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in 1790


34 Kansas.

the Indian Smoky 1861 Americans. Atchison ? 1854 82,080

West Virginia. From Virginia.

1863 English.

24,780 included


in Va. Nevada. From the Spanish Sierra Ne- 1864 Americans. Genoa, at the 1850 110,700

42,335 vada (Snowy mountain ridge),

base of the

From the Indian-Water Valley, 1867 Americans. Bellevue (near 1847


or Shallow River.

38 Colorado.
From the Spanish — Red or 1876 Americans. Denver?

1859?| 103,925

Colored (referring to the color of

the rocks).
North Dakota. From the Indian
- Leagued or 1889 English. Pembina.


Allied (referring to the confedera.

tion or league of the Sioux tribes).
40 South Dakota.
From the Indian – See above. 1889 Americans. Yankton ? 1859? 77,650

401,570 Montana. From the Latin Mons, a moun 1889 Americans. Helena?

1861? 146,080

tain, – The Land of Mountains.
42 Washington.
In honor of George Washington. 1889 Americans. Tumwater. 1845 69,180

From the Indian – Diadem of 1890 Americans. Pioneer City ? 1862 84,800

the Mountains.
From the Indian - Great Plains. 1890 Americans. Cheyenne. 1867 97,890

Mountain Home. 1896 Americans. Salt Lake City. 1847 84,970

Total population in 1790, 3,929,214. Total population in 1880, 50,189,200 ; in 1890, 62,622,250; in 1900, 76,304,799:

Five territories : (1) New Mexico, (2) Arizona, (3) Alaska, (4) Indian Territory, (5) Oklahoma ; the District of Columbia, the
islands of Hawaii, Guam, the Philippines, Porto Rico; and the Dependency of Cuba.

Note. - Authorities disagree on a number of the dates and place of settlement of states. The total area of the United States,
including Alaska (577,390 sq. m.), New Mexico (122,580 sq. m.), Arizona (113,020 sq. m.), Indian Territory (31,400 sq. m.), Oklahoma
(39,030 sq. m.), and the District of Columbia (70 sq. m.), is about 3,580,242 square miles. "This area,” says Lippincott, “is to some
extent conjectural, and the figures of different authorities vary somewhat." The latest estimate in Chambers's Encyclopædia (New
Edition) makes the total area of the United States, with Alaska, 3,602,990 square miles ; while Professor Whitney, in the Encyclopædia
Britannica (New Edition), gives the total area at 3,550,549 square miles. These estimates do not include Hawaii (6,600 sq. m.), Porto
Rico (3,550 sq. m.), or the Philippines (114,400 sq. m.).

The ? indicates conflict of authorities or lack of positive information.

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Thomas Jefferson.
George Washington. Virginia, Two terms; 1789-1797. . Whole people. John Adams. ...

Edmund Randolph.

Timothy Pickering.
John Adams

Timothy Pickering.
etts. One term; 1797–1801. .
Federalists. Thomas Jefferson

John Marshall.
Aaron Burr

James Madison,
Thomas Jefferson. . Virginia. Two terms; 1801-1809.

George Clinton

George Clinton . . Robert Smith.
4 James Madison Virginia. Two terms; 1809-1817. ·

or Democratic

Elbridge Gerry..James Monroe.
5 James Monroe.....
Virginia. . Two terms; 1817–1825.

Dan'l D. Tompkins. John Quincy Adams.
6 John Quincy Adams. Massachusetts. One term; 1825-1829. House of Rep. John C. Calhoun, Henry Clay.

Martin Van Buren.

John C. Calhoun. Edward Livingston.
Andrew Jackson ..
Tennessee Two terms; 1829–1837.

Martin Van Buren Louis McLane.

John Forsyth.
8 Martin Van Buren ..
New York One term; 1837-1841.

Democrats Rich'd M. Johnson. John Forsyth.
William H. Harrison.

Ohio ... •
One month; 7841 .

John Tyler.

Daniel Webster.

Hugh S. Legaré.
John Tyler

3 yrs. In mos.; 1841-1845. Whigs ..

Abel P. Upshur.

John C. Calhoun.
James K. Polk. Tennessee One term; 1845-1849.


George M. Dallas James Buchanan.
Zachary Taylor.. Louisiana.

John M. Clayton.
1 yr. 4 mos.; 1849, 1850.

Millard Fillmore.

Daniel Webster.
Millard Fillmore ...
New York ... 2 yrs. 8 mos.; 1850-1853

Whigs ..

Edward Everett.
Franklin Pierce
N. Hampshire. One term; 1853–1857. .

Democrats William R. King. . William L. Marcy.

Lewis Cass.
James Buchanan...
Pennsylvania . One term; 1857-1861. . Democrats. J. C. Breckinridge

Jeremiah S. Black.

Hannibal Hamlin William H. Seward. 16 Abraham Lincoln... Illinois I term and 6 w'ks; 1861–1865. Republicans.

Andrew Johnson. Andrew Johnson. Tennessee 3 yrs. toj mos.; 1865-1869. 17


William H. Seward.

