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either side ; and that the Ships and other Vessels, and Subjects and People of either side, shall not henceforth do to each other any harm, offence, or injury, either in word or deed, but shall treat one another with all possible respect and friendship; and if any demands or pretensions shall be now left depending between the Subjects or others of either Party, they shall be amicably redressed, and full satisfaction made to each other according to the truth and justice of their claim, and that this Treaty shall not cancel or make void the same.

Confirmed and sealed in the presence of Almighty God, the 18th day of March, in the year of our Jord Jesus Christ, 1729, and in the year of the Hegira 1142, and the 10th day of the moon Ramadan.

(L.S.) PHIL. CAVENDISH.

(8.)-ADDITIONAL ARTICLE between Great Britain and

Algiers.--Signed at Algiers, 3rd June, 1751, ADDITIONAL Article to the Ancient Treaties subsisting between His Britannic Majesty and the Dey and Government of Algiers, agreed to by the present Dey, Mahommed Effendi, and His said Majesty's Plenipotentiaries, the Honourable Augustus Keppel, and Ambrose Stanyford, Esq., His Majesty's Agent and Consul General at Algiers.

That all Packets or Express-Boats, bearing His Britannic Majesty's Commission, which shall be met by any of the Cruizers of Algiers, shall be treated with the same respect as His Majesty's Ships of War, and all due respect shall be paid to His Majesty's Commission; and both at meeting and parting, they shall be treated as Friends, and if any of the Algerine Cruizers commit the least fault or violence against them, the Captains or Raizes so offending, shall, on their arrival at Algiers, and proper complaint being made of them, be most severely punished, without admitting of their excuses.

Dated at Algiers the 3rd day of June, 1751, and in the year of the Hegira 1164, the 20th day of the moon Regib.

(L.S.) AUGUSTUS KEPPEL.
(L.S.) AMBROSE STANYFORD.

(9.)TREATY of Peace and Commerce between Great Britain and

Algiers.-Signed at Algiers, 14th May, 1762. Articles of Peace and Commerce between the Most Serene and Mighty Prince George the Third, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Christian Faith, Duke of Brunswick and Lunenburg, Arch-Treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, &c., &c., &c., and the Most Illustrious Lord Ally, Bashaw, Dey and Governor of the warlike City and Kingdom of Algier, in Barbary, concluded, ratified, confirmed, and renewed, by His Excellency Archibald Clevland, Esq., His Britannic Majesty's Ambassador to the Emperor of Fez and Morocco, and to all the other Barbary States.

ART. I. In the first place, it is hereby agreed and concluded, that from this day and for ever there shall be a strict and inviolable Peace and friendship between His Britannic Majesty and the Kingdom of Algier: and that all the Articles and Treaties of Peace and Commerce, subsisting between the Kingdom of Great Britain, &c., and the Kingdom of Algier, be hereby renewed, ratified, and confirmed. That the Ships and other Vessels, and the Subjects and People of both sides, shall not henceforward do to each other any harm, offence, or injury, either in word or deel; but shall treat one another with all possible respect and friendship; and that all demands and pretences whatsoever, to this day, between both Parties, shall cease and be void.

II. It is also agreed that if any Ships or Vessels of Christian Nations, in enmity with the King of Great Britain, &c., shall, at any time hereafter, be met with or found upon the Coast of the Kingdom of Algier, either at anchor or otherwise, and not within the reach of cannon shot of the Shore, that it shall and may be lawful for any of His Britannic Majesty's Ships or Vessels of War, or any English Privateers, or Letters of Marque, to take and seize as Prizes, any such Ships or Vessels so met with or found, as aforesaid ; and shall also be suffered to bring the said Prizes into any Port, Road, or Harbour of the Kingdom of Algier; and to dispose of the whole or any part thereof, or otherwise to depart with such Captures, without the least hindrance or molestation.

