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FOREIGN COUNTRIES.

PART 1.

AREA, POPULATION, FISCAL AFFAIRS, AGRICULTURE, INDUSTRIES, COMMER JE, SAIP.

PING, RAILROADS, TELE IRAPHS, BANKING, AND MONEY.

Area and Population.

The area and the distribution of population of the United Kingdom were as follows at the

census taken April 1, 1891 :

England, 50,867 square miles; Wales, 7,442 square miles; Scotland, 29,785 square miles; Ireland,

22,583 square miles ; Isle of Man, 227 square miles ; Channel Islands, 75 square miles. Total, 120,979

square miles.

Population: England, 27,483,490; Wales, 1,519,033: Scotland, 4,025,647 ; Ireland, 4,704,750; Isle of

Man, 56,608 ; Channel Islands, 92,234; military and naval abroad, 224,211. Total, 38,104,975.

The estimated population at the end of June, 1898, was: England and Wales, 31,397,078; Scot-
land, 4,249,946: Ireland, 4,541,903. Total United Kingdom, 40,188,927.

The population per square mile in 1891 was 498 ; in 1881 was 446: in 1871 was 390 : in 1861 was 345 ;

in 1851 was 308; in 1841 was 274; in 1831 was 139; in 1821 was 207; in 1811 was 175; in 1801 was 153.

Total.

926,132
1,900,328
1,399,735
1,336,945
7,336,344
9,154,373

22,053,857

10,591,967

Mulhall states the ratios of occupation in the entire United Kingdom for the years 1841 and 1891
as follows: Agriculture in 1841 was 37.8, and in 1891 was 15.1; manufactures, respectively, 34.8 and
53.7; trade, 7.8 and 9.9 ; professions, 2.5 and 7.4; domestics, 17.3 and 13.9.

Year.

1893...

1894..

1895.....

1896....

1897......

Total, Including

North America, United States. Australia.

All Other.

Immigrants.

50,381

213,212

11,412

307,633

141,054

23,633
159,431
11.151
226,827

185,799
22,357
195,632
10,809
271,772

175,674
22,590
154,496
10,710
241,952

159,913
22,702
132,098
12,491

213,450

Revenue and Expenditure. The following table shows the actual revenue and expenditure for the years ending March 3). They are revised so as to exclude, in accordance with the system now adopted, the army and navy extra receipts, and the contributions by India for military charges, formerly brought to account as revenue: Expend

Expend-
Year.
Revenue.
iture.
Year.
Revenue.

iture. 1884. £86,160,184 £85,954,564 1892

£90,994,786 £89,927,773 1885. 87,988, 110 89,037,883 1893.

90,395, 377 90,375,365 1886. 89,581,301 92,223,814 1894

91,133,410 91, 302,846 1887 90,772,758 89,996,752 1895.

94,683,762 93,918,421 1888 89,802,254 87,423,645 1896.

101,973,829 97,764,357 1889 88,472,812 87.683,830 1897

103,949,885 101,476,669 1890. 89,304,316 86,083,314 1898.

106,614,004 102,935,994 1891

89,489,112 87,732,855

SOURCES OF REVENUE, YEARS ENDING MARCH 31.

(Net Receipts.)

COSTOMS.
Currants, Spirits,

Tobacco

Other

Mis-
Raisins, F'gn &

and

Imp'td cellan's Coffee. D'd Fruits. Colonial. Tea. Snuff. Wine. Articles. Rec'ts. Totai. £170,0125 £396,602 £4,197,260 £3,587,632 £10,415,139 £1,143,698 £197,400 £31,193 £20,138,948

1895 1896. 1897. 1898....

167,673 395,186 4,216,921 3,746,194 10,748,522 1,254,994 203,297 29,626 20,762,413
172,333 401,244 4,318,192 3,799,372 11,108,048 1,296,181 224,272 36,489 21.266.131
170,049 389,573 4,299,961 3,868,207 11,433,909 1,325,372 267,494 37,685 21,792,250)

Excise.
Chic- Coffee Mix-

Other
Beer. Spirits. ory. ture Labels. R'ways. Sciences. Receipts. Total.
£10,102,050 £15,269,296 £1,523 £2,101 $260.694 £236,086 £3,876 £25,875,626
10,718,719 15,603,680 651 1,808 259,342 238,540

4,015 26,826,755 10,901,094 16,103, 412 1,502 1,792 272,183

240,866

4,247 27,435,096 11,388,126 16,396,728 1.366 1,521

243,216

4,283

28,323,142

1895 1896 1897 1898

1895
1896.
1897
1898,

Total Estate,
Legacy, Suc-
cession, etc.
£8,751,343
11,639,900)
10,741,379
11,185,998

ESTATES

STAMPS
Bulls of Ex'ge, Life and Rec'ts, Drafts,
Deeds, Bankers' Notes, Marine and other Other
ete.

ete. Insur'ces. Penny Stamps. Receipts.
£3,266,957 £747,893 £194,405 £1,202,747 £421,342

4,643,822 798,363 211,321 1.261,301 426,424
4,553,301 792,341 216,654 1,305,324 4+3,826
4,796,055 784,030 216,666 1,350,691 450,803

Total Stamps. £5,833,341 7,339,231 7,311,446 7,5.98.245

1895 1896. 1897 1898.

Land Tax.
£1,021,705
1,020,801
916, 445
922,800

TAXES.

Inhabited
House Duty.
£1,462,373

1,486,948
1,513,434
1,546,758

Total.
£18,133, 440
18,490,689
19,331,220
19,660,995

Property and
Income Tax.
£15,649,362

15,982,940
16,901,341
17,171,377

Crown

Lands. 2410,000 415,000 415,000 415,000

1885 1896 1897 1898

Post

Othce.
€10,760,000

11,380,000
11, Xt11,000
12,170,000

Telegraph

Service. £2,580,000

2,840,000
2,910,000
3,010,000

Suez Canal
Interest.
£394,995
673,418
694,076
698,684

MISCELLANEOUS.

1895. 1896 1897 1898

Fee and

Patent
Stamps.
$823,724
831,071
904,481
948,390

Receipts by Civil
Departments,

ete.
£1,042,062

7022,233
1,192,328

788,717

Total Miscellaneous.

£1,865,786

1,533,301 2,096,809 1,737,107

EXPENDITURES, YEARS ENDING MARCH 31.

1897.

National Debt Services

Funded debt, interest..
Terminable annuities and trustee savings-bank,

deficiency annuity,
Unfunded debt..
Management of debt.
New sinking fund.

Total..

1895.
1896.

1898.
£16,220,544 £16,110,274 £16,108,037 £16,063,923
6,422,410 6,442,138 77,149,743 7,261,159

461,830 118,367 112.534 139,300 176,953 176,447 175,692 174,309 1,718,283 2,152,774 1,453,994 1,361,307 £25,000,000 £25,000,000 £25,000,000 £25,00X16M)

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