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Private Louis Gedeon, 19th U. S. Infantry, for most distinished gallantry in action at Mount Amia, Cebu, Philippine ands, February 4, 1900. His captain fell mortally wounded, d Gedeon, single-handed and alone, defended him against the ious attacks of an overwhelming force of the enemy until istance arrived. Captain Louis B. Lawton, 9th U. S. Infantry, for most disguished gallantry in the battle of Tientsin, China, during the xer Rebellion, July 13, 1900. Although wounded three sepae times in doing so he carried messages and guided reenforcents across a wide and fire-swept field. jergeant Alexander M. Quinn, 13th U. S. Infantry, and Sernt Andrew J. Cummins and Privates Alfred Poland, James J. zh, Charles P. Cantrell and William Keller, roth U. S. Infan
for distinguished bravery in the battle of Santiago, Cuba, 1 I, 1898, in rescuing wounded men from in front of the s under heavy fire from the enemy. aptain Andre W. Brewster, 9th U. S. Infantry, for conuous gallantry during the battle of Tientsin, China, July 1900. One of his men was twice wounded and fell into a d of water about eight feet deep and was helpless and drownwhen Captain Brewster, fully accoutered, jumped into the er and saved him. irst Lieutenant Charles E. Kilbourne, U. S. Volunteer SigCorps, at Paco Bridge, Philippine Islands, on February 3, , within a range of 250 yards of the enemy, and in the
of a rapid fire, climbed a telegraph pole in full view of enemy and coolly and carefully repaired a broken telegraph , thereby reestablishing telegraph communication between quarters and the front lines. ajor Paul F. Straub, Surgeon of the 36th U. S. Volunteer atry, at Alos, Philippine Islands, December 21, 1899, volun
exposed himself to a hot fire from the enemy in repelling pistol fire an insurgent attack, and, at great risk to his life, went under fire to the rescue of a wounded fellow offind carried him to a place of safety. sistant Surgeon James Robb Church, ist U. S. Volunteer \ry, better known as the “Rough Riders,” for conspicuous atry at Las Guasimas, Cuba, June 24, 1898. In addition to rming gallantly the duties pertaining to his position he voluntarily and unaided carried several seriously wounded men from the firing-line to a position of safety in the rear, in each instance being subjected to a very heavy fire from the enemy.
Private Cornelius J. Leahy, 36th U. S. Volunteer Infantry, for most distinguished gallantry in action at Porac, Luzon, Philippine Islands, September 3, 1899. Leahy with the assistance of one comrade carried from the field of action the bodies of two comrades, one killed and one severely wounded, defending them from the attacks of the enemy and driving off a much superior force of insurgents. The order also briefly notes that Private Leahy was killed in action December 1, 1900, at Pilar, Philippine Islands.
Captain Hugh J. McGrath, 4th U. S. Cavalry, for most distinguished gallantry at Calamba, Luzon, Philippine Islands, on July 26, 1899, in swimming the San Juan River in the face of the enemy's fire and driving him from his entrenchments. The order closes with the brief notation, “ Died November 7, 1899."
First Lieutenant Albert L. Mills, ist U. S. Cavalry, and captain and assistant adjutant general of U. S. Volunteers, for distinguished gallantry in action at Santiago, Cuba, July 1, 1898, in encouraging those near him by his bravery and coolness after being shot through the head and entirely without sight.
Private John C. Wetherby, 4th U. S. Infantry, for most distinguished gallantry in action near Imus, Luzon, Philippine Islands, November 26, 1899. He had been entrusted with the duty of carrying important orders on the battlefield and while doing so was desperately wounded. Unable to stand he crawled forward on the ground and delivered his messages. He died of his wounds nine days later.
Second Lieutenant George W. Wallace, 9th U. S. Infantry, for gallantry at Tinuba, Luzon, Philippine Islands, March 4, 1900, in rescuing a brother officer who had been wounded by Filipinos from ambush and carrying him to a place of safety.
Privates William B. Trembly and Edward White, 20th Kansas Volunteer Infantry, for most distinguished gallantry at Calumpit, Luzon, Philippine Islands, April 27, 1899. These men swam across the Rio Grande de Pampanga in the face of heavy enemy fire, carrying a rope which they fastened to the trenches occupied by the enemy in order to enable others to cross the river and drive the enemy out of the trenches.
