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The following copy of routine inspections listed by the above synopsis, shows the cards in my tickler. If each is copied on a standard sized card, they will be ready for tickler file.


DAILY. Examine all powder samples of all indexes daily in a good light without

removing stopper. Observe whether normal condition and appearance. Presence of reddish-brown fumes indicates decomposition of powder.

Feel for temperature, as decomposition is accompanied by heat. S. O. 22.


Daily. Mess gear inspected by petty officer in charge. Reported to executive if

unsatisfactory regarding cleanliness, quantity, or if broken. (Ship.)

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WEEKLY. Bedding aired from 8 a. m. to i p. m. twice weekly. Hammocks inspected.

While airing, hammock nettings thoroughly cleaned out. Owners of dirty hammocks or bedding restricted pending their cleaning. Inspec

tion made by 0. 0. D. and P. O.'s of divisions. Logged in deck log. Fleet Regs., 1917, Art. 403.


WEEKLY. All auxiliary machinery inspected and tested weekly. To be made by chief

engineer and executive, assisted by C. M. M.'s, C. W. T., C. G. M., and C. C. M., respectively. Results to be logged in engineering and deck log books, respectively. All auxiliary machinery to be moved by hand

daily, and once weekly by steam. N. I. 3045, 3046.



WEEKLY. Storerooms, holds, etc., will be inspected weekly. Made by first lieutenant

and medical officer, assisted by the C. P. O.'s of departments and storeroom keepers. Results to be logged in weekly hull book, accompanied

by recommendations for necessary corrections or improvements. N. I. 2702 (2) and 2115.

service against the insurrectionists after the treaty of peace th Spain, many thousands of them willingly so served beyond : terms of their enlistment. Che faithful services of these men were recognized and rewarded an act of Congress, approved by the President on June 29, 16, which provided that a bronze medal with suitable devices presented to those officers and men“ who, having volunteered | enlisted under calls of the President for the war with Spain, ved beyond the term of their enlistment to help to suppress the lippine insurrection.” 'he obverse of this medal bears a design of a group consisting hree marching soldiers, the central one carrying the national rs and the other two carrying rifles at the shoulder, encircled he legend “ Philippine Insurrection, 1899." On the reverse

is the inscription, “For Patriotism, Fortitude and Loyalty," rcled by a wreath composed of a branch of pine and a branch alm. he distinctive ribbon has a wide band of blue through the er with four narrow stripes on either side, colored white, red, e, blue, from the center outward.

CERTIFICATE OF MERIT BADGE, U. S. Army le U. S. Army Regulations, published by order of the Presi

prescribe that, “when any enlisted man in the army shall distinguished himself in the service, the President may grant tificate of merit to him, on the recommendation of the comling officer of the regiment or chief of the corps to which man belongs.”

1905 a general order of the War Department announced a badge with ribbon would be issued to each officer and ed man to whom a certificate of merit has been or may herebe awarded. is badge is of bronze and of the same size as the campaign 's, one and one-quarter inches in diameter. On the obverse Roman war eagle surrounded by the inscription,” Virtutis laciae monumentum et praemium,” and on the reverse side ords, “For merit,” in a wreath of oak leaves with the words ted States Army" in a semicircle above and 13 stars simiarranged below.

The distinctive ribbon of the badge has a narrow white stripe through the center with three bands of equal width on either side of it, the colors being red, white and blue, from the center outward.

GENERAL SERVICE MEDALS Up to 1905 no medals for general service in wars or campaigns were issued by the United States Government to its soldiers and sailors, but in that year it was decided to issue such medals to be officially known as “campaign badges,” and a general order of the War Department stated that, “ by authority of the President, campaign badges with ribbons will be issued as articles of uniform to officers and enlisted men in the service to commemorate services which have been or shall hereafter be rendered in campaign."

General service medals for navy and marine corps were authorized by the act of Congress of March 3, 1909, and subsequent acts, providing for “badges and ribbons, to be distributed by the Secretary of the Navy to officers and men, now or formerly, of the volunteer or regular navy and marine corps, who have participated in engagements and campaigns deemed worthy of such commemoration.”

