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NAVAL INSTITUTE PRIZE ESSAY, 1920 A prize of two hundred dollars, with a gold medal, and a life-membership (unless the author is already a life member) in the Institute, is offered by the Naval Institute for the best original essay on any subject pertaining to the naval profession published in the PROCEEDINGS during the current year. The prize will be in addition to the author's compensation paid upon publication of the essay.

On the opposite page are given suggested topics. Essays are not limited to these topics and no additior.al weight will be given an essay in awarding the prize because it is written on one of these suggested topics over one written on any subject pertaining to the naval profession.

The following rules will govern this competition :

1. All original essays published in the PROCEEDINGS during 1919, which are deemed by the Board of Control to be of sufficient merit, will be passed upon by the Board during the month of January, 1920, and the award for the prize will be made by the Board of Control, voting by ballot.

2. No essay received after November I will be available for publication in 1919. Essays received subsequent to November 1, if accepted, will be published as soon as practicable thereafter.

3. If, in the opinion of the Board of Control, the best essay published during 1919 is not of sufficient merit to be awarded the prize, it may receive “Honorable Mention," or such other distinction as the Board may decide.

4. In case one or more essays receive “ Honorable Mention,” the writers thereof will receive a minimum prize of seventy-five dollars and a lifemembership (unless the author is already a life member) in the Institute, the actual amounts of the awards to be decided by the Board of Control in each case.

5. It is requested that all essays be submitted typewritten and in duplicate; essays submitted written in longhand and in single copy will, however, receive equal consideration.

6. In the event of the prize being awarded to the winner of a previous year, a gold clasp, suitably engraved, will be given in lieu of the gold medal. By direction of the Board of Control.

G. M. RAVEN SCROFT, Commander, U. S. N., Secretary and Treasurer. SUGGESTED BY REQUEST OF THE BOARD OF CONTROL “ Duties and Responsibilities of Subordinates with Special Refer

ence to the Relations between Commanders-in-Chief and Chief of Naval Operations; Commanders-in-Chief and Force Commanders; Force Commanders and Division Com

manders.” “ Initiative of the Subordinate-Its True Meaning." "Military Efficiency Dependent upon National Discipline." “Governmental Organization for War." “Naval Gunnery, Now and of the Future.” “Naval Policies.” “The Place of the Naval Officer in International Affairs." "Moral Preparedness.” “Tact in Relation to Discipline.” “The Principles of Naval Administration in Support of War

Time Operations." “ Responsibilities and Duties of Naval and Military Officers of

the United States in Educating and Informing the Public

on Professional Matters." “A Commission in The Navy: Its Meaning and the Obligations

Which It Involves.” • The Relations of an Officer to his Subordinate, Both Commis

sioned and Enlisted.” “ The True Meaning of the Expression An Officer and a

Gentleman.'” “Seen in the Light of Recent Events, What Should Be the United

States Navy of the Future as Regards Types and Numbers

of Ships." “ Probable Future Development of Surface-craft, Air-craft and

Submarines and the Relation of these Types to Each Other

and to Naval Warfare in General.” “ The Grand Strategy of the Great War, with Especial Reference

to Coördination, and Lack of Coördination, Between Naval

and Military Forces." “ The Problem of Overseas Operations in the Light of Recent

Developments.” “ The Influence of Sea Power upon History as Illustrated by the

Great War."

1898 Esprit de Corps: A Tract for the Times. Prize Essay, 1848. By Captain

Caspar Frederick Goodrich, U. S. N. OUR NAVAL POWER. Honorable Mention, 1898. By Lieut. Commander

• Richard Wainwright, U. S. N. TARGET PRACTICE AND THE TRAINING OF Gun CAPTAINS. Honorable Men

tion, 1898. By Ensign R. H. Jackson, U. S. N.

1900 Torpedo Craft: Types and Employment. Prize Essay, 1900. By Lieu

tenant R. H. Jackson, U.S. N. THE AUTOMOBILE TORPEDO AND ITS Uses. Honorable Mention, 1900. By

Lieutenant L. H. Chandler, U. S. N.

1901 Naval Administration and Organization. Prize Essay, 1901. By Lieuten

ant John Hood, U. S. N.

