« ПретходнаНастави »
scent from the apostles; that is, they declared that stirring-possessing, indeed, the fire and energy of not only had the church ever maintained the three a martial lyric or war-song. In November 1804 orders, but that an unbroken succession of indivi- the noble intellect of Mr Hall was deranged, in conduals, canonically, ordained, was enjoyed by the sequence of severe study operating on an ardent and church, and essential to lier existence; in short, that susceptible temperament. His friends set on foot a without this there could be no church at all. They subscription for pecuniary assistance, and a lifeheld the doctrine of baptismal regeneration, of sacra- annuity of £100 was procured for him. He shortly mental absolution, and of a real, in contradistinc- afterwards resumed his ministerial functions, but in tion to a figurative or symbolical presence in the about twelve months he had another attack. This Eucharist. They maintained the duty of fasting, of also was speedily removed; but Mr Hall resigned his ritual obedience, and of communion with the apos- church at Cambridge. On his complete recovery, tolic church, declaring all dissenters, and, as a new he became pastor of a congregation at Leicester, cessary consequence, the members of the church of where he resided for about twenty years. During Scotland, and all churches not episcopal, to be mem- this time he published a few sermons and criticisms bers of no church at all. They denied the validity in the Eclectic Review. The labour of writing for of lay-baptism ; they threw out hints from time to the press was opposed to his habits and feelings. time which evidenced an attachment to the theolo- He was fastidious as to style, and he suffered under gical system supported by the nonjuring divines in a disease in the spine which entailed upon him acute the days of James II.; and the grand Protestant prin- pain. A sermon on the death of the Princess Charciple, as established by Luther-the right of private lotte in 1819 was justly considered one of the most interpretation of Holy Scripture—they denied."* The impressive, touching, and lofty of his discourses. tracts were discontinued by order of the bishop of | In 1826 he removed from Leicester to Bristol, Oxford; but the same principles have been main- where he officiated in charge of the Baptist contained in various publications, as in MR GLADSTONE's gregation till within a fortnight of his death, two works, On the Relation of the Church to the State, which took place on the 21st of February 1831. and Church Principles ; MR CHRISTMAS's Discipline The masculine intellect and extensive acquireof the Anglican Church, &c. In 1843 Dr Pusey was ments of Mr Hall have seldom been found united suspended from preaching, and censured by the to so much rhetorical and even poetical brilliancy university for what was denounced as a heretical of imagination. His taste was more refined than sermon, in which he advanced the Roman Catholic that of Burke, and his style more chaste and cordoctrine of transubstantiation. The publications on rect. His solid learning and unfeigned piety gave this memorable controversy are not remarkable for a weight and impressiveness to all he uttered and any literary merit. The tracts are dry polemical wrote, while his classic taste enabled him to clothe treatises, interesting to comparatively few but zea- his thoughts and imagery in language the most lous churchmen.
appropriate, beautiful, and commanding. Those who listened to his pulpit ministrations were entranced by his fervid eloquence, which truly disclosed the beauty of holiness, and melted by the awe and
fervour with which he dwelt on the mysteries of The Rev. Robert Hall, A. M. is justly regarded death and eternity. His published writings give as one of the most distinguished ornaments of the but a brief and inadequate picture of his varied body of English dissenters. He was the son of a talents; yet they are so highly finished, and display Baptist minister, and born at Arnsby, near Leicester, such a combination of different powers—of logical on the 2d of May 1764. He studied divinity at an precision, metaphysical acuteness, practical sense academy in Bristol for the education of young men and sagacity, with a rich and luxuriant imagination, preparing for the ministerial office among the Bap- and all the graces of composition—that they must tists, and was admitted a preacher in 1780, but be considered among the most valuable contributions next year attended: King's college, Aberdeen. Sir made to modern literature. A complete edition of James Mackintosh was at the same time a student his works has been published, with a life, by Dr of the university, and the congenial tastes and pur- Olinthus Gregory, in six volumes. suits of the young men led to an intimate friendship between them. From their partiality to Greek literature, they were named by their class-fellows
