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and illustration. A healthy moral tone also per- like the widow of Zarephath,' in her poor and vades the whole--a clear and bracing atmosphere solitary cottage! The dejection and anxiety of of real life; and what more striking lesson in prac- Morton on his return from Holland are no less tical benevolence was ever inculcated than those strikingly contrasted with the scene of rural peace words of the rough old fisherman, ejaculated while and comfort which he witnesses on the banks of the he was mending his boat after returning from his Clyde, where Cuddie Headrigg's cottage sends up son's funeral—. What would you have me do, unless its thin blue smoke among the trees, .showing that I wanted to see four children starve because one is the evening meal was in the act of being made drowned ? It's weel wi' you gentles, that can sit in ready,' and his little daughter fetches water in a the house wi' handkerchers at your een, when ye pitcher from the fountain at the root of an old oak. lose a freend, but the like of us maun to our wark tree! The humanity of Scott is exquisitely illusagain, if our hearts were beating as hard as my trated by the circumstance of the pathetic verses, hammer.'

wrapping a lock of hair, which are found on the slain In December of the same year Scott was ready - body of Bothwell—as to show that in the darkest with two other novels, The Black Dwarf, and old and most dissolute characters some portion of our Mortality. These formed the first series of Tales of higher nature still lingers to attest its divine origin. My Landlord, and were represented, by a somewhat In the same sympathetic and relenting spirit, Dirk forced and clumsy prologue, as the composition of Hatteraick, in .Guy Mannering,' is redeemed from a certain Mr Peter Pattieson, assistant-teacher at utter sordidness and villany by his one virtue of Gandercleuch, and published after his death by his integrity to his employers. I was always faithful pedagogue superior, Jedediah Cleishbotham. The to my ship-owners--always accounted for cargo to new disguise (to heighten which a different pub- the last stiver.' The image of God is never wholly lisher had been selected for the tales) was as un- blotted out of the human mind. availing as it was superfluous. The universal voice The year 1818 witnessed two other coinages from assigned the works to the author of Waverley,' and the Waverley mint, Rob Roy and The lleart of Midthe second of the collection, “Old Mortality,' was Lothian, the latter forming a second series of the pronounced to be the greatest of his performances. Tales of My Landlord. The first of these works It was another foray into the regions of history revived the public enthusiasm, excited by the ‘Lady which was rewarded with the most brilliant spoil

. of the Lake' and · Waverley,' with respect to HighHappy as he had been in depicting the era of the land scenery and manners. The sketches in the Forty-five, he shone still more in the gloomy and novel are bold and striking-hit off with the careless troublous times of the Covenanters. * To repro freedom of a master, and possessing perhaps more duce a departed age,' says Mr Lockhart, with such witchery of romantic interest than elaborate and minute and life-like accuracy as this tale exhibits, finished pictures. The character of Bailie Nicol demanded a far more energetic sympathy of imagi- Jarvie was one of the author's happiest conceptions, nation than had been called for in any effort of his and the idea of carrying him to the wild rugged serious verse. It is indeed most curiously instruc- mountains, among outlaws and desperadoes—at the tive for any student of art to compare the Round- same time that he retained a keen relish of the heads of Rokeby with the Blue-bonnets of Old Mor-comforts of the Saltmarket of Glasgow, and a due tality. For the rest, the story is framed with a sense of his dignity as a magistrate-completed the decper skill than any of the preceding novels; the ludicrous effect of the picture. None of Scott's canvass is a broader one ; the characters are con- novels was more popular than · Rob Roy,' yet, as a trasted and projected with a power and felicity story, it is the most ill-concocted and defective of which neither he nor any other master ever sur- the whole series. Its success was owing to its passed ; and notwithstanding all that has been urged characters alone. Among these, however, cannot against him as a disparager of the Covenanters, it be reckoned its nominal hero, Osbaldiston, who, like is to me very doubtful whether the inspiration of Waverley, is merely a walking gentleman. Scott's chivalry ever prompted him to nobler emotions heroes, as agents in the piece, are generally inferior than he has lavished on the reanimation of their to his heroines. The Heart of Mid-Lothian' is as stern and solemn enthusiasm. This work has al: essentially national in spirit, language, and actors, ways appeared to me the Marmion of his novels.: as · Rob Roy,' but it is the nationality of the LowHe never surpassed it either for force or variety of lands. No other author but Scott (Galt, his best character, or in the interest and magnificence of the imitator in this department, would have failed) train of events described. The contrasts are also could have dwelt so long and with such circummanaged with consummate art. In the early scenes stantial minuteness on the daily life and occurMorton (the best of all his young heroes) serves as rences of a family like that of Davie Deans, the a foil to the fanatical and gloomy Burley, and the cowfeeder, without disgusting his high-bred readers change effected in the character and feelings of the with what must have seemed vulgar and uninterestyouth by the changing current of events, is traced ing. Like Burns, he made 'rustic life and poverty: with perfect skill and knowledge of human nature. The two classes of actors-the brave and dissolute

