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Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla, and for other purposes; which Treaty has been communicated to the Prince Regent of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, by the Ministers of Their Imperial and Royal Majesties the Emperor of Austria, King of Hungary and Bohemia, the Emperor of All the Russias, and the King of Prussia, who, in the name of their respective Sovereigns, have jointly invited the Prince Regent to accede to the same, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty.
His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, having full knowledge of the contents of the said Treaty, accedes to the same, in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty, as far as respects the stipulations relative to the possession in Sovereignty of the Island of Elba, and also of the Duchies of Parma, Placentia, and Guastalla. But His Royal Highness is not to be considered, by this Act of Accession, to have become a Party, in the name of His Majesty, to any of the other provisions and stipulations contained therein.
Given under my Hand and Seal, at Paris, this 27th day of April, in the
of our Lord, 1814. By Command of His Royal Highness the Prince Regent, acting in the name and on the behalf of His Majesty,
PAPERS relative to the Person and Family of Napoleon
Buonaparte.—Paris, April, 1814.
No. 1.–Viscount Castlereagh to Earl Bathurst. My LORD,
Puris, 13th April, 1814. I arrived here on the 10th, in the evening.
The great and auspicious events which had intervened between my last Despatches from Dijon, I had the satisfaction to find had been regularly transmitted home by Viscount Cathcart and Sir Charles Stewart.
The hurry of a first arrival must excuse me to your Lordship, for adding little to the mass of important and interesting matter which you will find detailed in the various Journals, with respect to the progress of the happy change which has been effected.
I sball therefore, on the present occasion, confine myself to an explanation of what has passed with respect to the future destination and settlement of Napoleon and his family.
Your Lordship has been already informed by Lord Cathcart, of the Act of Abdication which was passed by Buonaparte on the 4th (12th) instant, and of the assurance given to him by the Emperor of Russia and the Provisional Government of a pecuniary provision of 6,000,000 of Francs, with a safe asylum in the Island of Elba. The
Act in question was deposited in the hands of Monsieur de Caulaincourt and the Marshals Ney and Macdonald, to be given up upon the due execution of Engagements on the part of the Allies, with respect to the proposed arrangement. These Persons were also authorized to agree to an Armistice, and to settle such a line of demarcation as might be satisfactory to the Allies, and, in the mean time, prevent an unnecessary effusion of blood.
On my arrival I found this arrangement on the point of execution. A Convention had been discussed, and would have, in fact, been signed in the course of the day by the Russian Minister, had not the approach of the Allied Ministers been announced. The motives for accelerating the immediate conclusion of this Act were the inconvenience, if not the danger, of Napoleon's remaining at Fontainbleau, surrounded by Troops, who still, in a considerable degree, remained faithful to him, the apprehension of intrigues in the Army and in the Capital, and the importance attached, by a considerable portion of the Officers, to some arrangement favourable to their Chief, in satisfaction of their personal honour, before they left him.
On the night of my arrival, the 4 Ministers had a conference with the Prince de Benevent on the subject of the proposed Convention, to which I stated my objections, desiring, at the same time, to be understood as not urging them then, at the hazard of the internal tranquillity of France, nor in impeachment of what was due, in good faith, to the assurance given, under the exigency of the moment, by Russia.
The Prince of Benevent admitted the weight of many of the objections stated, but declared that he did not consider it, on the part of the Provisional Government, as an object of the first importance, to avoid any thing that might assume the character of a Civil War, even for the shortest time. That he also found some such measure essential to make the Army pass over in a temper to be made use of. Upon these declarations, and the Count de Nesselrode's, that the Emperor his Master had felt it necessary, in the absence of the Allies, to act for the best in their name as well as his own, I withdrew any further opposition to the principle of the measure, suggesting only some alterations in the details. I desired, however, to decline on the part of my Government, being more than an acceding Party to the Treaty, and declared that the Act of Accession on the part of Great Britain should not go beyond the territorial arrangements proposed in the Treaty. My objection to our being unnecessarily mixed in its forms, especially in the recognition of Napoleon's Title under present circumstances, were considered as perfectly reasonable, and I now enclose the Protocol and Note, which will explain the extent to which I have taken upon me to give assurances on the part of my Court*.
