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Total thrown upon the market ....... $46,784,772 $48,283,480 $43,948,903

ENTERED FOR WAREHOUSING.

1850. 1851.

1852. Manufactures of wool

$1,671,190 $1,661,246 $1,002,073 Manufactures of cotton..

1,537,764 1,182,207 685,882 Manufactures of silk

976,085 1,610,092 1,724,697 Manufactures of flax .

543,464 482,959 243,652 Miscellaneous dry goods

74,889 268,583 251,081 Total...

$4,803,392 $5,205,087 $3,907,385 Add entered for consumption ..

43,414,517 44,235,72 38,966,790 Total entered at the port..

$48,217,908 $49,440,808 $42,874,175 The receipts for duties have been larger than the imports would, at first sight, seem to warrant; owing to the considerable amount received for goods taken from the bonded warehouse.

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RECEIPTS FOR DUTIES AT NEW YORK.

1850.
1851.

1852. January 1st to July 31st. ... $17,240,026 00 $20,211,065 72 $17,491,100 06 In August......

3,484,965 65 3,234,764 21 3,884,295 66 Total for eight months.. $20,724,991 65 $23,445,829 93 $21,375,395 62 The exports for the first time since January 1st, show a large decline from the corresponding month of last year, and a still greater decline as compared with the preceding year :

EXPORTS FROY NEW YORK TO FOREIGN PORTS FOR THE MONTH OF AUGUST.

1850. 1851, 1852. Domestic Produce ..

$4,937,393 $3,259,594 $2,340,820 Foreign merchandise, (free)..

18,766 22,974 46,464 Foreigo merchandise, (dutiable).

658,787 334,549 220,978 Specie

1,441,736 2,673,444 2,935,833 Total.......

$7,056,682 $6,290,561 $5,514,095
Notwithstanding the decline as shown in August, the total exports from New
York, from January 1st to September 1st, (exclusive of specie), are only $894,-
868: a decline which will be nearly or quite recovered in September.
EXPORTS FROM NEW YORK TO FOREIGN PORTS FOR EIGHT MONTIS ENDING AUGUST 31st.

1850.
1851,

1852. Domestic produce ...

$27,428,526 $28,904,460 $27,452,183 Foreign merchandise, (free).

463,299 396,630 588,442 Foreign merchandise, (dutiable)..

3,070,365 2,600,688

2,966,285 Specie.

5,413,548 27,771,129 18,531,341 Total......

$36,375,738 $59,672,907 $49,538,251 We continue our usual comparative statement of the clearances from New

Pork....

...bbls.

Beef.....

York for foreign ports, of some of the leading articles of produce, from January 1st to September 20th :1851. 1852.

1851. 1852. A shes-Pots... bbls. 16,100 13,781 Naval stores.... bbls. 262,249 325,992

Pearls ..... 1,444 664 Oils—whale....gals. 973,191 34,998 Beeswax ... ... .lbs. 212,818 206,027 sperm.

408,289 462,784 Breadstuffs

lard...

195,053 23,629 Wheat flour..bbls. 949,613 972,600 linseed..

6,487 10,534 Rye flour.

6,392 7,974 ProvisionsCorn-meal. 32,309 36,506

85,201 28,323 Wheat....... bush. 807,784 1,499,503

25,585 36,179 Rye....

pone. 236,460 Cut meats..... lbs. 2,762,952 1,247,919 Oats. 2,658 8,153 Butter.

1,751,106 509,734 Barley

none.

367
Cheese

2,992,202 , 670,247 Corn.. 1,392,398 712,840 Lard

4,214,682 3,079,827 Candles-mold...bxs. 27,792 45,080 Rice

.trcs. 21,510 22,746 sperm.

2,510 2,765 Tallow..... .. lbs. 1,723,461 357,736 Coal

tons 3,895 27,591 Tobacco-crude.pkgs. 11,321 18,946 Cotton. .bales 241,653 281,689

man'd. lbs. 2,546,062 3,113,551 Hay.

4,982 6,557 Whalebone ........ 1,462,490 577,636 Норя,

128

483 What the future demand for our breadstuffs, from Europe, may prove to be, it is, of course, at present, impossible to determine; but our own impression is, that we shall be called upon to furnish large quantities of prime wheat and flour for English markets. The crop there is not only less than was anticipated, but it has also suffered in various places more or less seriously from blight, which has materially injured the quality. For some months succeeding the harvest, it is probable that large quantities of poor wheat will be pressed on the market there, and produce a glut of this quality. But there must even then be a demand for prime American wheat to mix, and after the stock of native wheat shall be reduced, we may look for a steady trade in American cereals at fair prices. It is not desirable that prices should rise enormously; this would not only lessen the consumption, but would also interfere with the demand for cotton and cotton goods-a trade which is, after all, more important to us.