Grow beautiful beneath his touch. cavaliers, and the resolute oppressed Covenantersare not only drawn in their strong distinguishing Duchesses, in their halls and saloons, traced with features in bold relief, but are separated from each interest and delight the pages that recorded the other by individual traits and peculiarities, the re- pious firmness and humble heroism of Jeanie Deans, sult of native or acquired habits. The intermingling and the sufferings and disgrace of her unfortunate of domestic scenes and low rustic humour with the sister; and who shall say that in thus uniting diffestormy events of the warlike struggle, gives vast rent ranks in one bond of fellow-feeling, and exbibitadditional effect to the sterner passages of the tale, ing to the high and wealthy the virtues that often and to the prominence of its principal actors. How dwell with the lowly and obscure, Scott was not almirably, for example, is the reader prepared, by fulfilling one of the loftiest and most sacred missions contrast, to appreciate that terrible encounter with upon earth? Burley in his rocky fastness, by the previous de- A story of still more sustained and overwhelming scription of the blind and aged widow, intrusted pathos is The Bride of Lammermoor, published in with the secret of his retreat, and who dwelt alone, I i819 in conjunction with The Legend of Montrose,

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and both forming a third series of Tales of My tation of chivalry in all its pomp and picturesque Landlord. The Bride is one of the most finished ness, the realisation of our boyish dreams about of Scoti's tales, presenting a unity and entireness Cour-de-lion, Robin Hood, and Sherwood Forest

, of plot and action, as if the whole were bound to with its grassy glades, and sylvan sports, and imgether by that dreadful destiny which hangs over penetrable foliage. We were presented with a series the principal actors, and impels them irresistibly of the most splendid pictures, the canvass crowded to destruction. In this tale,' says Macaulay, .above with life and action with the dark shades of other modern productions, we see embodied the dark cruelty, vice, and treason, and the brightness of spirit of fatalism-that spirit which breathes in the heroic courage, dauntless fortitude, and uncorrupted writings of the Greek tragedians when they traced faith and purity. The thrilling interest of the story the persecuting vengeance of Destiny against the is another of the merits of Ivanhoe'-the incidents houses of Laius and of Atreus. Their mantle was all help on the narrative, as well as illustrate ancient for a while worn unconsciously by him who showed manners. In the hall of Cedric, at the tournament to us Macbeth: and here again, in the deepening or siege, we never cease to watch over the fate of gloom of this tragic tale, we feel the oppressive Rowena and the Disinherited Knight; and the steps influence of this invisible power. From the time of the gentle Rebecca--the meek yet high-souled we hear the prophetic rhymes, the spell has begun Jewess-are traced with still deeper and holier feels its work, and the clouds of misfortune blacken round ing.* The whole is a grand picturesque pageant

