. of No. of No.of Quantity,
Quantity bbls. of bbls, of bbls. of bbls. of of smoked
of fish shad. mackerel, herring. alewives. herring. Value.
Value. 1 29,835 5,085 182 93 £53,573 17,895 £1,508 9,417 4,878 202
15,113 8,401 875 1,441 4,880
10,274 1,055 4,610 6,680 61 275 22,215 40,992 3,977
1,129 1,398 611 100 15,000 7,988 851 43 1,385 5,213 10 4,830
7,615 1,356 327 20
108 529 16 7,362 1,555 752 132 856
2 849 164 2,115 1,200 242 27 546 340
36 678 162 150 1,810 932 98 1,450
300 2,404 98 50 12
13 2 1,828 1,250 32
2,518 252 4 20,054 8,460 815
28,208 21,378 1,641 5,401 2,287 2,172 6 18,492 17,174 1,914 25 15,373 4,398 851
50,085 22,947 1,782 28 9,428 6,113 53 41
3,536 100,047 63,200 5,343 15,409 217,270 189,250 17,754
IMPORTS OF BRANDIES INTO GREAT BRITAIN.
SHIPMENTS OF COGNAC BRANDIES FROM CHARENTE TO ALL THE PORTS OF GREAT BRITAIN FROM THE 1ST OF JULY, 1851, TO THE 30TH OF JUNE, 1852.
Punchions. Huds. Qr. casks. Cases. Martell & Co..
1,017 11,706 4,283
449 Jas. Hennessay & Co...
1,334 8,169 5,008 2,366 George Saligpac...
561 3,405 3,774 2,338 Otard, Dupuy & Co..
316 1,600 1,172 1,079 Sundry parties
698 7,287 9,147 31,766
ROCHESTER FLOUR TRADE. QUANTITY OF FLOUR SHIPPED FROM ROCHESTER IN EACH MONTH OF THE SEASON OF 1851, COMPARED WITH FOUR PREVIOUS YEARS, AS PUBLISHED IN THE ROCHESTER DEMOCRAT.
1851, 1850. 1819. 1848. 1847. April
52,152 38,039 May
61,758 56,641 89,508 93,279 127,059 June..
29,616 35,665 58,081 67,585 74,932 July.
40,805 33,301 40,833 51,958 78,390 August.
43.390 58,445 56,792 67,753 61,965 September..
63,887 88,196 77,486 92,396 74,474 October
112,637 94.348 153,004 98,946 111,030 November..
96,683 127,291 124,411 108,865 103,712 December
500,330 552,729 570,757 584,426 631,574
QUANTITIES SHIPPED FOR SERIES OF YEARS. 1844.... .bbls. 400,388 | 1848.....
.bbls. 584,426 1845 618,318 1849
570,757 1846.. 540,232 | 1850
552,729 1847... 631,574 | 1851.
500,330 The Rochester and Syracuse Railroad carried 20,513 barrels in 1851. This is a small comparative amount. In 1848 that road took 58,137 barrels, and in 1850 about 30,000 barrels. The amount of flour left here by canal during the year is 26,888 barrels. Last year there were 44,443 barrels left by canal. The Western Railroad during 1851 brought down 49,000 barrels, in 1850, a little more than that. Adding to the amount shipped by canal, the difference in the amount left here during the year, and the shipments are still less than any previous year named, excepting 1844–5.
To the amount shipped must be added the amount consumed by 40,000 inhabitants, and by a large number of people living in the suburbs and vicinity. The amount of wheat left here by both canals for two years is as follows:
1851. Genesee Valley. Erie. (Genesee Valley. Erie. April..
26,638 16,448 May
86,974 53,387 June
45,347 36,081 July
81,491 37,770 August..
59,187 22,294 September
50,187 124,018 159,472 18,751 October.
83,328 149,162 395,990 61,754 November,
104,915 226,465 178,892 62,287 December
453,673 762,286 1,113,857 351,607 The following is the quantity left by both canals for a series of years :1844
.bbls. 1,443,138 1845.. 1,169,281 | 1849
1,426,436 1946.. 1,503,646 | 1850,
1,215,759 1847.. 1,778,116 | 1851
1,465,464 The Western Railroad has left 175,000 bushels, which is more by 50,000 than it brought here the year previous.
A rough estimate of the amount of flour manufactured here in the course of a year is 600.000 barrels, to manufacture which, computing five bushels of wheat to each barrel, would require three million bushels. The whole amount left here by canal and railroad is 1,640,454 bushels, leaving 1,359,546 to be made up from receipts by wagons from the country towns. The product of this county is computed at about that amount. A considerable portion of what is grown in this county is brought in by canal, while no small amount is brought from adjoining counties by land carriage. Some wheat is received by lake vessels, both from Canadian and American ports. The amount arriving last year is much smaller than usual, but we have not been able
to obtain the precise figures. Canadian produce dealers have found this an unprofitable market, as their wheat can scarcely compete with Genesee upon paying terms, and they do not often venture to send a cargo to our port.
