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(But the legislature may, by a vote of two-thirds of the members elected to each house, create a single bank with branches.]

[Sections 2 and 3 stand as the corresponding sections of amended article XI, and are unchanged except by the omission of the words in

brackets in section 3.] Art. 11, sec.

Sec. 4. For all banks organized under general laws, the legislature shall provide for the registry of all bills or notes issued or put in circulation as money, and shall require security to the full amount of notes and bills so registered, in state or United States stocks, bearing interest, which shall be deposited with the state treasurer for the redemption of such bills or notes in specie.

(Sections 5 and 6 stand as the corresponding sections of amended article XI, and are unchanged except by the omission of the words in

brackets in section 6.1 Art. 11, sec. Art

Sec. 7. The stockholders of all corporations and joint stock associ. ations shall be individually liable for all labor performed for such corporation or association.

Sec. 8. The legislature shall pass no law altering or amending any italics, art. act of incorporation heretofore granted, without the assent of two11, sec, 1. thirds of the members elected to each house ; nor shall any such act be

renewed or extended. This restriction shall not apply io municipal corporations.

Sec. 9. The property of no person shall be taken by any corporation art. 11, p. 29. for public use, without compensation being first made or secured, in such

manner as may be prescribed by law.

Sec. 10. No corporation, except for municipal purposes, or for the construction of railroads, plank roads and canals, shall be created for a longer term than thirty years.

(Section 11 stands as section 13 of amended article XI, and is

unchanged except as shown by the note to that section.] Art. 11, sec.

SEC. 12. No corporation shall hold any real estate hereafter acquired for a longer period than ten years, except such real estate as sball be actually occupied by such corporation in the exercise of its franchises.

Art. 11. sec. 12.

8.

SEC. 13. The legislature shall provide for the incorporation and organArt, 10, sec.

ization of cities and villages, and shall restrict their powers of taxation,

borrowing money, contracting debts and loaning their credit. Art. 10, sec.

Sec. 14. Judicial officers of cities and villages shall be elected, and all other officers shall be elected or appointed at such time and in such man. ner as the legislature may direct.

Sec. 15. Private property shall not be taken for public improvements in cities and villages without the consent of the owner, unless the compensation therefor shall first be determined by a jury of freeholders, and actually paid or secured in the manner provided by law.

EC. 16. Previous notice of any application for an alteration of the from revis- charter of any corporation shall be given in such manner as may be

prescribed by law.

14.

16.

Art. 17, sec. 8.

Omitted

lon.

ARTICLE XVI.

EXEMPTIONS

[Sections 1 and 2 of this article are made the corresponding sections of amended article XV. The only changes are in section 2, which are fully set forth by italics and brackets, and explained in note.)

Sec. 3. The homestead of a family, after the death of the owner thereof, shall be exempt from the payment of his debts, contracted after the adoption of this constitution, in all cases, during the minority of his children.

Art. 15, sec. 8.

* Words in brackets omitted from amended article,

SEC. 4. If the owner of a homestead die, leaving a widow, but no Art. 15, 880 children, the same shall be exempt, and the rents and profits thereof 3. shall accrue to her benefit during the time of her widowhood, unless she be the owner of a homestead in her own right.

Sec. 5. The real and personal estate of every female, acquired before Art. 15, sec marriage, and all property to which she may afterwards become entitled 4. by gift, grant, inheritance or devise, shall be and remain the estate and propy of such female, and shall not be liable for the debts, obligations or engagements of her husband, and may be devised or bequeathed by her as if she were unmarried.

ARTICLE XVII.

MILITIA.

[This article stands as article XVI of the amended constitution, and is unchanged.]

ARTICLE XVIII.

MISCELLANEOUS PROVISIONS.

SECTION 1. Members of the legislature, and all officers, executive and Art. 17, soc, judicial, except such officers as may by law be exempted, shall, before 1. they enter on the duties of their respective offices, take and subscribe the following oath or affirmation : *I do solemnly swear (or affirm) that I will support the constitution of the United States, and the constitution of this state, and that I will faithfully discharge the duties of the office of

according to the best of my ability.' [And no other i'a1h, declaration or test shall be required as a qualification for any office of public trust.] *

Sec. 2. V ben private property is taken for the use or benefit of the Art. 17, sec. public, the necessity for using such property and the just compensation 5. to be made therefor, except when to be made by the state, shall be ascertained by a jury of twelve freeholders, residing in the vicinity of such property, or by not less than three commissioners, appointed by a court of record, as shall be prescribed by law: Provided, The foregoing provision shall in no case be construed to apply to the action of commissioners of the highways in the official discharge of their duties as highway commissioners.

Sec. 3. [Unchanged stands as sec. 9 of amended article XVII.)

[Sections 3, 4 and 5 stand respectively as sections 9,7 and 8 of amended article XVII, and are unchanged.]

SEC. 6. The laws, public records, and the written, judicial and legis. Art. 17, sec. lative proceedings of the state shall be conducted, promulgated and 2. preserved in the English language.

[Sections 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 13 stand as sections 16 to 21 inclusive, of amended article II. All changes are noted in the usual way.)

Sec. 12. No lease or grant hereafter, of agricultural land, for a longer Art. 17, sec. period than twelve years, reserving any rent or service of any kind, 11. shall be valid.

Sec. 14. The property of no person shall be taken for public use with• Art. 17, sec. out just compensation therefor. Private roads may be opened in the 5. manner to be prescribed by law; but in every case the necessities of the road, and the amount of all damages to be sustained by the opening thereof, shall be first determined by a jury of freeholders, and such

* Clause omitted from the revision.

amount, together with the expenses of proceeding, shall be paid by the

person or persons to be benefited. Omitted Sec. 15. No general revision of the laws shall hereafter be made. sce note to When a reprint thereof becomes necessary, the legislature, in joint con

vention shall appoint a suitable person to collect together such acts and parts of acts as are in force, and without alteration arrange them under appropriate heads and titles. The laws so arranged shall be submitted to two commissioners appointed by the governor, for examination, and if certified by them to be a correct compilation of all general laws in force, shall be printed in such manner as shall be prescribed by law.

amended art. 17.

ARTICLE XIX.

UPPER PENINSULA.

[The general provisions of this article are obsolete. all necessary special provisions relating to the upper peninsula are embodied in other portions of the amended constitution.]

ARTICLE XIX-A

OF RAILROADS

[The two sections of this article stand as sections 10 and 11 of amended article XI. The only change is the addition of the clause relating to the speed of railway trains, as shown by italics in section 10.]

ARTICLE XX.

MENDMENT AND REVISION OF THE CONSTITUTION

(The changes in this article will appear by reference to amended article XVIII.]

SCHEDULE

[The schedule contains 29 sections, but most of its provisions are obsolete. See note to schedule of amended constitution.]

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