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UNITED STATES TREASURER'S STATEMENT, OCTOBER 25, 1852.
TREASURER'S STATEMENT, SHOWING THE AMOUNT AT HIS CREDIT IN THE TREASURY, WITH

ASSISTANT TREASURERS AND DESIGNATED DEPOSITARIES, AND IN THE MINT AND BRANCHES
BY RETURNS RECEIVED TO MONDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1852; THE AMOUNT FOR WHICH DRAFTS
KAVE BEEN ISSUED, BUT WERE THEN UNPAID, AND THE AMOUNT THEN REMAINING SUBJECT
TO DRAFT. SHOWING, ALSO, THE AMOUNT OF FUTURE TRANSFERS TO AND FROM DEPOSITA-
RIES, AS ORDERED BY THE SECRETARY OF THE TREASURY.

Drarts

heretofore drawn Amount on but not yet paid, Amount

deposit. though payable. subj. to draft, Treasury of United States, Washington $318,890 15 $60,631 02 $258,259 18 Assistant Treasurer, Boston, Mass... 1,738,668 64 49,593 71 1,689,074 93 Assistant Treasurer, New York, N. Y..... 5,762,852 09 903,434 30 4,859,417 79 Assistant Treasurer, Philadelphia, Pa..... 1,137,850 96 136,345 58 1,001,505 38 Assistant Treasurer, Charleston, S. C.... 120,282 90 36,974 94 83,307 96 Assistant Treasurer, New Orleans, La..... 909,523 26 549,826 10 359,697 16 Assistant Treasurer, St. Louis, Mo.... 307,721 74 114,935 27 192,786 47 Depositary at Buffalo, New York.

17,773 39 483 35 17,290 04 Depositary at Baltimore, Md.

24,114 23 11,293 47 12,820 76 Depositary at Richmond, Va

27,556 71 1,650 61 25,906 10 Depositary at Norfolk, Va....

41,658 50 27,708 80 13,949 70 Depositary at Wilmington, N. C...

1,014 00 1,005 24

8 76 Depositary at Savannah, Georgia.... 37,062 70 5,050 00 32,012 70 Depositary at Mobile, Alabama..

24,293 04 20,135 99 4,157 05 Depositary at Nashville, Tennessee..

20,306 28 11,187 88 9,118 40 Depositary at Cincinnati, Ohio...

94,428 29 5,262 41 89,165 88 Depositary at Pittsburg, Pennsylvania. 3,180 80 1,167 74 2,013 06 Depositary at Cincinnati, (late)

8,301 37

8,301 37 Deposit at San Francisco..

800,681 41 11,700 00 658,981 41 Depositary at Dubuque, Iowa.

2,156 45 1,667 10 489 36 Depositary at Little Rock, Arkansas... 11,311 33

5,209 83 6,101 50 Depositary at Jeffersonville, Indiana

39,490 13 9,129 54 30,360 69 Depositary at Chicago, Illinois...

139,531 89 38,966 74 100,565 15 Depositary at Detroit, Michigan..

36,313 87 11,582 54 24,731 35 Depositary at Tallahassee, Florida ...

4,481 93 3,715 99 765 94 Suspense account.

. $2,486 66

2,486 66 Mint of the U. S., Philadelphia, Pa.... 5,629,170 00

5,629,170 00 Branch Mint of U. S., Charlotte, N. C .... 32,000 00

32,000 00 Branch Mint of U. S., Dahlonega, Ga..... 26,850 00

26,850 00 Branch Mint of U. S., New Orleans, La... 1,100,000 00 500,000 00 600,000 00

SHE 64

Total .....

Deduct suspense account.

18,412,466 06 2,751,144 81 15,663,807 91

2,486 66

42

Add difference in transfers

$15.661,321 25

1,107,500 00

Net amount subject to draft ....
Transfers ordered to treasury of the U. 8., Washington, D.C..
Transfers ordered to Assistant Treasurer, New York, N. Y.
Transfers ordered to Assistant Treasurer, New Orleans, La
Transfers ordered to Depositary at Norfolk, Virginia

$16,768,821 25

$650,000 00 300,000 00 100,000 00 180,000 00

Total ......

$1,230,000 00

Transfers ordered from Depository at Chicago, Illinois..
Transfers ordered from Mint of the U. S., Philadelphia, Pa...

$120,000 00

2,500 00

57

Total...

