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1st. The present treaty shall remain in full force and virtue for the term of twelve years, to be counted froń the day of the exchange of tbe ratifications, and further until the end of one year after either of the contracting parties shall have given potice to the other of its intention to terminate the same; each of the contracting parties re. serving to itself the right of giving such notice to the other at the end of said term of twelve years. And it is hereby agreed between them, that on the expiration of one year after such notice shall have been received by either from the other party, this treaty, in all its parts relative to Commerce and navigation, shall altogether cease and determine, and in all those parts which relate to peace and friendship it shall be perpetually binding on both powers.

2d. If any one or more of the citizens of either party shall infringe any of the articles of this treaty, such citizens shall be held personally responsible for the same, and the barmony and good correspondence between the nations shall not be interrupted thereby; each party engaging in no way to protect the offender or sanction sueh violation,

3d. If, (which indeed cannot be expected,) unfortunately, any of the articles contained. in the present treaty shall be violated or infringed in any other way whatever, it is expressly stipulated that neither of the contracting parties will order or authorize any acts of reprisal, nor declare war against the other, on complaints of injuries or damaages, until the said party considering itself offended shall first have presented to the other a statenient of such injuries or damages, verified by competent proof, and deinanded justice and satisfaction, and the same shall have been either refused or unreasobably delayed.

4th. Nothing in this treaty contained shall, however, be construed or operate contrary to former and existing pulic treaties with other sovereigns or States.

The present treaty of peace, amity, Commerce, and navigation, shall be approved and ratified by the President of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof, and by the government of the republic of Guatemala, and the ratifications shall be exchanged in the city of Washington or Guatemala within eighteen months, counted from the date of the signature haereof, or sooner, if possible.

In faith whereof, we, the plenipotentiaries of the United States of America and of the republic of Guatemala, have signed and sealed these presents, in the city of Guatemala, this third day of March, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and forty-nine,

(L. 8.]

ELIJAH HISE, (L. s.)

J. MARIANO RODRIGUEZ, And whereas the said convention has been duly ratified on both parts, and the respective ratifications of the same have been exchanged

Now, therefore, be it known, that I, Millard Fillmore, President of the United States of America, bave caused the said convention to be made public, to the end that the same, and every clause and article thereof, may be observed and fulfilled with good faith by the United States and the citizens thereof.

In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.

Done at the city of Washington, this twenty-eighth day of July, in the [L, s.]

year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and fifty-two, and of the independence of the United States of America the seven

ty-seventh. By the President: W. HUNTER, Acting Secretary of State.

MILLARD FILLMORE.

OF ALLOWANCE FOR TARE ON MERCHANDISE.

CIRCULAR INSTRUCTIONS TO COLLECTORS AND OTIIER OFFICERS OF CUSTOMS.

TREASURY DEPARTMENT, June 23, 1852, The Supreme Court of the United States, in a recent decision made in the case of Cornelius W. Lawrence, plaintiff in error, vs. John Caswell and Solomon Caswell, having laid down a principle adverse to the construction and practice heretofore prevailing upon the subject of allowances for tare, draft, leakage, breakage, &c., on imported merchandise, it becomes the duty of the department to instruct the collectors and the officers of the customs, that hereafter in the assessment of duties on imported

merchandise, none of the allowances specified in the fifty-eighth and fifty-pinth rections of the General Collection Act of 2d March, 1799, are to be made, the court har. ing intimated such allowances to be inapplicable to any article of merchandise subject under the existing Tariff Act to the payment of ad valorem duty.

No more than the actual weight of the cask or package can therefore in any case be allowed; and if the collector has any doubt as to the correctness of such weight or tare, in any invoice offered for entry, it will be his duty to ascertain the correctness of it by emptying such number of packages as he may think advisable, in order to ascertain the actual weight or tare of the cask or package, but in no instance is any allowance to be made on a claim for alleged erroneous tare, or for other causes, actual damage only excepted, where the full gross or net weight landed is equal to the invoice weight. Su likewise in case there should have been any shrinkage or drying in an article during the voyage of importation, no allowance can be made for such shrinkage and drying where the full quantity shipped of such article has been landed, though in all cases actual drainage, leakage, or damage, will be allowed as heretofore.

