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With all the incense of the breathing spring:
See lofty Lebanon' his head advance,
See nodding forests on the mountains dance:
See spicy clouds from lowly Saron rise,
And Carmel's flowery top perfumes the skies!
Hark! a glad voice the lonely desert cheers;8
Prepare the way!9 a God, a God appears!
A God, a God! the vocal hills reply;
The rocks proclaim th' approaching Deity.


7 Isaiah, ch. xxxv. ver. 2.

8 Virg. Ecl. iv. ver. 48, Ecl. v. ver. 62.

Aggredere ô magnos, aderit jam tempus, honores,
Cara deûm soboles, magnum Jovis incrementum!..

Ipsi lætitia voces ad sidera jactant

Intonsi montes, ipsæ jam carmina rupes,
Ipsa sonant arbusta, Deus, deus ille, Menalca!

'O come and receive the mighty honours: the time draws nigh, O beloved offspring of the Gods, O great increase of Jove!...The uncultivated mountains send shouts of joy to the stars, the very rocks sing in verse, the very shrubs cry out, A God, a God.'

Isaiah, chap. xl. ver. 3, 4. The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a high way for our God. Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low, and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain.' Chap. xliv. ver. 23. 'Break forth into singing, ye mountains! O forest, and every tree therein! for the Lord hath redeemed Jacob.'

9 Ch. xl. ver. 3, 4.

Lo, earth receives him from the bending skies!
Sink down, ye mountains, and, ye valleys, rise;
With heads declin'd, ye cedars, homage pay;

Be smooth, ye rocks; ye rapid floods, give way!
The Saviour comes, by ancient bards foretold!
· Hear him,1 ye deaf, and all ye blind, behold!
He from thick films shall purge the visual ray,
And on the sightless eyeball pour the day:
'Tis he th' obstructed paths of sound shall clear,
And bid new music charm th' unfolding ear:
The dumb shall sing, the lame his crutch forego,
And leap exulting like the bounding roe.
No sigh, no murmur, the wide world shall hear,
From every face he wipes off every tear.
In2 adamantine chains shall Death be bound,
And Hell's grim tyrant feel th' eternal wound.
As the good shepherd3 tends his fleecy care,
Seeks freshest pasture and the purest air,
Explores the lost, the wandering sheep directs,
By day o'ersees them, and by night protects;
The tender lambs he raises in his arms,

Feeds from his hand, and in his bosom warms;
Thus shall mankind his guardian care engage,
The promis'd father of the future age.


1 Isaiah, ch. xlii. ver. 18. Ch. xxxv. ver. 5, 6.

2 Ch. xxv. ver. 8.

8 Ch. xl. ver. 11.

4 Ch. ix. ver. 6.

No more shall nation against nation rise,
Nor ardent warriors meet with hateful eyes,
Nor fields with gleaming steel be cover'd o'er,
The brazen trumpets kindle rage no more;
But useless lances into scythes shall bend,
And the broad falchion in a ploughshare end.
Then palaces shall rise; the joyful son
Shall finish what his short-liv'd sire begun;
Their vines a shadow to their race shall yield,
And the same hand that sow'd shall reap the field:
The swain in barren deserts with surprise
See lilies spring, and sudden verdure rise;

And start, amidst the thirsty wilds, to hear
New falls of water murmuring in his ear.

5 Isaiah, ch. ii. ver. 4.

6 Ch. lxv. ver. 21, 22.

7 Ch. xxxv. ver. 1, 7.


8 Virg. Ecl. iv. ver. 28.

Molli paulatim flavescet campus arista,
Incultisque rubens pendebit sentibus uva,
Et duræ quercus sudabunt roscida mella.

'The fields shall grow yellow with ripened ears, and the red grape shall hang upon the wild brambles, and the hard oaks shall distil honey like dew.'

Isaiah, chap. xxxv. ver. 7. "The parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes.'-Chap. lv. ver. 13. Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir-tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree.'

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On rifted rocks, the dragon's late abodes,
The green reed trembles, and the bulrush nods;
Waste sandy valleys, once perplex'd with thorn,
The spiry fir and shapely box adorn;

To leafless shrubs the flowering palms succeed,
And odorous myrtle to the noisome weed.

The lambs1 with wolves shall graze the verdant mead,

And boys in flowery bands the tiger lead;2
The steer and lion at one crib shall meet,


And harmless serpents lick the pilgrim's feet;


Isaiah, ch. xli. ver. 19, and ch. Iv. ver. 13.

1 Ch. xi. ver. 6, 7, 8.

2 Virg. Ecl. iv. ver. 21.

Ipse lacte domum referent distenta capella
Übera, nec magnos metuent armenta leones.
Occidet et serpens, et fallax herba veneni

The goats shall bear to the fold their udders distended with milk: nor shall the herds be afraid of the greatest lions. The serpent shall die, and the herb that conceals poison shall die.'

Isaiah, chap. xi. ver. 6, &c. The wolf also shall dwell with the lamb, and the leopard shall lie down with the kid, and the calf, and the young lion, and the fatling together; and a little child shall lead them.-And the lion shall eat straw like the ox. And the sucking child shall play on the hole of the asp, and the weaned child shall put his hand on the cockatrice' den.'

8 Ch. lxv. ver. 25.

The smiling infant in his hand shall take
The crested basilisk and speckled snake,
Pleas'd, the green lustre of the scales survey,
And with their forky tongue shall innocently play.
Rise, crown'd with light, imperial Salem, rise!
Exalt thy towery head, and lift thy eyes!


See a long race thy spacious courts adorn;
See future sons and daughters, yet unborn,
In crowding ranks on every side arise,
Demanding life, impatient for the skies!
See barbarous nations at thy gates attend,
Walk in thy light, and in thy temple bend!
See thy bright altars throng'd with prostrate kings,
And heap'd with products of Sabæan springs;
For thee Idume's spicy forests blow,


And seeds of gold in Ophir's mountains glow;

4 Isaiah, ch. lx. ver. 1.


5 The thoughts of Isaiah, which compose the latter part of the poem, are wonderfully elevated, and much above those general exclamations of Virgil, which make the loftiest parts of his Pollio.

Magnus ab integro sæclorum nascitur ordo
-toto surget gens aurea mundo!

-incipient magni procedere menses!

Aspice, venturo lætantur ut omnia sæclo! &c.

The reader needs only to turn to the passages of Isaiah here cited.

6 Ch. lx. ver. 4.

8 Ch. lx. ver. 6.

7 Ch. lx. ver. 3.

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