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And gives us hope, that having seen the days
When nothing flourish'd but fanatic bays,
All will at length in this opinion reft,
"A fober prince's government is best."
This is not all; your art the way has found 55
To make the improvement of the richest
ground,

That foil which thofe immortal laurels bore,
That once the facred Maro's temples wore.
Elifa's griefs are fo exprefs'd by you,
They are too eloquent to have been true.
Had the fo fpoke, Æneas had obey'd
What Dido, rather than what Jove had faid.
If funeral rites can give a ghoft repose,
Your muse fo juftly has difcharged those,
Elifa's fhade may now its wandring ceafe,
And claim a title to the fields of peace.
But if Æneas be oblig'd, no lefs
Your kindness great Achilles doth confefs;
Who, drefs'd by Statius in too bold a look,
Did ill become those virgin robes he took.
To understand how much we owe to you,
We must your numbers, with your author's,
view :

Then we shall fee his work was lamely rough,
Each figure ftiff, as if defign'd in buff:
His colors laid fo thick on every place,
As only fhew'd the paint, but hid the face.

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But as in perspective we beauties fee,
Which in the glass, not in the picture, be;
So here our fight obligingly mistakes

That wealth, which his your bounty only makes.

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Thus vulgar dishes are, by cooks difguis'd, More for their dreffing, than their substance priz'd.

Your curious notes fo fearch into that age,
When all was fable but the facred page,
That, fince in that dark night we needs muft

ftray,

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We are at least misled in pleasant way.

But what we moft admire, your verse no less The prophet than the poet doth confefs. Ere our weak eyes difcern'd the doubtful ftreak Of light, you break.

faw great Charles his morning

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So skilful feamen ken the land from far,
Which fhews like mifts to the dull paffenger.
To Charles your muse first pays her duteous
love,

As ftill the antients did begin from Jove. With Monk you end, whofe name preferv'd fhall be,

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As Rome recorded Rufus' memory,

Who thought it greater honor to obey
His country's interest, than the world to fway.

But to write worthy things of worthy men, Is the peculiar talent of your pen: Yet let me take your mantle up, and I Will venture in your right to prophefy. "This work, by merit firft of fame fecure, "Is likewise happy in its geniture: "For, fince 'tis born when Charles afcends the

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throne,

"It shares at once his fortune and its own."

EPISTLE THE SECOND.

TO MY

HONOURED FRIEND,

DR. CHARLETON*,

ON HIS

LEARNED AND USEFUL WORKS; BUT MORE PARTICULARLY HIS TREATISE OF STONE-HENGE, BY HIM RESTORED TO THE TRUE FOUNDER.

THE longest tyranny that ever sway'd,
Was that wherein our ancestors betray'd

* The book that occafioned this epiftle made its appearance in quarto in 1663. It is dedicated to King Charles II. and entitled, "Chorea Gigantum; or, The moft famous Antiquity of Great Britain, Stone-Henge, ftanding on Salisbury-plain, restored to the Danes by Dr. Walter Charleton, M. D. and Phyfician in Ordinary to his Majefty." It was written in answer to a treatise of Inigo Jones's, which attributed this stupendous pile to the Romans, fuppofing it to be a temple, by them dedicated to the god Cœlum, or Cœlus; and here that great architect let his imagination outrun his judgment, nay, his fenfe; for he defcribed it not as it is, but as it ought to be, in order to make it confiftent with what he delivered. Dr. Charleton, who will have this to be a Danish monument, was countenanced in his opinion by Olaus Wormius, who wrote him feveral letters upon the fubject;

Their free-born reafon to the Stagirite,
And made his torch their univerfal light.

yet, that he was mistaken, appears by the mention made of Stone-Henge in Nennius's Hift. Britonum, a writer who lived two hundred years before the Danes came into England. Though his book was approved of by many men of great crudition, and is not only very learned, but abounds with curious obfervations, it was but indifferently received, and raised many clamours against the author.

Envy, however, could not prevent Dr. Charleton's merits from being feen, nor divide him from the intimacy of Mr. Hobbes, the philofopher; Sir George Ent, a celebrated phyfi cian; the noble family of the Boyle's; and Dr. William Harvey, whofe claim to the discovery of the eirculation of the blood, he forcibly defended against the claim thereto fet on foot by father Paul. Thus he

"From dark oblivion Harvey's name fhall fave."

As that eminent phyfician was now dead, the doctor's behaviour upon this point was as generous an inftance of gratitude and refpect to his friend's memory, as it was a proof of his capacity and extenfive learning. He was prefident of the college of phyficiaus, from 1689 to 1691, when his affairs being not in the moft flourishing ftate, he retired to the ifle of Jerfey, and died in 1707, aged eighty-eight years. DERRICK.

Ver. 1. The longest tyranny] The rude magnitude of StoneHenge has rendered it the admiration of all ages; and as the enormous stones which compofe it appear too big to land-carriage, and as Salisbury-plain, for many miles round, fcarce affords any stones at all, it has been the opinion of fome antiquaries, that these stones are artificial, and were made on the fpot; but most authors are now agreed, that thefe ftones are all natural, and that they were brought from a collection of ftones called the Grey Wethers, growing out of the ground, about fif, teen miles from Stone-Henge.

The ufe and origin of this work have been the subjects of va rious conjectures and debates; and much it is to be lamented, that a tablet of tin, with an infcription, which was found here in the reign of Henry the Eighth, and might probably have fet thefe points in a clear light, fhould not be preferved; for as the cha racters were not understood by fuch as were confulted upon the occafion, the plate was deftroyed, or at least thrown by and loft, The common tradition is, that Stone-Henge was built by Ambrofius Aurelianus. Some will have it to be a funeral monument

VOL. II.

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