The campaign badges issued to officers and men of the army are different in design from those issued to the officers and men of the navy and marine corps for participation in the same campaigns. The distinctive ribbons for the badges were also different for the two services prior to March 1, 1913, upon which date the President approved of a recommendation of the joint board of the army and navy to make the ribbons identical for all services.

Campaign badges have accordingly been issued to the officers and men of the army, navy and marine corps who have seen honorable service in the Civil War and in all subsequent battles and campaigns up to the beginning of the present war, as follows:

CIVIL WAR CAMPAIGN BADGE The badge was issued to all who saw service in the regular or volunteer army, navy or marine corps during the Civil War between April 15, 1861, and April 9, 1865. The distinctive ribbon is very appropriately composed of two bands, blue and gray, of width. The obverse of the army badge shows the head incoln surrounded by the words,“ With malice towards

with charity for all,” and on the reverse are the words, : Civil War” and the dates, “ 1861-1865,” surrounded by ath of oak and laurel.

obverse of the navy and marine corps badge shows the is battle between the Monitor and the Merrimac, fought in aters of Hampton Roads on March 9, 1862, with the words,

Civil War” above and the dates, “ 1861-1865," below. everse of the navy badge bears an eagle perched upon a nchor and directly below the words, “For Service,” sur

d in a circle by the legend, “United States Navy" in the half and branches of laurel and oak in the lower half. The 2 of the marine corps badge is the same as for the navy, that the legend reads, “ United States Marine Corps.” reverse side of all of the other campaign badges for the nd marine corps is the same as that for the Civil War gn badge.

INDIAN CAMPAIGN BADGE y officer and enlisted man of the U. S. Army who took an

le part in any of the campaigns or battles waged against tile Indian tribes between 1865 and 1891 received one of dges. campaigns so honored included the battles in Oregon, California and Nevada from 1865 to 1868; campaigns the Cheyennes, Arapahoes, Kiowas and Comanches, in Colorado and Indian Territory, 1867 to 1869; the Modoc 72-1873; against the Apaches in Arizona, 1873; against was, Comanches and Cheyennes, 1874-1875; against es and Sioux, 1876-1877 ; Nez Perces War, 1877; Banr, 1878; against Northern Cheyennes, 1878-1879; against , 1879-1880; against the Apaches in 1885-1886; and he Sioux under the famous chief, Sitting Bull, 1890-1891. dge is of bronze and the obverse bears a mounted Indian his war bonnet and carrying a spear, with the words, Wars ” above and a buffalo skull with arrow heads on e below. The reverse side bears a trophy composed of perched on a cannon, an Indian shield, standards, rifles, rows, a Cuban machete and a Sulu kriss, with the words “For Service" below it. Above the trophy in a semicircle are the words, “ United States Army,” and below it 13 stars similarly arranged.

The distinctive ribbon is Indian red with a narrow black stripe near each edge.

The reverse side of all subsequent campaign badges issued to the officers and men of the army is the same as that for the Indian campaign badge.

SPANISH CAMPAIGN BADGE The badge was issued to all officers and enlisted men of the U. S. Army who saw active service on the high seas en route to or ashore in Cuba between May II and July 17, 1898, in Porto Rico between July 24 and August 13, 1898, or in the Philippine Islands between June 30 and August 16, 1898; and to all officers and men of the navy and marine corps who served honorably aboard a ship of the navy or who saw active service ashore in Cuba, Porto Rico, the Philippine Islands or Guam during the war with Spain.

The first ribbon adopted for the army badge was yellow, with a narrow stripe of red near each side edged with blue, while that for the navy badge was yellow with a narrow red stripe near each edge, very similar to the Spanish flag; but since March 1, 1913, the ribbon has been the same for both services, yellow with narrow blue stripes near each edge.

The obverse of the army badge bears a conventional castle with round towers added at each corner, one for Havana and one for Santiago de Cuba, surrounded in a circle by the legend,“ War with Spain,” the date “ 1898," a tobacco plant and a stalk of sugar cane.

The design on the obverse side of the badge for the navy and marine corps consists of the Morro Castle at the, entrance to Havana harbor, surrounded by the legend, “ Spanish Campaign," and the date, “ 1898.”

A badge of the same design and with the same ribbon was issued to the officers and men of the navy and marine corps who participated in the naval battles and campaigns in the West Indies during the war with Spain, the legend reading, “West Indies Campaign."

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