. us; and the fated course moves solemnly onward, yet full of a gentle nobleness and proud simplicity. irresistible and unerring as the progress of the sun, The next works of Scott were of a tamer cast, and soon to end in a night of horror. We remember thougļi his foot was on Scottish ground. The vonasno other tale in which not doubt, but certainty, formstery and Abbot, both published in 1820, are defittive the groundwork of our interest.' If Shakspeare in plot, and the first disfigured by absurd superwas unconscious of the classic fatalism he depicted natural machinery. The character of Queen Mary with such unrivalled power, Scott was probably as in the · Abbot' is, however, a correct and beautiful ignorant of any such premeditation and design. historical portrait, and the scenery in the neighbourBoth followed the received traditions of their coun- hood of the Tweed-haunted giens and wools-i try, and the novelist, we know, composed his work described with the author's accustomed felicity. A in intervals of such acute suffering, allayed only by counterpart to Queen Mary, still more highly the most violent remedies, that on his recovery, finished, was soon afforded in the delineation of her after the novel had been printed, he recollected great rival, Elizabeth, in the romance of Kenilworth. nothing but the mere outline of his story, with This work appeared in January 1821, and was which he had been familiar from his youth. He ranked next to Ivanhoe.' There was a profusion had entirely forgot what he dictated from his sick- of rich picturesque scenes and objects, dramatic bed. The main incident, however, was of a nature situations, and a well-arranged, involved, yet intelikely to make a strong impression on his mind, resting plot. None of the plots in the Waverley and to this we must impute the grand simplicity novels are without blemish. None,' as Mr Macaulay and seeming completeness of art in the manage. remarks, have that completeness which constitutes ment of the fable. The character of the old butler, one of the chief merits of Fielding's Tom Jones : Caleb Balderston, has been condemned as a ridicu- there is always either an improbability, or a forced lous and incongruous exaggeration. We are not expedient, or an incongruous incident, or an un; sure that it does not materially heighten the effect pleasant break, or too much intricacy, or a hurried of the tragic portion of the tale, by that force of conclusion ; they are usually languid in the comcontrast which we have mestioned as one of Scott's mencement, and abrupt in the close ; too slowly highest attributes as a novelist. There is, however, opened, and too hastily summed up. The spirit and too much of the butler, and some of his inventions fidelity of the delineations, the variety of scenes, and are mere tricks of farce. As Shakspeare descended the interest of particular passages bearing upon the to quibbles and conceits, Scott loved to harp upon principal characters, blind the reader to these decertain phrases — as in Dominie Sampson, Bailie fects, at least on a first perusal. This was emiNicol Jarvie, and the dowager lady of Tullietudlem nently the case with • Kenilworth ;' nor did this --and to make his lower characters indulge in prac. romance, amidst all its courtly gaieties, ambition, tical jokes, like those of old Caleb and Edie Ochil- and splendour, fail to touch the heart : the fate of tree. The proverbs of Sancho, in Don Quixote, Amy Robsart has perhaps drawn as many tears as may be thought to come under the same class of the story of Rebecca. The close of the same year inferior resources, to be shunned rather than copied witnessed another romantic, though less powerful by tne novelist who aims at truth and originality; tale- The Pirate. In this work Scott painted the but Sancho's sayings are too rich and apposite to be wild sea scenery of Shetland, and gave a beautiful felt as mere surplusage. The Legend of Montrose copy of primitive manners in the person and houseis a brief imperfect historical novel, yet contains hold of the old Udaller, Magnus Troil, and his fair one of the author's most lively and amusing cha- daughters Minna and Brenda.

The latter are racters, worthy of being ranked with Bailie Jarvie ; | flowers too delicate for such a cold and storniy namely. the redoubted Ritt-master, Dugald Dalgetty. I clime, but they are creations of great loveliness

, and The union of the soldado with the pedantic student are exquisitely discriminated in their individual of Mareschal college is a conception as original as characters. The novel altogether opened a new the Uncle Toby of Sterne.

The historical romance of Ivanhoe appeared in * Rebecca was considered by Scott himself, as well as by the 1820. It is the most brilliant of all his pure public, to be his finest female character. Mr Laidlaw, to which romances, indeed the most splendid in any litera part of the novel was dictated, speaks of the strong interest ture. The scene being laid in England, and in the which Sir Walter evinced in filling up his outline. 'I shall England of Richard I., the author had to draw make something of my Jewess,' said he one day in a tone of largely on his fancy and invention, and was debarred unusual exultation. You will indeed,' replied his friend; those attractive auxiliaries of every-day life, speech,

and I cannot help saying that you are doing an immense and manners, which had lent such a charm to his good, Sir Walter, by such sweet and noble tales, for the young Scottish novels. Here we had the remoteness of people now will never bear to look at the vile trash of novels antiquity, the old Saxon halls and feasts, the resusci-filled with tears,

that used to be in the circulating libraries.' Sir Waiter's eyes

1

world to the general reader, and was welcomed with executed with great spirit, and in his best artistical all the zest of novelty.