Much interest is felt in regard to the future course of our foreign trade. Some look upon any increase in this direction as another step in the road to ruin; while to many, it is but a token of increased prosperity. The month of September will show a larger total of imports than the corresponding month of last year, although not sufficient to make up for the falling off during the first six months. The returns are not completed as yet; but sufficient is known, to show that there will be an increase. The exports, however, will show a still greater increase; and if new cotton continues to arrive freely, there will be no lack of exchange.

The bids for the Pennsylvania loans have been opened since our last. The offering was less than anticipated; owing to the complicated character of the invitation extended. Had the State confined the proposals to a 5 per cent stock, there can be little doubt but what a higher rate would have been realized. Of the $5,000,000, but $3,000,000 were taken, by C. H. Fisher, Esq., on foreign account, as follows: $400,000 5 per cent at $30 premium for every $1,000 ; $520,000 at $12 80; $520,000 do. at $15 37; $520,000 at $17 70; $520,000 at $20 20, and $520,000 at $22 70--an average of about 2 per cent premium. The Pennsylvania R. R. loan, of $3,000,000 6 per cent, was also awarded to the same party, at a premium of 34 per cent. The month closes with a better demand for money on the seaboard--the banks in the interior having drawn down their balances.

JOURNAL OF BANKING, CURRENCY, AND FINANCE,

THE ENTIRE PRODUCT OF CALIFORNIA GOLD.

We are indebted to Messrs. Hussey, Bond & HALE, of San Francisco, for a copy of their semi-annual circular for the six months ending June 30th, 1852. It is evidently prepared with care, and contains a variety of statistical tables of great value in & commercial and financial point of view. The subjoined estimates of the entire product of gold from 1848 to June 30th, 1852, is given in the circular alluded to above; the authors of the circular regret that the data for their estimate is so imperfect. They have given to the subject close investigation, but the table is necessarily approximative. So far as actual data can be had it is furnished, and their estimates are predicated upon such facilities as residence in the country of production, and constant careful observation afford:

ESTIMATES OF THE ENTIRE GOLD PRODUCT OF CALIFORNIA.

OFFICIAL REPORT OF DEPOSITS OF GOLD FROM CALIFORNIA.

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66

$44,177 6,147,509 36,074,062 56,938,232

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2,910,214

At the various United States mints in 1848..

1849.
1850.

1851..
Manifested shipments to U. $. ports in December, 1851, which did not

reach the mint in 1851 Importations into Chili in 1851 by official returos from that country......

$2,372,000 Shipments per steamers in 1851, on freight to

Europe and various countries, (not including Chili) via Panama, so far as destination was declared on manifests....

$3,600,000 Add estimate of shipments by same course and

to same quarters in 1851, for which the desti.
nation beyond Panama was not declared
50 per
cent of above.....

1,800,000

5,400,000 Known shipments by sailing vessels in 1851, to various foreign ports.

1,000,000 Add for amount not manifested believed to be as large

1,000,000

2,000,000

Total estimate of exportation to foreign countries in '51 9,772,000 The early foreign trade to this was very large, particularly

in 1819, from Pacific ports. Remittances in this early · trade were made chiefly in gold dust. The aggregate shipments to foreign countries for 1848, 1849, 1850, is therefore assumed for the three years to be as large as that of 1851

9,772,000

Total estimate of exports to foreign countries to December

31st, 1851, which would not reach U. S. mints......

19,554,000

120,658,194

Estimated amount taken over land to Mexico and by passengers to

Europe, East Indies, Australia, South America, (exclusive of Chili.) manufactured in California, and United States, and otherwise, retained by individuals leaving the country, and therefore not represented in the mint deposits, say 5 per cent on above......

6,032,909

In hands of bankers, merchants, and traders in San Francisco, per tabular statement prepared December 31st, 1851......

6,000,000 In hands of bankers and traders in other parts of California and Oregon, December 31st, 1851......

2,500,000 Estimated half months yield at mines not brought forward December 1851-say.

2,500,000 In circulation--gold dust and California private coin, estimated at $20 per individual, and population estimated 212,000....

4,240,000 Estimated product to December 31st, 1851......

$140,931,103 Estimated product from January 1, to June 30, 1852

33,849,774 Total estimated product to June 30, 1852.....

$174,780,877 SHIPMENTS AND ESTIMATED PRODUCTS OF GOLD FROM JANUARY 1ST TO JUNE 30TH, 1852.

