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16 DOCKING REPORTS.

When OCCURRING. To: Bureau of Construction and Repair. Form: Letter. By: Hull Board through C. O. and C.-in-C. or S. O. P. Ref.: N. I. 5222 (1) (b) and 2704 (2).

File: 24.

17 REQUESTS FOR ALTERATIONS.

When OCCURRING. To: Department bureau concerned. Form: Letter. Separate letter for each bureau and class. Ref.: N. I. 4331, 4311 (10).

18 DRAFT AND LOAD ON DEPARTURE. BEFORE DEPARTURE FROM Navy

YARD. To: Commandant. Form: N. C. R. 125. By: C. O. through. Hull Division, sufficiently in advance of departure to

permit draft being verified by an officer from that department prior to

sailing. Ref.: N. I. 5221 (35). File: 22-1.

19 REPORT OF STRAGGLERS.

ON DEPARTURE FROM PORT. To: S.O.P. Form: Letter. By: C.O. prior to departure, giving list of names absent, with notation of rewards offered.

20 Hospital TICKET.

WHEN OCCURRING. To: Hospital or hospital ship. Form: G (one copy). By: M.O. through C. O. File: M.O.'s file.

21 REPORT OF CASUALTIES.

WHEN OCCURRING. To: Commander-in-chief, S. O. P. Form: Letter. By: C.O.

22 REPORT OF EPIDEMICS.

WHEN OCCURRING. To: Bureau of Medicine and Surgery. Form: Letter. One to base commander, one to bureau. By: M. O. through C. O. File: M.O.'s file.

The Distinguished Conduct Medal was established in 1854 by Queen Victoria to reward non-commissioned officers and privates of the army " for distinguished conduct in the field.” This medal, usually known as the D. C. M., is of silver suspended from an ornamental scroll clasp. On the obverse is the head of the reigning sovereign and on the reverse the legend, “For distinguished conduct in the field.” The ribbon is red, blue, red, in stripes of equal width.

The Conspicuous Gallantry Medal was originally authorized during the Crimean war and again in 1874 to reward petty officers and men of the navy and non-commissioned officers and privates of the marines for conspicuous gallantry in action. It corresponds to the Distinguished Conduct Medal for the army. The medal is of silver and bears on the obverse the head of the reigning sovereign and on the reverse the legend, “ For conspicuous gallantry,” surrounded by a wreath and surmounted by a crown. The ribbon is blue, white, blue, in stripes of equal width.

The Military Medal was sanctioned by King George V in March, 1916, to reward non-commissioned officers and men of the army who have been recommended by the commanding general in the field for acts of bravery. It is a silver medal with the effigy of the king on the obverse and the inscription, “For bravery in the field,” surrounded by a wreath surmounted by a crown, on the reverse. The ribbon is dark blue with five narrow stripes through the center, two red and three white.

The Distinguished Service Medal, established in October, 1914, is awarded to petty officers and men of the navy and to non-commissioned officers and privates of the marines “ who show themselves to the fore in action and set an example of bravery under fire." It corresponds to the Military Medal for the army. It is a silver medal, bearing on the obverse the bust of King George V in the uniform of an admiral and on the reverse the legend, “ For distinguished service," surrounded by a wreath and surmounted by a crown. The ribbon is blue with two narrow white stripes through the center.

BELGIAN WAR DECORATIONS The Belgian I'ar Cross was established on October 25, 1915, as a decoration to reward all persons who have been mentioned in

general orders for individual acts of courage, devotion or valor during the war against Germany and her allies. The war cross is of bronze and is modelled after the French Croix de Guerre.

The Queen Elizabeth Medal was authorized in September, 1916, to reward those who have devoted themselves to war work, such as succoring the wounded, aiding refugees and fugitives and maintaining canteens and rest stations for the soldiers at the front. The medal is awarded in the name of the popular queen of Belgium to men and women, both Belgian and foreign, who are deemed worthy of it.

The Military Medal was instituted by royal decree on September 15, 1902, to reward “soldiers of all ranks below that of a commissioned officer who, by their conduct and service, have merited special distinction.”

ITALIAN WAR DECORATIONS Italy has established no new decorations for war service during the present war, but when she entered the war in 1915 she had four orders which might be conferred upon officers of certain classes, and had awarded numerous medals for service in past wars.

The Medal for Military Valor is awarded to officers and men of the Italian army and navy for conspicuous acts of gallantry and courage in the face of the enemy. The medal is awarded in three classes, of gold, silver or bronze, according to the class of the service. The gold medal has almost always been awarded for a deed of heroism and daring which has resulted in the death of the soldier or sailor performing the deed and it is regarded as the highest tribute to bravery which Italy can pay.

The silver and bronze medals are awarded for gallant deeds under fire, and as one medal is awarded for each act meriting the reward, it is not uncommon to see an officer or soldier with two such medals.

The ribbon of the medal is blue.

All officers and men of the Italian army who have served one year at the Austrian front are authorized to wear a ribbon of the national colors, green, white, red, in the same manner as the ribbons of medals and decorations are worn; and those who have served a year on the fronts in Macedonia and Albania are authorized to wear a red and white ribbon.

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