style—The Fair Maid of Perth. Another romance Another genuine English historical romance made was ready by May 1829, and was entitled Anne of its appearance in May 1822. The Fortunes of Nigel Geierstein. It was less energetic than the former afforded a complete panorama of the times of James more like an attempt to revive old forms and images I, executed with wonderful vigour and truth. The than as evincing the power to create new ones; yet fulness and variety of the details show how closely there are in its pages, as Mr Lockhart justly obScott had studied the annals of this period, particu- serves, 'occasional outbreaks of the old poetic spirit, larly all relating to the city and the court of London. more than sufficient to remove the work to an imHis account of Alsatia surpasses even the scenes of measurable distance from any of its order produced Ben Jonson, and the dramatic contemporaries of in this country in our own age. Indeed, the various Ben, descriptive of similar objects; and none of his play of fancy in the combination of persons and historical likenesses are more faithful, more justly events, and the airy liveliness of both imagery and drawn, or more richly coloured, than his portrait of diction, may well justify us in applying to the the poor, and proud, and pedantic King James. author what he beautifully says of his King RenéScott's political predilections certainly did not in this case betray him into any undue reverence for sove

A mirthful man he was ; the snows of age reignty.

Fell, but they did not chill him. Gaiety, In 1823 no less than three separate works of fic

Even in life's closing, touched his teeming brain tion were issued--Peveril of the Peak, Quentin Dur

With such wild visions as the setting sun ward, and St Ronan's Well. The first was a volume

Raises in front of some hoar glacier, longer than any of its predecessors, and was more

Painting the bleak ice with a thousand hues.' than proportionally heavy in style, though evincing The gaiety of Scott was the natural concomitant in parts undiminished strength and talent. 'Quen- of kindly and gentle affections, a sound judgment, tin Durward' was a bold and successful inroad on and uninterrupted industry. The minds of poets, it French history. The delineations of Louis XI. and is said, never grow old, and Scott was hopeful to Charles the Bold may stand comparison with any in the last. Disease, however, was fast undermining the whole range of fiction or history for force and his strength. His last work of fiction, published in discrimination. They seemed literally called up to 1831, was a fourth series of Tales of my Landlord,' a new existence, to play their part in another drama containing Count Robert of Paris and Castle Danof life, as natural and spirit-stirring as any in which gervus. They were written after repeated shocks they had been actors. The French nation exulted of paralysis and apoplexy, and are mere shadows of in this new proof of the genius of Scott, and led the his former greatness. And with this effort closed way in enthusiastic admiration of the work. 'St the noble mind that had so long swayed the sceptre Ronan’s Well’ is altogether a secondary performance of romance. The public received the imperfect of the author, though it furnishes one of his best volumes with tenderness and indulgence, as the farelow comic characters, Meg Dods of the Cleikum well offering of the greatest of their contemporaries Inn. Redyauntlet (1824) must be held to belong to the last feeble gleams of a light soon to be extinthe same class as • St Ronan's Well,' in spite of much guished vigorous writing, humorous as well as pathetic (for the career of Peter Peebles supplies both), and not- A wandering witch-note of the distant spell; withstanding that it embodies a great deal of Scott's And now ’tis silent all! Enchanter, fare thee well! own personal history and experiences. The Tales of the Crusaders, published in 1825, comprised two short stories, The Betrothed and The Talisman, the second a highly animated and splendid Eastern ro- John Galt, author of The Annals of the Parish, mance. Shortly after this period came the calamitous and other novels which are valuable as reflecting wreck of Scott's fortunes--the shivering of his house- back the peculiarities of Scottish life and manners hold gods-amidst declining health and the rapid sixty years since,' was a native of Irvine, in Ayr. advances of age. His novel of Woolstock (1826) was shire. He was born on the 2d of May 1779. His hastily completed, but is not unworthy of his fame. father commanded a West India vessel, and when The secret of the paternity of the novels was now the embryo novelist was in his eleventh year, the divulged-how could it ever have been doubted ?- family went to live permanently at Greenock. Here and there was some satisfaction in having the ac- Galt resided fourteen or fifteen years, displaying knowledgment from his own lips, and under his own no marked proficiency at school, but evincing a hand, ere death had broken the wand of the magi- predilection for poetry, music, and mechanics. He cian. The Life of Napoleon, in nine volunies, was was placed in the custom-house at Greenock, and the great work of 1827; but at the commencement continued at the desk till about the year 1804, when, of the following year Scott published The Chronicles without any fixed pursuit, he went to London to of the Canongate, first series, containing the Two push his fortune. He had written a sort of epic Drovers, the Highland Widow, and the Surgeon's poem on the battle of Largs, and this he committed Daughter. The second of these short tales is the to the press; but, conscious of its imperfections, he most valuable, and is pregnant with strong pathetic did not prefix his name to the work, and he almost interest and Celtic imagination. The preliminary immediately suppressed its sale. He then formed an introductions to the stories are all fincly executed, unfortunate commercial connexion, which lasted and constitute some of the most pleasing of the three years, on the termination of which he entered author's minor contributions to the elucidation of himself of Lincoln's Inn, with the view of being in past manners and society. A number of literary due time called to the bar. Happening to visit tasks now engaged the attention of Scott, the most | Oxford in company with some friends, he conceived, important of which were his Tales of a Grandfather, while standing with them in the quadrangle of a History of Scotland for Lardner's Cyelopædia, Let- Christ-church, the design of writing a life of Carters on Demonology, and new introductions and notes dinal Wolsey. He set about the task with ardour; to the collected edition of the novels. A second | but his health failing, he went abroad. At Gibralseries of the Chronicles of the Canongate' appeared tar he met with Lord Byron and Mr Hobhouse, then in 1828, with only one tale, but that conceived and embarked on their tour for Greece, and the three