* See Pages 132, 140.
At my suggestion the recognition of the Imperial Titles in the Family were limited to their respective lives, for which there was a precedent in the case of the King of Poland, when he became Elector of Saxony.
To the arrangement in favour of the Empress I felt not only no objection, but considered it due to the distinguished sacrifice of domes. tic feelings which the Emperor of Austria was making to the cause of Europe. I should have wished to substitute another position in lieu of Elba for the seat of Napoleon's retirement, but none having the quality of security, on which he insisted, seemed disposable, to which equal objections did not occur; and I did not feel that I could encourage the alternative, which M. de Caulaincourt assured me Buona. parte repeatedly mentioned, namely, an asylum in England.
On the same night the Allied Ministers had a Conference with M. de Caulaincourt and the Marshals, at which I assisted. The Treaty was gone through and agreed to with alterations; it has been since signed and ratified*, and Buonaparte will commence his movement towards the south to-morrow, or the day following: Earl Bathurst.
No. 2.--Viscount Castlereagh to Earl Bathurst. My LORD,
Paris, 27th April, 1814. I have the honour to transmit to your Lordship an Act which I have this day executed here, containing the Accession of Great Britain to certain Parts of the Treaty lately concluded with respect to the Family and Person of Napoleon Buonapartet.
I am, with great truth and regard, &c., Earl Bathurst.
CONVENTION for a Suspension of Hostilities between
Great Britain and France.-Signed at Paris the 23rd of
(Translation.) Au Nom de la Très Sainte et Indivisible In the Name of the Most Holy and Trinité.
Undivided Trinity. Les Puissances Alliées réunies The Allied Powers, anxious dans l'intention de mettre to terminate the misfortunes of terme aux malheurs de l'Europe, Europe, and to lay the foundaet de fonder sou repos sur une tion of its repose on a just divi
* See Pages 134, 140.
+ See Page 110. Conventions containing the same Stipulations, verbatim, were concluded on the same day between France and Austria, Prussia and Russia.
juste repartition de forces entre sion of power between the States les Etats qui la composent; vou- of which it is composed ; desirous Jant donner à la France, révenue of affording to France, (now that à un Gouvernement dont les prin- she is reinstated under a Governcipes offrent les garanties néces- ment whose principles offer the saires pour le maintien de la Paix, necessary guarantees for the maindes preuves de leur désir de se tenance of Peace,) proofs of their placer avec elle dans des relations disposition to place themselves in d'amitié ; voulart aussi faire jouir the relations of friendship with la France autant que possible her; and wishing, at the same d'avance des bienfaits de la Paix, time, that France should enjoy même avant que toutes les dispo- the blessings of Peace as much as sitions en aient été arrêtées, ont possible, even before the whole of résolu de procéder conjointement their arrangements can be comavec Son Altesse Royale Mon- pleted, have resolved to proceed, sieur, Fils de France, Frère du conjointly with His Royal HighRoi, Lieutenant-Général du Roy- ness Monsieur, Son of France, aume de France, à une suspension Brother of the King, Lieutenantd'hostilités entre les Forces re- General of the Kingdom of France, spectives et rétablissement to a suspension of hostilities bed'anciens rapports d'amitié entre tween their respective Forces, and elles.
