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Emperor Napoleon, and which shall be transmitted to the French Government.

X. All the Crown Diamouds shall remain in France.

XI. His Majesty the Emperor Napoleon shall return to the Treasury and to the other Public Chests, all the sums and effects that shall have been taken out by his orders, with the exception of what has been appropriated from the Civil List.

XII. The debts of the Household of His Majesty the Emperor Napoleon, such as they were on the day of the Signature of the present Treaty, shall be immediately delivered out of the arrears due by the Public Treasury to the Civil List, according to a list, which shall be signed by a Commissioner appointed for that purpose.

XIII. The obligation of the Mont-Napoleon, of Milan, towards all the Creditors, whether Frenchmen or Foreigners, shall be exactly fulfilled, and no change whatever shall take place in this respect.

XIV. There shall be given all the necessary Passports for the free passage of His Majesty the Emperor Napoleon, or of the Empress, the Princes and Princesses, and all the Persons of their Suites who wish to accompany them, or to establish themselves out of France, as well as for the passage of all the equipages, horses, and effects belonging to them. The Allied Powers shall, in consequence, furnish Officers and Men for Escorts.

XV. The French Imperial Guard shall furnish a detachment of from 1200 to 1500 men, of all arms, to serve as an Escort to the Emperor Napoleon, to St. Tropez, the place of his embarkation.

XVI. There shall be furnished a Corvette and the necessary transport vessels to convey to the place of his destination His Majesty the Emperor Napoleon and his Household; and the Corvette shall belong, in full property, to His Majesty the Emperor.

XVII. The Emperor Napoleon shall be allowed to take with hin, and retain as his Guard, 400 nien, volunteers, as well Officers, as SubOfficers and Soldiers.

XVIII. All Frenchmen who shall have followed the Emperor Napoleon or his Family, shall be held to have forfeited their rights as such by not returning to France within 3 years; unless they or he be comprised in the exceptions which the French Government reserves to itself to grant after the expiration of that term.

XIX. The Polish Troops of all arms, in the service of France, shall be at liberty to return home, and shall retain their arms and baggage, as a testimony of their honourable services. The Officers, Sub-Officers, and Soldiers, shall retain the decorations which have been granted to them, and the pensions annexed to those decorations.

XX. The High Allied Powers guarantee the execution of all the Articles of the present Treaty, and engage to obtain that it shall be adopted and guarauteed by France.

XXI. The present Act shall be ratified, and the Ratifications exchanged at Paris, within 2 days, or sooner, if possible.

Done at Paris, the 11th of April, 1814. (L.S.) THE





(3.)- Acte de Ratification de l'Empereur Napoléon - Fontainebleau,

le 12 Avril, 1814. Avons approuvé le Traité ci-dessus en tous et chacun des Articles qui y sont contenus, déclarons qu'il est accepté, ratifié et confirmé, et promettons qu'il sera inviolablement observé. En foi de quoi, nous avons donné les Présentes, signées de notre main, contresignées et munies de notre Sceau Impérial.

Fait à Fontainebleau, le 12 Avril, 1814. Le Ministre Secrétaire d'Etat,


(4.)Declaration of Viscount Castlereagh.Paris, 11th April, 1814.

LORD CASTLERE AGH, in undertaking on the part of his Government for an Act of Accession to the Treaty sigued this day, so far as the same concerns the possession in Sovereignty of the Island of Elba and also of the Duchies of Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla, requests it may be understood that the Act in question will, in conformity to the accustomed usage of the British Government, be an act binding upon His Britannick Majesty with respect to his own acts, but not with respect to the acts of third Parties.


(5.)British Act of Accession.Paris, 27th April, 1814. Whereas Their Imperial and Royal Majesties, the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bobemia, the Emperor of All the Russias, and the King of Prussia, have entered into a Treaty, concluded at Paris, on the 11th April of the present year, for the purpose of granting, for such respective periods as in the said Treaty are inentioned, to the person and family of Napoleon Buonaparte, the possession in Sovereignty of the Island of Elba, and the Duchies of

Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla, and for other purposes; which Treaty has been communicated to the Prince Regent of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, by the Ministers of Their Imperial and Royal Majesties the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, the Emperor of All the Russias, and the King of Prussia, who, in the name of their respective Sovereigns, have jointly invited the Prince Regent to accede to the same, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty.

His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, having full knowledge of the contents of the said Treaty, accedes to the same, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, as far as respects the stipulations relative to the possession in Sovereignty of the Island of Elba, and also of the Duchies of Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla. But His Royal Highness is not to be considered, by this Act of Accession, to have become a Party, in the name of His Majesty, to any of the other provisions and stipulations contained therein.

Given under my Hand and Seal, at Paris, this 27th day of April, in the year of our Lord, 1814.

By Command of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, acting in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty,


PAPERS relative to the Person and Family of Napoleon

Buonaparte.-Paris, April, 1814.

No. 1.-Viscount Castlereagh to Earl Bathurst. My LORD,

Paris, 13th April, 1814. I arrived here on the 10th, in the evening.