[On Wisdom.) Plato and Herodotus.' Both were also attached to the study of morals and metaphysics, which they ferior to wisdom, in the same sense as the mason who
Every other quality besides is subordinate and incherished through life. Hall entered the church as lays the bricks and stones in a building is inferior to assistant to a Baptist minister at Bristol, whence he the architect who drew the plan and superintends the removed in 1790 to Cambridge. He first appeared work. The former executes only what the latter conas an author by publishing a controversial pamphlet trives and directs. Now, it is the prerogative of entitled Christianity Consistent with a Love of Free wisdom to preside over every inferior principle, to dom, which appeared in 1791; in 1793 he published regulate the exercise of every power, and limit the his eloquent and powerful treatise, An Apology for indulgence of every appetite, as shall best conduce to the Freedom of the Press; and in 1799 his sermon, Modern Infidelity considered with respect to its Influence preside, it sits as umpire on every difficulty, and so
one great end. It being the province of wisdom to on Society. The latter was designed to stem the gives the final direction and control to all the powers torrent of infidelity which had set in with the French of our nature. Hence it is entitled to be considered Revolution, and is no less remarkable for profound as the top and summit of perfection. It belongs to thought than for the elegance of its style and the wisdom to determine when to act, and when to ceasesplendour of its imagery. His celebrity as a writer when to reveal, and when to conceal a matter—when was further extended by his Reflections on War, a to speak, and when to keep silence when to give, and sermon published in 1802 ; and The Sentiments proper when to receive ; in short, to regulate the measure of to the Present Crisis, another sermon preached in all things, as well as to determine the end, and pro1803. The latter is highly eloquent and spirit. vide the means of obtaining the end pursued in every
deliberate course of action. Every particular faculty * A New Spirit of the Age. Yol i. p. 207. or skill, besides, needs to derive direction from this.
REV. ROBERT HALL.
they are all quite incapable of directing themselves. story, and of once more attaching the epoch of British The art of navigation, for instance, will teach us to glory to the annals of a female reign. "It is needless steer a ship across the ocean, but it will never teach to add that the nation went with her, and probably us on what occasions it is proper to take a voyage. outstripped her in these delightful anticipations. We The art of war will instruct us how to marshal an fondly hoped that a life so inestimable would be army, or to fight a battle to the greatest advantage, protracted to a distant period, and that, after diffusing but you must learn from a higher school when it is the blessings of a just and enlightened administrafitting, just, and proper to wage war or to make peace. tion, and being surrounded by a numerous progeny, The art of the husbandman is to sow and bring to she would gradually, in a good old age, sink under maturity the precious fruits of the earth ; it belongs the horizon amidst the embraces of ber family and to another skill to regulate their consumption by a the benedictions of her country. But, alas! these regard to our health, fortune, and other circumstances. delightful visions are fled; and what do we behold in In short, there is no faculty we can exert, no species their room but the funeral-pall and shroud, & palace of skill we can apply, but requires a superintending in mourning, a nation in tears, and the shadow of nand—but looks up, as it were, to some higher prin- death settled over both like a cloud! Oh the anciple, as a maid to her mistress for direction, and this speakable vanity of human hopes !--the incurable universal superintendent is wisdom.
