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1916.
4191 The Secretary of State to Sept. 18 Instructs him to address a
Chargé Laughlin.

formal note to Lord Grey|
with reference to Order
in Council of July 7, 1916,
entitled “The Maritime
Rights Order in Council,l
1916,” and say the United
States Government deems
the rules therein set forth
as at variance with the
law and practice of na-

tions in several respects. 4988 Ambassador W. H. Page to Oct. 11 Encloses copy of a note the Secretary of State.

from British Foreign Of-
fice dated Oct. 10, stating
if the rules cited in Order
in Council are not deemed
by the United States Gov.
ernment to be in accord-
ance with international
law, they should be chal-

lenged in the Prize Court. 4502 The Secretary of State to Nov. 24 Instructs him to address to Ambassador W. H. Page.

British Foreign Office note
to the effect that without
admitting that even in-
dividual rights when clear-
ly violated by Orders in
Council must be main-
tained by resort to local
tribunals, this Govern-

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342818

Declaration of London—Continued.

Maritime Danger Zones and Mine Areas

From and to whom. Date. 1916. PART II 1914. Ambassador Gerard to the Aug. 7 Secretary of State (telegram). Memorandum from the Aug. 11 British Embassy. Memorandum to the Brit-|Aug. 13 ish Embassy. Memorandum from the Aug. 14

British Embassy.

Subject.

ment has no intention to resort to British courts for maintenance of such of its national rights as may be infringed by British Orders in Council.

Reports he is informed by

German Foreign Office that German ports are strewn with mines and it is requested that warning be given shippers against navigating in ports which foreign forces might use as bases.

Communicates telegram he

received from his Government informing him that the Germans had indiscriminately mined the North Sea and that in selfdefense the British Admiralty will adopt measures that will make navigation even more perilous.

The Department, replying to

the British memorandum, states that the reported act of Germany is in disregard of article 1 of The Hague Convention, and sees no reason why, as a defensive measure, Great Britain should adopt a similar course.

Communicates telegram from

the British Government in

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Maritime Danger Zones and Mine Areas—Continued.

From and to whom.

Date.

Subject.

Page.

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Transmits a protest made by the British Government against the methods pursued by the German Navy in laying mines in the North Sea. Notification of British mine area in North Sea. Incloses copy in translation, together with its inclosure, of a note from the Minister for Foreign Affairs, giving the text of notice relative to the use of submarine mines in the Adriatic Sea. States that a German mine field has been discovered off the north coast of Ireland and the British Admiralty warns shipping not to pass within 60 miles of Tory Island. Reports Sir Edward Grey informs him mine fields north of Ireland were laid by Germans. Incloses copy of a telegram received from the British Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs in which notice is given that the whole of the North Sea must be considered a military area. Reports official notification by Russian Government of mined zone. Incloses German reply to the British protest against the laying of German mines.

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