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SPECIAL NOTICE

NAVAL INSTITUTE PRIZE ESSAY. 1920

A prize of two hundred dollars, with a gold medal, and a life-membership (unless the author is already a life member) in the Institute, is offered by the Naval Institute for the best original essay on any subject pertaining to the naval profession published in the Proceedings during the current year. The prize will be in addition to the author's compensation paid upon publication of the essay.

On the opposite page are given suggested topics. Essays are not limited to these topics and no additional weight will be given an essay in awarding the prize because it is written on one of these suggested topics over one written on any subject pertaining to the naval profession.

The following rules will govern this competition:

1. All original essays published in the Proceedings during 1919, which are deemed by the Board of Control to be of sufficient merit, will be passed upon by the Board during the month of January, 1920, and the award for the prize will be made by the Board of Control, voting by ballot.

2. No essay received after November 1 will be available for publication in 1919. Essays received subsequent to November 1, if accepted, will be published as soon as practicable thereafter.

3. If, in the opinion of the Board of Control, the best essay published during 1919 is not of sufficient merit to be awarded the prize, it may receive "Honorable Mention," or such other distinction as the Board may decide.

4. In case one or more essays receive " Honorable Mention," the writers thereof will receive a minimum prize of seventy-five dollars and a lifemembership (unless the author is already a life member) in the Institute, the actual amounts of the awards to be decided by the Board of Control in each case.

5. It is requested that all essays be submitted typewritten and in duplicate; essays submitted written in longhand and in single copy will, however, receive equal consideration.

6. In the event of the prize being awarded to the winner of a previous year, a gold clasp, suitably engraved, will be given in lieu of the gold medal.

By direction of the Board of Control.

G. M. RAVENSCROFT, Commander, U. S. N., Secretary and Treasurer.

TOPICS FOR ESSAYS Suggested By Request Of The Board Of Control "Duties and Responsibilities of Subordinates with Special Reference to the Relations between Commanders-in-Chief and Chief of Naval Operations; Commanders-in-Chief and Force Commanders; Force Commanders and Division Commanders."

"Initiative of the Subordinate—Its True Meaning."

"Military Efficiency Dependent upon National Discipline."

"Governmental Organization for War."

"Naval Gunnery, Now and of the Future."

"Naval Policies."

"The Place of the Naval Officer in international Affairs."

"Moral Preparedness."

"Tact in Relation to Discipline."

"The Principles of Naval Administration in Support of WarTime Operations."

"Responsibilities and Duties of Naval and Military Officers of the United States in Educating and Informing the Public on Professional Matters."

"A Commission in The Navy: Its Meaning and the Obligations Which It Involves."

■' The Relations of an Officer to his Subordinate, Both Commissioned and Enlisted."

"The True Meaning of the Expression 'An Officer and a Gentleman.'"

"Seen in the Light of Recent Events, What Should Be the United States Navy of the Future as Regards Types and Numbers of Ships."

"Probable Future Development of Surface-craft, Air-craft and

Submarines and the Relation of these Types to Each Other

and to Naval Warfare in General." "The Grand Strategy of the Great War, with Especial Reference

to Coordination, and Lack of Coordination, Between Naval

and Military Forces." "The Problem of Overseas Operations in the Light of Recent

Developments."

"The Influence of Sea Power upon History as Illustrated by the Great War."

"WHAT THE NAVY HAS BEEN THINKING ABOUT"

1879

Naval Education. Prize Essay, 1879. By Lieut Commander A. D. Brown, U. S. N.

Naval Education. First Honorable Mention. By Lieut. Commander C. F.

Goodrich, U. S. N. Naval Education. Second Honorable Mention. By Commander A. T.

Mahan, U. S. N.

1880

"The Naval Policy of the United States." Prize Essay, 1880. By Lieutenant Charles Belknap, U. S. N.

1881

The Type of (I) Armored Vessel, (II) Cruiser Best Suited to the Present Needs of the United States. Prize Essay, 1881. By Lieutenant E. W. Very, U.S.N.

Second Prize Essay, 1881. By Lieutenant Seaton Schroeder, U. S. N.

1882

Our Merchant Marine: The Causes of Its Decline and the Means to Be Taken for Its Revival. "Nil clarius aquis." Prize Essay, 1882. By Lieutenant J. D. Kelley, U. S. N.

"Mais Il Faut Cultiver Notre Jardin." Honorable Mention. By Master C. G. Calkins, U. S. N.

"Spero Meliora." Honorable Mention. By Lieut Commander F. E. Chadwick, U. S. N.

"Causa Latet: vis Est Notissima." Honorable Mention. By Lieutenant R. Wainwright, U. S. N.

1883

How May the Sphere of Usefulness of Naval Officers Be Extended in Time

of Peace with Advantage to the Country and the Naval Service?

"Pour encourager les Autres." Prize Essay, 1883. By Lieutenant

Carlos G. Calkins, U. S. N. "Semper Paratus." First Honorable Mention. By Commander N. H.

Farquhar, U. S. N.

"Culibet In Arte Sua Credendum Est." Second Honorable Mention By Captain A. P. Cooke, U. S. N.

1884

The Reconstruction and Increase of the Navy. Prize Essay, 1884. By Ensign W. I. Chambers, U. S. N.

1885

Inducements for Retaining Trained Seamen in the Navy, and Best System of Rewards for Long and Faithful Service. Prize Essay, 1885. By Commander N. H. Farquhar, U. S. N.