Schuyler Colfax. Elihu B. Washburne.
18 Ulysses S. Grant...

Two terms; 1869–1877. . Republicans.

Henry Wilson. Hamilton Fish.
Rutherford B. Hayes. | Ohio

One term; 1877–1881. Republicans.

Wm. A. Wheeler. William M. Evarts.
James A. Garfield


6 mos. 15 dys.; 1881 Republicans. Chester A. Arthur. James G. Blaine.
Chester A. Arthur New York
3 yrs. 5 mos. 15 dys.; 1881-'85 Republicans.

Grover Cleveland, New York One term; 1885-1889.

Democrats.. Thos. A. Hendricks. Thomas F. Bayard.
Benjamin Harrison

Indiana .....

One term; 1889-1893 Republicans. 23

Levi P. Morton. James G. Blaine. Grover Cleveland New York 24

One term ; 1893-1897

Democrats Adlai E. Stevenson Walter Q. Gresham. William McKinley, Ohio

1 term and pt. of ad'; '97-'01 Republicans 25

Garrett A. Hobart John Sherman. 26 Theodore Roosevelt New York Part of one term


John Hay.





Bibliography. Channing and Hart's Guide to the Study of

American History (1492-1865). Adams's Manual of Historical Literature. References in Winsor's Narrative and Criti.

cal History of America, 8 vols. Foster's References to United States His

tory. Hinsdale's How to Study and Teach


Historical Geography and Maps. Hart's Epoch Maps of the United States

(no text). Scribner's Statistical Atlas of the United

States. MacCoun's Historical Geography of the

United States (revised edition). Gannett's Boundaries of the States (no

maps). Shaler's United States, 2 vols.

The Yale Review.
The North American Review for 1876.
The Johns Hopkins University Studies.
The Political Science Quarterly.
The Harvard Historical Studies.
The Columbia University Studies.
American State Papers, so vols.
The Papers of the American Historical

The Papers of the American Antiquarian

Society. The American Academy of Political and

Social Science. Debates in Parliament. Parliamentary History. Appleton's Cyclopædia of American Biogra.

phy, 6 vols. The National Cyclopædia of American Bi.

ography, 6 vols. The Collections of State Historical Societies. Colonial Records. Sparks's American Biography, 25 vols. Morse's American Statesman, 25 vols. (in

progress). Scudder's American Commonwealths, 13

vols. (in progress). Bishop's American Manufactures, 2 vols. Boone's Education in the United States. Richardson's American Literature, 2 vols. Wright's Industrial Evolution of the United

Bryce's American Commonwealth, vols.

(revised edition).
Hubert's Inventors.
The Tribune Almanac.
Niles's Register (1811-1849), 76 vols.
The Atlantic Magazine.
The North American Review.
The Forum
The Nation.
Scribner's Magazine.
The Century Magazine.
Harper's Magazine.
The Statesman's Year-Book.

Works of Reference. Lalor's Cyclopædia of U.S. History, 3 vols. Larned's History for Ready Reference, 5

vols. Lossing's Cyclopædia of U.S. History, 2 vols. Jameson's Dictionary of U. S. History. Macdonald's Select Documents, U.S. His.

tory (1776-1861). Richardson's Messages, etc., of the Presi

dents (1789-1901), 10 vols. Rand's Economic History since 1763. Harper's Book of Facts. Appleton's Annual Cyclopædia (from 1876). Poole's Index to Reviews. Jones's Index to Legal Periodicals. Index to Congressional Documents. The American Historical Review, The Magazine of American History. The Magazine of Western History. Harper's First Century of the Republic.

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Adams's British Orations, 3 vols.
Johnston's American Orations, 4 vols.
McPherson's Political History of the Rebel-

lion. McPherson's Political History of Recon

struction. McPherson's Handbook of Politics (from

1870), 13 double vols. (in progress). The Collected Works of Franklin, Wash

ington, Jefferson, Hamilton, Jay, John Adams, Madison, Morris, Clay, Calhoun,

Webster, Lincoln, Seward, and Sumner. Memoirs of J. Q. Adams (1795-1848), 12 vols. Ingersoll's Recollections (1792-1803), 2 vols. Benton's Thirty Years in the Senate (1820

1850), 2 vols. Wise's Seven Decades (1790–1862). Blaine's Twenty Years in Congress (1861

1881), 2 vols. Sargent's Public Men and Events (1817

1895), 2 vols. Julian's Political Recollections (1840-1872). McCulloch's Men and Measures of Half a

Century (1833-1883). Cox's Three Decades (1855-1885). Chittenden's Personal Reminiscences (1840

1890). Sherman's Recollections (1855-1895), 2 vols. Thompson's Recollections of Sixteen Presi.

dents (1789-1865), 2 vols.

109 vols.