The Supreme Court in the above decision says, “when the Act of 1846 changed the duty on brandy from a specific one on the gallon to an ad valorem one, it was no longer within the provisions of the Act of 1799, and consequently no longer entitled to the deduction of the 2 per cent. Under this decision, the deduction of the said 2 per cent will in no case be allowed on liquids subject to guage.

As regards the return of duties illegally exacted, the court says: " In order that the opinion of the court may not be misunderstood, that when we speak of duties illegally exacted, the court mean to confine the opinion to cases like the present, in which the duty demanded was paid under protest, stating specially the ground of objection. Where no such protest is made, the duties are not illegally exacted in the legal sense of the term : for the law has confided to the Secretary of the Treasury the power of deciding in the first instance upon the amount of duties due on the importation. And if the party acquiesces, and does not by his protest appeal to the judicial tribunals, the duty paid is not illegally exacted, but is paid in obedience to the decision of the tribunal to which the law has confided the power of deciding the question.

" Money is often paid under the decision of an inferior court, without appeal, under the construction of a law which is afterwards in some other case, in a higher and superior court, determined to have an erroneous construction. But money thus paid is not illegally exacted. Nor are duties illegally exacted where they are paid under the decision of the Collector, sanctioned by the Secretary of the Treasury, and without appealing from that decision to the judicial tribunals by a proper and legal protest.”

Under this opinion of the court, no duties will hereafter be returned except in such cases where a protest, in writing, may have been or shall be made at the time, stating specially the ground of objection, nor will the allowances specified in sections fiftyeight and fifty-nine of the Act of 2d March, 1799, be allowed in any claim for return duties on importations heretofore made.

Any previous circular instructions or regulations conflicting with the preceding are hereby repealed.

WM. L. HODGE, Acting Secretary of the Treasury.

TARIFF OF THE PERUVIAN GOVERNMENT. Information has been communicated to the Department of State, by EDWARD McCall, Esq., Consul of the United States at Lima, that the new tariff, or rates of duties, lately approved and published by order of the Peruvian Government, goes into effect on all goods or merchandise imported from the United States on the 20th of September next. This tariff very materially modifies the rate of duties at present collected on foreign merchandise, and particularly on the staple articles of domestic cottons imported from the United States. These cottons are now subject to a duty of 40 per cent, but after the 20th of September they will pay only 15 per cent; flour will pay 30 per cent about one-third of the duty now exacted. Chairs, wood and cane seats, 25 per cent; furniture, all classes, 30; silks and linens, all classes, 28 ; woolens, all classes, 25.

STATISTICS OF POPULATION, &c.

Statea.

Brate

POPULATION AND REPRESENTATION OF THE UNITED STATES. We understand, says the National Intelligencer, that on the 2d of August, 1852, the Secretary of the Interior, in compliance with the provisions of the act of Congress, approved 23d May, 1850, providing for the taking of the seventh and subsequent censuses, transmitted to the House of Representatives his official certificate of the number of representatives apportioned to each State under the last or Seventh Enumeration of the Inhabitants of the United States, and that certificates are being prepared to be sent to the Executive of each State of the number to which such State is entitled. These certificates are in accordance with and founded upon the following table, showing the federal and representative population of the United States on the 1st day of June, 1850:POPULATION OF THE UNITED STATES, SEVENTH CENSUS, 1850, WITH THE APPORTIONMENT OF REPRESENTATION AND THE FRAOTIONS FOR EACH STATE,

Federal Representa

representa tions of each Free

tive popu-
Whites. colored.
Total. Slaves.

lation. No. Fractions. Maine. 581,813 1,356 583,169

583,169 6 22,619 New Hampshire... 317,456 520 317,976

317,976 3 37,716 Vermont... 813,402 718 314,120

314,120 3 83,860 Massachusetts 985,704 8,795 994,499

994,499 11 *60,299 Rhode Island 143,875 3,669 147,544

147,544 2 *54,124 Connecticut. 363,305 7,486 370,791

870,791 4 *90,531 New York.. 3,049,457 47,937 3,097,394

3,097,394 33 14,534 Pennsylvania 2,258,463 53,323 2,211,786

2,311,786 25 *69,706 Ohio.. 1,956,108 24,300 1,980,408

1,980,408 21 18,588 Indiana.. 977,628 10,788 988,416

988,416 11 *54,216 846,104 5,366 851,470

851,470 9 10,690 Michigan. 395,097 2,557 897,654

397,654 4 23,974 Wisconsin. 304,565 626 305,191

305,191

3 24,931 Iowa. 191,879 335 192,214

192,214 2 5,374 California.. 91,632 965 92,597

92,597 62 465,523 23,807 489,330 225 489,465 5 22,365 Delaware..