III. And lastly, it is agreed, that if, at any time hereafter, His Britannic Majesty shall be at War with any Mahometan Prince or State, and any Ships or Vessels belonging to Subjects of such Prince or State shall be met with by any of His Britannic Majesty's Ships or Vessels of War, or by any Ships or Vessels of His Majesty's Subjects, within sight of any part of the Coast of the Kingdom of Algier, that they shall be suffered to pass free and unmolested.

Confirmed and sealed in the warlike City and Kingdom of Algier, in the presence of Almighty God, the 14th day of May, in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ 1762, and in the year of the Hegira 1175, and the 21st day of the moon Cheval.

(L.S.) ARCH, CLEVLAND.

(10.)—TREATY of Peace and Commerce between Great Britain and

Algiers.-Signed al Algiers, 3rd August, 1765. Articles of Peace and Commerce between the Most Serene and Mighty Prince, George the Third, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France and Ireland, Defender of the Christian Faith, Duke of

Brunswick and Lunenburg, Arch Treasurer and Prince Elector of the Holy Roman Empire, &c., &c., and the Most Illustrious Lord Ally, Bashaw, Dey and Governor of the warlike City and Kingdom of Algier, in Barbary; concluded, ratified, contirmed and renewed by His Excellency Archibald Clevland, Esq., His Britannic Majesty's Ambassador to the Kingdom of Algier.

Io the first place, it was expressly agreed upon and concluded, after a mature and regular deliberation with the Divan, that from benceforward, no Englishman taken by sea or by land, shall, upon any pretext whatsoever, be either bought, sold, or made Slave of, withiu the Dominions of this Kingdom, but be immediately delivered up to His Britannic Majesty's Consul residing here; to which purpose orders were forth with issued out to all the Governors of the several Provinces, that all Englishmen that hereafter may chance to be taken or found within the limits of their several Dependencies, be immediately forwarded to this Capital. To the more punctual compliance with this Treaty, and to the avoiding the difficulties that may arise from Particulars buying English Subjects, and thereby believing themselves entitled to a ransom, notice has been given by the Common Crier in all the public places of this City, that from henceforward no Subject of His Britannic Majesty be either bought or sold by any body wbatsoever.

Secondly, it is further concluded and agreed upon, that in case any of His Britannic Majesty's Subjects should, from liquor, or from any other motive, declare an intention of embracing the Mahometan religion, they shall forthwith be secured, sent to the Consul's house, and there 3 days allowed them for reflection, after which 3 days they shall be at liberty to put their design in execution, and no further constraint be put upon them;—this only case excepted: when they shall take refuge in the Casherias, or Soldiers' barracks, which being looke.l upon as sacred, any one taking refuge there cannot be meddled with.

Confirmed and sealed in the warlike City and Kingdom of Algier, in the presence of Almighty God, the 3rd day of August, in the year of our Lord Jesus Christ 1765, and in the year of the Hegira 1179, and the day of the moon Sufferr.

(L.S.) ARCH. CLEVLAND.

(1.)– TREATY of Peace and Commerce between Great Britain and Algiers.-Signed at Algiers, 3rd September, 1800.

(Extract.) ARTICLES of Peace and Commerce between His Most Excellent Majesty, George the Third, by the grace of God, King of Great Britain, France, and Ireland, Defender of the Christian Faith, &c., and the Most Illustrious Lord Mustapha, Dey, Bashaw and Governor of the most famous and warlike City and Kingdom of Algiers; ratified, confirmed, and renewed by John Falcon, Esq., His Bri. tanuic Majesty's Agent and Consul-General to His Highness the Dey and State of Algiers, being invested with His Britannic Majesty's Full Power for that purpose.

Art. I. In the first place, it is agreed and concluded that there shall be a lasting Peace and friendship between His Britannic Majesty and His Highness the Dey of Algiers, and that all the Articles and Treaties of Peace and Commerce that have been, and are at present subsisting between the Kingdom of Great Britain and the Kingdom of Algiers, he hereby renewed, ratified, and confirmed; the same to be kept in violable between His Britannic Majesty and His Highness the Dey of Algiers, and between all the Dominions and Subjects on either side, and that the Ships and other Vessels, and Subjects and People of either side, shall not henceforth do to each other any harm, offence or injury, either in word or deed; but shall treat one another with all possible respect and friendship, and that all deinands and pretences whatsoever, subsisting between both Parties, shall be as soon as possible fairly and amicably adjusted.

