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action adopted amendment antislavery arms army authority avowed bill black code called citizens civil claimed colored soldiers committee Confederate Congress Constitution contended convention Davis debate declared defend Democratic District duty earnest election emancipation expressed fact favor Federal force Fort Sumter freedmen freedom Fugitive Slave Act governor hope House human hundred introduced justice Kentucky labor legislation legislature liberty Lincoln loyal Maryland measure ment military Missouri motion nation negro never North Northern officers opinion opposed ordinance of secession party passed patriotism peace persons political President President's principles proclamation proposed proposition purpose question race reason Rebel Rebellion received referred replied reported Republic Republican Republican party resolution Saulsbury seceded secession Secretary of War Senate sentiment session Slave Power slaveholding slavery South Carolina Southern speech spoke Sumner Thaddeus Stevens thousand tion traitors Union United Virginia vote Wilson
Страница 234 - My paramount object in this struggle is to save the Union, and is not either to save or destroy slavery.
Страница 576 - Neither party expected for the war the magnitude or the duration which it has already attained. Neither anticipated that the cause of the conflict might cease with or even before the conflict itself should cease. Each looked for an easier triumph and a result less fundamental and astounding.
Страница 222 - And this issue embraces more than the fate of these United States. It presents to the whole family of man the question whether a constitutional republic or democracy — a government of the people by the same people — can or cannot maintain its territorial integrity against its own domestic foes.
Страница 176 - I have often inquired of myself what great principle or idea it was that kept this Confederacy so long together. It was not the mere matter of the separation of the colonies from the motherland, but that sentiment in the Declaration of Independence which gave liberty not alone to the people of this country, but hope to all the world, for all future time.
Страница 180 - I now reiterate these sentiments, and in doing so I only press upon the public attention the most conclusive evidence of which the case is susceptible that the property, peace, and security of no section are to be in any wise endangered by the now incoming Administration.
Страница 223 - This is essentially a People's contest. On the side of the Union, it is a struggle for maintaining in the world, that form and substance of government, whose leading object is, to elevate the condition of men...
Страница 99 - That the maintenance inviolate of the rights of the States, and especially the right of each State to order and control its own domestic institutions according to its own judgment exclusively...
Страница 180 - It follows from these views that no State upon its own mere motion can lawfully get out of the Union ; that resolves and ordinances to that effect are legally void ; and that acts of violence, within any State or States, against the authority of the \ United States, are insurrectionary or revolutionary, according to circumstances.
Страница 222 - The States have their status in the Union, and they have no other legal status. If they break from this they can only do so against law and by revolution. The Union, and not themselves separately, procured their independence and their liberty. By conquest or purchase the Union gave each of them whatever of independence and liberty it has. The Union is older than any of the States, and in fact it created them as States.
Страница 182 - Constitution unimpaired, and, on the sensitive point, the laws of your own framing under it; while the new Administration will have no immediate power, if it would, to change either. If it were admitted that you who are dissatisfied hold the right side in the dispute, there still is no single good reason for precipitate action. Intelligence, patriotism, Christianity, and a firm reliance on Him who has never yet forsaken this favored land are still competent to adjust in the best way all our present...