1903 Gunnery in Our Navy. The Causes of Its Inferiority and Their Remedies.

Prize Essay, 1903. By Professor Philip R. Alger, U.S. N. A NAVAL TRAINING POLICY AND System. Honorable Mention, 1903. By


able Mention, 1903. By Lieutenant C. L. Hussey, U.S. N. OUR TORPEDO-BOAT FLOTILLA. The Training Needed to Insure Its Effi

ciency. Honorable Mention, 1903. By Lieutenant E. L. Beach, U. S. N.

1904 The Fleet and Its Personnel. Prize Essay, 1904. By Lieutenant S. P. Ful


OF THE PERSONNEL FOR THE Navy. Honorable Mention, 1904. By
Medical Inspector Howard E. Ames, U. S. N.

1905 American Naval Policy. Prize, Essay 1905. By Commander Bradley A.

Fiske, U.S. N. THE DEPARTMENT OF THE Navy. Honorable Mention, 1905. By Rear

Admiral Stephen B. Luce, U. S. N.

1906 Promotion by Selection. Prize Essay, 1906. By Commander Hawley O.

Rittenhouse, U. S. N. The ELEMENTS OF FLEET Tactics. First Honorable Mention, 1906. By

Lieut. Commander A. P. Niblack, U. S. N. GLEANINGS FROM THE SEA OF JAPAN. Second Honorable Mention, 1906.

By Captain Seaton Schroeder, U. S. N. THE PURCHASE SYSTEM OF THE Navy. Third Honorable Mention, 1906

By Pay Inspector J. A. Mudd. U. S. N.

1907 Storekeeping at the Navy Yards. Prize Essay, 1907. By Pay Inspector

John A. Mudd, U. S. N. BATTLE REHEARSALS. A Few Thoughts on Our Next Step in Fleet-Gunnery.

First Honorable Mention, 1907. By Lieut. Commander Yates Stirling,

U.S. N. Tax NAVAL PROFESSION. Second Honorable Mention, 1907. By Comman

der Bradley A. Fiske, U. S. N.

1908 A Few Hints to the Study of Naval Tactics. Prize Essay, 1908. By

Lieutenant W. S. Pye, U. S. N. THE MONEY FOR THE Navy. First Honorable Mention, 1908. By Pay

Inspector John A. Mudd, U. S. N. THE NATION'S DEFENCE—THE OFFENSIVE FLEET. How Shall We Prepare

It for Battle? Second Honorable Mention, 1908. By Lieut. Commander Yates Stirling, U. S. N.

1909 Some Ideas about Organization on Board Ship. Prize Essay, 1909. By

Lieutenant Ernest J. King, U.S. N. THE NAVY AND Coast DEFENCE. Honorable Mention, 1909. By Commo


1909. By Pay Inspector J. A. Mudd, U. S. N. A PLEA FOR PHYSICAL TRAINING IN THE Navy. Honorable Mention, 1909.

By Commander A. P. Niblack, U. S. N.

1910 The Merchant_Marine and the Navy. Prize Essay, 1910. By Naval Con

structor T. G. Roberts, U.S. N. THE NAVAL STRATEGY OF THE Russo-JAPANESE WAR. Honorable Mention,

1910. By Lieutenant Lyman A. Cotton, U. S. N.

1911 Navy Yard Economy. Prize Essay, 1911. By Paymaster Charles Conard,

U.S. N. NAVAL Power. Honorable Mention, 1911. By Captain Bradley A. Fiske,

U.S. N. WANTED-FIRST AID. Honorable Mention, 1911. By Commander C. C. Marsh, U. S. N.

1912 Naval Might. Prize Essay, 1912. By Lieutenant Ridgely Hunt, U. S. N.

(retired). INSPECTION DUTY AT THE Navy YARDS. Honorable Mention, 1912. By

Licut. Commander T. D. Parker, U.S. N.

1913 The Greatest Need of the Atlantic Fleet. Prize Essay, 1913. By Lieut.

Commander Harry E. Yarnell, U. S. N. NAVY DEPARTMENT ORGANIZATION. A Study of Principles. First Honor

able Mention, 1913. By Commander Yates Stirling, Jr., U. S. N. TWINED INITIATIVE AND UNITY OF ACTION. Second Honorable Mention,

1913. By Lieut. Commander Dudley W. Knox, U. S. N.

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