The authentic materials of an estimate for the production of the six months ending June 30th, 1852, are limited to actual returns of the agents of the several steam lines and other amounts manifested at the Custom-bouse. The amounts taken by passengers and not manifested must be assumed. As an evidence of the importance of this item, we give a comparative statement of sums manifested at one Custom-house corresponding with those deposited at the several mints of the United States during the early part of this year, namely: Manifested shipments to United States ports from January 1st to April 18th, 1852, were...

$9,834,208 Manifested shipments in December, 1851, which would reach the mint in January 1852.

2,910,214 Total amounts manifested for United States ports from December 5th, 1851, to April 18th, 1852....

$12,744,417 This amount would have reached the mints in the natural course, during the first five months of the year.

The deposits of California gold at the several United States Mints during these five months were, however, $20,773,000. Showing an excess of 60 per cent over the sums manifested for the United States ports, which were due at the mints during those months.

A statement published in 1851, also shows that for several months the receipts at the Philadelphia Mint were nearly double the sums entered at the Custom house in New York, during the corresponding time. It is a well known fact that nearly all bome returning passengers take more or less gold. We have ourselves known of as large amounts as $5,000 to $20,000 (in one instance, $80,000) having been taken in luggage to save freights.

Manifested shipments as furnished by the agents of the Pacific Mail Steamship Co., from January 1st to June 30th, 1851:For United States ports, via. Panama..

$16,825,947 Por other countries, via Panama...

2,969,514

$19,795,461 Manifested shipments as furnished by the Agents of Vanderbilts' Line. 419,000 Manifested shipments by sundry vessels and steamers.

300,548 Total known shipments in 6 months......

$20,515,009 Add estimated amounts by sailing vessels not manifested, and sums taken overland to Mexico, say 5 per cent on above...

1,025,765 Add 60 per cent to amount manifested, which will be equivalent to

about $1,100 each for 11,363 passengers cleared in 6 months... 12,300,000 The bullion on hand in the State, on 30th June, 1852, may be assumed

at the same as that on hand December 31, 1851, already included in estimates. It is probable that the yield for the last balf year will exceed that of the first half of the year. Estimated production, 6 months..

$33,840,774

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PRODUCTION OF GOLD AND SILVER IN THE WORLD IN 1846 AND 1850. The London Times publishes the following statistical tables and remarks on the annual supply of gold throughout the world, prepared by William BIRKMYRE,“ with much industry and care.” In a letter to the editor of the Times, Mr. Birkmyre says, "The tables of the produce of gold and silver, I have drawn up from original authen

I have investigated the subject during the last four years, and bave consulted every accessible authority, both English and foreign:"— COMPARATIVE TABLE, SHOWING THE ANNUAL PRODUCE (APPROXIMATE CALCULATION) IN

VALUE OF FINE GOLD AND SILVER FOR 1846 AND 1850, THE FIRST BEING TWO YEARS BEFORE THE DISCOVERY OF THE RICH DEPOSITS OF GOLD IN CALIFORNIA; THE LATTER

tic sources.

TWO YEARS AFTER THE DISCOVERY.

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Total N. and S. America.....
Russia ..
Norway
North Germany
Saxony..
Austria .
Piedmont
Spain
United Kingdom..
Africa ...
Borneo...
Ava
Malacca..
Sumatra
Annan, or Tonquin..
Various countries *.

£5,261,619

167,831

32,346 139,022 198,200 282,654

£6,563,179 3,582,258

32.346 138,379 198,200 565,404

282,760
17,841
2,498

7,444
227,499
109,989

1,056
1,584

517
374

830 63,460 33,000

25,285 229,997 109,989 204,956 307,484 100.517 72,614 64,049 84,045 83,975

203,900
305,900
100,000
72,240
63,719
30.585
50,975

Total of Europe, Africa, & Asia.
Total N. and S. America....

£4,545,192

1,301,560

£1,254,206

5,261,619

£5,799,498

6,563,179

Total.

£6,515,925

£12,362,677

£5,846,752
1850.

California. ....
United States
Mexico
New Granada

Gold.
£12,000,000

115,430
382,901
252,407
96,241
60,357
145,585
289,068

Silver, £62,088

11,444 5,383,333

42,929 1,000,683 460,191 297,029

2,227

Total, £12,062,088

126,874 5,766,234

295,336 1,096,824

520,548 442,614 291,295

Peru ...

Bolivia..

Chili...

Brazil

Total, N. and S. America. ... Russia..

£13,341,989

4,175,860

£7,259,824

171,817
35,707

£20,601,813
4,347,477

35,607

Norway

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