Confirmed and sealed in the warlike City and Kingdom of Algiers, in the presence of Almighty God, the 3rd day of September, 1800, and in the year of the Hegira 1215, and the 13th day of the inoon Rabbia-ultimo.

(L.S.) JOHN FALCON,

(12.)-TREATY between Great Britain and Algiers, relating to

Malta.--Signed at Algiers, 19th March, 1801. WHEREAS the Island of Malta, in the Mediterranean Sea, has been conquered by His Britannic Majesty's Arms; it is now hereby agreed and fully concluded, between John Falcon, Esq., His Britannic Majesty's Agent and Consul-General for the City and Kingdom of Algiers, and His Highness Mustapha, Dey, Bashaw, and Governor, &c., of Algiers:—that from the 7th day of December last, 1800, the Inhabitants thereof shall be treated upon the same footing as the rest of His Britannic Majesty's Subjects, and the said Island shall be considered in all respects like the other places subject to the Crown of Great Britain, and agreeable to the Convention (Arrangement) made with His Britannic Majesty, by Braem Rais, Ambassador from His Highness the Dey:

Confirmed and sealed in the warlike City and Kingdom of Algiers, in the presence of Almighty God, the 19th day of March, 1801, and in the year of the Hegira 1216, and the 6th day of the moon Gilip.

(L.S.) JOHN FALCON. TREATIES relating to Commerce, between Great Britain

and Denmark.-Renewed by Articles VII and XIII of the Treaty signed at Kiel, 14th January, 1814. (Pages

238, 240.) (1.)-TREATY of Peace and Commerce between Great Britain and Denmark.-Signed at Whitehall, 13th February, 1660-1.

Extract. (Translation.) Art, I. It is covenanted, accorded, and concluded, that there be a sincere, true, and perfect Friendship, Peace, and Alliance for ever, between both the Kings, their Heirs and Successors, Kingdoms, Provinces, and Principalities, Subjects and Vassals, of what condition, dignity, and degree soever, as well those who now are, as who hereafter shall be, both by land and sea, in rivers, fresh waters, and everywhere; so as they neither do wrong one to the other, nor the one cause any damage or harm to the Kingdoms, Provinces, Subjects, and Vassals of the other, nor as much as in them lies suffer or consent that the like be done by other Persons; but that they adhere each to other in sincere amity and love, and that the one promote to his uttermost the advantage and commodity of the other, and of each other's Subjects respectively as his own; but that they hinder and prevent each other's losses and destruction, both by fact, counsels, and all their power.

II. But if either of the foresaid Kings, their Heirs and Successors, shall come to know that anything is negotiated, desired, or treated, which may turn to the prejudice of the other, then he shall be bound, as soon as ever the same is made known unto him, to discover it to the other, and, as much as in him lies, to hinder it.

III. The foresaid Kings do religiously promise for themselves, their Heirs and Successors respectively, that they will not at any time give any warlike aid or supplies to the Enemies of each other, nor suffer that their Subjects, of what state and condition soever they be, shall, either under the pretence of trade or any other borrowed colour whatsoever, by any means help the Enemies of the said Princes, or of either of them, nor furnish them with Soldiers, money, provisions, arms, engines, guns, ships, and other things fit and necessary for waging War, por cause the same to be furnished by others; but if any the Subjects of the said Kings shall presume to offend herein, then every of the Kings whose Subjects shall have so offended, shall be bound to infict most severe punishments upon them, as League-breakers and seditious Persons.

V. It is also agreed, that neither of the foresaid Kings shall barbour, or suffer in his Kingdoms or Provinces, the Enemies or Rebels of the other, knowing them to be such.

VI. It shall be free for the Subjects of both Kings to come with

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