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more, support with some spirit and humour the character under which they are written. containing a « sketch of some worn-out characters of the last age,” strikes me as the best in the work.
41. The Patriot. A small collection of po. litical essays, published in one of the daily newspapers in Dublin, in the year 1791, and reprinted by Debrett, of London, in a thin-octavo, in 1792. The object of these papers is, to
the sity of preserving an accurate balance of power in the British constitution. The writer appears to be a friend to the interests of the people; but his arguments are not very logically deduced, and his style is too ornamented and epigrammatic for the nature of the subject.
42. The Patriot. Though assuming the same title, this production is greatly superior to its predecessor. It consists of essays which were published every other Tuesday, in London, on moral, political, and philosophical topics, written, or selected by a society of gentlemen, with the view of disseminating, among all ranks of people, a general knowledge of politics and its collateral sciences. The primary object of the undertaking, however, is, to excite a conviction of the high importance of a more equal representation of the people in parliament; a task which the Patriot has executed with no small share of energy, moderation, and sound argument. The first volume, containing thirteen essays, was printed in 1792, and a second, including a like number, closed the series in 1793.
43. The Crisis. Of this volume, consisting of forty-one essays, Lord Mountmorres is the author. The Crisis originally appeared in a London newspaper, during the years 1792 and 1793, and was afterwards reprinted in 1794, in octavo. As a patriot and philosopher, Lord Mountmorres was highly esteemed, and the objects of his labours in the Crisis accord with the character which he maintained. They are chiefly political, commercial, and statistical, and are, in general, directed by considerable ability, and the most philanthropic views. Toleration, Public Credit, the Emancipation of the Irish Catholics, and the French Revolution, are among the leading subjects of this paper.
44. FARRAGO. To a series of Essays, on Moral, Philosophical, Political, and Historical subjects, accompanied by various translations and abridgments, and printed in the year 1792, this title has been given by an anonymous writer; and the work, which occupies two volumes octavo, is published for the benefit of the society for the discharge and relief of persons imprisoned for small debts. It is only, however, with a portion of the first volume that we are at present interested; containing twenty essays, on Shakspeare, Boxing, Friendship, Governments, Civilized and Savage States, Public Executions, Commerce, Politics and Politicians, Religion, Politeness, Ennui, Biography, Marriage and Gallantry, Truth, Kings, Language, Ingratitude, Reveries, Prudence and Fortune, Sensibility and Benevolence. These, if they do not exhibit much originality of thought, are written with elegance and perspicuity, and with a large share of liberality and good sense.
The essay on Biography closes with the fol-. lowing observations on Dr. Johnson and his Biographers: “ The writers of Dr. Johnson's life have undergone great obloquy, from those who are very partial to his vast endowments, but surely with unmerited rigour; the excess of respect in Mr. Boswell was all but adoration, and certainly from the purest motives ; he was colle tent to exhibit himself as a mite, that he might set off the gigantic appearance of his friend.
“ Mrs. Piozzi, with no less application of discernment, and perhaps without the interference of malice, has strengthened the features of the picture by her manner of colouring, in laying on the shades; but Dr. Johnson's character is not hurt by either, nor are his great abilities disparaged beyond the common lot of men, exhibited in all points of view to the eyes of severe criticism; it was a saying of the great Condé, that no man was a hero in the eyes of his valet de chambre.
Nam nemo sine vitiis nascitur ut æquum
“ Those who have seen Dr. Johnson, as the writer of this has, in the full career of happiness, which was in the conversation of those who revered him, and to whom he was ever ready to impart his knowledge with the utmost complacency of humour, must confess, that they never left his company without improvement, admiration, and delight: those who knew him most intimately, had it both from observation and his own confession, that his life was such a continual torment from mental disease, that to get his mind within his power, was the effort of the most difficult of all struggles: against attacks
that nearly bereaved him of his senses; the total deprivation of which, he often feared would be his fate. But who is there among the good and wise, that think it any diminution of Ir. Johnson's fame, that he was not always great; when he reflects on the vigour of that mind, which under such dreadful embarrassments, emitted those radiant flashes, resembling the effulgence of light-ning, whose splendour is the more dazzling, when it bursts from the collision of the blackest clouds. To his infirmity of mind, the candid will impute the inefficacy of his fervent piety to yield him that consolation, which a like practice ensures to others; and pardon those peccadilloes, which, like the spots in the sun, affect not the lustre of that luminary, and in wise prevent the salutary operation of his other great qualities."
45. THE LOOKER-ON. For this elegant and instructive work, we are indebted to William Roberts, A. M. late Fellow of Corpus Christi College, Oxford: It is professedly written on the Addisonian plan; to which, in the introduction, under the assumed character of the Rev. Simon Olive-Branch, A. M., the supposed author of the Looker-On, Mr. Roberts has paid
* Vol. i. p. 109, 110, 111, 112.