Force's American Archives(1774-1783),9 vols.
The Federalist.
Preston's Documents illustrative of Ameri.

can History. Williams's Statesman's Manual (1789-1847),

2 vols. Johnston's American Politics. Stanwood's Presidential Elections. Carson's History of the United States Court. Boutwell's The Constitution at the End of

the Century (U. S. Supreme Court

decisions.) United States Statutes (and Treaties) at

Large, 28 vols. (in progress). Bolles's Financial History of the United

States, 2 vols. Sumner's American Currency. Taussig's Tariff History. Mason's History of the Veto Power. Laughlin's Bimetallism (revised edition). Walker's International Bimetallism. Mead's Old South Leaflets, 75 nos. (in

progress). Hart and Channing's American History

Leaflets, 24 nos. (in progress). White's Money and Banking. Cooper's American Politics. Wilson's The State. Scott's Constitutional Liberty. Wilson's Rise and Fall of the Slave Power,

3 vols.

Histories of the United States in

General. Scribner's United States (Bryant & Gay

revised) (1492–1896), 5 vols. Hart's Epochs of American History (1492–

1889), 3 vols. Scribner's American History Series (1492–

1889), 5 vols. Higginson's Larger History of the United

States (1492-1837). Goldwin Smith's United States (1492-1871). Andrews's United States (1492-1890), 2 vols. Winsor's Narrative and Critical History of

America (1000-1850), 8 vols. Schouler's United States (1783-1861), 5 vols. Bancroft's United States (1492–1789), 6 vols. H. H. Bancroft's Pacific States, 34 vols. Hildreth's United States (1492–1821), 6 vols. Johnston's United States (reprinted with

additions from the Encyclopædia Britan. nica (1492–1889).

Tucker's United States (1607-1841), 3 vols. Doyle's The English in America, 3 vols. McMaster's United States, (1784-1861), 4 Parkman's Pioneers of France in the New vols. (in progress).

World. Adams's United States (1801-1817), 9 vols. Eggleston's The Beginners of a Nation. Moireau's Des États-Unis (1492-1800), 2 vols. Eggleston's Articles in the Century, vols. Rhodes's United States (1850-1865) 3 vols. III.-VIII. (in progress).

Thwaite's Colonies. Hart's American History as told by Con Fisher's Colonial Period. temporaries, 4 vols. (in progress).

Lodge's English Colonies.

Parkman's Frontenac. I. PerioD OF DISCOVERY (1492– Parkman's Old Régime in Canada. 1521).

Parkman's Jesuits in North America.

Parkman's Half Century of Conflict, 2 vols. $Major's Select Letters of Columbus.

Parkman's Montcalm and Wolfe, 2 vols. SHakluyt's Divers Voyages.

Winsor's Mississippi Basin. Winsor's Columbus.

SForce's North American Colonies, 4 vols. Markham's Columbus.

Seeley's Expansion of England. Harrisse's Discovery of America.

Lecky's England in the 18th Century, 8 Fiske's Discovery of North America, 2 vols. vols. Winsor's America, vols. I.-III.

Chalmer's Annals of the Colonies.

Chalmer's Revolt of the Colonies, 2 vols. II. PERIOD OF EXPLORATION AND

Goldwin Smith's American Colonies.

$Captain John Smith's Works (Arber's SPANISH COLONIZATION OF

edition). AMERICA (1509–1587).

$ Brown's Genesis of the United States Irving's Companions of Columbus, 2 vols.

(1607-1616), 2 vols.

$Beverly's Virginia (1584-1720). H. H. Bancroft's Pacific States, 34 vols.

$Stith's Virginia (1607-1747). $De Soto's Conquest of Florida (Hakluyt).

$Jefferson's Notes on Virginia. Parkman's Pioneers of France in the New

$Neill's Virginia Company. World. Cooke's Virginia.

$Neill's Virginia Vetusta.

Neill's Virginia Carolorum. SHakluyt's Voyages (Goldsmid), vol. XIII.

SHening's Statutes (1619-1792), 13 vols. pp. 169-276 (reasons for colonization).

Bruce's Economic History of Virginia, 2 $Hart's Contemporaneous History.

vols. Winsor's America, vols. II.-III.

Cooke's Virginia. Edward's Sir Walter Raleigh.

The Virginia Magazine of History, etc. (in On the Indians : Ellis's The Red Man and the White.


& Brodhead's New York (1664-1691), 2 vols. Schoolcraft's Indian Tribes, 6 vols.

Roberts's New York, 2 vols. Morgan's League of the Iroquois.

Wilson's City of New York, 4 vols. Colden's Five Nations.

Lamb's City of New York, 2 vols. Parkman's Conspiracy of Pontiac (chap.

Palfrey's New England, 5 vols. I.).

SWinthrop's New England, 2 vols.

Fiske's Beginnings of New England. III. PERIOD OF PERMANENT ENG Weeden's Economic History of New Eng. LISH AND FRENCH SETTLE

land, 2 vols. MENTS (1607-1763).

Bradford's History of Plymouth.

SArber's Story of the Pilgrims. Scribner's United States, 5 vols.

SYoung's Chronicle of the Pilgrims. Winsor's America, 8 vols.

Goodwin's Pilgrim Republic. $ Contemporaneous or Early History.

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