71,169 18,073 89,242 2,290 90,616 1 Maryland.

417,943 74,723 492,666 90,368 546,886 6 *79,786 Virginia ..

895,304 53,829 949,133 472,528 1,232,649 13 18,189 North Carolina.

553,118 27,373 580,491 288,412 753,538 8 6,178 South Carolina,

274,623 8,900 283,523 384,984 514,513 6 *47,413 Georgia ..

521,438 2,880 524,318 381,681 753,326 8 5,966 Alabama.

426,486 2,293 428,779 342,892 634,514 n *73,994 Mississippi

295,768 898 296,657 309,898 482,595 5 15,495 Louisiana

255 416 17,537 272,953 244,786 419,824 4 46,144 Tennessee

756,893 6,271 763,164 239,461 906,810 10 *66,060

761,688 9,736 771,424 210,931 898,012 10 *57,232 Missouri

692,077 2,544 594,621 87,422 647,074 7 *86,554 Arkansas

589

162,657 46,982 190,846 2 4,006 Florida

Illinois.

New Jersey

Kentucky

162,068

47,167 925 48,092 39,309 71,677 1 Texas ..

154,100 331 154,431 68,161 189,327 2 2,487 Dist, of Columbia ..

38,027 9,973 48,000 3,677

6,038 39 6,077 New Mexico..

61,530 17 61,547 Oregon

13,087 206 13,293
11,330 24 11,354 26

Minnesota....

Utah...

All the States marked thus (*) have an additional member for the fraction. # One representative added for California under the act of Congress, approved 30th July, 1852.

TOTAL POPULATION IN THE THIRTY-ONE STATES.

Whites.....
Free colored

19,427,259

419,451

19,846,710

3,200,380 21,766,931

93,420

Slaves
Federal representative population..
Federal representative ratio........

TOTAL POPULATION, INCLUDING THE TERRITORIES.
Whites ...
Free colored.
Slaves.....

19,557,271

429,710 3,204,093

Total.......

23,191,074

COMPLETE CENSUS OF THE PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA IN 1851. We are indebted to D. MoCulloch, Esq., Secretary to the Board of Statistics (Financial Secretary's office) for complete "statistics of each county of the British Prorince of Nova Scotia, exhibiting a view of the population, pursuits, industry, and resources of the country, within each county of the Province, as taken in 1851.” Under the present head we give all that relates to population, according to the classification of the official document from which the subjoined statements are copied :NUMBER OF PERSONS IN THE PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA ENGAGED IN LEARNED PROFESSIONS,

COMMERCE, MANUFACTURES, MECHANICS, AGRICULTURE, FISHERIES, NAVIGATION, AND

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Halifax...... 44 57 31
Lunenburg . 11 5 9
Queens

15 4 6
Shelburne... 13 2 5
Yarmouth. 16 3 8
Digby..... 14 2 7
Annapolis.... 21 10 11
Kings

21 7 10 Hants.. 17 5 6 Cumberland.. 16 11 15 Colchester ... 17 5 8 Pictou ... 21 9 11 Sydney. 12 7 2 Guysboro'.. 16 4 3 Inverness 12 2 2 Richmond.... 4 3 4 Cape Breton. | 18 7 7 Victoria .. s..

282 210 48 23 46 105

258 2,023 2,099 1,823
300 380 3,018 1,155
293
257

400 316
105 337 317 1,806
125 449 1,151

406 134 279 1,331

202 178 476 1,993 48 107 486 2,500

22
225

404 1,822 3
482 624 1,932 11
367 602 2,333 42
280 1,089 3.463
73 301 2,113 197
57 242 1,248 1,222
87 373 2,118

135
89
93
81
74
80
64
159

271 178 135 263 553 350 266 113 267 138 189 55 83 125 108 594 273

92 192 289 54 17 21 7 4 10 220 223 13

99

473 40

171 490 1,022 94 602 3,276 1,124

62 107 73 67 119

74 204 52 81 41

3 35

88 7 1 66

• • •

Total ..... 288 143 145 2,415 3,200 8,895 31,606 9,927 1,413 3,961 1,254

CENSUS OF THE PROVINCE OF NOVA SCOTIA, EXHIBITING THE AGGREGATE NUMBERS, AGES,

AND SEXES OF EACH DESCRIPTION OF PERSONS.