JOHN GALT.

While the pending between the

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sailed in the same packet. Galt resided some time results.'* We next find Mr Galt engaged in the in Sicily, then repaired to Malta, and afterwards formation and establishment of the Canada Com. Byron, and also had an interview with Ali Pacha. troubles, vexation, and embarrassment. proceeded to Greece, where he again met with pany, which involved him in a long labyrinth of After rambling for some time among the classic preliminary controversy was scenes of Greece, he proceeded to Constantinople, commissioners of this company, the Canada clergy, the shores of the Black Sea. Some commercial the scene of his new operations Galt composed his thence to Nicomedia, and northwards to Kirpe, on and the colonial office, previous to his departure for speculations, as to the practicability of landing Bri: novel, The Last of the Lairds, also descriptive of tish goods in defiance of the Berlin and Milan de- Scottish life. He set out for America in 1826, his crees, prompted these unusual wanderings. At one mission being limited to inquiry, for accomplishing

, . sketched out six dramas, which were afterwards however, were increased, and his stay prolonged, by Sir Walter Scott, áthe worst tragedies ever seen.' determining on the system of management to be published in a volume, constituting, according to the numerous offers to purchase lots of land, and for On his return he published his Voyayes and Travels, pursued by the company. A million of capital had

the , . to He next repaired to Gibraltar, to conduct a commer- | April, St George's day, 1827, Mr Galt proceeded to there, but the design was defeated by the success of Canada, which he did with due ceremony. The site cial business which it was proposed to establish found the town of Guelph, in the upper province of the Duke of Wellington in the Peninsula. He ex: selected for the town having been pointed out, 'a there, but no prospect appeared, and returning to taking an axe from one of the woodmen, I struck plored France to see if an opening could be found large maple tree,' he says, 'was chosen ; on which, England, he contributed some dramatic pieces to the first stroke. To me, at least, the moment was brought out in the Edinburgh theatre in 1818, to the sound was as the sigh of the solemn gepius the New British Theatre. One of these, The Appeal, impressive; and the silence of the woods that echoed and performed four nights, Sir Walter Scott having of the wilderness departing for ever.' The city cool written an epilogue for the play. He now devoted | prospered : in three months upwards of 160 building himself for some time to literary pursuits, writing lots were engaged, and houses rising as fast as build. in the , residing . be . mentioned a Life of Benjamin West, the artist, His- broiled in difficulties. Some secret enemies had Among his more elaborate compositions may be the year, however, the founder of the city was em

, , quake, a novel in three volumes. He wrote for company's stock-his expenditure was complained Blackwood's Magazine, in 1820, The Ayrshire Le-of; and the company sent out an accountant to act Scottish narrative. His next work was • The Angatees, a series of letters containing an amusing not only in that capacity, but as cashier. Matters pals of the Parish' (1821), which instantly became to England. Ample testimony has been borne to

came to a crisis, and Mr Galt determined to return had been written sone ten or twelve years before operations of this company; but hisfortune and his popular. It is worthy of remark that the Annals the skill and energy with which he conducted the pearance of Waverley and Guy Mannering, and that resolved to battle with his fate, the date of its publication, and anterior to the ap- prospects had fled. Thwarted and depressed, he was it was rejected by of , in England to build new with the assurance, that a novel or work of fiction which the secondary condition of authorship was entirely Scottish would not take with the public! made primary.' In six months he Mr Galt went on with his usual ardour in the com- ready. His first work was another novel in three his strength lay, and Sir Andrew Wylie, The Entail, nals of the Parish' or 'The Entai l.' It was well position of Scotch novels. He had now found where volumes, Lawrie Todd, which is equal to The AnThe Steam-Bout, and The Provost, were sirely published-the two first with decided success. scriptive of the customs and manners of Scotland in These were followed at no long intervals by Ringan the reign of Queen Mary, and entitled Southeanga.