blindness of man to futurity !-ever doomed to grasp at shadows;' to seize'with avidity what turns to dust
, [Prom the Funeral Sermon for the Princess Charlotte
whirlwind. of Wales.] Born to inherit the most illustrious monarchy in
REV. JOHN FOSTEL the world, and united at an early period to the object of her choice, whose virtues amply justified her pre- The Rev. Joan FOSTER (1770-1843) was author of ference, she enjoyed (what is not always the privilege a volume of Essays, in a Series of Letters, published in of that rank) the highest connubial felicity, and had 1805, which was justly ranked among the most orithe prospect of combining all the tranquil enjoyments ginal and valuable works of the day. The essays are of private life with the splendour of a royal station. four in number-on a man's writing memoirs of him. Placed on the summit of society, to her every eye was self; on decision of character ; on the application of turned, in her every hope was centred, and nothing the epithet romantic; and on some of the causes by was wanting to complete her felicity except perpe, which evangelical religion has been rendered less tuity. To å grandeur of mind suited to her royal acceptable to persons of cultivated taste. Mr Foster's birth and lofty destination, she joined an exquisite essays are excellent models of vigorous thought and taste for the beauties of nature and the charms of expression, uniting metaphysical nicety and acuteretirement, where, far from the gaze of the multitude, ness with practical sagacity and common sense. He and the frivolous agitations of fashionable life, she also wrote a volume on the Evils of Popular Ignoemployed her hours in visiting, with her distinguished rance, several sermons, and critical contributions to consort, the cottages of the poor, in improving her the Eclectic Review. Like Hall, Mr Foster was virtues, in perfecting her reason, and acquiring the pastor of a Baptist congregation. He died at Stapleknowledge best adapted to qualify her for the pos- ton, near Bristol. session of power and the cares of empire. One thing only was wanting to render our satisfaction Himself, Mr Foster thus speculates on a changeable
In the essay On a Man's Writing Memoirs of complete in the prospect of the accession of such a character, and on the contempt which we entertain princess ; it was, that she might become the living at an advanced period of life for what we were at an mother of children.
earlier period :The long-wished-for moment at length arrived ; but, alas ! the event anticipated with such eagerness will Though in memoirs intended for publications form the most melancholy part of our history. large share of incident and action would generally be
It is no reflection on this ainiable princess, to sup- necessary, yet there are some men whose mental birpose that in her early dawn, with the dew of her tory alone might be very interesting to reflectire youth so fresh upon her, she anticipated a long series readers ; as, for instance, that of a thinking man reof years, and expected to be led through successive markable for a number of complete changes of his scenes of enchantment, rising above each other in speculative system. From observing the usual tena fascination and beauty. It is natural to suppose she city of views once deliberately adopted in mature identified herself with this great nation which she life, we regard as a curious phenomenon the man was born to govern ; and that, while she contemplated whose mind has been a kind of caravansera of opiits pre-eminent lustre in arts and in arms, its commerce nions, entertained a while, and then sent on pilencircling the globe, its colonies diffused through both grimage ; a man who has admired and dismissed sys. hemispheres, and the beneficial effects of its institu- tems with the same facility with which John Buncle tions extending to the whole earth, she considered found, adored, married, and interred his succession of them as so many component parts of her grandeur. wives, each one being, for the time, not only better Her heart, we inay well conceive, would often be than all that went before, but the best in the creation. ruffled with emotions of treinbling ecstacy when she You admire the versatile aptitude of a mind sliding ! reflected that it was her province to live entirely for into successive forms of belief in this intellectual others, to compass the felicity of a great people, to meter psychosis, by which it animates so many new move in a sphere which would afford scope for the bodies of doctrines in their turn. And as none of exercise of philanthropy the most enlarged, of wisdoin those dying pangs which hurt you in a tale of India the inost enlightened; and that, while others are attend the desertion of each of these speculative formis doomed to pass through the world in obscurity, she which the soul has a while inhabited, you are es: was to supply the materials of history, and to impart tremely amused by the number of transitions, and that impulse to society which was to decide the des- eagerly ask what is to be the next, for you nerer tiny of future generat wns. Fired with the ambition deem the present state of such a man's views to be for of equalling or su passing the most distinguished of permanence, unless perhaps when he has terminated ber predecessors, she probably did not despair of re- his course of believing ererything in ultimately beviving the remembrance of the brightest parts of their lieving nothing. Eren then, unless he is very old
feels more pride in being a sceptic, the conqueror of quities, after having been so long beguiled, like the all systems, than he ever felt in being the champion mariners in a story which I remember to have read, of one, even then it is very possible he may spring up who followed the direction of their compass, infallibly again, like a vapour of fire from a bog, and gliminer right as they thought, till they arrived at an enemy's through new mazes, or retrace his course through half port, where they were seized and doomed to slavery. of those which he trod before. You will observe that it happened that the wicked captain, in order to beno respect attaches to this Proteus of opinion after his tray the ship, had concealed a large loadstone at a changes have been multiplied, as no party expect him little distance on one side of the needle. to remain with them, nor deem him much of an ac- On the notions and expectations of one stage of life quisition if he should. One, or perhaps two, consider. I suppose all reflecting men look back with a kind of able changes will be regarded as signs of a liberal contempt, though it may be often with the mingling inquirer, and therefore the party to which his first or wish that some of its enthusiasm of feeling could be his second intellectual conversion may assign him recovered—I mean the period between proper childwill receive him gladly. But he will be deemed to hood and maturity. They will allow that their reason have abdicated the dignity of reason when it is found was then feeble, and they are prompted to exclaim, that he can adopt no principles but to betray them; | What fools we have been-while they recollect how and it will be perhaps justly suspected that there is sincerely they entertained and advanced the most something extremely infirm in the structure of that ridiculous speculations on the interests of life and the mind, whatever vigour may mark some of its opera- questions of truth; how regretfully astonished they tions, to which a series of very different, and some- were to find the mature sense of some of those around times contrasted theories, can appear in succession them so completely wrong; yet in other instances, what demonstratively true, and which imitates sincerely veneration they felt for authorities for which they the perverseness which Petruchio only affected, de- have since lost all their respect; what a fantastic imclaring that which was yesterday to a certainty the portance they attached to some most trivial things; sun, to be to-day as certainly the moon.