$122,500 00

with

with

BANKS UNDER THE GENERAL BANKING LAW OF ILLINOIS. We give below a statement of Banks organized under the general Banking Law of the State of Illinois; amount of capital stocks as set forth in their certificates of organization ; amount of public stocks deposited with the Auditor, as security for circu. lating notes; value of the same, and the amount of circulating notes delivered to the Banks, October 9th, 1852:

Amount of Amount of Value of Amourt of capital stock public st'ks pub'c stks circulat's as set forth in deposited deposited noles de'd certificate of

to the Name of Banks,

organization. Auditor, Auditor. Banks. Marine Bank of Chicago, Chicago a.

$50,000 $81,000 $50,100 $49,885 Marine Bank of Chicago, Chicago b.

500,000 72,565 51,108 28,500 Clark's Exchange Bank, Springfield c.. 100,000 239,094 99,992 99,992 Clark's Exchange Bank, Springfield d. 500,000 319,350 179,410 179,008 Merchants' & Me'nics' B'k of Chicago, Chi'go. 100,000 50,000 54,700 54,700 Stock Security Bank, Danville..

300,000 30,000 50,000 49,995 The City Bank, Chicago ....

200,000 50,000 50,000 49,995 The Bank of Ottawa, Ottawa.

500,000 50,000 50,000 49,995 The Bank of Lucas and Simonds, Springfield 250,000 52,799 51,11980,000 Commercial Bank, Chicago....

264,000 50,000 50,000 35,000 The Bank of America, Chicago

1,000,000 93,501 50,060 10,000 The Chicago Bank, Chicago

1,000,000 108,707 52,616 The Rock Island Bank, Rock Island..

500,000 50,000 50,000 49,995 Central Bank, Peoria...

500,000 50,000 50,000 20,000 The Quincy City Bank, Quincy

1,000,000 50,000 50,000 The following named banks, projected in Illinois under the general law of that State, have filed certificates, but no securities have been deposited, and no circulating notes issued :

Amount of capi

tal stock as set

forth in certifice Name of Banks and where located.

of organization. Peru Bank, Peru.. Illinois River Bank of Taylor and Coffing, Peru. Belvidere Bank, Belvidere...

75,000 The Prairie State Bank, Washington, Tazewell County.

500,000 Geneva Bank, Geneva

100,000 Farmers' and Mechanics' Bank of Quincy, Quincy Stephenson County Bank, Freeport

50,000 Bank of North America, Chicago...

1,000,000 Bank of Bloomington, Bloomington

500,000 The Bank of Chicago, Chicago.. The Union Bank, Chicago

200,000 The Merchants' and Farmers' Bank, Springfield..

1,000,000

24,000

$200,000 250,000

500,000

500,000

GOLD AND SILVER IN THE BANK OF ENGLAND. The scarcity of silver since gold has been so abundant, is seen in the following statement, showing the comparative amounts of gold and silver bullion in the Bank of England at several periods :

Gold,

Silver.
September 4, 1847...

£7,373,816 £1,023,035 2, 1848.

12,167,567

705,928 8, 1849.

66

13,641,173

277,077 2, 1850

16,883,857

219,958 5, 1851.

13,674,190

32,375 4, 1852.

21,334,921

19,164

66

. Organized April 26, 1852. Organ

a Organized January 13, 1852. Organized May 26, 1852. ized June 14, 1852.

The amount in general circulation in England, has been much reduced recently by the emigrants to Australia, who have taken out silver in preference to gold. Silver in the colonies is received as a legal tender for all payments, while in England it is only a legal tender for payments of 40s. and under. To lessen this out-going of silver coin to Australia, it is proposed to make the laws in the colonies conform to the parent country. The British government were about to order a large issue of new silver coin. The price of silver, and the alloyed rate of the coinage, pays the government well for supplying the public with a sufficient amount for circulation. At the last accounts, the market price for dollars was 4s. 10d., and for silver 68. d ; while the rate at which silver is coined at the mint into English silver is 5s. 2d.