succes- received; and he soon after produced another, de Gilhaize, a story of the Scottish Covenanters; by The subject was a favourite with him, but his mode land; and Rothelan, a novel partly historical, founded public taste, accustomed to the historica) porels of The Spaewife, a tale of the times of James I. of Scot- of treating it was by no means h:LPPY; while the on the work by Barnes on the life and reign of Scott, was impatient of any secondary work in this 1824, an interesting imaginative little tale, The Omen, (1830) Mr Galt conducted the Edward I. Mr Galt also published anonymously, in department. For a short time in the same year which was reviewed by Sir Walter Scott in Black- but this new employment did not suit him. It rewood's Magazine. In fertility, Galt was only sur-quired more time, and incurred inore responsibilities have written an equal number of works of fiction, left the daily drudgery to complete a Life of Byron, passed by Scott; and perhaps no other author could of opinion than he was prepared for, and he gladly varied in style and manner, within the same limited on which he was engaged for Colburn the publisher. period. Ilis genius was unequal, and he does not The comparative brevity of this memoir (one small seem to have been able to discriminate between the volume), the name of Gált as i Es good and the bad ; but the vigour and copiousness teresting nature of the subjects of his mind were certainly remarkable. His friendly four editions of the work; but i E biographer, Dr Moir of Musselburgh, says justly, by the critics. Some of the positions taken up by that the great drawback to Mr Galt's prosperity the author (as that, 'had Byro 13 and happiness was the multitude of his resources, of genius, he might have bees man of the world. As the old proverb hath it, “the posed him to well. merited ridicule. and from his being cqually fitted for a student and some quaintness and affectation from one occupation and employment to another, he rolling stone gathers no fog;" so in the transition executed a series of Lives of the Mtazzers, a expended those powers which, if long concentrated on any particular object, must have produced great / wood's Standard Novels,

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compilation, and Bogle Corbet, another novel, the whidder as minister of Dalmailing is admirably de-
object of which, he said, was to give a view of seciety scribed :--
generally, as • The Provost' was of burgh incidents It was a great affair; for I was put in by the patron,
simply, and of the sort of genteel persons who are and the people knew nothing whatsoever of me, and
sometimes found among the emigrants to the United their hearts were stirred into strife on the occasion,
States. Disease now invaded the robust frame of and they did all that lay within the compass of their
the novelist; but he wrote on, and in a short time power to keep me out, insomuch that there was ob-
four other works of fiction issued from his pen- liged to be a guard of soldiers to protect the presby-
Stanley Burton, The Member, The Radical, and Eben tery; end it was a thing that made my heart grieve
Erskine. In 1832 an affection of the spine, and an when I heard the drum beating and the fife playing
attack resembling paralysis, greatly reduced Mr as we were going to the kirk. The people were really
Galt, and subjected him to acute pain. Next year, mad and vicious, and flung dirt upon us as we passed,
however, he was again at the press. His work was and reviled us all, and held out the finger of scorn at
a tale entitled The Lost Child. He also composed a me; but I endured it with a resigned spirit, com-
memoir of his own life, in two volumes—a curious passionating their wilfulness and blindness. Poor
ill-digested melange, but worthy of perusal. In 1834 old Mr Kilfuddy of the Braehill got such a clash of
he published Literary Miscellanies, in three volumes, glaur on the side of his face, that his eye was alınost
dedicated to King William IV., who generously sent extinguished.
a sum of £200 to the author. He returned to his When we got to the kirk door, it was found to be
native country a perfect wreck, the victim of re- nailed up, so as by no possibility to be opened. The
peated attacks of paralysis ; yet he wrote several sergeant of the soldiers wanted to break it, but I was
pieces for periodical works, and edited the produc- afraid that the heritors would grudge and complain
tions of others. After severe and protracted suffer- of the expense of a new door, and I supplicated him
ings, borne with great firmness and patience. Mr to let it be as it was; we were therefore obligated to go
Galt died at Greenock on the 11th of April 1839.