what complaints against their fate were uttered on It would be curious to observe in a man, who should account of disappointments which they have since remake such an exhibition of the course of his mind, collected with gaiety or self-congratulation; what the sly deceit of self-love. While he despises the happiness of Elysium they expected from sources system which he has rejected, he does not deem it to which would soon have failed to impart even common imply so great a want of sense in him once to have satisfaction; and how certain they were that the feelembraced it, as in the rest who were then or are now ings and opinions then predominant would continue its disciples and advocates. No; in him it was no through life. debility of reason; it was at the utmost but a merge If a reflective aged man were to find at the bottom of it; and probably he is prepared to explain to you of an old chest—where it had lain forgotten fifty that such peculiar circumstances, as might warp even years—a record which he had written of himself a very strong and liberal mind, attended his con- when he was young, simply and vividly describing his sideration of the subject, and misled him to admit whole heart and pursuits, and reciting verbatim many the belief of what others prove themselves fools by passages of the language which he sincerely uttered, believing.
would he not read it with more wonder than almost Another thing apparent in a record of changed every other writing could at his age inspíre? He opinions would be, what I have noticed before, that would half lose the assurance of his identity, under there is scarcely any such thing in the world as simple the impression of this immense dissimilarity. It would conviction. It would be amusing to observe how seem as if it must be the tale of the juvenile days of reason had, in one instance, been overruled into some ancestor, with whom he had no connexion but acquiescence by the admiration of a celebrated name, that of name. He would feel the young man thus or in another into opposition by the envy of it; how introduced to him separated by so wide a distance of most opportunely reason discovered the truth just at character as to render all congenial sociality impose the time that interest could be essentially served by sible. At every sentence he would be tempted to reavowing it; how easily the impartial examiner could peat-Foolish youth, I have no sympathy with your be induced to adopt some part of another man's opi- feelings, I can hold no converse with your understandnions, after that other had zealously approved some ing. Thus, you see that in the course of a long life a favourite, especially if unpopular part of his, as the man may be several moral persons, 80 various from Pharisees almost became partial even to Christ at the one another, that if you could find a real individual moment that he defended one of their doctrines against that should nearly exemplify the character in one of the Sadducees. It would be curious to see how a these stages, and another that should exemplify it in professed respect for a man's character and talents, the next, and so on to the last, and then bring these and concern for his interests, might be changed, in several persons together into one society, which would consequence of some personal inattention experienced thus be a representation of the successive states of one from him, into illiberal invective against him or his man, they would feel themselves a most heterogeneous intellectual performances, and yet the railer, though party, would oppose and probably despise one another, actuated solely by petty revenge, account himself the and soon after separate, not caring if they were never model of equity and candour all the while. It might to meet again. If the dissimilarity in mind were as be seen how the patronage of power could elevate great as in person, there would in both respects be a miserable prejudices into revered wisdom, while poor most striking contrast between the extremes at least, old Experience was mocked with thanks for her in- between the youth of seventeen and the sage of seventy. struction ; and how the vicinity or society of the rich, The one of these contrasts an old man might contemand, as they are termed, great, could perhaps melt a plate if he had a true portrait for which he sat in the soul that seemed to be of the stern consistence of early bloom of his life, and should hold it beside a mirror Rome, into the gentlest wax on which Corruption in which he looks at his present countenance; and the could wish to imprint the venerable creed-— The right other would be powerfully felt if he had such a genuine divine of kings to govern wrong,' with the pious infe- and detailed memoir as I have supposed. Might it rence that justice was outraged when virtuous Tarquin not be worth while for a self-observant person, in early was expelled. I am supposing the observer to perceive life to preserve, for the inspection of the old man, if all these accommodating dexterities of reason ; for it he should live so long, such a mental likeness of the were probably absurd to expect that any mind should young one? If it be not drawn near the time, it can itself' be able in its review to detect all its own obli- I never be drawn with sufficient accuracy.