No. of persons under No. of persons from No. of persons from

10 years of age. 10 to 20 years of age. 20 to 30 years of age. Counties,

Males. Females. Males. Females. Males. Females, Halifax

5,408 6,291 4,228 4,659 2,543 3,553 Lunenburg..

2,576 2,618 1,877 1,860 1,387 1,293 Queens

1,107 1,081 975 841 555 550

Counties.
Shelburne...
Yarmouth..
Digby...
Annapolis..
Kings..
Hants..
Cumberland..
Colchester.
Pictou.
Sydney...
Guysboro'..
Inverness.
Richmond
Cape Breton..
Victoria...

No. of persons under No. of persons from No. of persons from

10 years of age. 10 to 20 years of age. 20 to 30 years of age. Males, Females, Males. Females, Mues. Females. 1,490 1,412 1,909 1,502 714

788 2,227 2,083 1,713 1,645 917 987 2,099 1,912 1,468 1,454

863

941 2,214 2,133 1,733 1,653 987 1,181 2,245 2,122 1,720 1,679 1,082 1,086 2,345 2,261 1,719 1,629 1,044 1,168 2,442 2.370 1,665 1,680 1,099 1,079 2,520 2,412 1,912 1,866 1,116 1,142 4,158 4,038 3,036 3,105 1,772 2,196 2,095 2,129 1,749 1,788 973 1.161 1,817 1,737 1.405 1,374 834 873 2,814 2,727 2,906 2,014 1,451 1,397 1,750 1,650 1,197 1,275 839 872 4,613

4,476 3,389 3,420 2,101 2,118

Total....

454

Counties,
Halifax
Lunenburg
Queens..
Shelburne..
Yarmouth
Digby..
Annapolls..
Kings..
Hants
Cumberland
Colchester.
Pictou..
Sydney
Guysboro'..
Inverness
Richmond..
Cape Breton..
Victoria...

Total..

44,000 43,452 33,791 33,444 20,277 22,385 No. of persons from No. of persons from No. of persons aboro 30 to 40 years of age. 40 to 50 years of age.

50 vears of age. Males. Female's. Males. Females, Males, Females. 2,485 2,616 1,761 1,608 1,906 1,974

885 813 718 848 640 850 378 593 275 283

392

426 496 518 374 370 507

542 652 647 479 456 669 667 637 635 505

635 649 751 793

580 633 827 801 777 737 527 539 824 800 754 728

685
538 825

734
888
772 496 682

755

611 818

838 585 546 916 798 1,240 1,359

1,062 922 1,379 1,326 596 605 428 468 713 762 519 496 351 339 601 492 820 831 532 507 824 904

539 521 387 371 498 482 1,880 1,333 971 907 1,467 1,405

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14,615 14,665 10,616 10,271 14,378
No. of mar-
ried persons

No. of

Dear and of both No. of No. of rate No. of dumb. sexes.

widow's. widows. payers. paupers, M. F. 11,392 380 1,129 4,187 339 23 10 4,595 85 277 2,469 24

1 2,253 61 144 1,260 29

3 2,868 77 234 1,710

2 3 4,088 85 240 2,197 25 3 6 3,659 95 213 1,854 05 5 4,378 122 306 1.961 56 8 4,286 128 317 2,194 63 7 8 4,184 126 274 2,304 49

2 4,066 97 193 2,048 20

Counties.
Halifax....
Lunenburg
Queens.
Shelburne....
Yarmouth.
Digby....
Annapolis..
Kings
Hants
Cumberland,
Colchester.
Pictou...
Sydney....
Guysboro'.
Inverness.
Richmond.
Cape Breton
Victoria ..

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5
4,701
135 238 2,399 17

8
7,103
215 589

3,062 117 16 7
3,242 99 329 1,788 15 10
3,030 80 198 1,670 32 7 3
4,295 129 387 2,298 55 10 17
2,993 88 247 1,319 31 5 2
7,568 236 654 3,668 60 17 12

Total..

78,701 2,238 5,916 38,388 1,072 132 98 74 62

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