in by a window, and the crowd followed us in the most Of a long list of our author's works, several are unreverent manner, making the Lord's house like an already forgotten. Not a few of his novels, however, inn on a fair day with their grievous yelly-hooing. bid fair to be permanent, and the . Annals of the During the time of the psalm and the sermon they beParish' will probably be read as long as Waverley or haved themselves better, but when the induction came Guy Mannering. This inimitable little tale is the on, their clainour was dreadful; and Thomas Thorl, simple record of a country minister during the fifty the weaver, a pious zealot in that time, got up and years of his incumbency. Besides many amusing protested and said, “Verily, yerily, I say unto you, and touching incidents, the work presents us with a

he that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, picture of the rise and progress of a Scottish rural but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief village, and its transition to a manufacturing town, and a robber.' And I thought I would have a hard as witnessed by the minister, a man as simple as

and sore time of it with such an outstrapolous people. Abraham Adams, imbued with all old-fashioned Mr Given, that was then the minister of Lugton, was national feelings and prejudices, but thoroughly sin

a jocose man, and would have his joke even at a cere, kind-hearted, and pious.

This Presbyterian solemnity. When the laying of the hands upon me worthy, the Rev. Micah Balwhidder, is a fine repre

was a-doing, he could not get near enough to put on sentative of the primitive Scottish pastor; diligent, his, but he stretched out his staff and touched my blameless, loyal, and exemplary in his life, but head, and said, to the great diversion of the rest, without the fiery zeal and kirk-filling eloquence' This will do well enougla —timber to timber ;' but it of the supporters of the Covenant. Micah is

was an unfriendly saying of Mr Given, considering

easy, garrulous, fond of a quiet joke, and perfectly iỹthe time and the place, and the temper of my people. norant of the world." Little things are great to and it was a heavy day to me; but we went to the

After the ceremony we then got out at the window, him in his retirement and his simplicity; and thus we find him chronicling, among his memorable Mrs Watts of the new inn of Irville prepared at iny

manse, and there we had an excellent dinner, which events, the arrival of a dancing-master, the planting of a pear-tree, the getting a new bell for the kirk, request, and sent her chaise-driver to serva, for he the first appearance of Punch's Opera in the coun. chaise, and that not often called for,

was likewise her waiter, she having then but one try-side, and other incidents of a like nature, which he mixes up indiscriminately with the breaking out ruly manner, I was resolved to cultivate civility

But although any people received me in this unof the American war, the establishment of manufac- among them; and therefore the very next morning tures, or the spread of French revolutionary prin; I began a round of visitations; but oh! it was a ciples . Amidst the quaint humour and shrewd steep brae that I had to climb, and

needed a stout observation of honest Micah are some striking and heart, for I found the doors in some places barred pathetic incidents. Mrs Malcolm, the widow of a against me ; in others, the bairns, when they saw me Clyde shipmaster, comes to settle in his village; and coming, ran crying to their mothers, “ Here's the feckbeing a genty body, calm and methodical,' she less Mess-John; and then, when I went in into the brought up her children in a superior manner, and houses, their parents would not ask me to sit down, they all get on in the world. One of them becomes but with a scornful way said, “Honest man, what's a sailor; and there are few more touching narratives your pleasure here? Nevertheless, I walked about in the language than the account of this cheerful from door to door, like a dejected beggar, till I got gallant-hearted lad, from his first setting off to sea the almous deed of a civil reception, and, who would to his death as a midshipman, in an engagement have thought it, from no less a person than the same with the French. Taken altogether, this work of Thomas Thorl 'that was so bitter against me in the Mr Galt's is invaluable for its truth and nature, its kirk on the foregoing day. quiet unforced humour and pathos, its genuine na- Thomas was standing at the door with his green tionality as a faithful record of Scottish feeling and duffle apron and his red Kilmarnock nightcap--I manners, and its rich felicity of homely antique mind him as well as if it was but yesterday-and he Scottish phrase and expression, which to his coun- had seen me going from house to house, and in what trymen is perhaps the crowning excellence of the manner I was rejected, and his bowels were moved, author.

and he said to me in a kind manner, • Come in, sir, In the following passage the placing of Mr Bal-l and case yoursel; this will never do; the clergy are:

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