DR ADAM CLARKE.
REV. ARCHIBALD ALISON.
we see the world withdrawn from us, the shades of night darken over the habitations of men, and we feel
ourselves alone. It is an hour fitted, as it would Another distinguished dissenter was De Adam seem, by Him who made us to still, but with gentle CLARKE (1760-1832), a profound Oriental scholar, hand, the throb of every unruly passion, and the author of a Commentary on the Bible, and editor of a ardour of every impure desire; and, while it veils fer collection of state papers supplementary to Rymer's a time the world that misleads us, to awaken in cur Foedera. Dr Clarke was a native of Moybeg, a vil- hearts those legitimate affections which the heat of lage in Londonderry, Ireland, where his father was a the day may have dissolved. There is yet a fartber schoolmaster. He was educated at Kingswood scene it presents to us. While the world withdraws school, an establishment of Wesley's projecting for from us, and while the shades of the evening darken the instruction of itinerant preachers. In due time upon our dwellings, the splendours of the firmament he himself became a preacher; and so indefatigable coine forward to our view. In the moments when was he in propagating the doctrines of the Wesleyan earth is overshadowed, heaven opens to our eyes the persuasion, that he twice visited Shetland, and es- radiance of a sublimer being; our hearts follow the tablished there a Methodist mission. In the midst successive splendours of the scene ; and while we of his various journeys and active duties, Dr Clarke forget for a time the obscurity of earthly concerns, continued those researches which do honour to his we feel that there are 'yet greater things than these.' name. He fell a victim to the cholera when that
There is, in the second place, an 'erentide' in the fatal pestilence visited our shores.
year--a season, as we now witness, when the sun witbdraws his propitious light, when the winds arise and the leaves fall, and nature around us seems to sink
into decay. It is said, in general, to be the season of The Rev. ARCHIBALD ALISON (1757–1838) was melancholy; and if by this word be meant that it is senior minister of St Paul's chapel, Edinburgh. the time of solemn and of serious thought, it is un. After a careful education at Glasgow university doubtedly the season of melancholy; yet it is a me and Baliol college, Oxford (where he took his de- lancholy so soothing, so gentle in its approach, and gree of B.C.L. in 1784), Mr Alison entered into so prophetic in its influence, that they who have sacred orders, and was presented to different livings known it feel, as instinctively, that it is the doing of by Sir William Pulteney, Lord Loughborough, and God, and that the heart of man is not thus fidely Dr Douglas, bishop of Salisbury. Having, in 1784, touched but to fine issues. married the daughter of Dr John Gregory of Edin- When we go out into the fields in the evening of burgh, Mr Alison looked forward to a residence in the year, a different voice approaches us. We regard, Scotland, but it was not till the close of the last even in spite of ourselves, the still but steady advances century that he was able to realise his wishes. In of time. A few days ago, and the summer of the year H 1790 he published his admirable Essay on the Nature was grateful, and every element was filled with life, and Principles of Taste, and in 1814 two volumes of and the sun of heaven seemed to glory in his ascen. sermons, justly admired for the elegance and beauty dant. He is now enfeebled in his power; the desert il of their language, and their gentle persuasive in no more 'blossoms like the rose ;' the song of joy is culcation of Christian duty. On points of doctrine no more heard among the branches ; and the earth is and controversy the author is wholly silent: his strewed with that foliage which once bespoke the writings, as one of his critics remarked, were de- magnificence of summer. Whatever may be the pas signed for those who want to be roused to a sense
sions which society has awakened, we pause amid this of the beauty and the good that exist in the universe apparent desolation of nature. We sit down in the around them, and who are only indifferent to the lodge of the wayfaring man in the wilderness, and feelings of their fellow-creatures, and negligent of we feel that all we witness is the emblem of our own the duties they impose, for want of some persuasive fate. Such also in a few years will be our own comonitor to awake the dormant capacities of their dition. The blossoms of our spring, the pride of our nature, and to make them see and feel the delights summer, will also fade into decay; and the pulse that which providence has attached to their exercise. A now beats high with virtuous or with vicious desire, selection from the sermons of Mr Alison, consisting We rise from our meditations with hearts softened
will gradually sink, and then must stop for ever, of those on the four seasons, spring, summer, autumn; and subdued, and we return into life as into a shadowy and winter, was afterwards printed in a small volume.