Captain Horace Porter, Ordnance Department, U. S. Army lfterwards Brevet Brigadier General), for gallantry in action the battle of Chickamauga, Georgia, in rallying enough fugires to hold the ground at a critical moment when the lines ere broken, under heavy fire, long enough to facilitate the ape of numerous wagon trains and batteries. Sergeant Henry F. Schroeder, 16th U. S. Infantry, for most tinguished gallantry in action at Carig, Philippine Islands, ptember 14, 1900, in defeating with 22 men under him a force 400 insurgents, killing 36 and wounding 90 of the enemy. The following instances of the award of the medal of honor officers and enlisted men of the naval service—the navy and marine corps—are taken from the orders of the Navy Departnt announcing the awards to the service: On May 11, 1898, the torpedo-boat Winslow, while closely aged with the enemy shore batteries at Cardenas, Cuba, was ibled by the concentrated fire of the enemy and was towed of range by the revenue cutter Hudson. For especial gallanon this occasion three members of the crew of the Winslow e awarded medals of honor: Chief Gunner's Mate Brady for liring the steering gear under heavy fire, Chief Machinist ney for extinguishing the fire in a boiler that had been · ced by a shell, and Chief Machinist Johnson for turning off m from the engine which was wrecked by a shell exploding in cylinder. Each of these men without regard to his own ty or life performed a deed that may have saved the vessel its crew from destruction. 1 June 14, 1898, while the marines who were defending the orary naval shore base at Guantanamo, Cuba, were engaged enemy infantry, firing from hastily thrown up field trenches, came necessary to communicate with the U. S. S. Dolphin in · to direct the fire of her guns. Sergeant John Quick, U. S. .., seized a signal flag and sent the signals. To do this it necessary for him to leave cover and stand on the crest of ill with his back to the enemy and clearly silhouetted against ky. This drew the fire of the enemy, whose bullets sung him and bit the dust at his feet, but he remained at his post ent the signals with coolness and precision. For this cool çallant act under fire he was awarded the medal of honor. e U. S. flagship New York was steaming along the coast of
Jamaica on March 31, 1899, with a stiff breeze blowing and a considerable sea running, when Peter Mahoney, water tender, U. S. Navy, accidentally fell overboard. Mahoney was unable to swim and seeing him sinking Chief Master-at-Arms John Stokes instantly leaped into the sea, swam to the sinking man and kept him above water until a boat could be lowered from the ship to rescue them, for which self-sacrificing act of gallantry he was presented the medal of honor.
Sergeant J. H. Helms, U. S. M. C., was awarded the medal of honor for jumping overboard from the U. S. S. Chicago, off Montevideo, Uruguay, on January 10, 1901, and rescuing Ishi Tomazo, warrant officers' steward, from drowning. Helms was in full uniform and wore his belt and side-arms, but did not stop even long enough to remove his belt, and the order states that it was the second time he had performed a similar act.
The U. S. S. Hornet and U. S. S. Wompatuck, two small vessels of the blockading squadron off the coast of Cuba, were engaging the shore forces of the enemy at Manzanillo when the Hornet was disabled by the enemy fire and had to be towed out by the Wompatuck. To secure the towing lines to the disabled vessel required skillful work and cool daring under fire, and the work was so well done by Mate Frederick Muller, U. S. Navy, that he was promoted to the rank of boatswain and awarded the medal of honor.
During the Boxer Rebellion in China in 1900 there was hot fighting for the soldiers, sailors and marines of the International Relief Forces all the way from the sea at Tientsin over the go miles of swamp and plain to the capital at Peking, and many deeds of valor were recorded in the reports and accounts of the running fight.
During the advance along the Pei-Ho River on June 20 the column was being subjected to the fire of Chinese snipers, concealed behind salt ricks and wooden shacks across the river. A squad of four men, led by Corporal E. N. Appleton, U. S. M. C., with Privates Burns and Heisch, U. S. M. C., and Coal Passer McAllister, U. S. Navy, volunteered to cross the river in a small row-boat and set fire to the shacks that afforded cover to the enemy. They carried out this undertaking under heavy fire, which wounded two of them, and were entirely successful. For the performance of this hazardous voluntary duty under a fire
The Distinguished Conduct Medal was established in 1854 by Queen Victoria to reward non-commissioned officers and privates of the army " for distinguished conduct in the field." This medal, usually known as the D. C. M., is of silver suspended from an ornamental scroll clasp. On the obverse is the head of the reigning sovereign and on the reverse the legend, " For distinguished conduct in the field." The ribbon is red, blue, red, in stripes of equal width.
The Conspicuous Gallantry Medal was originally authorized during the Crimean war and again in 1874 to reward petty officers and men of the navy and non-commissioned officers and privates of the marines for conspicuous gallantry in action. It corresponds to the Distinguished Conduct Medal for the army. The medal is of silver and bears on the obverse the head of the reigning sovereign and on the reverse the legend, " For conspicuous gallantry," surrounded by a wreath and surmounted by a crown. The ribbon is blue, white, blue, in stripes of equal width.
The Military Medal was sanctioned by King George V in March, 1916, to reward non-commissioned officers and men of the army who have been recommended by the commanding general in the field for acts of bravery. It is a silver medal with the effigy of the king on the obverse and the inscription, " For bravery in the field," surrounded by a wreath surmounted by a crown, on the reverse. The ribbon is dark blue with five narrow stripes through the center, two red and three white.
The Distinguished Service Medal, established in October, 1914, is awarded to petty officers and men of the navy and to non-commissioned officers and privates of the marines " who show themselves to the fore in action and set an example of bravery under fire." It corresponds to the Military Medal for the army. It is a silver medal, bearing on the obverse the bust of King George Y in the uniform of an admiral and on the reverse the legend, " For distinguished service," surrounded by a wreath and surmounted by a crown. The ribbon is blue with two narrow white stripes through the center.
Belgian War Decorations
The Belgian War Cross was established on October 25, 1915, as a decoration to reward all persons who have been mentioned in