BRITISH POST-OFFICE SYSTEM OF REMITTING MONEY, Independent of carrying letters, the Post-Office Department of Great Britain has of late years assumed a new and most important function to the public, that of a medium for the safe remittance of small sums of money from one part of the United Kingdom to another. The working of this system is thus stated in the London Economist :

So late as 1840, the number of money orders issued in the United Kingdom was but 188,921, representing a sum of £313,124; while in 1851 the number of orders issued bad increased to no less than 4,661,025, and the amount to £8,880,420. The av. erage amount of each order in 1840 was £1 13s. 2d., and in 1851 it was still only £1 188. Id. It is, therefore, clear that the large increase in the aggregate amount has not arisen from the iptroduction of a new class of business, which can be supposed to interfere with the transactions of ordinary banks. The following table shows the pr o of this department of the Post-office business since 1840 :

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RETURN OF THE NUMBER AND AMOUNT OF MONEY ORDERS ISSUED AND PAID IN THE

UNITED KINGDOM DURING THE UNDERMENTIONED YEARS.

UNITED KINGDOM
Number.

Amount.
For the year ended 5th January, 1840 ... 188,921 £313,124 13 0
For the year ended 5th January, 1845 2,806,803 5,695,395 74
From 1st January to 31st December, 1850 4,439,713 8,494,498 107

From 1st January to 21st December, 1851 4,661,025 8,880,420 16 1
For the last year the total amount was divided between different parts of the United
Kingdom as follows:-

No. of orders,
England and Wales.

3,878,497 £7,518,060
Ireland,

392,848 653,360 Scotland

389,680 709,000

Amount.

Total ...

4,661,025 £8,880,420 The entire cost of the establishment and other expenses, incident upon this branch of the Post office business, is returned as £69,922, while the amount of commission received by the Post-office is £77,420,-leaving, therefore, a small profit of upwards of £7,000.

These facts will be regarded with great satisfaction by the numerous, active, and energetic persons throughout the kingdom who took a warm interest in promoting this, -one of the greatest practical reforms of modern times.

SHIPMENTS OF GOLD DUST AT SAN FRANCISCO. The manifested shipments of gold dust (according to Hussey, Bond & Hale's Circular) for three months, ending September 30th, 1862, has been as follows: July....

$4,515,480 August

1,691,677 September

3,963,471 Total..

$10,070,628

Of which amount to Europe, namely :-
In July

$533,437
In August.

209,499 In September...

670,734 Total to Europe...

$1,413,670 The entire product of gold since the discovery of California mines to July 1st, of present year, is estimated at $174,780,877.

WEIGHING DEPARTMENT OF TAE BANK OF ENGLAND. One of the most interesting and astonishing departments within the whole compass of the Bank of England is the weighing department, in which, with the rapidity of thought, and a precision approaching to the hundredth part of a grain, the weight of the gold coins is determined. There are six weighing machines, kept working by the same agency which applies all mechanical power in the band, and three weighers attend to these. Rolls of sovereigns, or half-sovereigns, are placed in grooves, and are shaken, one at a time, by the motion of the machine, into the scale. If they are of standard weight, they are thrown by the same mechanical intelligence into a box at the right hand side of the person who watches the operation; if they have lost the hundredth part of a grain, they are cast into a box on the left. Those which stand the test are put into bags of 1,000 sovereigns each, and those below par are cut by a machine, and sent back to the mint. Between one thousand and two thousand light sovereigns are thus daily sent out of circulation. The silver is put up in bags, each of £1,000 value, and the gold into bags of a thousand, and then those bagfuls of bul. lion are sent through a strongly-guarded door, or rather window, into the treasury. The treasury is a gloomy apartment, fitted up with iron presses, which are supplied with huge locks and bolts, and which are perfectly fire-proof. Gold, silver, and paper money, ready for circulation, to the amount of £22,000,000 sterling, were in the treasury when we visited it. One of the gentlemen in that department placed 1,000 sovereigns in our band, and, at the same time pointed to seventy bags full of gold in a little recess which he had thrown open, making, in all, the modest sum of £70,000. He placed notes of half a million also upon our palm, which, no doubt, had its own sensation as the precious deposit trembled on its top.Hog's Instructor.

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THE AMERICAN NAUTICAL ALMANAC. We learn from Silliman's Journal of Science, that the first volume of the American Nautical Almanac, published by authority of Congress, will appear in a few weeks. It has been prepared under the supervision of Lieut. C. H. Davis. U. S. N. It is stated that this work will be a material improvement on the British Nautical Almanac, in having more current lunar tables, which give more accurate predictions, as tested in the case of the eclipse, July 28, 1851.