scene, where we have disquieted ourselves in vain.'
Yet a few years, we think, and all that now bless, [From the Scrmon on Autumn.]
or all that now convulse humanity, will also have
perished. The nightiest pageantry of life will pass There is an eventide in the day- an hour when the loudest notes of triuinph or of conquest will be the sun retires and the shadows fals, and when nature silent in the grave; the wicked, wherever active, will assumes the appearances of soberness and silence. It cease from troubling, and the weary, wherever sufferis an hour from which everywhere the thoughtless fly, ing, will be at rest.' Under an impression so proas peopled only in their imagination with images of found we feel our own hearts better. The cares, gloom; it is the hour, on the other hand, which in the animosities, the hatreds which society may have every age the wise have lored, as bringing with it engendered, sink unperceived from our bosoms. In sentiments and affections more valuable than all the the yeneral desolation of nature we feel the littleness splendours of the day. Its first impression is to still all the turbulence of evening which time must bring to all-we anticipate
of our own passions—we look forward to that kindred thought or passion which the day may have brought the graves of those we hate as of those we love. forth. We follow with our eye the descending sun Every unkind passion falls with the leaves that fall -we listen to the decaying sounds of labour and of around us; and we return slowly to our homes
, and toil; and, when all the fields are silent around us, to the society which surrounds us, with the wish only we feel a kindred stillness to breathe upon our souls, to enlighten or to bless them. and to calm them from the agitations of society. From this first impression there is a second which appearances of nature upon our minds, they would
If there were no other effects, my brethren, of such naturally follows it: in the day we are living with still be valuable—they would teach us humility, and men, in the eventide we begin to live with nature; 1 with it they would teach us charity.
to Evidences of Christianity; five, Moral Philosophy; DR ANDREW THOMSON.
six, Commercial Discourses; seven, Astronomical DisDR ANDREW THOMSON (1779-1831), an active and courses ; eight, nine, and ten, Congregational Ser. able minister of the Scottish church, was author of mons; eleren, Sermons on Public Occasions; twelve, various sermons and lectures, and editor of the Tracts and Essays; thirteen, Introductory Essays, Scottish Christian Instructor, a periodical which exer- originally prefixed to editions of Select Christian cised no small influence in Scotland on ecclesiastical Authors; fourteen, fifteen, and sixteen, Christian questions. Dr Thomson was successively minister and Economic Polity of a Nation, more especially of Sprouston, in the presbytery of Kelso, of the East with reference to its Large Towns ; seventeen, On Church, Perth, and of St George's Church, Edin- Church and College Endowments; eighteen, On burgh. In the annual meetings of the general Church Extension ; nineteen and twenty, Political assembly he displayed great ardour and eloquence as Economy; twenty-one, The Sufficiency of a Parochial a debater, and was the recognized leader of one of System without a Poor- Rate; twenty-two, three, the church parties. He waged a long and keen four, and five, Lectures on the Romans. In all Dr warfare with the British and Foreign Bible Society Chalmers's works there is great energy and earfor circulating the books of the Apocrypha along nestness, accompanied with a vast variety of illuswith the Bible, and his speeches on this subject, tration. His knowledge is extensive, including though exaggerated in tone and manner, produced a science no less than literature, the learning of the powerful effect. There was, in truth, always more philosopher with the fancy of the poet, and a famiof the debater than the divine in his public addresses ; liar acquaintance with the habits, feelings, and daily and he was an unmerciful opponent in controversy. | life of the Scottish poor and middle classes. The When the question of the abolition of colonial sla- ardour with which he pursues any favourite topic, very was agitated in Scotland, He took his stand on presenting it to the reader or hearer in every posthe expediency of immediate abolition, and by his sible point of view, and investing it with the charms public appearances on this subject, and the energy of a rich poetical imagination, is a peculiar feature of his eloquence, carried the feelings of his country in his intellectual character, and one well calculated men completely along with him. The life of this to arrest attention.