BRITISH IMPORTS OF SUGAR FROM HER POSSESSIONS.
From a return, printed by order of the British House of Commons, we find that in 1851, 36,777,717 163. of sugar were imported from British Possessions, which, as compared with the previous year's imports, shows a decrease of 2,955,326 lbs. Of cocoa 4,319,051 lbs. were imported, being an increase over the previous year of 2,360,454 lbs. Cotton wool was imported to the extent of 123,075,603 lbs., exceeding the imports of 1850 by 3,974,948 lbs. The imports of foreign sugar from all parts amounted last year to 2,296,304 cwts, being more than the previous year by 945,781 cwts. Refined sugar, foreign, was imported to the amount of 53,084 cwts., and of British produce 163 cwts. The sugar imported from British possessions amounted to 5.693,082 cwts. The imports of rum from British possessions amounted to 4,652,232 gallons, being a small increase over the previous year.
COMMERCE OF HOLLAND IN 1852. By a comparative statement of the imports, exports, and transit of merchandise in Holland during the first six months of 1862, published in the Staats Courant, it is shown that the quantity of raw cotton imported in that period is nearly double that imported in the same period of 1851. Cotton yarn also shows an increase of fully one-third ; the value of iron imported has been increased by nearly 1,500,000 florins ; the quantity of raw sugar, 15,000,000 lbs. ; coffee, 10,000,000 lbs.; rice, 6,000,000 lbs.; leaf tobacco, 6,000,000 lbs.; and tin by 1,000,000 lbs. In the exports there has been an increase of 1,200,000 florins' value upon iron, 3,000,000 lbs. upon raw cotton, 8,000,000 lbs. upon coffee, 1,000,000 lbs. upon sundry manufactured goods, 6,500,000 lbs. upon rice, 600,000 lbs. upon sugar, 6,000,000 lbs. upon leaf tobacco, and 1,000,000 Ibs. upon cotton yarns.
THE FOREIGN TRADE OF LONDON.
It appears from a return to Parliament, that in 1841 the number of British vessels which had entered the port of London, engaged in the foreign trade, was 4,016 sailing and 626 steamers, and in ten years—in 1851-the number was 5,190 sailing and 1,403 steamers; while of foreign vessels there were, in 1841, 1,927 sailing and 72 steamers, and last year the number had increased to 3,474 sailing and 274 steam vessels.
BELVIDERE KNOLL AND HOOPER'S STRAITS. The Superintendent of the United States Coast Survey has communicated to the Secretary of the Treasury the following information, which was published officially for the benefit of mariners :
COAST-SURVEY STATION, near Petersburg, Va., August 7, 1852. Sir :-I have the honor to communicate a notice to mariners in relation to buoys recently placed, by request of the collector of Baltimore, on the Belvidere Knoll, near the entrance to the Patapsco, and near a wreck in Hooper's Straits, and respectfully ask authority to publish it.
A buoy painted red, with a white band near the top of the spar, has been placed near the sunken wreck of a collier, in the entrance of Hooper's Straits
, (Chesapeake Bay,) which is a dangerous impediment to vessels entering the straits from the northward. The buoy is placed in seventeen feet water, seven yards from the bows of the wreck, with the following bearings by compass :
Light-ship in Hooper's Straits.......
E. by S.
N. ; w. Vessels should pass to the westward of the buoy, and approach it no nearer than thirty yards.
A similar buoy has been placed on Belvidere Knoll, S. E. from the Bodkin, (Chesapeake Bay,) and east of the swash channel, into Patapsco River, (Baltimore entrance,) with the following bearings by compass :Bodkin's Light-house.
N. W. I N.
S. & W.
BEACON AT ENTRANCE OF BOMBAY HARBOR.
COMMODORE'S OFFICE, BOMBAY, May 19, 1852. The beacon on the Island of Kennery, situate at the entrance of Bombay Harbor, the completion of which was made known by a notification published in the Bombay Government Gazette, and dated April 3d, 1851, having been partially destroyed by the heavy rains of the monsoon, was taken down.
A new beacon has since been commenced on, and is now sufficiently advanced to wards completion to be visible to vessels approaching the harbor, and it is expected will be entirely finished by the 1st of June next.
The new beacon is of a cylindrical form, and rises to the hight of 70 feet above the foundation.