to the re-establishment of the relations of friendship which for
merly subsisted between them. Sa Majesté le Roi du Royaume His Majesty the King of the Uni de la Grande Bretagne et de United Kingdom of Great Britain l'Irlande, pour lui et ses Alliés, and Ireland, for himself and his d'une part, et Son Altesse Royale Allies, on the one part, and His Monsieur, Frère du Roi, Lieute. Royal Highness Monsieur, Bronant-Général du Royaume de ther of the Most Christian King, France, d'autre part, ont nommé en Lieutenant-General of the Kingconséquence des Plénipotentiaires dom of France, on the other part, pour convenir d'un Acte, lequel, have, in consequence, named Plesans préjuger les dispositions de nipotentiaries to agree to an Act, la Paix, renferme les Stipulations which, without prejudging the d'une suspension d'hostilités, et terms of Peace, contains Stipulaqui sera suivi le plutôt que faire tions for a suspension of hostilise pourra d’un Traité de Paix; ties, and which shall be succeeded, savoir, Sa Majesté le Roi du as soon as may be, by a Treaty of Royaume Uni de la Grande Bre- Peace; to wit: His Majesty the tagne et de l'Irlande, le Très King of the United Kingdom of Honorable Robert Stewart, Vi. Great Britain and Ireland, the comte Castlereagh, Conseiller de Right Honourable Robert Stewart, Sa dite Majesté en sou Conseil Viscount Castlereagh, one of His Privé, Membre du Parlement, Majesty's Most Honourable Privy
Colonel du Régiment de Milice Council, a Member of Parliament, de Londonderry, et son Principal Colonel of the Londonderry RegiSecrétaire d'Etat ayant le Dé- ment of Militia, and his Principal partement des Affaires Etrangères, Secretary of State for Foreign et Son Altesse Royale Monsieur, Affairs; and His Royal Highness Frère du Roi, Lieutenant-Général Monsieur, Brother of the King, du Royaume de France, le Sieur Lieutenant-General of the KingCharles Maurice de Talleyrand dom of France, le Sieur Charles Perigord, Prince de Bénévent, Maurice de Talleyrand Perigord, Grand Aigle de la Légion d'Hon. Prince of Benevento, Grand Eagle neur, Grand Croix de l'Ordre de of the Legion of Honour, Grand St. Etienne, des Ordres de St. Cross of the Order of St. Stephen, André, St. Alexandre Newski, et of the Orders of St. Andrew, St. Ste. Anne de Russie, des Ordres Alexander Newsky, and of St. de l'Aigle Noir et de l'Aigle Anne of Russia, of the Orders of Rouge de Prusse, Sénateur et the Black Eagle and the Red Président du Gouvernement Pro- Eagle of Prussia, Senator and visoire;
President of the Provisional Go
vernment; Lesquels, après l'échange de Who, after the exchange of leurs Pleinspouvoirs, sont con
their Full Powers, have agreed to venus des Articles suivans:
the following Articles : ART. I. Toutes hostilités sur ART. I. All hostilities by land terre et sur mer sont et demeurent and sea are, and shall remain, suspendues entre les Puissances suspended between the Allied Alliées et la France, savoir: pour Powers and France, that is to les Armées de Terre, aussitôt que say: for the Land Forces, as les Généraux Commandant les soon as the Commanding Officers Armées Françaises et Places fortes of the French Armies and fortified auront fait connoître aux Généraux places shall have signified to the Commandant les Troupes Alliées Allied Troops opposed to them, qui leur sont opposées, qu'ils ont that they have recognised the reconnu l'autorité du Lieutenant
authority of the Lieutenant-GeneGénéral du Royaume de France; ral of the Kingdom of France; et tant sur mer, qu'à l'égard des and in like manner upon the sea, places et stations maritimes, aus. as far as regards maritime places sitôt que les Flottes et Ports du and stations, as soon as the ShipRoyaume de France, ou occupés ping and Ports of the Kingdom par les Troupes Françaises, auront of France, or those occupied by fait la même soumission:
French Forces, shall have mani
fested the same submission, II. Pour constater le réta- II. For the purpose of effectblissement des rapports d'amitié ing the re-establishment of the reentre les Puissances Alliées et la lations of friendship between the Fiance, et pour la faire jouir, Allied Powers and France, and to (1812–14.)