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U. S. NAVAL INSTITUTE
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INFORMATION INDEX Pace
Advertisements, Index To I
Publications, U. S. Naval Institute (2)
Special Notice '... . 712
Topics For Essays 713
List Of Prize Essays 714
New Type Of Submarine 340 Feet In Length Doing 24 Knots Under Steam. Note The Three 4-inch Guns, Two ForWard And One Aft; Also The Two Smokestacks, Which Fold Down When The Submarine Submerges. Displacement Submerged 2700 Tons, Speed 10 Knots.
Commander S. A. Taffinder, U. S. Navy
_ Germany 643
Great Britain 647
United States 656
Navigation And Radio 667
Current Naval And Professional Papers 680
Acstro-hungary's Diminished Merchant Fleet.—At the outbreak of the war Austria possessed 186 ocean-going ships, aggregating 757,043 gross tons. In addition, there were under the Austrian nag 25 vessels employed in short sea trips and 163 miscellaneous craft engaged in the coastwise trade, making a total of 374 vessels with an aggregate tonnage of 812,343 gross tons.
Of the just enumerated merchant tonnage 156,113 tons was captured, 113,053 tons sold to foreign owners, and 46,164 tons sunk by enemy action during the course of the war. The aggregate loss amounted to 315,330 tons. New ocean-going tonnage constructed in the same period amounted to 63,344 tons. When hostilities closed, therefore, Austria's merchant fleet had diminished to 296 ships of a gross tonnage of 560,357 tons.
In the case of Hungary the country had on August I, 1914, only 69 ocean-going ships of 211,621 gross tons, 42 short sea-going vessels of 3600 tons and 62 coasting craft of 18,411 tons, or a total of 173 ships of 233,722 tons. While hostilities lasted ocean-going vessels of 51,391 gross tons were captured and vessels of 7049 tons sunk through enemy action. Seven ocean-going ships of 25,289 tons were sold to foreigners. From this total tonnage of 83,729 tons lost, there should be deducted 6152 new tonnage constructed. At the date of the signing of the armistice Hungary's merchant fleet consisted of only 109 ships of 156,145 tons.—Xautical Gazette, 8/3.
French Destroyer Damaged.—Paris, Jan. 7.—The French destroyer Enseignc Henry was damaged in the Black Sea on the morning of January 1 as the result of a mine explosion. She was able to reach Constantinople under her own steam. Four seamen were killed by the explosion.—■ London Times, 8/1.