“At Washington, the British almanac was in error for the beginning of the eclipse 78 seconds, and for the end 62 seconds. The American almanac was in error for the beginning only 13 seconds, and for the end only one second and a half.” * "The errors exposed in this eclipse may give rise to an error of from 15 to 20 miles in the determination of the longitude at sea by means of lunar distances, and to an uncertainty of twice that amount. The possibility of such an error, arising from this source, is removed in the American ephemeris.”

There are other points of superiority; one of the principal being “a more complete, full and accurate table of latitudes and longitudes, particularly of American latitudes and longitudes, than is now anywhere to be found," and the other relates to the tide tables and other practical information concerning the tides. The announcement of the American work has reduced the price of the British from 5s. to 28. 6d.

OF ENTERING THE CHANNEL OF THE BAY OF SMYRNA. AUGUSTUS STATFORD, Secretary of the Lords Commissioners of the Admirality, has transmitted to Capt. G. A. HALSTEAD, Secretary, Lloyd's, for the information of the committee for managing the affairs of Lloyd's, the following extract from a letter which has been received from Commander Spratt, of her majesty's surveying vessel Spitfire, relative to alterations in the marks for entering the Channel of the Bay of Smyrna:

H. M. STEAM VESSEL SPITFIRE, Smyrna, August 26th, 1852. SIR:-Having, since my arrival at this port on August 13th, been enabled to examine the Spit of the mouth of the Hermes, upon which a beacon was placed in 1842, and having ascertained that it has considerably grown out by the depositions from that river since that time, I therefore felt it my duty, as early as possible, to inform you of the fact, for the benefit of the merchants and captains interested in the navigation of this gulf, and to point out to them that the marks given in a copy of a chart of the “Channel of Bay of Smyrna,” by Captain Graves and the officers of H. M. S. Beacon, which was then published at this port, viz:—“That the north end of the old castle on Mount Pagus, on which the south end of Sanjac Castle, clears the Mermer Spit,” is no longer true, the spit having grown out beyond those marke.

It is now necessary to substitute the following for the former marks :- A large and conspicuous tree with a house under it, which appears to the south of Sanjac Castle, on with the north end of the old castle on Mount Pagus. This latter object will in consequence be more than twice its breadth open to the south of Sanjac Castle, instead of touching it as by the old marks. N. B.—This spit is the only one of such rapid increase as to sensibly affect the navigation of the channel in a few years. But it is one of least danger where a proper look-out is kept, since the reeds growing on the lips of the river are within a cable's length of the extremity of the spit, and the shallow bar is generally seen to break, or with trunks of trees aground upon it.

As the other spits extend some distance from dry land, they are not easily indicated ; the marks for them being very distant and indistinct. It is therefore the more to be regretted that the buoys formerly placed upon these spits, by the subscription of some few merchants, have been entirely removed through the apparent want of interest, or care about their preservation, by the local authority.

The consequence is, that many vessels now ground upon these spits, much loss of time and expense follows, which often is far more than would be the cost of replacing and maintaining such necessary guides to a great commercial port.

Finding that notice of their entire removal is not generally known, strangers arriving at the Port of Smyrna are thus often placed in a difficulty. (Signed.)

T. SPRATT, Commander.

OF THE LIGHT ON THE ISLAND OF SEIRO. James Booth, under date Whitehall, September 24, 1852, has, under the direction of the Lords of the Committee of Privy Council of Trade, transmitted to Captain G. A. HalsTEAD, R. N., Secretary at Lloyd's, for the information of the committee managing the affairs at Lloyd's, and in order that it might obtain publicity, the subjoined translation of a notice issued by the Danish Marine Board, respecting a new light established on the Island of Seiro, at the northern entrance of the Great Belt, and which will be lighted for the first time on the 25th October, 1852.

“On the so called Guiben, on the northmost point of the same Island of Seiro, lat. 55° 55' 10" north, and lon. 11° 6'9" east of Greenwich, a revolving light will be established on a tower 50 feet above the land, and 100 feet above the sea.

“ The new light, which will be lighted for the first time on the 25th inst., and will thereafter be kept burning the same time as all the other lights in the kingdom; viz:From half an hour after sunset until sunrise, will consist of eigbt lamps with reverberators, which will take six minutes to each revolution, so that they show a strong light, lasting between 12 and 15 seconds, every second minute.

“The light will show all around the horizon for the distance of 33 to 4 miles, (14 to 16 miles English.)

" Marine Board, September 10, 1852.

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