1886

What Changes in Organization and Drill Are Necessary to Sail and Fight

Effectively Our Warships of Latest Type? "Scire quod nescias." Prize Essay, 1886. By Lieutenant Carlos G. Calkins, U. S. N. The Result Of All Naval Administration And Efforts Finds Its ExpresSion In Good Organization And Thorough Drill On Board Of SuitAble Shits. Honorable Mention. By Ensign W. L. Rodgers, U. S. N. 1887

The Haval Brigade: Its Organization, Equipment and Tactics. "In hoc signo vinces." Prize Essay, 1887. By Lieutenant C. T. Hutchins.

1888

Torpedoes. Prize Essay, 1888. By Lieut. Commander W. W. Reisinger, U. S. N. r

1891

The Enlistment, Training and Organization of Crews for Our Ships of War.

Prize Essay, 1891. By Ensign A. P. Niblack, U. S. N. Disposition And Employment Of The Fleet: Ship And Squadron Drill. Honorable Mention, 1891. By Lieutenant R. C. Smith, U. S. N.

1802

Torpedo-boats: Their Organization and Conduct. Prize Essay, 1893. By Wm. Laird Gowes.

1894

The D. S. S. Vesuvius, with Special Reference to Her Pneumatic Battery.

Prize Essay, 1894. By Lieut. Commander Seaton Schroeder, U. S. N. Naval Reform. Honorable Mention, 1894. By Passed Assistant Engineer

F. M. Bennett, U. S. N.

189S

Tactical Problems in Naval Warfare. Prize Essay, 1895. By Lieut. Commander Richard Wainwright, U. S. N.

A Summary Of The Situation And Outlook In Europe. An Introduction to the Study of Coming War. Honorable Mention, 1895. By Richmond Pearson Hobson, Assistant Naval Constructor, U. S. N.

Suggestions For Increasing The Efficiency Op Our New Ships. Honorable Mention, 1895. By Naval Constructor Wm. J. Baxter, U. S. N.

The Battle Of The Yalu. Honorable Mention, 1895. By Ensign Frank Marble, U. S. N.

1896

The Tactics of Ships in the Line of Battle. Prize Essay, 1896. By Lieutenant A. P. Niblack, U. S. N.

The Organization, Training And Discipline Of The Navy Personnel As Viewed From The Ship. Honorable Mention, 1896. By Lieutenant Wm. F. Fullam, U. S. N.

Naval Apprentices, Inducements, Enlisting And Training. The Seaman Branch of the Navy. Honorable Mention, 1896. By Ensign Ryland D. Tisdale, U. S. N.

The Composition Of The Fleet. Honorable Mention 1896. By Lieutenant John M. Ellicott, U. S. N.

Torpedo-boat Policy. Prize Essay, 1897. By Lieutenant R. C. Smith, U. S. N.

A Proposed Uniform Course Of Instruction For The Naval Militia. Honorable Mention, 1897. By H. G. Dohrman, Associate Member, U. S. N. I.

Torpedoes In Exercise And Battle. Honorable Mention, 1897. By Lieutenant J. M. Ellicott, U. S. N.

1898

Esprit de Corps: A Tract for the Times. Prize Essay, iSy8. By Captain Caspar Frederick Goodrich, U. S. N.

Our Naval Power. Honorable Mention, 1898. By Lieut. Commander Richard Wainwright, U. S. N.

Target Practice And The Training Of Gun Captains. Honorable Mention, 1808. By Ensign R. H. Jackson, U. S. N.

1900

Torpedo Craft: Types and Employment. Prize Essay, 1900. By Lieutenant R. H. Jackson, U. S. N.

The Automobile Torpedo And Its Uses. Honorable Mention, 1900. By Lieutenant L. H. Chandler, U. S. N.

1901

Naval Administration and Organization. Prize Essay, 1901. By Lieutenant John Hood, U. S. N.

1003

Gunnery in Our Navy. The Causes of Its Inferiority and Their Remedies. Prize Essay, 1903. By Professor Philip R. Alger, U.S.N.

A Naval Training Policy And System. Honorable Mention, 1903. By Lieutenant James H. Reid, U. S. N.

Systematic Training Of The Enlisted Personnel Of The Navy. Honorable Mention, 1903. By Lieutenant C. L. Hussey, U. S. N.

Our Torpedo-boat Flotilla. The Training Needed to Insure Its Efficiency. Honorable Mention, 1903. By Lieutenant E. L. Beach, U. S. N.

1904

The Fleet and Its Personnel. Prize Essay, 1904. By Lieutenant S. P. Fullinwider, U. S. N.

A Plea For A Higher Physical, Moral And Intellectual Standard Of The Personnel For The Navy. Honorable Mention, 1904. By Medical Inspector Howard E. Ames, U. S. N.

190S

American Naval Policy. Prize, Essay 1905. By Commander Bradley A Fiske, U. S. N.

The Department Of The Navy. Honorable Mention, 1905. By Rear Admiral Stephen B. Luce, U. S. N.

1906

Promotion by Selection. Prize Essay, 1906. By Commander Hawley O.

Rittenhouse, U. S. N. The Elements Of Fleet Tactics. First Honorable Mention, 1906. By

Lieut. Commander A. P. Niblack, U. S. N. Gleanings From The Sea Of Japan. Second Honorable Mention, 1906

By Captain Seaton Schroeder, U. S. N. The Purchase System Of The Navy. Third Honorable Mention, 1906

By Pay Inspector J. A. Mudd. U. S. N.

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