* It gives peculiar effect to his ardent, impetuous, and independent-minded man was brought suddenly and awfully to a close. In the * Robert Hall seems to have been struck with this peculiaprime of health and vigour he fell down dead at the rity. In some Gleanings from Hall's Conversational Remarks, threshold of his own door. The sermons of Dr appended to Dr Gregory's Memoir, we find the following critiThomson scarcely support his high reputation as a cism, understood to refer to the Scottish divine :— Mr Hall church leader and debater. They are weighty and repeatedly referred to Dr, and always in terms of great earnest, but without pathos or elegance of style.
esteem as well as high admiration of his general character, exercising, however, his usual free and independent judgment.
The following are some remarks on that extraordinary indi. DR THOMAS CHALMERS.
vidual:-" Pray, sir, did you ever know any man who had
that singular faculty of repetition possessed by Dr — ? Why, The most distinguished and able of living Scottish sir, he often reiterates the same thing ten or twelve times in divines is THOMAS CHALMERS, D. D. and LLD., one the course of a few pages. Even Burke himself had not so of the first Presbyterian ministers who obtained an much of that peculiarity. His mind resembles that optical honorary degree from the university of Cambridge, instrument lately invented; what do you call it?” “You
mean, I suppose, the kaleidoscope." “ Yes, sir, an idea thrown into his mind is just as if thrown into a kaleidoscope. Every turn presents the object in a new and beautiful form ; but the object presented is still the same. * * His mind seems to move on hinges, not on wheels. There is incessant motion, but no progress. When he was at Leicester, he preached a most admirablo sermon on the necessity of immediate repentance; but there were only two ideas in it, and on these his mind revolved as on a pivot."' A writer in the London Magazine gives a graphic account of Dr Chalmers's appearances in London. When he visited London, the hold that he took on the minds of men was unprecedented. It was a time of strong political feeling; but even that was unheeded, and all parties thronged to hear the Scottish preacher. The very best judges were not prepared for the display that they heard. Canning and Wilberforce went together, and got into a pow near the door. The elder in attendance stood close by the pew. Chalmers began in his usual unpromising way, by stating a few nearly self-evident propositions neither in the choicost language nor in the most impressive voice. “ If this be all," said Canning to his companion, “it will never do." Chalmers went on-the shuffling of the congregation gradually subsided. He got into the mass of his subject ; his weakness became strength, his hesitation was turned into energy; and, bringing the whole volume of his mind to bear upon it, he poured forth a torrent of the most close and conclusive argument, brilliant with all the exuberance of an imagination which ranged over all nature for illustrations, and yet managed
and applied each of them with the same unerring dexterity, Dr Thomas Chalmers.
as if that single one had been the study of a whole life. “ The
tartan beats us,” said Mr Canning; "we have no preaching and one of the few Scotsmen who have been elected like that in England." Chalmers, like the celebrated French a corresponding member of the Royal Institute of zeal which
become men who are ambassadors from Christ
divines (according to Goldsmith), assumed all that dignity and France. The collected works of Dr Chalmers fill The English divines, like timorous envoys, seem more solicitwenty-five duodecimo volumes. Of these the two tous not to offend the court to which they are sent, than to Arst are devoted to Natural Theology; three and four drive home the interests of their employers. The style of De