The beacon is painted black, and can be seen at a distance of 16 miles on a clear
N. by W. & W.7} miles.
N. 114 miles.
N. 1 E. 11 miles.
N. E. by E. 4 E. 8 miles.
BOQUERO CHANNEL, PORT OF CALLAO. The following notice to mariners is extracted from a letter of Lloyds' agent at Callao, dated June 25th, 1852:
" The channel (Boqueron) is not the usual one to enter the port, and lately a number of vessels have come on shore from attempting to come in that way, rather than the ordinary one round the north point of the island of San Lorenzo. The Peruvian vessels generally enter by the former channel, but most of them are small, and the masters are, by practice, well acquainted with it. The Peruvian government have prohibited vessels laden with guano from entering by the Boqueron Channel
, and as it is not a safe one for persons unacquainted with it, we consider that the underwriters and masters of vessels should be aware of the risk and danger incurred."
BEARINGS OFF BULL'S BAY LIGHT-HOUSE. Bring the light-bouse on the north-east of Bull's Island to bear N. W. 1 W. by com. pass, and run for it until over the bar, then follow the beach round by the lead, until the point of the island gives you a harbor. This course will give you not less than nine feet on the bar at low tide, rise of tide about six feet.
LIGHT-HOUSE ON BULL'S ISLAND. The light-house lately constructed on Bull's Island, about 30 miles north of Charleston, was lighted on the 1st of August. Bull's Bay affords a safe anchorage ground for vessels of light draft, which may be obliged to seek a safe harbor by stress of weather.
W. J. GRAYSON, Superintendent.
NOTICE TO UNITED STATES CONSULS. Our consuls abroad will serve the interest of Commerce and Navigation by forwarding to the Editor of the Merchants' Magazine any authentic information touching lighthouses, port charges, &c., &c.
SPANISH COMMERCIAL REGULATIONS. We are enabled, through ALEXANDER Burton, Esq., United States Consul at Cadız, Spain, to lay before the readers of the Merchants' Magazine the subjoined information in relation to the Spanish tariff of 1849, &c. :
The Spanish Custom-House Tariff of 1849 has undergone modifications in the names of some articles of importation, principally of European manufacture, as also in regard to the duties payable thereon, of all which the Spanish Government has recently ordered the publication,
The decree of 17th December last, relative to port dues on vessels arriving in Spain, went into operation the 1st of February last.
The shipping of the United States continues subject to the payment of the followlowing duties :
Light-house, 2 reals; anchorage, 2 reals ; loading, 5 reals; unloading, 5 reals; per ton of 2,000 pounds Spanish ; and one-eighth is added to the English tonnage of 20 cwt., to reduce it to the Spanish ton of 20 quintals.
Anchorage and light money to be paid at the port first touched at; loading and unloading as often as either takes place.
Vessels coming strictly in ballast, and loading salt at Cadiz, are exempt from light duty, but subject to the payment of all the other dues.
A consumption duty is levied on the provisions brought into port by vessels and used on board by their crews and passengers. This duty may be assessed on difference between the quantity of provisions manifested at time of entry and what may exist at the time of clearing, duty being charged on the excess; but in order to avoid such a vexatious inspection, it is permitted, by agreement with the Administration of Contributions, to compound at four marvedis per day for each person on board.
The sanitary regulations in regard to quarantine remain without alteration since December 31st, 1850.
The pilotage from and to sea, and also the health office, charges for visitor and tender on vessels and cargo ; and searchers' fees are regulated by a tariff of fifty years' standing.
A royal order of the 25th of April, explanatory of that of 17th of December last, says, that the charges for anchorage, loading and unloading, are to be exacted from vessels in all ports of the Peninsula ; and by ports is to be understood those points of the coast where artificial works may bave been constructed, to afford shelter and se. cure means of loading, without more exception than roadsteads and open bays (radas y calas abiestas). Under this order of the 25th of April, the chief of the custom-house at Algeciras has given notice to the foreign vice-consular agents there resident, that the anchorage duty will be exacted from all foreign vessels entering that bay for shelter or other cause (arribada forzosa); and claims the delivery of manifests and crew lists. The object is probably to oblige all wind-bound vessels so anchoring, and without performing any mercantile operation, to enter and clear at the custoin-house, thus causing delay and increase of expenses, ruinous to voyages of vessels with cargoes of fruit and other perishable articles.
TREATY OF COMMERCE AND NAVIGATION, BETWEEN THE U. S. & GUATEMALA.
BY THE PRESIDENT OF THE UNITED STATES OF AMERICA. Whereas a General Convention of Peace, Amity, Commerce, and Navigation, between the United States of America and the Republic of Guatemala, was concluded and signed in the city of Guatemala, by the respective Plenipotentiaries, on the third day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-nive; which Convention, being in the English and Spanish languages, is, word for word, as follows : General Convention of peace, amity, Commerce and navigation, between the United
States of America and the republie of Guatemala. The United States of America and the republic of Guatemala, desiring to make firm and permanent the peace and friendship which happily prevails between both