The great and auspicious events which had intervened between my Jast Despatches from Dijon, I had the satisfaction to find had been regularly transmitted home by Viscount Cathcart and Sir Charles Stewart.

The hurry of a first arrival must excuse me to your Lordship, for adding little to the mass of important and interesting matter which you will find detailed in the various Journals, with respect to the progress of the happy change which has been effected.

I shall therefore, on the present occasion, confine myself to an explanation of what has passed with respect to the future destination and settlement of Napoleon and his family.

Your Lordship has been already informed by Lord Cathcart, of the Act of Abdication which was passed by Buonaparte on the 4th (12th) instant, and of the assurance given to him by the Emperor of Russia and the Provisional Government of a pecuniary provision of 6,000,000 of Francs, with a safe asylum in the Island of Elba. The


Act in question was deposited in the hands of Monsieur de Caulaincourt and the Marshals Ney and Macdonald, to be given up upon the due execution of Engayements on the part of the Allies, with respect to the proposed arrangement. These Persons were also authorized to agree to an Armistice, and to settle such a line of demarcation as might be satisfactory to the Allies, and, in the mean time, prevent an unnecessary effusion of blood.

On my arrival I found this arrangement on the point of execution. A Convention had been discussed, and would have, in fact, been signed in the course of the day by the Russian Minister, had not the approach of the Allied Ministers been announced. The motives for accelerating the immediate conclusion of this Act were the inconvenience, if not the danger, of Napoleon's remaining at Fontainbleau, surrounded by Troops, who still, in a considerable degree, remained faithful to him, the apprehension of intrigues in the Army and in the Capital, and the importance attached, by a considerable portion of the Officers, to some arrangement favourable to their Chief, in satisfaction of their personal honour, before they left him,

On the night of my arrival, the 4 Ministers had a conference with the Prince de Benevent on the subject of the proposed Convention, to which I stated my objections, desiring, at the same time, to be understood as not urging them then, at the hazard of the internal tranquillity of France, nor in impeachment of what was due, in good faith, to the assurance given, under the exigency of the moment, by Russia,

The Prince of Benevent admitted the weight of many of the objections stated, but declared that he did not consider it, on the part of the Provisional Government, as an object of the first importance, to avoid any thing that might assume the character of a Civil War, even

а for the shortest time. That he also found some such measure essential to make the Army pass over in a temper to be made use of. Upon these declarations, and the Count de Nesselrode's, that the Emperor his Master had felt it necessary, in the absence of the Allies, to act for the best in their name as well as his own, I withdrew any further opposition to the principle of the measure, suggesting only some alterations in the details. I desired, however, to decline on the part of my Government, being more than an acceding Party to the Treaty, and declared that the Act of Accession on the part of Great Britain should not go beyond the territorial arrangements proposed in the Treaty. My objection to our being unnecessarily mixed in its forms, especially in the recognition of Napoleon's Title under present circumstances, were considered as perfectly reasonable, and I now enclose the Protocol and Note, which will explain the extent to which I have taken upon me to give assurances on the part of my Court*.

* See Pages 132, 140.

At my suggestion the recognition of the Imperial Titles in the Family were limited to their respective lives, for which there was a precedent in the case of the King of Poland, when he became Elector of Saxony.

To the arrangement in favour of the Empress I felt not only no objection, but considered it due to the distinguished sacrifice of domes- . tic feelings which the Emperor of Austria was making to the cause of Europe. I should have wished to substitute another position in lieu of Elba for the seat of Napoleon's retirement, but none having the quality of security, on which he insisted, seemed disposable, to which equal objections did not occur; and I did not feel that I could encourage the alternative, which M. de Caulaincourt assured me Buona. parte repeatedly mentioned, namely, an asylum in England.

On the same night the Allied Ministers had a Conference with M. de Caulaincourt and the Marshals, at which I assisted. The Treaty was gone through and agreed to with alterations; it has been since signed and ratified*, and Buonaparte will commence his movement towards the south to-morrow, or the day following. Earl Bathurst.


No. 2.-Viscount Castlereagh to Earl Bathurst, My LORD,

Paris, 27th April, 1814. I have the honour to transmit to your Lordship an Act which I have this day executed here, containing the Accession of Great Britain to certain Parts of the Treaty lately concluded with respect to the Family and Person of Napoleon Buonapartet.

I am, with great truth and regard, &c., Earl Bathurst.


CONVENTION for a Suspension of Hostilities between

Great Britain and France.-Signed at Paris the 23rd of
April, 18141.

(Translation.) Au Nom de la Très Sainte et Indivisible In the Name of the Most Holy and Trinité.

Undivided Trinity. Les Puissances Alliées réunies The Allied Powers, anxious dans l'intention de mettre un to terminate the misfortunes of terme aux malheurs de l'Europe, Europe, and to lay the foundaet de fonder sou repos sur une tion of its repose on a just divi.

* See Pages 134, 140.

+ See Page 140. Conventions containing the same Stipulations, verbatim, were concluded on the same day between France and Austria, Prussia and Russia.

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